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Multicultural Education:

A Challenge to Global Teachers

The Global Teacher
All men are pretty much alike.
It is only by culture that they
are set apart.
What is
the values, traditions, social and worldview
shared by a group of people bound together by
a combination of factors. (Derman and Sparks)
Diversity of Learners and
the major goal of multicultural education is to
transform the school so that the male and
female students, exceptional learners, as well as
students coming from diverse cultural, social-
class, racial and ethnic groups will receive an
equal opportunity to learn in school.
James Banks
Multicultural Education
Students may differ in:
Ethnic or religious groups
Economic status
Languages spoken
Family background
Some could be stricken by poverty,
unemployment, relocations, etc.
In order to do this, we need:
Curricular and instructional modifications

(Different) Teaching styles

Re-examination of teachers attitudes, beliefs and
In the midst of this diversity, students are
supposed to receive equal opportunities
to education.
This movement called
enables teachers and educators to give
value to the differences in prior
knowledge, experiences of learners from
diverse background and familiarity with
students histories of diverse cultures.
(Haertel, 1998)

Goals of
Multicultural Education:

Develop and foster a democratic and just society where
all groups experience cultural democracy and
Improve academic achievement of all students
Help the students to develop the knowledge, attitudes
and skills needed to function within their own and other
micro cultures, and within global community
Provide opportunities to gain cultural competency
How do we achieve these GOALS?
To achieve these goals, it is very
important for teachers to be
knowledgeable about differences in
cultures, religion, ethnicity, and even the
language spoken by the students.
Suggestions to understand multi-cultural
learners: (Fraser-Abner, 2001)
Learn as much about and become as sensitive
to and aware of racial, ethnic, cultural and
gender groups other than your own

Never make assumptions about an individual
based on their perception of that individuals
race, ethnicity, culture or gender

Suggestions to understand multi-cultural
learners: (Fraser-Abner, 2001)
Avoid stereotyping

Get to know each student as a unique
individual: Walk in the footsteps of all your
Other suggestions include:
Look into your own conscious and subconscious biases
about the people who are different from yourselves

Plan your activities within a multicultural framework
while making your classroom a safe and secure place
for all the students

Infuse multicultural instructional materials and
strategies in your teaching

Foster collaboration and cooperation among your
learners, parents and teachers

a caring environment will always
enhance academic achievement.
Broadening Teaching Perspectives:
Teacher Exchange Programs
The Global Teacher
Ben Sweetland
We cannot hold a torch to
light anothers path without
brightening our own.
What is a
opportunities for teachers, school
administrative and support staff to work
overseas and interstate to exchange ideas and
knowledge and to observe different educational
Teacher Exchange Program?
Teacher exchange programs enhance
professional development and
broaden perspective.
What are these PROGRAMS?
Visiting International Faculty Program
US largest cultural exchange program for teachers and
schools started 19 years ago.

Offers highly qualified teachers worldwide to serve as
teacher and cultural ambassador in the US.

Teachers participate for up to three years and then
return home to their country to share international
experiences with students and colleagues.
VIF intends to ensure that students, educators
and communities worldwide reap the benefits of
international educator.
They believe that
All schools should have at least one international
exchange teacher.
All students should be exposed to a variety of
exchange teachers during their academic careers.
All communities should have an equal opportunity to
develop globally literate citizens to help build a
foundation for success in the global marketplace.
Fulbright Teacher Exchange Program
Started in 1946 to promote mutual understanding
between the United States and countries around the

For U.S. teachers and involves a year or semester of
direct exchange with a counterpart in another country
teaching the same subject at the same level

30 countries including Philippines currently participate
in the program, and in Philippines, it is managed by the
Philippine-American Educational Foundation
Inter-African Teacher Exchanges
Provides opportunities for African teachers to learn from
teaching environments in other African countries

Aims to extend experiences by encouraging exchange
visits to countries outside Africa as well

On startup year, African teachers exchange visits within
schools in another African country. The teacher will
travel to work for over a period of two weeks after which,
they will engage in different activities by pairs
Canadian Educators Exchange
Non-profit foundation

Offer educators and their students an opportunity to
broaden their understanding of one anothers
cultures, customs, and languages
Two kinds of exchanges for powerful professional
development experiences:
One Year Exchanges
Short-term Exchanges (during spring & summer
Global Teachers Millenium Awards
Contributes to the quality of teachers worldwide
though it is limited only to participating countries

Commits to improving the quality of education in
South Africa, Ghana, Uganda, and the U.K., and
promotes partnership between North and South
African countries
The program aims to:
Change the lives of UK educators, personally and professionally
by encouraging them to fulfill their aspiration and use their talents
in innovative ways

Ensure benefits for staff and pupils of UK schools and their local
communities through the dissemination of innovative
development education

Support the aims and activities of Links educational programs in
South Africa, Ghana and Uganda

Set a standard and develop a model for other similar scheme
These programs give teachers the opportunity
to live their personal and professional lives
in another context, in another setting,
in another country, thus strengthening their
skills in understanding diversity and
Educational Technology and
Innovative Teaching
The Global Teacher
T. Richardson
Technology does not replace
people it enables people; it only
replaces people when they do not
know how to wield it.
Diversity of learners
Multiple teaching perspectives from
exchange programs
Breakthroughs in technology
By these factors,
we could achieve
and it is one of the answers
to meet global demands for
quality education.
From curricula of facts-based,
memorization-oriented to
curricula in which learning with
understanding and more active
involvement are emphasized.
Roles of technology in achieving the
goal of learning for understanding
Technology provides support to the solution of
meaningful problems
Microworlds which are simulations
or exploratory environments which
allow students to carry out actions,
observe result immediately and do
lots of investigations.
Roles of technology in achieving the
goal of learning for understanding
Technology provides support to the solution of
meaningful problems

Technology acts as cognitive support

Technology promotes collaboration as well as
independent learning
Technology Programs for Teaching
Stand-alone programs
Technology Programs for Teaching
Stand-alone programs
Programs available on the internet
Knowledge Integration
Environment which
teaches students to think of
web information and
evaluate it critically.
Technology Programs for Teaching
Stand-alone programs
Programs available on the internet
The Global Learning and
Observations to Benefit
Environment (GLOBE
Program) which involves
students in gathering data
about local environment
and creating databases.
Technology Programs for Teaching
Stand-alone programs
Programs available on the internet
Electronic Field Trip is a
communication technology
which allows learners to
travel and visit places for
global explorations.
Technology Programs for Teaching
Stand-alone programs
Programs available on the internet
Information databases
Encarta and Grollier which provide learners
access to vast information
Performance Indicators:

1. Technology operations and concepts

2. Planning and designing learning environments and experiences

3. Teaching, learning, and the curriculum

4. Assessment and evaluation

5. Productivity and professional practice

6. Social, ethical, legal, and human issues

With substantial knowledge, skills and
appropriate attitude in the use of technology, we
can apply innovative teaching strategies in our