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MODALS

By :
Group 2
Agnes Manurung (4143321003)
Esther Juli Anggia (4143321013)
Herta Astri Yudika (41433210)
Indris S Sianturi (41433210)
Maria Jesisca (41433210)
Widya Avelia (4143321045)


Can
Use Examples
ability to do sth. in the present (substitute
form: to be able to)
ability to do sth. in the present (substitute
form: to be able to)
request
offer
suggestion
possibility
Could
Use Examples
ability to do sth. in the past (substitute
form: to be able to)
permission to do sth. in the past
(substitute form: to be allowed to)
polite question *
polite request *
polite offer *
polite suggestion *
possibility *
* no past forms - future forms
May
Use Examples
Possibility
permission to do sth. in the present
(substitute form: to be allowed to)
polite suggestion
Might
Use Examples
possibility (less possible than may) *
hesitant offer *
* no past forms - future forms
Must
Use Examples
force, necessity
Possibility
advice, recommendation
Must not / May not
Use Example
prohibition
Need not
Use Example
not necessary
Ought to
Use Examples
Advice
obligation
Shall
Use Examples
suggestion
Instead of will in 1st person
Should
Use Examples
advice
obligation
Will
Use Examples
wish, request, demand, order (less polite
than would)
prediction, assumption
promise
spontaneous decision
habits
Would
Use Examples
wish, request (more polite than will)
habits in the past