History and Evolution of Nursing

Jed Montayre, RN, MSN, PhD(c)
HOW DID NURSING START?
WHERE DID IT BEGIN?
WHO FOUNDED NURSING?
WHAT IS NURSING?
______________________________?
ANCIENT
CIVILIZATION
NURSING WAS NOTED TO BE AS OLD
AS TIME.

IT BASICALLY STARTED FROM :

INSTINCT

- HUMAN NATURE

NURTURING

CARING


NURSING
EGYPTIAN RITES
HEALTH AND HEALING BELIEFS OF
ANCIENT CIVILIZATION.

SUPERSTITION AND BLACK MAGIC

INJURIES FROM WARS AND OTHER
TRAGIC EVENTS.
BIBLICAL RECORDS
JESUS HEALING THE WOUNDED AND
THE INFLICTED

GOOD SAMARITAN LAW




CHRISTIAN ORGANIZATIONS AND ORDERS
“CRUSADES”
Knights of St. John of Jerusalem
• a.k.a Knights of Hospitallers
• Decendants are the Knights Templars
• The first nursing orders – Monastic Order of St.
Augustine

Sisters of Charity
• Established by St. Vincent de Paul in France

Monastic Orders
CHRISTIAN ORGANIZATION AND ORDERS
Order of the Deaconesses
• Founded in Kaiserwerth, Germany.
• Recognised the role of women in taking
care for the sick.
• Initiated the establishment of training
school for nurses.
• Founders of the training school : Pastor
Theodore Fliedner & Frederika Fliedner
(wife)
Founders of the Order
• Kaiserwerth Institute for Deaconesses







..and one of the students of
this training school is …
A lady named…
Florence Nightingale
• An English lady from a
wealthy family during the
Victorian era
• During the Crimean War-
known to be the “Lady with
the Lamp”
• A nursing theorist, writer
and statistician.

Prior to Florence Nightingale
Is the Dark Age for Nursing because…

Nursing is considered as
• A very low job in terms of social hierarchy.
• A job for the uneducated and poor.
• A desperate occupation.
Who are the nurses?
• Women of lowest social standing
• Wayward women of low status, instead of
going to prison, they were asked to served
as nurses.
• monastic women or untrained helpers of
low repute.
• Poor unmarried woman with no family or
no chance of getting married.
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
Changed the image of nursing
• Dubbed as the “Lady with
the Lamp”

FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
NOTES on NURSING(1859)

“What it is and What
it is not”

FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
School of Nursing
• In 1860, Nightingale laid
the foundation of
professional nursing when
the first school of nursing
was established.

Nightingale Training School at St.
Thomas’ Hospital
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
Environmental Theory
Maintaing the a safe and
clean environment to
Promote well-being
Transformation of Nursing into a
Profession
Nightingale Nurses
• Linda Richards- the first American
trained Nurse (1870) became a great
nursing pioneer in USA and Japan.

• Some nurses became the matrons at
several leading hospital (St. Mary’s,
Westmisnter Hospital, Royal Victoria
Hospital, Sydney Hospital)


Nightingale describes Nursing as:

SCIENCE
Nursing is a body of scientific
knowledge using empirics.

ART
Nursing has its own way
proper way of doing things
and applying knowledge.
(Example the interaction between a health
consumer and the nurse)
Transformation of Nursing into a
Profession
Milestones in Nursing
Training and Education
• Development and
Establishments of Nursing
Schools all over the world.
Regulating Agency/ Body
• Existence of Regulating
Body for Nurses that sets
that the conduct of nurses
and regulates safe nursing
practice
Milestones in Nursing
A Professional Organization
• Development of Nursing
Organizations from local to
international levels
Milestones in Nursing
Continuing Education
• Continuing professional
education and training for
nurses for competency
(Trainings, Masters degree in
Nursing, Doctorate in Nursing)
Milestones in Nursing
Publication
• Nursing has a voice, has free
medium of expression and
has the right to be heard in
the discussion of issues
pertaining to the healthcare
delivery system and the like
Milestones in Nursing
Community Involvement
• Nursing has extended roles
and has various
participation in the
community service and
industry.
Milestones in Nursing
Community Service Eg. Health Expo

Milestones in Nursing
Development of New Nursing
Knowledge
• Development of Nursing
Theory and applied it into
nursing practice.
Milestones in Nursing
Involvement in Research
and geared research
outputs results towards
Evidenced-Based Practice.
Milestones in Nursing
Is Nursing A Profession?

YES


A
VERY
NOBLE PROFESSION
WHY DO WE SAY SO?
WHAT MAKES NURSING A
PROFESSION?
Characteristics of a profession

Education and Training
Regulating Body
Code of Ethics
Professional Organization
Publication and Representation
Research and Application (EBP)
Autonomy















…THEREFORE EVERY NURSE IS EXPECTED TO HAVE
PROFESSIONALISM.
INDEED NURSING IS A PROFESSION.
HOW ABOUT THE NURSES OF TODAY?
WHAT WILL YOU BECOME THREE YEARS FROM
NOW?


OR

Pathway of Nursing Professionals
Elderly Care
Pathway of Nursing Professionals
Emergency Nursing
Pathway of Nursing Professionals
Acute Ward Nursing (Medical/ Surgical)
Pathway of Nursing Professionals
Pediatric Nurse
Pathway of Nursing Professionals
Military Nursing
Pathway of Nursing Professionals
Theater Nurse
Pathway of Nursing Professionals
Industrial Nursing (School Nurse, Company Nurse)
Pathway of Nursing Professionals
Nurse Educators
Pathway of Nursing Professionals
High Dependency Unit
Pathway of Nursing Professionals
Mental Health Nurse
The EVOLUTION OF THE NURSING
PROFESSION
FROM TO
ITS JUST LIKE THIS..
Through the years…
Nursing has gone a long way
Because of her
legacy..

FLORENCE
NIGHTINGCALE

Founder of Modern
Nursing

LONDON, "May, 1872.

FOR us who Nurse, our Nursing is a
thing, which,
unless in it we are making progress
every year,
every month, every week, take my word
for it
we are going back.

The more experience we gain, the more
progress
we can make. The progress you make in
your
year's training with us is as nothing to
what you
must make every year after your year's
training
is over.

-Florence Nightingale

Mrs.Santhya Sam
2014
THANK YOU!