5 views

Uploaded by EYmran RExa XaYdi

Chapter 2

Chapter 2

© All Rights Reserved

- Teachers Guide for General Mathematics
- functions
- Song of the Petal Throne01
- G-code Quick Reference
- Function ASSIGNMENT FOR IIT-JEE
- Lapply
- how to make a lamp shade on fusion 360
- 4.6 Inverse Trigonometric Functions
- Functions Domain Range
- Math_111_Lecture_Notes_1,1.pdf
- Cost Funcion
- INVERSE FUNCTION AND GRAPH OF INVERSE FUNCTION
- electrical computer application lesson 5
- Notes_1-8_and_1-9(2)
- kami export - udl lesson
- 0 diagnostic assessment
- grade11.2ndg
- lesson idea name
- lesson plan 2 fiunctions
- modeling utah population data

You are on page 1of 30

INTRODUCTORY MATHEMATICAL

ANALYSIS

ANALYSIS For Business, Economics, and te Li!e and Socia" Sciences

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2

Chapter 2

Functions and Graphs

Functions and Graphs

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

division, and multiplication by a constant.

basic functions.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

Chapter Objectives

Chapter Objectives

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Functions

Special Functions

ombinations of Functions

!nverse Functions

"raphs in #ectangular oordinates

Symmetry

Translations and #eflections

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

Chapter Outline

Chapter Outline

$.%&

$.$&

$.'&

$.(&

$.)&

$.*&

$.+&

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

output number.

the function.

Equality of Functions

%. 0omain of f . domain of g1

2. f(x) . g(x).

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2. Functions

2. Functions

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2. Functions

E!ample " #etermining Equality of Functions

Determine which of the following functions are equal.

'

'

% if '

% if $

& - d.

% if 2

% if $

& - c.

$ & - b.

& % -

& % &- $ -

& - a.

x

x x

x k

x

x x

x h

x x g

x

x x

x f

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2. Functions

E!ample " #etermining Equality of Functions

Solution/

3hen x . %,

4y definition, g(x) . h(x) . k(x) for all x %.

Since g-%& . ', h-%& . 2 and k-%& . ', we conclude

that

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( ) % %

, % %

, % %

k f

h f

g f

k h

h g

k g

,

,

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2. Functions

E!ample $ " Finding #omain and Function %alues

5et . ,ny real number can be used

for x, so the domain of g is all real numbers.

a. Find g(z).

Solution/

b. Find g(r

2

).

Solution/

c. Find g(x 6 h).

Solution/

2

( ) 3 5 g x x x +

2

( ) 3 5 g z z z +

2 2 2 2 4 2

( ) 3( ) 5 3 5

g r r r r r + +

2

2 2

( ) 3( ) ( ) 5

3 6 3 5

g x h x h x h

x hx h x h

+ + + +

+ + +

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2. Functions

E!ample & " #emand Function

Suose that the equation ! "##$q describes the

relationshi between the rice er unit of a certain

roduct and the number of units q of the roduct that

consumers will buy (that is% demand) er week at the

stated rice. &rite the demand function.

Solution/

q

q

%22

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.2 'pecial Functions

2.2 'pecial Functions

E!ample " Constant Function

5et h(x) . $. The domain of h is all real numbers.

, function of the form h(x) . c, where c . constant, is

a constant function.

(10) 2 ( 387) 2 ( 3) 2 h h h x +

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.2 'pecial Functions

E!ample $ " (ational Functions

E!ample & " )bsolute*%alue Function

a. is a rational function, since the

numerator and denominator are both polynomials.

b. is a rational function, since .

2

6

( )

5

x x

f x

x

+

( ) 2 3 g x x +

2 3

2 3

1

x

x

+

+

)bsolute*value function is defined as , e.g.

x

if 0

if 0

x x

x

x x

' )

<

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.2 'pecial Functions

E!ample + " Genetics

'wo black igs are bred and roduce exactly fi(e

offsring. )t can be shown that the robability * that

exactly r of the offsring will be brown and the others

black is a function of r %

+n the right side% * reresents the function rule. +n

the left side% * reresents the deendent (ariable.

'he domain of * is all integers from 2 to ), inclusi(e.

Find the robability that exactly three guinea igs will

be brown.

( )

5

1 3

5!

4 4

( ) 0,1, 2,..., 5

! 5 !

r r

P r r

r r

_ _

, ,

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.2 'pecial Functions

E!ample + " Genetic

Solution/

3 2

1 3 1 9

5! 120

45 4 4 64 16

3!2! 6(2) 512

(3) P

_ _ _ _

, , , ,

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.$ Combinations of Functions

2.$ Combinations of Functions

E!ample " Combining Functions

( )( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( ) ( )

( )( ) ( ). ( )

( )

( ) for ( ) 0

( )

f g x f x g x

f g x f x g x

fg x f x g x

f f x

x g x

g g x

+ +

)f f(x) . 'x 7 % and g(x) . x

$

6 'x, find

a. ( )( )

. ( )( )

c. ( )( )

d. ( )

!

1

e. ( )( )

2

f g x

f g x

fg x

f

x

f x

+

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.$ Combinations of Functions

E!ample " Combining Functions

Solution/

2 2

2 2

2 3 2

2

a. ( )( ) ( ) ( ) (3 1) ( "3 ) 6 1

. ( )( ) ( ) ( ) (3 1) ( "3 ) 1

c. ( )( ) ( ) ( ) (3 1)( 3 ) 3 8 3

( ) 3 1

d. ( )

( ) 3

1 1 1 3 1

e. ( )( ) ( ( )) (3 1)

2 2 2

f g x f x g x x x x x x

f g x f x g x x x x x

fg x f x g x x x x x x x

f f x x

x

g g x x x

x

f x f x x

+ + + +

+ +

2

Composition

( )( ) ( ( )) f g x f g x o

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.$ Combinations of Functions

E!ample $ " Composition

Solution/

2

If ( ) 4 3, ( ) 2 1, and ( ) , find

a. ( ( ))

. ( ( ( )))

c. ( (1))

F p p p G p p H p p

F G p

F G H p

G F

+ +

2 2

2

2

2

a. ( ( )) (2 1) (2 1) 4(2 1) 3 4 12 2 ( )( )

. ( ( ( ))) ( ( ))( ) (( ) )( ) ( )( ( ))

( )( ) 4 12 2 4 12 2

c. ( (1)) (1 4 1 3) (2) 2 2 1 5

F G p F p p p p p F G p

F G H p F G H p F G H p F G H p

F G p p p p p

G F G G

+ + + + + +

+ + +

+ +

o

o o o o o

o

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2., -nverse Functions

2., -nverse Functions

E!ample " -nverses of .inear Functions

1 1

( ( )) ( ( )) f f x x f f x

Show that a linear function is one,to,one. Find the

in(erse of f(x) . ax 6 b and show that it is also linear.

Solution/

,ssume that f(u) . f((), thus .

3e can prove the relationship,

au b av b + +

( )

( )( ) ( ( ))

ax b b ax

g f x g f x x

a a

+

o

( )( ) ( ( )) ( )

x b

f g x f g x a b x b b x

a

+ + o

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2., -nverse Functions

E!ample $ " -nverses /sed to 'olve Equations

-any equations take the form f(x) . 2% where f is a

function. )f f is a one,to,one function% then the

equation has x . f 7%(2) as its unique solution.

Solution/

,pplying f

7%

to both sides gives .

Since , is a solution.

( ) ( ) ( )

1 1

0 f f x f

1

(0) f

1

( (0)) 0 f f

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2., -nverse Functions

E!ample & " Finding the -nverse of a Function

'o find the in(erse of a one,to,one function f % sol(e

the equation y ! f(x) for x in terms of y obtaining x !

g(y). 'hen f

."

(x)!g(x). 'o illustrate% find f

."

(x) if

f(x)!(x . ")

2

% for x / ".

Solution/

5et y . -x 7 %&

$

, for x 8 %. Then x 7 % . 9y and hence x

. 9y 6 %. !t follows that f

7%

-x& . 9x 6 %.

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.& Graphs in (ectangular Coordinates

2.& Graphs in (ectangular Coordinates

geometric way to graph equations in two

variables.

intersects the x-axis. 0*intercept is vice versa.

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.& Graphs in (ectangular Coordinates

E!ample " -ntercepts and Graph

Find the x, and y,intercets of the grah of y . $x 6 ',

and sketch the grah.

Solution/

3hen y . 2, we have

3hen x . 2,

3

0 2 3 so t#at

2

x x +

2(0) 3 3 y +

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.& Graphs in (ectangular Coordinates

E!ample $ " -ntercepts and Graph

Determine the intercets of the grah of x . ', and

sketch the grah.

Solution/

There is no y-intercept, because x cannot be 2.

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.& Graphs in (ectangular Coordinates

E!ample + " Graph of a Case*#efined Function

0rah the case,defined function

Solution/

if 0 $ 3

( ) 1 if 3 5

4 if 5 $ 7

x x

f x x x

x

'

1se the receding definition to show that the grah

of y . x

$

is symmetric about the y,axis.

Solution/

3hen -a, b& is any point on the graph, .

3hen --a, b& is any point on the graph, .

The graph is symmetric about the y,axis.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.1 'ymmetry

2.1 'ymmetry

E!ample " y*)!is 'ymmetry

b& lies on the graph when -a, b& does.

2

b a

2 2

( ) a a b

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.1 'ymmetry

lies on the graph when -x, y& does.

lies on the graph when -x, y& does.

Summary/

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.1 'ymmetry

E!ample $ " Graphing 2ith -ntercepts and 'ymmetry

'est y . f (x) . %7 x

(

for symmetry about the x,axis%

the y,axis% and the origin. 'hen find the intercets

and sketch the grah.

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.1 'ymmetry

E!ample $ " Graphing 2ith -ntercepts and 'ymmetry

Solution/

#eplace y with :y, not equivalent to equation.

#eplace x with :x, equivalent to equation.

#eplace x with :x and y with :y, not equivalent to

equation.

Thus, it is only symmetric about the y*a!is.

!ntercept at

4

1 0

1 or 1

x

x x

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.1 'ymmetry

E!ample & " 'ymmetry about the .ine y 3 x

and -a, b&.

Show that x

$

6 y

$

. % is symmetric about the line

y . x.

Solution/

!nterchanging the roles of x and y produces

y

$

6 x

$

. % -equivalent to x

$

6 y

$

. %&.

!t is symmetric about y . x.

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.+ 4ranslations and (eflections

2.+ 4ranslations and (eflections

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.+ 4ranslations and (eflections

2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 2: Functions and Graphs

2.+ 4ranslations and (eflections

E!ample " 5ori6ontal 4ranslation

Sketch the grah of y ! (x . ")

2

.

Solution/

- Teachers Guide for General MathematicsUploaded byjerzone88
- functionsUploaded byKarina Ferrer
- Song of the Petal Throne01Uploaded bymars
- G-code Quick ReferenceUploaded byFredi Mürk
- Function ASSIGNMENT FOR IIT-JEEUploaded byApex Institute
- LapplyUploaded byverai1131
- how to make a lamp shade on fusion 360Uploaded byapi-395287982
- 4.6 Inverse Trigonometric FunctionsUploaded byanother dba
- Functions Domain RangeUploaded byAiram Anitsirhc Cuasito Manzano
- Math_111_Lecture_Notes_1,1.pdfUploaded byabu amos omamuzo
- Cost FuncionUploaded byCristhian Calle
- INVERSE FUNCTION AND GRAPH OF INVERSE FUNCTIONUploaded byNur Manabilang
- electrical computer application lesson 5Uploaded byWang Sol
- Notes_1-8_and_1-9(2)Uploaded bysuper3boy
- kami export - udl lessonUploaded byapi-390491942
- 0 diagnostic assessmentUploaded byapi-292786746
- grade11.2ndgUploaded byAngie A. Rabino
- lesson idea nameUploaded byapi-361246102
- lesson plan 2 fiunctionsUploaded byapi-300252239
- modeling utah population dataUploaded byapi-251824923
- District mathematicsUploaded byIbrahim Bala
- linear equationsUploaded byapi-362588611
- Chem QpaperUploaded byShahazad Shaik
- MATH06 L8Uploaded byLoraine Angeli Barrios
- 416c4c01Uploaded byLouis Guy
- GENMATHWEEK6.xlsxUploaded byPia Dela Cruz
- Discrete-variable real functionsUploaded byMaz Har Ul
- UPCAT CoverageUploaded byHannah Marie Sala
- A new Smarandache function and its elementary propertiesUploaded byMia Amalia
- A Fortran Subroutine for the Numerical Solution of Systems of Nonlinear EquationsUploaded byBoud Elhassan

- conditional grant.docxUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- NvivoUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- Assessing Employee SatisfactionUploaded byzailinanana
- Investment AnalysisUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- Macro Federalism and Local FinanceUploaded byDavid Peixoto
- Unit 17 -Project Development ImplementationUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- 20 Issues for Businesses Expanding InternationallyUploaded bySubash Ragupathy
- What Makes a Good PlanUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- Atrill Capital Structure SlidesUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- bplan.docxUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- hma13_Chapter01Uploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- hma13_Chapter00Uploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- BTEC Level 7Uploaded byPELUMY
- Unit 17Uploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- Bt1093 Week1 PlumsUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- Chap 001Uploaded byFurrukh Shehryar
- Disaster Management Strategy.pdfUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- Adult Social Care - Conditional Grants.pdfUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- The Theory of DemandUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- Demand and SupplyUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- Microeconomics-An Integrated Approach D.besanko R.R.braeutigamUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- The Internship Report Preparation GUIDEUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- Internship RulesUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- Bi-Weekly Report FormatUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- IFM Module Booklet 2014 15Uploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi
- EstablishConsultingPractice.pdfUploaded byEYmran RExa XaYdi

- Apps_Ch8Uploaded byEduar Cast
- Chapter 9 data structure slideUploaded bygaby
- The complex inverse trigonometric and hyperbolic functionsUploaded bycocomluis135790
- Definite Integration TNUploaded byPrashantcool1999
- Milano_NSM_1.pdfUploaded bykomunamagi
- complex analysis.pdfUploaded bykannika
- IIT Kharagpur Introduction to Fourier TransformUploaded byI_Anonymous123
- Basic Graphs and Functions(2) Mathematic April 2014Uploaded byYing Ming Tang
- Metaheuristic_NST_HCMCUploaded byketa124
- spfns.pdfUploaded byPhysicist Ahmed
- On Spectral-Homotopy Perturbation Method Solution of Nonlinear Differential Equations in Bounded DomainsUploaded byEditorJap
- Function SolutionsUploaded byshehbazs96
- 6 Polynomials and Quadratic ApplicationsUploaded byDivjyot88
- IntegralsUploaded bysudersanaviswanathan
- Chapter 7 Limits and ContinuityUploaded byHsk Kogilan
- Tabela e Transformimeve Furier.pdfUploaded byHD Media
- Tutorial 10Uploaded byapap
- ppt on applications of derivativesUploaded byPradeep Chaudhary
- 07 ooo - The Square Root Function of a Matrix.pdfUploaded bycrisandy
- Forum ProgrammingUploaded bybizzydude
- fin-f11Uploaded bybtitty
- Cayle y HamiltonUploaded byrammar147
- Continuity & Derivability Theory_eUploaded bythinkiit
- 1443Uploaded bySilviu
- The differential equation method for random graph processes and greedy algorithms.pdfUploaded byNicolas Lapenna
- Matlab Solution Manual 1-5~1Uploaded byNazir Kazimi
- Additional MathematicsUploaded byMkh Sourav
- 2732Uploaded bySayan Kumar Khan
- RZFUploaded byari wiliam
- Solving Polynomial EquationsUploaded byashishsingh007