Industrial Training Project on Turbo Generators

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Overview of B.H.E.L.

Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (B.H.E.L.) is the largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise in India. BHEL caters to core sectors of the Indian Economy viz., Power Generation's & Transmission, Industry, Transportation, Telecommunication, Renewable Energy, Defense and many more. BHEL has its setup spread all over India namely New Delhi,Gurgaon,Hardwar, Rudrapur, Jhansi, Bhopal, Hyderabad, Jagdishpur, Tiruchirapalli, Banglore and many more.

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B.H.E.L., Hardwar

Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (B.H.E.L.), Hardwar has two manufacturing plants: 

Heavy Electrical Equipment Plant(HEEP) Central Foundry Forge Plant(CFFP)

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H.E.E.P.

Heavy Electrical Equipment Plant (HEEP) located in Hardwar is one of the major manufacturing plants of BHEL. The core business of HEEP includes design and manufacturing of large steam and gas turbines, turbo generators, hydro turbines and generators, large AC/DC motors and so on.

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The various blocks in HEEP are as follows:
        

Block-1: Turbo generator Shop Block-2: Fabrication Shop Block-3: Turbine Shop Block-4: Insulation Block Block-5: Forging Shop Block-6: Stamping Shop Block-7: Packing and Wood Working Shop Block-8: Condenser and Piping Shop New Blade Shop

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PROJECT TURBO GENERATORS

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BLOCK -1
  

Machine section Assembly section Stator winding

Hydro generator

      

Machine section Iron assembly Heavy rotor assembly section Stator winding section Armature/Rotor section General assembly section Test stands

Turbo generator

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STUDY OF TURBO GENERATOR

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TECHNICAL DATA
Rated data & Turbo output generator Apparent power 588 MVA Active power Current Voltage Frequency Power factor Hydrogen pressure Rated field current
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Main exciter Pilot exciter 3780 KW 5300 A 600 V 65kVA 195 A 220 V 400 Hz -

500 MW 16.2 KA 21 KV 50 Hz 0.85 3.5 Bar 4040 A 340 V

Rated field voltage

RECTIFIER WHEEL
Number of fuses per rectifier wheel Fuse resistance 30(800V ,800A) Approx 150 μ ohm

Number of diode per rectifier 60 wheel

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Constructional Features Of Turbo Generator

The two pole uses hydrogen cooling for rotor winding and direct water cooling stator winding. Turbo generator consists of following parts:
o o o o

STATOR ROTOR BEARINGS SHAFT BEARINGS

Other additional auxiliaries:
o o

Excitation system Gas system

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STATOR
Stator consists of following parts: o Stator frame o Stator core o Stator winding o Locating bars o End shields o Terminal bushings o Phase connectors o Hydrogen cooler o End winding vibration o Supervision of generator

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STATOR FRAME

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STATOR CORE

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ROTOR
Rotor consists of following parts: o Rotor shaft o Rotor winding o Retaining ring o Field connection o Fans o Rotor cooling system o Bearings o Shaft seals

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ROTOR SHAFT

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ROTOR WINDING

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RETAINING RING

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FAN

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AUXILLARY SYSTEMS
o GAS SYSTEM o BRUSHLESS EXCITATION SYSTEM oPERMANENT MAGNETIC PILOT EXCITER oTHREE PHASE MAIN EXCITER oAUTOMATIC VOLTAGE REGULATOR oRECTIFIER WHEELS oCOOLING SYSTEM
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RECTIFIER WHEEL

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COOLING SYSTEM
The exciter is air cooled. The cooling air is circulated in a closed circuit and recooled in two cooling sections arranged along side the exciter. The complete exciter is housed in an enclosure draw the cool air in at both ends and expels the warmed air to the compartment beneath the base plate.The main exciter enclosure receives the cool air from the fan after it passes over the pilot exciter.
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BRUSHLESS EXCITER

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PERMANENT MAGNET EXCITER

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Advantage Of Turbo Generator Over Hydro Generator

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CONCLUSION

Turbo Generators are used where high frequency supply is required.
o

o As steam is used so no site problem.

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THANK YOU

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