triola stats chapter

© All Rights Reserved

22 views

stat12t_0503

triola stats chapter

© All Rights Reserved

You are on page 1of 18

3-1

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Lecture Slides

Elementary Statistics

Twelfth Edition

and the Triola Statistics Series

by Mario F. Triola

Section 5.3-2

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 5

Probability Distributions

5-1 Review and Preview

5-2 Probability Distributions

5-3 Binomial Probability Distributions

5-4 Parameters for Binomial Distributions

5-5 Poisson Probability Distributions

Section 5.3-3

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Key Concept

This section presents a basic definition of a

binomial distribution along with notation and

methods for finding probability values.

Binomial probability distributions allow us to deal

with circumstances in which the outcomes belong

to two relevant categories such as

acceptable/defective or survived/died.

Section 5.3-4

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Binomial Probability Distribution

A binomial probability distribution results from a

procedure that meets all the following requirements:

1. The procedure has a fixed number of trials.

2. The trials must be independent. (The outcome of

any individual trial doesnt affect the probabilities

in the other trials.)

3. Each trial must have all outcomes classified into

two categories (commonly referred to as success

and failure).

4. The probability of a success remains the same in

all trials.

Section 5.3-5

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Notation for Binomial

Probability Distributions

S and F (success and failure) denote the two

possible categories of all outcomes; p and q will

denote the probabilities of S and F, respectively, so

(S) P p (p = probability of success)

(q = probability of failure)

(F) 1 P p q

Section 5.3-6

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Notation (continued)

n denotes the fixed number of trials.

x denotes a specific number of successes in n

trials, so x can be any whole number between

0 and n, inclusive.

p denotes the probability of success in one of

the n trials.

q denotes the probability of failure in one of the

n trials.

P(x) denotes the probability of getting exactly x

successes among the n trials.

Section 5.3-7

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Caution

Be sure that x and p both refer to the same

category being called a success.

When sampling without replacement,

consider events to be independent if

.

0.05 n N

Section 5.3-8

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Example

When an adult is randomly selected, there is a 0.85

probability that this person knows what Twitter is.

Suppose we want to find the probability that exactly three

of five randomly selected adults know of Twitter.

Does this procedure result in a binomial distribution?

Yes. There are five trials which are independent. Each

trial has two outcomes and there is a constant probability

of 0.85 that an adult knows of Twitter.

Section 5.3-9

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Methods for Finding

Probabilities

We will now discuss three methods for

finding the probabilities corresponding to

the random variable x in a binomial

distribution.

Section 5.3-10

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Method 1: Using the Binomial

Probability Formula

where

n = number of trials

x = number of successes among n trials

p = probability of success in any one trial

q = probability of failure in any one trial (q = 1 p)

!

( )

( )! !

for 0, 1, 2, ,

x n x

n

P x p q

n x x

x n

Section 5.3-11

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

STATDISK, Minitab, Excel, SPSS, SAS and the TI-83/84 Plus calculator

can be used to find binomial probabilities.

Method 2: Using Technology

MINITAB

STATDISK

Section 5.3-12

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Method 2: Using Technology

STATDISK, Minitab, Excel and the TI-83 Plus calculator can all be used

to find binomial probabilities.

EXCEL TI-83 PLUS Calculator

Section 5.3-13

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Method 3: Using

Table A-1 in Appendix A

Part of Table A-1 is shown below. With n = 12 and p = 0.80 in

the binomial distribution, the probabilities of 4, 5, 6, and 7

successes are 0.001, 0.003, 0.016, and 0.053 respectively.

Section 5.3-14

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Strategy for Finding

Binomial Probabilities

Use computer software or a TI-83/84 Plus

calculator, if available.

If neither software nor the TI-83/84 Plus

calculator is available, use Table A-1, if

possible.

If neither software nor the TI-83/84 Plus

calculator is available and the probabilities cant

be found using Table A-1, use the binomial

probability formula.

Section 5.3-15

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Example

Given there is a 0.85 probability that any given adult

knows of Twitter, use the binomial probability formula to

find the probability of getting exactly three adults who

know of Twitter when five adults are randomly selected.

We have:

We want:

5, 3, 0.85, 0.15 n x p q

3 P

Section 5.3-16

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Example

We have:

5, 3, 0.85, 0.15 n x p q

3 5 3

5!

3 0.85 0.15

5 3 !3!

5!

0.614125 0.0225

2!3!

10 0.614125 0.0225

0.138

P

Section 5.3-17

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Rationale for the Binomial

Probability Formula

The number of

outcomes with

exactly x successes

among n trials

!

( )

( )! !

x n x

n

P x p q

n x x

Section 5.3-18

Copyright 2014, 2012, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Rationale for the Binomial

Probability Formula

Number of

outcomes with

exactly x successes

among n trials

The probability of x

successes among n

trials for any one

particular order

!

( )

( )! !

x n x

n

P x p q

n x x

- Chapter 7 Active Review Elementary StatisticsUploaded byAlex Elcewicz
- stat12t_0702Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0501Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0601Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0402Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0602Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0604Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0502Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0505Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0603Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0701Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0605Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0504Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0304Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0301Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- triola stats chapter 12Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0403Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0404Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0302Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0406Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0104Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0303Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0204Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0401Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0202Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0203Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- StatisticsUploaded byChristyl Deinla Espiloy
- stat12t_0102Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0405Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- Stat11t_formulas-Triola 11th Ed.Uploaded bysurvivorfan2000

- triola stats chapter 12Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0701Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0605Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0604Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0603Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0602Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0505Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0504Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0502Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0406Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0405Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0404Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0403Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0401Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0304Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0303Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0302Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0301Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0204Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0203Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0202Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0201Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0104Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0103Uploaded byPariGreenlime
- stat12t_0102Uploaded byPariGreenlime

- prob statsUploaded byKausam Bhat
- Uncertainties and Risk Analysis Related to Geohazards From Practical Applications to Research TrendsUploaded bySoeryawan Gilang
- Irjet-v2i3318.pdfUploaded byTeju Ashu
- Ghosal - Unknown - A Review of Consistency and Convergence of Posterior DistributionUploaded byindifferentj
- UllrichDayTradingS&PIndex[1]Uploaded bysri
- L1 Maths Chance and Data WorkBookUploaded byViet Quoc Hoang
- Principles and Techniques in Combinatorics - Chen Chuan-Chong, Koh Khee-Meng (WS, 1992)Uploaded byRoberto Garcia Sanchez
- Statistics Study Guide - Tree DiagramsUploaded byldlewis
- rsh_qam11_tif_02.docUploaded byLour Raganit
- Chapter 6 Prob Stat (Random Variables)Uploaded bynecie
- Slide 4Uploaded bydavogezu
- Introduction to Risk ManagementUploaded byIonutStanoiu
- Stat Table 1Uploaded byDarwish Wahab
- mathematics unit of workUploaded byapi-358610317
- Prob NotesUploaded byjmcclosk
- Complex and Unpredictable CardanoUploaded bycosmodot
- Chapter 4 Basic ProbabilityUploaded byAnonymous sYOiHL7
- Modul 19 Taburan KebarangkalianUploaded byKuan Loong
- Gambler's RuinUploaded byDavid James
- Year 3 Mathematics Portfolio SatisfactoryUploaded byWooSeok Choi
- Artillery and ExplosivesUploaded byincitatus
- Probability Theory EUploaded bythinkiit
- C1 Lesson 1- Exploring Random VariablesUploaded byTeresa Navarrete
- Course_in_Credibility_Theory_and_its_Applications_----_(Pg_289--290).pdfUploaded byRaymond Ye
- 6480x_05dUploaded byOld14
- Chapter 01 Probability L5 2015Uploaded byEthan Kiu
- R7210501 Probability and StatisticsUploaded bysivabharathamurthy
- Homework 1Uploaded byAbdu Abdoulaye
- Soochow Journal of Mathematics Volume 33, No. 4, Pp. 875-884, October 2007 - Weakly Compatible Maps in Generalized Menger-pm-spaces, KumarUploaded byTomi Dimovski
- A Statistical Model for the Costs of Passenger Car Traffic AccidentsUploaded byKathrina Davantes