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Dual Laminated Fiberglass Reinforced

Polymer (FRP)

MAXAR Pipe & Fittings
SAUDI KKEM
ENGINEERING SERVICE COMPANY
What is Dual Laminated FRP Piping?
Materials
Design & Fabrication Details
Application and Operational Parameters
Inspection
Advantages of Dual Laminated over Lined Steel
pipe.



OUTLINE
A dual laminate bonded pipe is one where the FRP has been bonded
to the liner to overcome vacuum and the different coefficients of
thermal expansion.

Concentration of stresses can be prevented and the potential of
mechanical damage due to expansion is eliminated.

Thermoplastics temperature and pressure handling capabilities are
enhanced due to the FRP bonding.
What is Dual Laminated FRP Piping?
Materials
1. Liner
Seamless Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene
(FEP) Teflon
Meet requirements of ASTM D2116 Type III
Physical properties:

PROPERTIES VALUE TEST
Specific Gravity 2.13-2.15 ASTM D-792
Tensile Strength 3800-4100 PSI ASTM D-638
Elongation 280-330% ASTM D-638
Materials
2. Bonding Layer
Seamless knit fiberglass (reinforced vinyl ester) sock is
melt-bonded and partially embedded on the OD surface
of the liner.
Bond strength between FEP liner & reinforced vinyl ester
is minimum 35 in*lb/in. (ASTM D1781).

Materials
3. Outer Structure
Reinforced by:
Filament Winding method or
Hand Lay-up Vinyl Ester Fiberglass
Winding thickness:
Specification as per STD-300 and STD-304
Hand Lay-up:
Specification as per ASTM C582 Type II, Class V.
Premium grade vinyl ester resins are used with glass
reinforcement & UV stabilizer exterior gel coat.

Reinforcement Method
Filament Winding
Hand Lay-up
Design & Fabrication Details
Pipe and fittings fabrication tolerances are as follows:
Design & Fabrication Details
Dimensional drawings of standard MAXAR FEP
products:
SPEC-300 Piping Specification
STD-101 Flange Dimensions
STD-300 Pipe Dimensions. Pipe and Fittings Weights (1 thru
12 )
STD-304 Pipe Dimensions, Pipe and Fittings Weights (14 thru 24
)
STD-301 Fitting Dimensions (1 thru 4 )
STD-305 Fitting Dimensions (6 thru 24

Application & Operational Parameters
MAXAR Liner can be operated up to 250F BUT
operation temperature above 180F need to
evaluate by RPS Engineering either the process is
acceptable or not.

Pressure Ranges:
full vacuum for 150 PSI for 1 up to 12 *
full vacuum to 100 PSI for 14 up to 24 *
Continuous full vacuum services require bonded flange.
Application & Operational Parameters
Thermal Expansion:
CTE for MAXAR Pipe ~1.7 x 10
-5
in/in/F*

Chemical Resistance (liner):
All acids including HF, HCl, H
2
SO
4
and Aqua Regia (nitric
acid hydrochloride)
All chloride organic &inorganic
All sulfate organic & inorganic
All bleach solution
All solvents, caustic, phenols and peroxides.
Application & Operational Parameters
Chemical Resistance:
Vinyl ester structure is inherently corrosion resistance.
Open air and direct burial installation in harsh chemical
environments.
Gel coat exterior contains UV stabilizer.
Fire retardant available.
For other requirements, consult manufacturer.



Application & Operational Parameters
Gas permeation:
MAXARs bonding technology eliminates air gap between
FEP liner & vinyl ester structure.
Vinyl ester structure permeates higher rate than the FEP
liner. (eliminates condensation between liner & structure)
No weep holes are required and internal corrosion of the
structure is eliminated.

Application & Operational Parameters
Insulation qualities:
MAXARs vinyl ester casing yields a heat conduction factor
(k) of 1.5 Btu*in/FT2/hr/F.

Heat Tracing:
Capable of handling dry heat trace applications up to
180F.

Inspection
Extruded liners are inspected for:
Pinholes
Cracks
Gauges
Nicks
Inclusion of foreign materials
Completed fittings shall be subjected to a 10,000
volts, NDT, electrostatic test to detect pinholes.
Dual Laminate vs. Lined Steel
Advantages of dual laminated over lined steel piping:
NO. ADVANTAGES DESCRIPTION
1 LONGER LIFE
Corrosion resistance on inside and outside minimally
extends piping system life 3x 5x over steel.
2 ELIMINATE FLANGES
From minimally flange to flangeless design, dual laminate
can reduce the flanges which includes cost of nuts, bolts,
gaskets and labor to install.
3 MAINTENANCE FREE
No painting or re-painting needed. Comes in various
external colours to meet client service specifications.
Dual Laminate vs. Lined Steel
Fabrications Advantages (Mechanically Bonded
Format)

1) Bonding greatly reduces the risk of mechanical damage by
redistributing the concentration of stresses.
2) Bonded pipe can withstand higher temperature, vacuum and
differential CTE.
3) Dual laminated can be rated to Full Vacuum at elevated T
and diameters.
Dual Laminate vs. Lined Steel
Eliminate Flanges

NO. ADVANTAGES DESCRIPTION
1 FLANGED
All spools and fittings are flanged according to ANSI
dimensions and specifications.
2 MINIMALLY FLANGED
Reduce the number of flanges by 40% - 60% relying on all
shop joints and retaining bolt up parts in field.
3
FLANGE-LESS
CONSTRUCTION
All flanges are eliminated with exception of connections at
slaves, instrumentation, etc.
Dual Laminate vs. Lined Steel
Installation Advantages
NO. ADVANTAGES DESCRIPTION
1 LESS WEIGHT
Dual laminate pipe is the weight of steel. This greatly
reduces labor and time to install piping systems.
2 LESS FLANGES
The more flanges reduced the less time and money spend
on installation.
3 NO PAINTING
Dual laminate comes with UV resistant gel-coat which can
be specified is various colours to match Client services
requirements.
SAUDI KKEM
ENGINEERING SERVICE COMPANY
Thank you for your time, any question???
SAUDI KKEM
ENGINEERING SERVICE COMPANY