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Safety Training Presentations

HAZWOPER: Awareness Level

29 CFR 1910.120(q)
Headline Stories
Ammonia Evacuates Industrial Site
Acid Spill Sends Workers to Hospital
Fuel Spill Contaminate River
Natural Gas Pipeline Ruptures
HAZWOPER and hazardous substances
Awareness Level response
Hazardous Waste Operations and
Emergency Response Required for facilities
storing and using hazardous chemicals
Defines emergency
response procedures
Even a small spill can be dangerous
Fires, explosions, and contamination can
Only trained workers clean spills
Everyone must understand potential
spill hazards and their role in an emergency
Spill Prevention
Understand chemical hazards
Follow safe storage and handling
Read and follow the instructions on labels
and material safety data sheets
Dont use chemicals in unlabeled containers

Spill Prevention (cont.)
Inspect chemical
containers for damage
or leaks
Dont handle or open
chemical containers
without PPE
Dont leave
containers open
Report potential hazards
to your supervisor
Emergency Response Plan
Pre-emergency planning and training
Emergency recognition
Evacuation procedures
Emergency alerting and response
PPE and emergency equipment
Decontamination and medical treatment
Levels of Training
First responder: awareness level
First responder: operations level
Hazardous materials technician
Hazardous materials specialist
Incident commander
Hazardous Substance?
Includes pure
or mixed
and hazardous
Potential health
Could damage
the environment
Recognize Chemical Substances
Danger, caution, warning signs
NFPA or HMIS labels
DOT placards
Types of Chemicals
Flammable or explosive
Dangers of a Release
Flammable liquids or gases
Toxic cloud
Reaction with nearby chemicals
Chemical Exposure
Skin or eye contact
Avoid contact and evacuate immediately
HAZWOPER and hazardous substances
Awareness level response
Awareness Level Role
Recognize a chemical release
Determine chemicals identity
Self-protection and protection of others
Know how to get assistance
Secure the area
Recognizing a Chemical Release
Dripping or pool of liquid
Unusual smell
Unusual sound
Loss of pressure or flow
Non-Hazardous Spills
Incidental or small
Handled by the employees in immediate
Get help if youre unsure
Identifying the Chemical
Where is it coming from?
Is the container labeled?
Is it a liquid, gas, or solid?
What does it smell like?
What color is it?
Protect Yourself and Others
Report the release to others in the
immediate area
Retreat to a safe distance, place of refuge,
or evacuation assembly area
Reporting the Spill
Contact the emergency response
Provide information:
Location of release
Identity and quantity
of spilled material
Evacuation status
Ask for instructions
Secure the Area
Keep people a safe distance from the spill
Use caution tape, rope, cones, etc.
Stand guard of the controlled area
Response Personnel
Analyze the incident
Use proper PPE and equipment
Contain the spill
Stop the leak
Clean up the spill
Report the incident
HAZWOPER and hazardous substances
Awareness Level response
HAZWOPER is for facilities storing
or using hazardous chemicals
Practice spill prevention techniques
Recognize the chemicals used at your
facility and know their hazards
Awareness Level personnel must:
Recognize a spill or release
Know how to initiate a response
1. Describe one way to recognize a chemical release
at your
2. The most likely chemical exposure during
a release is by inhalation. True or False
3. How do you report the spill or release to
employees in the immediate area?
4. Information provided to the emergency response
coordinator includes_
5. Awareness Level personnel are trained to
contain or control a spill. True or False
Quiz (cont.)
6. Where is the evacuation assembly area?
7. If the released substance is flammable,
ignition sources should be removed. True or False
8. The best way to identify a hazardous chemical is
9. Spill prevention can be achieved through
proper storage and handling. True or False
10. Anyone can clean up small spills as long
as he or she is wearing gloves. True or False
Quiz Answers
1. Dripping or pool of liquid, unusual smell or
drop in pressure or volume
2. True
3. Yell or signal an alarm.
4. Location of release, identity and quantity of spill,
or evacuation status.
5. False. Operations Level (one level above
Awareness Level) personnel are trained to control
and contain a spill in a defensive manner.
Quiz Answers (cont.)
6. The evacuation assembly area is specific to each
7. True. Remove ignition sources by turning off
equipment, forklifts, etc.
8. Identify a hazardous chemical by looking at its
labels, signs, or placards.
9. True. Following proper storage and handling
procedures definitely helps prevent spills.
10. False. Small spills of hazardous chemicals can be
very dangerous. If not trained, or unsure, about a
small spillcall for help.