National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) (Largest Open Schooling System in the World)
Presentation By

M.C. Pant Chairman, NIOS, New Delhi

Major challenges that India faces today in the educational arena
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the challenge of numbers, the challenge of credibility, and the challenge of quality.

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From Classroom Teacher Centric Teacher as Instructor Mainly oral instructions Fixed time You learn what we offer Education as one time activity

Open and Distance learning A new paradigm
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To Anywhere Learner centric Teacher as facilitator Technology aided instruction Anytime learning We offer what you want to learn Education as life long learning

Open Learning System
Learning System Curriculum Planning and Design Identification of Needs of Groups Certification

Production of Multi Media Material (MM) and Self Instructional Material (SIM)
Delivery System

Printed material Face-to-face counselling Lab practicals/ training A.V. Cassettes Radio Broadcast Telecast Internet based delivery Teleconferencing

Exam. & Evaluation


NIOS strives to establish an Open Schooling System that touches and changes life of individuals and of society

NIOS - Introduction
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Started as project on Open Schooling under CBSE in 1978. Established in 1989 as National Open School by MHRD, Govt. of India. In 1990 the Govt. of India through a Gazette notification vested NOS with the authority to examine and certify learners registered with it up to PreDegree level Courses. Re-christened as National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) in July 2002.

Providing quality education through Open and Distance Learning (ODL) mode Providing dynamic flexible system of open schooling Acts as an apex resource centre in open schooling Education and Training for Skill upgradation and lifelong learning Need based Vocational Education for marking students entrepreneurs and not simply job seekers.

Mission of NIOS Highlights

Prioritised client groups viz., school drop-outs and marginalized groups such as rural youth, urban poor, girls and women, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, backward classes, minorities, differently abled and ex-servicemen Promotion of open schooling at national and global level through advocacy and consultancy programmes,

What does NIOS do?
The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) provides opportunities to interested learners by making available the following Courses/Programmes of Study through open and distance learning (ODL) mode.  Open Basic Education (OBE) Programme for Children (upto 14 years), adolescents and adults (A,B & C Level equivalent to class III, V, VIII of formal School system)  Secondary Education Course  Senior Secondary Education Course  Vocational Education Courses/Programmes

Operates through 5 Departments and 11 Regional Centres all over India and more than 2700 Accredited Institutions (Study Centres) in India, Nepal, Middle East catering to about 13 lakhs students. Learning Strategy includes printed self-learning material, audio and video programmes, Personal Contact Programme (PCP) and Tutor Marked Assignment (TMA). The curricular and life enrichment programmes are telecast nationwide Enrichment material is inter alia provided to NIOS learners through the half yearly Magazine “Open Learning” Admission once in a year during July – August through Study Centres

How NIOS works?


programmes processing committees of NIOS

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i. Open Schooling State Coordination Committee (OSSCC) to identify educational needs of state requiring inputs from NIOS  ii.  Advisory Committee of the Regional Centres, NIOS (RCAC)  iii.     Advisory Boards of the Departments of NIOS (DAB)  iv.    Research Advisory Committee (RAC)   v.   Academic Committee (AC)

Special Features of NIOS Open Learning Programme
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Self-paced learning Flexibility in choice of subjects One language is compulsory Credit accumulation Transfer of Credits facility from CBSE and State Open Schools

Examinations are held twice a year in March-May September-November


The innovative “On Demand Examination System” (ODES) is conducted at Secondary levels.

International Centre for Training in Open Schooling
1. 2. 3. 4. Offered Internationally to any Graduate Staff and Trainers engaged in implementation of Open Schooling Use of ICT in Non-formal education Integrated education of the child and adult through NGOs

Certificate in Open Schooling (COS)

Advance Certificate in Open Schooling (ACOS)

Diploma in Open Schooling (DOS)

Nature: Basic Duration: 6 Months Eligibility: Graduate

Advance +3 Months COS completion

Advance with hands on + 3 Months ACOS Completion

National Consortium for Open Schooling
Institutions working in OS/DE in other countries National Institute of Open Schooling National Consortium for Open Schooling
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State Open Schools

Existing State Open Schools
Rajasthan Madhya Pradesh Haryana Andhra Pradesh Karnataka Punjab West Bengal Tamil Nadu Kerala Jammu & Kashmir Delhi State Centre for Open Schooling in Himachal Pradesh

National Institute of Open Schooling as Secretariate. Cooperation and interaction among NIOS and State Open Schools. Expansion of activities pertaining to Open Learning System. Forum for exchange of ideas and resources among State Open Schools and Institutions working in Open Schooling and Distance Education.

Vision of NIOS

It provides a framework giving directions in which research, development, training, programme delivery, networking, extension and other programmes of NIOS may be conducted in order to best serve the object of implementing and promoting the open schooling programme in the country. The NIOS will work mainly as Resource Organisation in open schooling at national and international level with its usual programme delivery role.

Immediate Requirement for promotion of Open schooling

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Setting up of State Open School in the States that have not so far setup SOS. Boards of School Education may come forward to setup SOS. Substantial up scaling of Existing 11 SOS. Promotion of Open Schooling at State level for Regional Mediums. Centrally sponsored scheme for promotion of Open Schooling in India by MHRD Planning commission may allocate sufficient funds for promotion of Open Schooling.

State Boards – SOSs Collaboration Adequate financial inputs to SOS for up scaling of open schooling programme. Organisation of two examinations per year. Accumulation of credits. Transfer of Credits from Board to SOS. Development of Self Learning Materials in Regional Language and their translation in other languages accepted by the State.

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State Boards – SOSs Collaboration Capacity building of personnel of SOS in the context of: (i)  Conduct of PCPs (ii)  Preparation and operationalsiation of TMA (iii) Supervision of PCPs, TMAs and examinations (iv) Setting of question papers and other matters related to examinations.  Monitoring of implementation of open schooling programme.

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State Boards – NIOS Collaboration

Identification of good Institutions particularly in areas unserved so far through Open School for accreditation by NIOS as its Study Centres. Identification of good Institutions for fixation of Examination Centres of NIOS. Identification of Evaluators for evaluation of answer scripts. The Boards may share with NIOS the lists of Examiners. Helping the NIOS in monitoring of conduct of examinations through the officers and staff of the Board. Helping the NIOS for qualitative improvement of its open schooling programme by way of sharing of expertise and infrastructional facilities in open schooling programme delivery and conduct of examinations. Helping the NIOS in preparation of materials in Regional Languages and evaluation of answer scripts in Regional Languages.

State Boards – NIOS Collaboration

Facilitating the NIOS in Transfer of Credits of its Students from the State Boards from where they appeared in Public Examinations but could not pass in all The Boards of School Education may agree to periodically look into the aspects related to the standards and combinations of the courses of study offered by NIOS for recognition of standards. This would particularly help in vertical mobility of NIOS students who may offer combination of academic and vocational education courses at Secondary and Senior Secondary stage.

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