The Unified Theory of Human Society: The 5-Part Presentation

1. Human social lives 4. The Kingdom of God

2. Human Evolution 5. The Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society 3. Human Social History

Content
Introduction Abstract 1. Human Social Lives 2. Human Evolution 3. Human Social History 4. The Kingdom of God 5. The Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society The Source of the Presentation
The Unified Theory of Human Society: the Sustainable Unified Society http://www.scribd.com/doc/24499803/The-Unified-Theory-of-Human-Societythe-Sustainable-Unified-Society

Introduction for the unified theory of human society
Human society is a complex society. Different people have different social lives. The human brain has been evolved to be much more advanced than any other brains in the natural world. Different places have developed different social histories. In the modern time, there are at least two major political parties: socialistic (collective) and capitalistic (individualistic) parties. In addition, human has supernatural human society in terms of religions. There are at least seven major religions: Hinduism, Judaism, Confucianism, Islam, Buddhism, Daoism, and Christianity. So far, there is no viable unified theory of human society to unify specifically all these different social phenomena. The proposed unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies, and identifies the peaceful unified society for all human societies.

Abstract for the Unified Theory of Human Society
The unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies, and establishes the Sustainable Unified Society. The unified theory is divided into five parts: human social lives, human evolution, human social history, the kingdom of God, and the Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society.. 1. Human social lives The unified theory starts with the three basic human social lives: yin, yang, and harmony for feminine collective wellbeing, masculine individualistic achievement, and harmonious cooperation, respectively. The harmonious

social life that exists only in humans is maximum eager cooperation without lie. The three basic human social lives result in the three-branch society of the collective, the individualistic, and the harmonious societies. 2. Human evolution The origin of such human social lives is explained by human evolution, including ape evolution and hominid evolution. Bipedalism and the harmonious social life make human beings distinct from other species. The prehistoric hunter-gatherer society was the harmonious society. 3 Human social history In the Early Period starting from the Neolithic Revolution, the inevitably large civilized social group of the agricultural-nomad society destroyed the prehistoric harmonious small social group, resulting in the formations of the collective society and the individualistic society. The collective society included Judaism,

Islam, Hinduism, and Confucianism. The individualistic society included Greek mythology and science. The harmonious society included Christianity, Buddhism, and Daoism. In the Modern Period starting from the Renaissance, the modern mass printing and increased literacy led to communication and understanding, resulting in the three-branch Modern Unified Society for the three-branch society. 4. The kingdom of God The supernatural interaction between the supernatural and human is expressed as the kingdom of God that is the harmonious society. The kingdom of God evolves through supernatural selection. Through the supernatural miracle (the non-representation of the natural physical laws), the supernatural selects the harmonious society as the chosen society by the divine revelation of the abstractness (the non-representation of the expression of the natural human mind). The prehistoric kingdom of God expressed as Symbolic Religion during the Upper

Paleolithic Period provided the abstract social bond (symbols) to bond the isolated social groups to survive the harsh environment. In the Early Period, the early transitional kingdom of God was the moral religion as Judaism where God was the high ruler, and provided the abstract morality to prevent the activated dehumanized prey-predator instinct. Jesus Christ initiated the early kingdom of God that provided the abstract rebirth for the civilized people to return to the harmonious social life and society. Representing human history, human nature, and the supernatural, the Postmodern Kingdom of God is the inclusive harmonious society in the three-branch unified society. 5. The Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society In the Postmodern Period starting from global mass telecommunication, the world is divided into the Divided Society where the three branches clash and the Unified Society where the three branches coexist peacefully. The Unified Society is divided

into the State Unified Society as Russia, China, and Japan where the state represents politically both the collective and the individualistic societies and the Partisan Unified Society as USA, UK, and Germany where the political parties represent separately the collective and the individualistic societies. The harmonious religion in the Unified Society represents the harmonious society separated from the collective and the individualistic societies. The State Unified Society is suitable for the non-West, while the Partisan Unified Society is suitable for the West. The Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society consists of the three-branch Unified Society and the sustainable affluent system. The sustainable affluent system is the two-branch Unified Society of the affluent centralized globalized system and the sustainable decentralized localized system.

1. Human social lives

4. The Kingdom of God

2. Human Evolution 5. The Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society 3. Human Social History

The Unified Theory of Human Society 1: Human social lives

social lives: yin, yang, and harmony

Content Introduction for the unified theory of human society Abstract 1. Personality 2. Social Lives

The Source of the Presentation
The Unified Theory of Human Society: the Sustainable Unified Society http://www.scribd.com/doc/24499803/The-Unified-Theory-of-Human-Societythe-Sustainable-Unified-Society

Introduction for the unified theory of human society
Human society is a complex society. Different people have different social lives. The human brain has been evolved to be much more advanced than any other brains in the natural world. Different places have developed different social histories. In the modern time, there are at least two major political parties: socialistic (collective) and capitalistic (individualistic) parties. In addition, human has supernatural human society in terms of religions. There are at least seven major religions: Hinduism, Judaism, Confucianism, Islam, Buddhism, Daoism, and Christianity. So far, there is no viable unified theory of human society to unify specifically all these different social phenomena. The proposed unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies, and identifies the peaceful unified society for all human societies.

Abstract for Human Social Lives
The unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies. In Part 1, the unified theory starts with the three basic human social lives: yin, yang, and harmony for feminine collective wellbeing, masculine individualistic achievement, and harmonious cooperation, respectively. The yin and yang social lives are derived from the personality system and the social life system, similar to the popular Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and the Big Five personality systems and the popular Merrill-Reid social style theory, respectively. The harmonious social life that transcends yin-yang social lives and exists only in humans is maximum eager cooperation without lie. The three basic human social lives result in the three-branch society of the collective, the individualistic, and the harmonious societies.

The Social-Information Personality System
Information Process Admission Resolution Action Openness Social Relation Commitment High Low Bonding relation (B) Free relation (F) Agreeable (A) High Low High Low High Low High Low Personality system Sensitivity (S) Assertiveness (A) Distinctness (D) Network (N) Goal (G) Context (C) Updating (U) Persistence (P) Personality Type (MBTI) introvert (I) extrovert (N) sense (S) intuition (N) thinking (T) feeling (F) perceiving (P) judging (J) Neuroticism (N) Openness (O) Extrovert (E) Consciousness (C) The Big Five

The social lives for Primate Social Structures
social lives Yin (BNC) Yang (FDG) or harmony Yin Passive (S) ±active (A) or flexible Intragroup interaction Passive passive collective wellbeing passive individualistic achievement active collective wellbeing active individualistic achievement harmonious cooperation Characteristics Primate Social Merrill-Reid Structures Temperaments

loose collective society loose individualistic society

Amiable

Yang

Passive

Analytical

Yin Yang

Active Active

tight collective Expressive society tight individualistic society harmonious society Driver

Harmony

Flexible

1. Personality
In Section 1, the personalities are derived from the brain structure-neurotransmitters. The proposed personality system is the social-information personality system. The two general types of personality are the social relation type for socialization and the information process type for the human brain process information like a computer. There are one factor for the social relation type and four different factors in the information process type. These four factors correspond approximately to the four factors in the popular Myers-Briggs Type MBTI. These four factors in addition to the social relation type correspond the five factors in the popular Big Five.

Popular Personality Theories
The two popular theories are the Big Five and Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). the Big Five (OCEAN) : 1. openness to experience (appreciation for unusual ideas, imagination, and curiosity) 2. conscientiousness (tendency to act dutifully rather spontaneously) 3. extraversion (to seek the company of others) 4. agreeableness (tendency to be compassionate and cooperation rather than suspicious to others) 5. neuroticism (a tendency to experience unpleasant emotions easily). MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator) 1. Introvert-extrovert 2. sense-intuition 3. thinking-feeling 4. judging-perceiving.

The Social-Information Personality System The proposed personality system is the social-information personality system. The two general types of personality: 1. The social relation type: deals with social relation. 2. The information type: deals with how the human brain process information like a computer. There are four different factors in the information process type. These four factors correspond approximately to the four factors in MBTI. These four factors in addition to the social relation type correspond the five factors in the Big Five.

1.1.The Social Relation Type
Social Relation Commitment High Low Personality system Bonding relation (B) Free relation (F) Personality Type (MBTI) The Big Five Agreeable (A)

1. Sociability Sociability is a function of all social animals. High committed sociability is bonding relation (denoted as B), while low committed sociability is free relation (denoted as F). 2. Bonding chemicals Three bonding chemicals: oxytocin, vasopressin, and edorphin. Oxytocin sometimes is called ³cuddle chemical´ that builds bonds between mates, mother-child, and social members. Vasopressin processes focus attention to the individuals for the bonding. Vasopressin is responsible for creating intense loving memories during passionate situations. Edorphin is a social neurotransmitter that response to touch and pleasing visual stimulus (such as smile).

3. Male and female According to Simon Baron-Cohen, the essential difference between the female brain and the male brain is that the average female brain favors slightly empathy, and the average male brain favors slightly in non-social information. Instead of social contact, the average male brain finds pleasure in systematizing non-social information. The overlapping of the male brain and the female brain is significant. 4. Extremes A genetic example of free relation is autism, which has genetic impairment in forming social bonding. A genetic example of bonding relation is Williams Syndrome, which has genetic impairment to process visual±spatial information, but has unusually cheerful talkative demeanor and ease with strangers

The Information Process Type
Information Process Function Admission High Low Resolution High Action Openness Low High Low High Low The information process type sensitivity (S) assertiveness (A) distinctness (D) network (N) goal (G) context (C) updating (U) persistence (P) Personality Type (MBTI) introvert (I) extrovert (N) sense (S) intuition (N) thinking (T) feeling (F) perceiving (P) judging (J)

1.2. Admission: Sensitivity and Assertiveness
Information Process Admission High Low Personality system Sensitivity (S) Assertiveness (A) Personality Type (MBTI) introvert (I) extrovert (N) Extrovert (E) The Big Five

1. Admission The admission of each set of input data can be high or low. In computer, program is written to recognize and admit a part of each set of input data. If every detail in a set of input data is important, the admission of data is high. In this case, under limited computer capacity, only few sets of data can be accepted. 2. Harm In the human mind, the perceived degree of harm determines the degree of admission. The high perceived degree of harm leads to the importance of every detail in a set of data, resulting in sensitivity (represented by S). The low perceived degree of harm leads to the importance of only few details, resulting in assertiveness (represented by A).

3. MBTI According to H. J. Eysenck, extroverts have persistently low cortical arousal and seek stimulation. The personality of assertiveness therefore is the personality of extrovert as described in MBTI and by Eysenck. On the other hand, the personality of sensitivity is introvert in MBTI. Introverts have persistently high arousal and avoid stimulation. 4. Neurotransmitters The behavior is facilitated by neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters facilitate communication between neurons (nerve cells). Different neurotransmitters enhance different personality types. Serotonin (5-HT) enhances the assertiveness type. If excessive amount of serotonin is in the brain, the brain can become too selective, expressing as repetition or inactivity. Acetylcholine (Ach) is the neurotransmitter to enhance sensitivity. Acetylcholine provokes fear and withdrawal (freezing). Acetylcholine decreases in Alzheimer¶s dementia, so the patient with Alzheimer¶s dementia has trouble in association in terms of memory.

1.3. Resolution: Distinctiveness and Network
Information Process Resolution High Low Personality system Distinctness (D) Network (N) Personality Type (MBTI) sense (S) intuition (N) The Big Five Consciousness (C)

1. Resolution When computer processes video pictures, it can have many pictures with coarse details (low resolution) or few pictures with distinct details (high resolution). The information process type with the high resolution and low connection is Distinctness (represented by D), while the information process type with low resolution and high connection is Network (represented by N). 2. MBTI According to MBTI, a person with the personality type of sensing (represented by S) is a specialist, matching with the distinctness type in the information process type. According to MBTI, a person with the personality type of intuition (N) is a generalist, matching with the network type.

3. left brain-right brain The cortex is divided into the left cortex and the right cortex. The left cortex, which expresses language, is the cortex for distinctness, while the right cortex, which is good in orientation, is the cortex for network 4. male-female The social relation affects the brain structure involving network. The bonding relation type requires extensive social network resulting the brain structure with extensive network. As discussed before by Simon Baron-Cohen, woman is more social relation type than man, so the female brain has more network than the male brain. It is shown in the thicker corpus collosum that connect the right brain and the left brain, more dendritic connections between brain cells, and more evenly distributed language centers in the brain for better communication. Therefore, for woman, the brain is wired more for the bonding relation and the network, and for man, the brain is wired more for the free relation and the distinctiveness.

5. Neurotransmitter Dopamine allows a person to focus. Dopamine has been implicated in the controlled of fine motor movement. The patient with Parkinson¶s disease, which is deficient in dopamine, cannot control fine motor movement. Excessive dopamine causes a person to have an unrealistically excessive focus. 6. Extremes The mental disorders involving Distinctiveness and Network deal with the extreme presence or absence of Distinctiveness and Network. The extreme presence of Distinctiveness involves Obsessive-compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD). The extreme absence of Distinctiveness involves diseases, such as in Parkinson¶s disease.

1.4. Action: Goal and Context
Information Process Action High Low Personality system Goal (G) Context (C) Personality Type (MBTI) thinking (T) feeling (F) Neuroticism (N) The Big Five

1. Action In a computer, each information process goes through an operating system that control the flow of information processing in terms of priority and scheduling of different information processes. A simple operating system put all information processes in a context from which priority and scheduling are determined. Thus, each information process has a specific goal to reach, while each simple operating system has a context to arrange all information processes. In terms of action for actual information output, information process has much higher action than operating system. In the human mind, there is also Goal (represented by G) for information process and Context (represented by C) for operation system.

Goal is action-oriented resulting in the measurable intentional change. Context is option-oriented resulting in the context for possible action. 2. The evolutionary origin The evolutionary origin of Goal and Context is the first difference between male and female animals. Male animal carries extremely high number of sperms, while female animal carries limited number of eggs. During the mating session, the presence of a female animal with eggs triggers the desire of action in a male animal. Such action can result in a measurable intentional goal in terms of mating. On the other hand, to a female animal, the presence of a male animal is merely an option for which a context is set for possible action. Such context can be the show of strength, superiority, and affection. The context is for possible action. A female animal has much less drive for action, and much higher ability for the discernment for possible actions.

Another important action in Goal is problem solving in terms of removing obstacle during courtship and mating, such as chasing off another male competitor. Context is emotion with option, and Goal is emotion with action. 3. MBTI The free-bonding relation type is closely connected with the goalcontext type because the man-woman difference. For man, the combination of free relation type and the goal type results in the thinking type (T) for MBTI. According to MBTI, The thinking type (T) has characteristics of theoretical, rational, analytical, purposive, logic, and unconcerned with people's feeling. In terms of Goal, the thinking type is essentially the action of problem solving to remove an obstacle. It has a definitive goal to make a measurable intentional change. For woman, the combination of the context type and the bonding relation type results in the feeling type in MBTI. According to MBTI, the feeling type (F) has characteristics of passionate, warm, personal, artistic, and concerned with people's feelings.

In the Context, the feeling type does not have a particular propose to make a measurable intentional change. It is merely to discern the situation. Since the context type is combined with the bonding relation type, it concern with people¶s feeling. 4. Male and female On average, the female human brains have a larger deep limbic system than males. The larger deep limbic brain allows women more in touch with their feelings to prioritize all possible options. When the brain at rest without consciously thinking of anything, men, on average, had higher brain activity in the more ancient and primitive regions of the limbic system, the parts that are more involved with action. Women, on average, had more activity in the newer and more complex parts of the limbic system, which are involved in feelings . The hypothalamus, which is a tiny structure at the base of the brain, regulates many basic functions, such as eating, sleeping, temperature control, and reproduction. One part of the hypothalamus responsible for sexual behavior is larger in male brains than in female brains, in human and non-human animals.

5. Extremes The mental disorders involved are the extreme Goal and the extreme Context The extreme Goal is the extreme action-oriented without stopping, resulting in manic. Manic can lead to psychopath, seeking the unstopping thrill of action. The extreme Context is the extreme option-oriented without any possible action, resulting in depression. Depression can result in suicide, terminating all possible action. Both extremes are the results of chronic stress in terms of pain and loss.

1.5. Openness: Persistence and Updating
Information Process Openness High Low Personality system Updating (U) Persistence (P) Personality Type (MBTI) perceiving (P) judging (J) The Big Five Openness (O)

1. Openness An elaborate operating system for a computer not only schedules information processes but also manipulate and update information from different information processes. In the human brain, the part involved in the update is the prefrontal cortex. The large size of the prefrontal cortex in human is an important difference between human and other apes. The opposite of update is persistence which keeps the program constant. The information process type for the low openness is persistence (represented by P), and for the high openness is updating (represented by U).

2. MBTI According to MBTI, the judging type has characteristics of planned, orderly way, settled, organized, decisive, closeness, and finishing things. The judging type matches the Persistence type. The perceiving type has characteristics of flexible, spontaneous, flexible, tolerant, open option, understand life rather than control it. This perceiving type matches the Updating type. 3. The prefrontal cortex The whole updating process involves both the prefrontal cortex and the rest of the cortex. The prefrontal cortex has extensive connections to various parts of the brain. The prefrontal cortex allows a quick switch of strategy in behavior to a change of circumstance. The reason for such a quick switch of strategy is that the prefrontal cortex has ample free neuron network which provides the space to construct a new strategy one after another free of previous experience and memory.

4. Neurotransmitters Glutamate is the neurotransmitter for long-term potent (LTP) which is necessary for the working memory, which in turn is important for updating. Dopamine enhances the activity of few selective neurons by inhibiting the activity all other unrelated and unneeded neurons. Both glutamate and dopamine work together to accomplish updating. 5. Extremes The people with damage in the prefrontal cortex cannot construct a new strategy one right after another. They tend to construct one strategy, and stay with the same strategy over and over again even there is a need for another strategy. They fail to select the most current strategy for their action. The people with damage in the prefrontal cortex may also persistently follow whatever command given to them without change. The damage in the prefrontal cortex is the example for the extreme case of persistence.

The Big Five
1. Openness correlates to Updating in persistence-updating for the propensity for adapting to changing information. 2. Conscientiousness relates to Distinctiveness in distinctivenessnetwork for the care for focusing attention. 3. Extrovert corresponds to Assertiveness in sensitivityassertiveness for the easy to receive incoming information. 4. Agreeable corresponds to bonding relation in bonding relationfree relation in the way of social life for the propensity to form trust for social bonding. 5. Neuroticism corresponds to Context in goal±context for emotion.

The Social-Information Personality System
Information Process Admission Resolution Action Openness Social Relation Commitment High Low Bonding relation (B) Free relation (F) Agreeable (A) High Low High Low High Low High Low Personality system Sensitivity (S) Assertiveness (A) Distinctness (D) Network (N) Goal (G) Context (C) Updating (U) Persistence (P) Personality Type (MBTI) introvert (I) extrovert (N) sense (S) intuition (N) thinking (T) feeling (F) perceiving (P) judging (J) Neuroticism (N) Openness (O) Extrovert (E) Consciousness (C) The Big Five

2. Social Lives
In Section 2, the combination of the factors in the personality system results in the yin personality (BNC) and the yang personality (FDG) for collective wellbeing and individualistic achievement, respectively. The social lives are the combination of the yin-yang personalities and the active-passive intragroup interactions among the basic social units. The combination results in yin passive, yin active, yang passive, and yang active, corresponding to Amiable, Expressive, Analytical, and Drive in the popular Merrill-Reid social style theory. The additional social life is harmony that exists only in human. The instinct for the harmonious social life (harmonious) is the conscience instinct that is the combination of the hyper friendly instinct and the detective instinct (theory of mind), resulting in maximum eager cooperation without lie. The yin, the yang, and the harmonious social lives result in the collective, the individualistic, and the harmonious societies, respectively.

Personality
yyin (network-bonding relation-context = collective wellbeing) and yang (distinctiveness-free relation-goal = individualistic achievement) ypassive (sensitivity) ± active (assertiveness) intragroup interaction yharmony = high openness (updating) to transcend yin-yang and passive-active

the social instincts social life

yin passive social life (amiable)
bonding + freezing instincts

yin active social life (expressive)

harmonious social life

yang active social life (driver)
dominative + predatory instincts

yang passive social life (analytical)
systemizing + addictive instinct

nurturing + manipulative instincts

conscience instinct = hyper friendly + detective

SOCIAL STRUCTURES loose collective tight collective society society harmonious society tight individualistic society loose individualistic society

2.1. The Social Lives for Social Structures
(1) Yin-Yang Personality (BNC-FDG) The feminine yin personality is the combination of the bonding relation type (B), the network type (N), and the context type (C), while yang is the combination of the free relation type (F), the distinctiveness type (D), and the goal type (G). For the yin personality (BNC) type, the combination leads to ³collective wellbeing´, where collective means B and N, and wellbeing does not involve a specific action. For the masculine yang personality (FDG) type, the combination brings about ³individualistic achievement´, where individual means F and D, and achievement involves a specific goal. Collective wellbeing deals with mainly people, while individual achievement deals with primarily with task. Therefore, yin represents people, while yang represents task. The society with the yin personality is the collective society, while the society with the yang personality is the individualistic society.

(2) Passive-Active Intragroup Interaction (S-A) 1. Primate social structure The social lives for primates are the combination of the yin-yang personalities and the active-passive intragroup interactions among the basic social units (subgroups) within a social group. The basic social units (subgroups) can be single female and her offspring, monogamous family, polyandrous family (one-femaleseveral-male group), polygynous family (one-male-severalfemale group), and multimale-multifemale group (non-committal male-female). The intragroup interaction among the subgroups can be passive or active interaction, corresponding to introvert (Sensitivity) or extrovert (Assertiveness). The passive intragroup interaction leads to a loose social group where the intragroup interaction in not active. The active intragroup interaction leads to a tight social group. The tight social group helps to provide protection against predators. It also helps to protect scarce food resources.

2. The yin yang social lives The combination of the yin-yang personalities and the activepassive intragroup interactions leads to yin passive, yin active, yang passive, and yang active. The loose collective society and the tight collective society come from the yin passive and the yin active social lives, respectively, while the loose individualistic society and the tight individualistic society come from the yang passive and yang active social lives, respectively. 3. The yin yang social structures In the tight collective society, the active intragroup interaction produces the group wellbeing that promotes care about all members of the group and the group identity in addition to basic collective wellbeing. In the tight individualistic society, the active intragroup interaction produces the group hierarchy that promotes individual strength and effort as well as the submission to the leader of group in addition to basic individualistic achievement. The tight collective society is more egalitarian than the tight individualistic society.

(3) The Degree of Openness (P-U) The additional social life is the harmonious social life for harmonious cooperation that exists only in human that has the much larger prefrontal cortex responsible for the high openness in terms of Persistence-Updating in the personality system. The high openness allows the harmonious social life to transcend yin-yang and passive-active. Consequently, the society with the harmonious social life maximizes acquisition, and minimizes the cost for individuals in the intragroup interaction, resulting in the most successful society. However, the harmonious social group size has to be small. The description and the evolution of harmony social life and harmonious society will be discussed in details in the next sections.

The social lives for Primate Social Structures
social lives Yin (BNC) Yang (FDG) or harmony Yin Passive (S) ±active (A) or flexible Intragroup interaction Passive passive collective wellbeing passive individualistic achievement active collective wellbeing active individualistic achievement harmonious cooperation Characteristics Primate Social Merrill-Reid Structures Temperaments

loose collective society loose individualistic society

Amiable

Yang

Passive

Analytical

Yin Yang

Active Active

tight collective Expressive society tight individualistic society harmonious society Driver

Harmony

Flexible

The Merrill-Reid and the Yin Yang social lives
Merrill-Reid Temperament control emotion analytical ask amiable expressive driver tell Yin Yang Social Life yang yang passive passive yin passive yin active yin yang active active

emote

The yin yang social life system is comparable to the MerrillReid social style theory , consisting of amiable, expressive, analytical, and driver temperaments.

According to the Merrill-Reid theory, the four temperaments are described below. ‡ Amiable: Place a high priority on friendships, close relationships, and cooperative behavior. They appear to get involved in feelings and relations between people. ‡ Expressive: Appear communicative, warm approachable and competitive. They involve other people with their feelings and thoughts. ‡ Analytical: Live life according to facts, principles, logic and consistency. Often viewed as cold and detached but appear to be cooperative in their actions as long as they can have some freedom to organize their own efforts. ‡ Driver: Give the impression that they know what they want, where they are going, and how to get there quickly.

Amiable and Expressive have yin (female type) characteristic for collective wellbeing, while Analytical and Driver have yang (male type) characteristic for individualistic achievement. Expressive and Driver are more active in interpersonal relations than Amiable and Driver. Merrill-Reid Temperaments do not include harmony. The amiable temperament in the Merrill-Rein theory corresponds to the yin passive social life that involves and is keenly interested in the close relationship with people (yin) for collective wellbeing. The expressive temperament corresponds to the yin active social life that involves in both close relationships with people in the basic social unit and the intragroup in terms of group wellbeing in addition to basic collective wellbeing. The analytical temperament corresponds to the yang passive social life that involves and is keenly interested in only systemizing task (yang) for individualistic achievement. The driver temperament corresponds to the yang active social life that involves both the close relationships with people in the basic social unit and the intragroup in terms of group hierarchy in addition to basic individualistic achievement.

2.2. The Human Instincts and the Yin-yang social lives
1. The humanized and dehumanized instincts The social lives are derived from the human instincts. The human instincts include the humanized instincts and the dehumanized instincts. The humanized instincts are used originally involving human. The dehumanized instincts are used originally involving nonhuman. It is quite common among social animals to behave differently toward the animals of the same species and toward the animals of different species. For examples, cannibalism and the killing among the animals of the same species are rare in social animals even during the fighting among the animals of the same species. On the other hand, as predators, animals kill preys of different species without hesitation. As a prey, an animal makes a manipulative strategy to escape from a predator of different species. Animals make a clear distinction between the animals of different species and the animals of same species.

2. The humanized female-male instincts The humanized instinct consists of the female-male instincts involving human. People possess all of the female-male instincts. The female instincts are in average stronger in women, while the male instincts are in average stronger in men. However, the overlap is large, so it is common for some men to have stronger female instincts, and for some women to have stronger male instincts. The female instincts include the bonding instinct to bond with other human and the nurturing instinct to nurture the love ones. The male instincts include the systemizing instinct to systemizing various objects into a system and the dominative instinct to have domination in social hierarchy. 3. The dehumanized the prey-predator instincts. The dehumanized instincts involving nonhuman are the prey-predator instincts. The prey instincts include the freezing instinct to minimize the activity in the presence of strong nonhuman predator and the manipulative instinct to play tricks to a strong nonhuman predator for the protection of self and love ones.

The predatory instincts include the addictive instinct to have obsession in terms of task and the predatory instinct to overcontrol a weak nonhuman prey. Such prey-predator instincts are for nonhuman, but in the large complicate civilized society where people relations are complicate, people misuse the prey-predator to subhuman that is defined as human who is treated as nonhuman. In an extreme case, a person regards all people as subhuman that activates the prey-predator instincts in the person, resulting in mental disorders, such as depression, borderline personality disorder, obsession, and psychopath. The prey instincts closely relate to the female instincts, while the predatory instincts closely relate to the male instincts. 4. The positive and the negative yin yang social lives As in the table below, the positive yin social life and the positive yang social life are derived from the humanized female instinct and male instinct, respectively. The negative yin and the negative yang social lives are derived from the dehumanized prey-predator instincts, respectively.

The Positive-Negative Yin yang social lives
social life Origin Description Perceived Condition Perceived Mechanism Merrill-Reid Instinct Behavior Role Idealized SelfImage POSITIVE YIN collective wellbeing in mostly people abundant resource and security offensive mechanism for connecting people PASSIVE amiable bonding kindness friend loyalist ACTIVE expressive nurturing nurturing nurturer peacemaker POSITIVE YANG individual achievement in mostly task deficient resource and security defensive mechanism for survival PASSIVE analytical systemizing discipline systemizer idealist ACTIVE driver dominative strength leader hero humanized female-male instincts involving human

social life Origin Description Perceived Condition Perceived Mechanism Merrill-Reid Instinct Behavior Role Idealized SelfImage Mental Disorder

NEGATIVE YIN cool manipulation in mostly people deficient resource and security defensive mechanism for protection PASSIVE amiable freezing withdraw prey loner depression ACTIVE expressive manipulative manipulation manipulator strategist borderline personality disorder

NEGATIVE YANG obsessive over-control in mostly task abundant resource and security offensive mechanism for hunting PASSIVE analytical addiction obsession addict specialist obsession ACTIVE driver predatory over-control predator master psychopath

dehumanized prey-predator instincts involving subhuman

5. The general description of the positive social lives As in the table above, the positive yin social life and the positive yang social life are derived from the humanized female instinct and male instinct, respectively. The general description of the positive yin social life from the female instincts is collective wellbeing in mostly people. The best perceived condition to have collective wellbeing is abundant resource and security. It is hard to have collective wellbeing under deficient resource and security. Under such abundant resource and security, the mechanism is the active offensive mechanism to connect with people instead of passively connecting with people. The general description of the positive yang social life from the male instincts is individual achievement in mostly task. The best perceived condition to have individual achievement is deficient resource and security. The deficient resource and security motivate an individual to achieve in order to survive and prosper. Under the deficient resource and security, the mechanism is passive defensive mechanism to achieve in order to survive and prosper.

6. The positive yin passive social life (amiable) . The positive yin passive social life (amiable) involves and is keenly interested in close relationships with people, so the instinct is the bonding instinct. The corresponding behavior is kindness toward people. The role for the yin passive social life is friend. A person with the role of friend can idealize (exaggerate) the role as loyalist. 7. The positive yin active social life (expressive) The positive yin active social life (expressive) involves in both basic social unit and intragroup. The instinct is the nurturing instinct in addition to the bonding instinct. The nurturing instinct¶s involvement is active and broad. The role for the yin active social life is nurturer. A person with the role of nurturer can idealize in terms of exaggeration the role as peacemaker to provide the peaceful environment for nurturing all love ones.

8. The positive yang passive social life (analytical) The positive yang passive social life (analytical) involves and is keenly interested in only task. The instinct is the systemizing instinct for the intrinsic human capability and desire to make a system out of various objects. The corresponding behavior is discipline to follow a welldeveloped system. The role for the yang passive social life is systemizer. A person with the role of systemizer can idealize in terms of exaggeration the role as idealist to have the idealistic system. 9. The positive yang active social life (driver) The positive yang active social life (driver) involves in the basic social unit and intragroup. The instinct is the dominative instinct in addition to the systemizing instinct. The dominative instinct¶s involvement is active and broad. The corresponding behavior is mental and physical strength. The role for the yang active social life is leader to provide the best (dominating) condition to survive and prosper. A person with the role of leader can idealize in terms of exaggeration the role as hero who will fight for survival and prosperity.

10. The general description of the negative social lives As in the table, the negative yin social life and the negative yang social life are derived from the dehumanized prey instinct and predatory instinct, respectively. The general description of the negative yin social life from the prey instincts is cool manipulation in mostly people. The perceived condition to have cool manipulation is deficient resource and security. Under the deficient resource and security, the mechanism is passive defensive mechanism to stay away and to manipulate in order to survive. The general description of the negative yang social life from the predatory instincts is obsessive over-control in mostly task. The perceived condition to have obsessive over-control is abundant resource and security. Under such abundant resource and security, the mechanism is the active offensive mechanism to obsess and to over-control.

11. The negative yin passive social life (amiable) The negative yin passive social life is derived from the dehumanized prey instinct that is the freezing instinct to avoid the contact with strong subhuman predator as much as possible. The corresponding behavior is to withdraw (coolness) involving subhuman predator. It involves only subhuman. The role for the yin passive social life is passive prey. A person with the role of passive prey can rationalize the role as loner to avoid detestable people. In the extreme case, the person can regard all people as subhuman predator, resulting in the destruction of the intrinsic brain structure to distinguish human and nonhuman. The result of the extreme case is the mental disorder of depression. 12. The negative yin active social life (expressive) The negative yin active social life is derived from the dehumanized prey instinct that is the manipulative instinct in addition to the freezing instinct. The corresponding behavior is manipulation involving subhuman predator.

Manipulation can be very deceptive as the broken wing trick that a mother bird plays to lead a predator away from the baby birds. It is the origin of the asymmetrical warfare. It involves both subhuman and task needed to carry on manipulation. The role for the yin active social life is manipulator. A person with the role of manipulator can rationalize the role as strategist to protect the person and the love ones from strong opponents. The result of the extreme case is the mental disorder of borderline personality disorder. People with borderline personality disorder frequently have unstable relationships, fly into rages inappropriately, or become depressed and cannot trust the actions and motives of other people . Most of people with borderline personality disorder are women.

13. The negative yang passive social life (analytical) The negative yang passive social life is derived from the dehumanized predator instinct that is the addictive instinct. The corresponding behavior is obsession to do a very specific task all the time. It involves only task. The task can be an obsessive professional task for excessive wealth or an obsessive hobby task for excessive adventure. The role for the yin passive social life is addict. A person with the role of addict rationalizes the role as specialist. The result of the extreme case is the mental disorder of obsession. 14. The negative yang passive social life (driver) The negative yang active social life is derived from the dehumanized predatory instinct that is the predatory instinct in addition to the additive instinct. The corresponding behavior is over-controlling of weak subhuman prey. It involves both task and subhuman prey. The role for the yin active social life is predator to weak subhuman prey.

A person with the role of predator can rationalize the role as master who controls an inferior person. The mental disorder in the extreme case is psychopath. People with psychopath are very egocentric individuals with no empathy for others, and they are incapable of feeling remorse or guilt. Psychopath is a combination of dominant and cold interpersonal characteristics Most of people with psychopath are men. In an fNRI study by neuroscientist Kent Kichl , a certain part of the brain in criminal psychopaths showed much less activity in responses to emotional charged words like blood, sewer, hell, and rape than the normal people. It shows that psychopaths are relatively insensitive to the cruelty involving human.

2.3. The harmonious social life TIT FOR TAT Long social memory from yin, dominance hierarchy from yang, and gender dichotomy are important to maintain a social structure, but they form the social barrier that hinders the free cooperation among the members of society. Cooperation is important in survival strategies as described by Axelrod and Hamilton's evolution of cooperation. Among all strategies, TIT FOR TAT is the best strategy. On the first move cooperate. On each succeeding move do what your opponent did the previous move. From the further analysis of TIT FOR TAT, four features of TIT FOR TAT emerged: Never be the first to defect: indicate eager cooperate Retaliate only after your partner has defected: detect defection Be prepared to forgive after carrying out just one act of retaliation: minimum social memory Adopt this strategy only if the probability of meeting the same player again exceeds 2/3: a strategy for a small social group..

1. 2. 3. 4.

A distinctive character in TIT FOR TAT is eager cooperation as in the first feature above. It always cooperates first. Such eager cooperation has minimum social memory to forgive the past defection as in the third feature above. Such eager cooperation generates a large cohesive domain, resulting in the best strategy. However, if defection has no consequence as in a large group, TIT FOR TAT does not work as in the fourth feature above. TIT FOR TAT works only in a small group. The Conscience Instinct In the yin and yang social lives, the high social barrier from long social memory, dominance hierarchy, and gender dichotomy excludes eager cooperation. To carry out TIT FOR TAT strategy, the evolution of human social life produced two additional new instincts:. the hyper friendly instinct and the detective instinct. The hyper friendly instinct allows human to cooperate eagerly, while the detective instinct allows human to detect defection.. The combination of the hyper friendly instinct and the detective instinct brings about the conscience instinct.

The harmonious social life

social life Description Instinct Behavior

HARMONY maximum eager cooperation without lie: harmonious cooperation (mutual empathy and empowerment) hyper friendly eager cooperation detective theory of mind

2.3.1. Eager Cooperation - The Hyper Friendly Instinct 1. Hyper friendly instinct Long social memory, dominance hierarchy, and gender dichotomy are important to maintain a social structure, but they form the social barrier that hinders the free eager cooperation among the members of society. To promote eager social cooperation, it is necessary to minimize such social barrier. One way for the minimization is the hyper friendly instinct. Through the hyper friendly instinct, the hyper friendly act minimizes the social barrier. One example of the hyper friendly instinct is the frequent sexual activities among all members of bonobo social group. The sexual activities can be between couples regardless of ages and genders. They do sexual contacts to greet, to avoid social conflicts, and to reconcile after conflicts. The hyper friendly act minimizes the social barrier, and enhances social cooperation. For an example, bonobos engage in sexual activities before eating to avoid conflict during eating. Comparing to chimpanzees, bonobos are much more peaceful and egalitarian because of this hyper friendly instinct.

2. Language In human, the hyper friendly instinct is expressed as language. The verbal communication minimizes effectively social barrier. Human learns language quickly and early. The human brain encourages language by rewarding language. For an example, the extremely hyper friendly people are the people with Williams Syndrome, which has unusually cheerful talkative demeanor and ease with strangers. They have excellent verbal skills, superior and precocious musical ability, perfect pitch and a good memory for names and faces. Individuals with Williams Syndrome, however, have higher amount of fear with non-social encounter. The highly developed human language instinct indicates the highly developed human hyper friendly instinct.

2.3.2. Detection ± The Detective instinct In the advanced stage of verbal communication, a verbal statement can express an event occurred elsewhere. Since the event occurs elsewhere, a listener has to determine if the expressed statement is a truth or a lie. The detective instinct for detecting a lie in a verbal statement is necessary for the advanced stage of verbal communication. The detective instinct is for subtle lie instead of conspicuous lie, which can be detected easily without the new detective instinct. The neural network for the detective instinct is called the lie detection neural network. The neural network has been described by Hiram Brownell and Richard Griffin as the neural network for theory of mind that that a person believes that the other people have the mind to lie and to detect a lie that the person makes.

2.3.3. The Conscience Instinct
Theory of mind derived from the detective instinct is that a person believes that the other people have the mind to lie and to detect a lie that the person makes. The combination of the hyper friendly instinct and theory of mind derived from the detective instinct brings about the conscience instinct that is the instinct for maximum eager cooperation without lie. People feel guilty about cooperation with lie, and feel other people should feel guilty about cooperation with lie. The conscience instinct as the self-regulation of cooperation results in maximum eager cooperation without lie, leading to the harmonious cooperation (mutual empathy and empowerment). Mutual empathy is love, while mutual empowerment is diligence. The result is the harmonious social life. The people with the harmonious social life are harmonists. The society with the harmonious social life is the harmonious society.

PERSONALITY AND Social Lives the brain structure±neurotransmitters for socialization and information processing PERSONALITY

admission resolution socialization (sensitivity(distinctiveness± (bonding relation± assertiveness) network) free relation)

action (goal± context)

openness (persistence± updating)

yin (network-bonding relation-context = collective wellbeing) and yang (distinctiveness-free relation-goal = individualistic achievement) ypassive (sensitivity) ± active (assertiveness) intragroup interaction yharmony = high openness (updating) to transcend yin-yang and passive-active
y

the social instincts Social Life

SOCIAL LIVES AND STRUCTURES
the social instincts social life

yin passive social life (amiable)
bonding + freezing instincts

yin active social life (expressive)
nurturing + manipulative instincts

harmonious social life

yang active social life (driver)

yang passive social life (analytical)
systemizing + addictive instinct

conscience instinct = dominative + hyper friendly instinct predatory + detective instinct instincts

SOCIAL STRUCTURES
the loose the tight collective collective society society the harmonious society the tight individualistic society the loose individualistic society

The Unified Theory of Human Society 2: Human Evolution
orangutan gorilla chimpanzee bonobo human

2 Ma 6 Ma Ardi

7 Ma

bonobo-like common ancestor
orangutan-like common ancestor

13 Ma (million year ago)

Content Introduction for the unified theory of human society Abstract 1. Ape Evolution 2. Hominid Evolution

The Source of the Presentation
The Unified Theory of Human Society: the Sustainable Unified Society http://www.scribd.com/doc/24499803/The-Unified-Theory-of-Human-Societythe-Sustainable-Unified-Society

Introduction for the unified theory of human society
Human society is a complex society. Different people have different social lives. The human brain has been evolved to be much more advanced than any other brains in the natural world. Different places have developed different social histories. In the modern time, there are at least two major political parties: socialistic (collective) and capitalistic (individualistic) parties. In addition, human has supernatural human society in terms of religions. There are at least seven major religions: Hinduism, Judaism, Confucianism, Islam, Buddhism, Daoism, and Christianity. So far, there is no viable unified theory of human society to unify specifically all these different social phenomena. The proposed unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies, and identifies the peaceful unified society for all human societies.

Abstract for Human Evolution
The unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies. In Part 2, the unified theory deals with human evolution including ape evolution and hominid evolution. Diverging from the peacemaking bonobo-like common ancestor, early human ancestors were basically bipedal peacemaking bonobos whose habitat changed from hospitable forest to hospitable woodland. Feeding on fruits from bushes and low branches in woodland forced them to walk on two legs often. When a group fanned out to find food, the continuous gestural communication from bipedal early human ancestors¶ free hands coordinated individuals effectively. The improvement of gestural communication led eventually to the emergence of the harmonious social life as indicated by the absence of large sharp canine teeth for fighting. Bipedalism and the harmonious social life make hominids distinct from other apes. The harmonious social life based on the conscience instinct makes human distinct from all other species. The prehistoric hunter-gatherer society was the harmonious society.

1. Ape Evolution
1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. 1.5. 1.6. The Original Ape: the solitary ape The First Split: the peacemaking ape The Second Split: the loyal ape The Third Split: the harmonious ape The Fourth Split: the aggressive ape Summary

Early apes evolved during the Miocene epoch from 25 Ma (million years ago) to 5 Ma. Miocene warming began 21 Ma allowed tropical forests to prevail in Eurasia and Africa. The early ancestors of apes migrated to Eurasia from Africa about 17 Ma. Apes evolved in Eurasia. Miocene warming continued until 14 Ma, when global temperatures took a sharp drop. As a result, some apes migrated south into tropical forests in Africa. By 8 Ma, temperatures dropped sharply once again. Consequently, apes became extinct except in tropical forests in Southeast Asia and Africa. In Africa, the climate got even cooler and dryer and the forest patches shrank. By the end of the Miocene, East Africa had become mostly open grassland. About 2 Ma, a significant drying occurred in Africa.

Cooling and drying cause the change in the density and type of trees in forest and the changes from forest to woodland, grassland, and desert. The difference between woodland and dense forest is in the canopy. Forest trees are tall and dense enough to hide most of the sky, while woodland trees are sparse enough for the sky to be visible and grass and brush to grow on the ground. Grassland has tall grass with few trees. Eventually, tropical forests are limited to a tight band around the equator. The original apes were arboreal animals in dense forest, adapting to life in the trees in dense forest that provided both food resource and security. Different apes evolved to adapt to the changes in environments.

1.1. The Original Ape: the solitary ape
1. Evolution The original great ape existed before 13 Ma, when the warm and wet climate allowed tropical forest to prevail in Eurasia. It was the orangutan-like common ancestor with the best food resource and security from dense forest. The orangutan-like common ancestor did not migrate to Africa. Apes evolved a new way of moving around in the trees ± brachiation that is arm-over-arm swinging from one branch to another. Brachiation evolved as a way to get at fruits that were at the very tips of branches. This allows apes to get at fruits that a monkey cannot reach. Apes have larger brains than monkeys. Gestural communication is virtually limited to great apes.

2. Behaviors As the orangutan-like common ancestor, current orangutan is the solitary ape that has the loose social structure without the need of the support of tight social group. They are currently found only in rainforests on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. Orangutan is the largest arboreal animals in forest, adapting to life in the trees in dense forest that provides both food resource and security. Orangutans are the most arboreal of the great apes, spending nearly all of their time in the trees. Every night they fashion sleeping nests from branches and foliage. They are more solitary than other apes; males and females generally come together only to mate. There is significant sexual dimorphism. Orangutans primarily eat fruit.

1.2. The First Split: the peacemaking ape
1. Evolution The Miocene warming began 21 Ma and continued until 14 Ma, when global temperatures took a sharp drop. About 13 Ma, the slight decrease in of tree-density in forest by climate change caused the first split from the orangutan-like common ancestor to produce the bonobo-like common ancestor with the second best food resource and security. It was necessary to have the support of social group for the procurement of food and for protection in this environment. With the support of social group, food and security posted no serious problems without the strong need to fight for food in a social group. As a result, as the bonobo-like common ancestor, bonobo is the peacemaking ape that has the matriarch collective society for collective wellbeing.

Bonobos are now found in the wild only in the dense tropical forest south of the Congo River. Genetically modern bonobo is exactly as close to modern human as modern chimpanzee. 2. Behaviors For peacemaking, bonobo has ³hyper friendliness´ as shown in the frequent sexual activities among all members of bonobo social group. The sexual activities can be between couples regardless of ages and genders. They do causal sexual contacts to greet, to avoid social conflicts, and to reconcile after conflicts. The hyper friendly act minimizes the social barrier, and enhances social cooperation. For an example, bonobos engage in sexual activities before eating to avoid conflict during eating. On the other hand, De Waal pointed out that 'sex for peace' precisely because bonobos have plenty of conflicts. There would obviously be no need for peacemaking if they lived in perfect harmony.

Bonobo walks upright approximately 25% of the time during ground locomotion. At the time of the split, its quadrupedal ground locomotion was orangutan-like forelimb fist or palm walking instead of the predominant use of knuckles developed later as characteristic of gorillas and the chimpanzees. Like human, bonobo has relatively small canines. These physical characteristics and its posture, give bonobo an appearance more closely resembling humans than that of chimpanzee.

1.3. The Second Split: the loyal ape
1. Evolution By 8 Ma, temperatures dropped sharply once again. The further decrease in tree-density in some forests by further temperature drop caused the second split from the bonobo-like common ancestor to produce gorilla in diverse forests in about 7 Ma. In some regions in Africa, dense forest turned into diverse forest with various tree-densities. Gorilla is the loyal ape that has the patriarch collective society for collective wellbeing with strong loyalty to the dominatingly large male leader for protection.

2. Behaviors Gorillas are the largest of the living primates. Instead of relying trees for protection, gorillas rely on their physical sizes for protection. Relying on physical size for protection was adaptable to diverse forests with variable tree-densities. Large gorillas could not climb trees easily, so gorillas were grounddwelling. Gorillas move around by knuckle-walking. Gorillas are shy and peaceful vegetarians. Diverging from the bonobolike common ancestors, early gorillas ancestors were basically the dominatingly large bonobos. Gorillas today live in tropical or subtropical forests in different parts of Africa.

1.4. The Third Split: the harmonious ape
1. Evolution The progressive drying and cooling turned parts of forests in Africa into woodlands. The appearance of woodland caused the third split from the bonobo-like common ancestor to produce the bipedal human ancestor, who used free hands for the improvement in gestural communication to survive in hospitable woodland. Human ancestors were basically bipedal bonobos whose habitat changed from hospitable forest to hospitable woodland. Free hands from bipedalism allowed continuous gestural communication during walking. The improvement in communication led eventually to the harmonious society. Human was the harmonious ape.

Ardi (Ardipithecus ramidus), the oldest human skeleton discovered, lived in 4.4 Ma. Similar to other apes, Ardi's skull encased a small brain ± 300 to 350 cc. Ardi¶s feet had a stout opposable big toe for climbing trees. She lived in grassy woodland with patches of denser forest and freshwater springs. Woodland allowed increasingly amount of food from bushes and low branches, which could be seen and reached from the ground. Chimpanzees today move on two legs most often when feeding on the ground from bushes and low branches. In the same way, feeding on fruits from bushes and low branches, Ardi moved on two legs often. When chimpanzees today are under duress from a poor fruit season, they break up into smaller foraging units that scour the environment more thoroughly.

In the same way, Ardi and the members of her social group fanned out to find food. Individuals could communicate with one another by vocal/gestural communication. Bipedal Ardi¶s free hands allowed individuals from the searching group to communicate continuously and precisely during walking. (Without bipedalism, apes cannot walk and do gestural communication at the same time continuously.) Such effective coordination by vocal/gestural communication allowed them to find food efficiently. The effective coordination also allowed them effectively escaping from predators.

2. Behaviors They climbed trees mostly at night, for high branch fruits, and for safety. The tree-density was high enough, so they had easy access to trees to escape from predators, and did not need the rapid movement of quadrupedal locomotion, such as knuckle walking, to escape from predators. This initial woodland habitat was quite hospitable for early bipedal hominid. Bipedalism might possibly happen in a number of locations with similar hospitable woodland environment. Human ancestors were basically bipedal bonobos whose habitat changed from hospitable forest to hospitable woodland.

3. Gestural Communication ‡ The continuous gestural communication The continuous gestural communication allowed improved explanation gestural communication for improving mutual understanding and the improved cooperative gestural communication for establishing elaborate social rules. The improvement in communication reduced conflicts by the improvement of understanding among them and the establishment of some elaborate social rules. ‡ The primitive gestural communication The primitive gestural communication emerged first involved the primitive natural gestures of pointing and pantomiming. Such primitive gestural communication did not require the large expansion of the brain.

‡ Pleasurable communication What robust vocal/facial/gestural communication needed was pleasure connecting with vocal/facial/gestural communication. For bonobos, hyper friendliness for peacemaking is expressed by causal sexual contact that gives them pleasure. Unlike other apes, humans, including babies, enjoy gestural/facial/vocal communication, such as dancing, singing, and talking. The pleasurable vocal/facial/gestural communication of early human ancestors gradually replaced pleasurable casual sexual contact of the bonobo-like common ancestors as pleasurable way to bond with one another. By the time of Ardi, pleasurable causal sexual contact disappeared, and replaced by pleasurable vocal/facial/gestural communication. Instead of group sex for peacemaking, human ancestors, like Ardi, had group dancing and group singing for peacemaking. The disappearance of casual sexual contact allowed human ancestors to develop monogamy for pair bonding.

‡ harmonious social life Communication became not only useful but also pleasurable. Communication became frequent. Communication became sharing information both related and unrelated physical needs. The human ancestors, like Ardi, evolved from the merely peacemaking bonobo-like common ancestors to the harmonious hominids as shown in the absence of large sharp canine teeth (fangs) for fighting. Other apes, particularly males, have thick, projecting, sharp canines that they use for displays of aggression and as weapons to defend themselves. Such harmonious coherent social group improved its ability to find and collect food and to fend off predators, resulting in improved chance for survival in woodland.

‡ the spoken language Gestural communication served as a stepping stone for the evolution of human symbolic communication. Gesture production in humans is so automatic that it is relatively immune to audience effects: blind subjects gesture at equal rates as sighted subjects to a known blind audience. Gestural communication as gestural language is the predecessor of spoken language. The generally right-handed dominant hominid caused the development of the gestural language area (Broca¶s area) in the left-brain that eventually developed into the part for the spoken language later. In the study by Hickok, Bellugi and Klima, the impairment for sign language patients was identical with that of speaking patients. At the hemispheric level the neural organization of sign language is indistinguishable from that of spoken language.

1.5. The Fourth Split: the aggressive ape 1. Evolution
‡ Two million year ago, a significant drying occurred in Africa. Near the central Africa about 2 million years ago, the decrease treedensity in forest caused the fourth split from the bonobo-like common ancestor to produce chimpanzee. Chimpanzee is the aggressive ape that has the patriarch individualistic society with individual and group aggression to survive in inhospitable woodland. The tree-density in the initial habitat of chimpanzees was the lowest among the five apes.

‡ Anatomical differences between chimpanzee and bonobo are slight, but in sexual and social behaviors there are marked differences. Bonobos live in the tropical rain forests with relatively sufficient food and security. Chimpanzees live in the tropical woodland savannah around the equatorial portion of Africa. Chimpanzees travel around 3 miles a day for food and water, whereas bonobos have hardly been noted to travel more than 1.5 or 2 miles a day. Individual and group aggression of male chimpanzees became the mean to survive in such inhospitable woodland. Diverging from the bonobo-like common ancestors, early chimpanzee ancestors were basically the aggressive bonobos whose habitat changed from hospitable forest to inhospitable woodland.

2. Behaviors
Chimpanzees have the patriarch individualistic society with the competitive hierarchy. Primatologist Frans de Waal described male chimpanzees in Chimpanzee Politics . The male chimpanzees fight to be the number one. A leader is under constant challenge. A leader is deposed after the other male chimpanzees have formed alliance and ganged up against the leader. In the wild, male chimpanzees are extraordinarily hostile to males from outside of the social group. Male patrolling chimpanzees attack and often kill the neighboring male chimpanzee outsider who might be traveling alone. On the contrary, bonobo males or females prefer sexual contact over violent confrontation with outsiders.

1.6. Summary

‡The human ancestors were basically bipedal peacemaking bonobos whose habitat changed from hospitable forest to hospitable woodland. ‡Living in hospitable woodland, Ardi, the oldest human skeleton discovered, was bipedal and harmonious.

‡Feeding on fruits from bushes and low branches in woodland forced Ardi to walk on two legs often. ‡When a group fanned out to find food, the continuous gestural communication from bipedal Ardi¶s free hands coordinated individuals effectively. ‡The improvement of gestural communication led eventually to the emergence of the harmonious social life as indicated by the absence of large sharp canine teeth for fighting.

Ape Evolution
orangutan-like common ancestor
13 Ma

orangutan bonobo-like common ancestor
7 Ma (million years ago)

gorilla
6 Ma

2 Ma

human

chimpanzee bonobo

History

Orangutan Bonobo Gorilla Human

original ape (> 13 Ma) first split (13 Ma) second split (7 Ma) third split (6 Ma)

Initial Habitat (1 = best food resource and security ) dense forest/tree (1) dense forest/tree (2) diverse forest/tree (3) hospitable woodland/ground (4) inhospitable woodland/tree (5)

Chimpanzee fourth split (2 Ma)

Characteristic

Social Structure

Orangutan Bonobo Gorilla Human Chimpanzee

solitary ape

loose society

peacemaking ape matriarch collective society loyal ape harmonious ape Aggressive ape patriarch collective society harmonious society patriarch individualistic society

2. Hominid Evolution
2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. Ardi and Lucy Homo Habilis and Homo Erectus Homo Sapiens The Prehistoric Harmonious Hunter-gatherer Society

Hominids evolved from the non-Homo hominids (Ardi and Lucy) to the Homo hominids (Homo habilis, Homo erectus, and Homo sapiens). During hominid evolution, the usage of tools and the successful harmonious society based on the conscience instinct (the combination of hyper friendliness and theory of mind) allowed the Homo to become highly successful species adaptable in diverse environments. The prehistoric human society was the harmonious hunter-gatherer society.

2.1. Ardi and Lucy
1. Hominids Human is the only non-extinct species of hominids. Hominid evolution started from woodland in Africa. From 6 Ma to 2 Ma, the drier and cooler climate progressed slowly. By around 6 Ma to 2 Ma in Africa, hominids had evolved with two important traits that distinguished it from apes: bipedalism and small canine teeth. 2. Ardi and Lucy The two most complete skeletons for early hominids are Ardi and Lucy (Australopithecus afarensis). Ardi (45% complete skeleton) is estimated to be 4.4 million years ago. (Similar to other apes, Ardi's skull encased a small brain ± 300 to 350 cc.) She lived in grassy woodland with patches of denser forest and freshwater springs. The further decrease in temperature and rain decreased food resource and security as shown in Lucy (40% complete skeleton) in 3.2 million years ago. (The brain size is 450-530cc.) The environmental pressure led to the small expansion of the brain as shown in the larger brain in Lucy than in Ardi.

2.2. Homo Habilis and Homo Erectus
1. Environment and adaptation After about 2.8 Ma, in East Africa east of the African Rift System, the environment pressure came from the climate fluctuation and significant drying. During this period, parts of forest and woodland turned to grassland. Without the protection of forest, the bipedal hominid in the open grassland faced predators from both large dangerous animals and intense intergroup competition. The climate fluctuation and open grassland forced hominids to evolve quickly in terms of the brain size to thrive in diverse environments including forests, woodlands, and grassland savannas. It involved the usage of tools and the emergence of the highly efficient cooperative harmonious society based on the conscience instinct as the combination of hyper friendliness and theory of mind for social cooperation. The usage of tools and the highly efficient cooperative harmonious society allowed human to thrive in diverse environments.

2. Homo habilis In the next 2 million years, the Australopithecine evolved into the Homo. The next most significant gradual change of hominid evolution is the conversion of free hands into manipulative hands with precision grip resulting in the acquisition of tool-use and making. The most primitive stone tool-use hominid family is Homo habilis in about 2.2-1.6 Ma. (The brain size is 750850cc.) The use of tools allowed hominids to hunt and butcher animals which provided the nutrients for the brain. 3. Homo erectus Eventually, (1.9-0.1 Ma), Homo erectus had not only perfected stone tools considerably but had also learned how to control and use fire. The hearth for fire and the gathering for cooperative tool manufacture promoted the development of social organization. The competitive advantage of social organization resulted in the rapid development of spoken language to aid gestural language in the same area of the brain.

2.3. Homo sapiens
Language alone cannot solve all social conflicts to achieve maximum eager cooperation without lie, so it is necessary to control social conflicts by will. The social behaviors were still affected greatly by the instincts from the old non-harmonious social lives that hinder frequently maximum eager cooperation without lie. The competitive advantage of the harmonious society (TIT FOR TAT strategy as the best strategy) resulted in the expansion of the prefrontal cortex to control the non-harmonious instincts. As the brain had tripled in size during human evolution, the prefrontal cortex had increased in size six fold. The prefrontal cortex in humans occupies a far larger percentage of the brain than any other animal. Therefore, the conscience instinct can be divided into the conscience intelligence for the knowledge of socialization and the conscience will to control the non-harmonious instincts to achieve maximum eager cooperation without lie. The earliest Homo sapiens found in Ethiopia were dated to be about 200,000 years old.

walking hands (bonobo-like common ancestor)
bipedalism

free hands for gestural language as hyper friendliness (non-Homo hominids 6-1 Ma)

manipulative hands for tool (Homo habilis 2.2-1.6 Ma) speech for theory of mind (Homo erectus 1.9-0.1 Ma) hyper friendliness theory of mind (detective instinct)

conscience instinct
extra prefrontal cortex

enhanced conscience instinct (Homo sapiens < 0.2 Ma) conscience intelligence conscience will

3. The Interaction of the Social Lives
3.1. 3.2. 3.3. The Properties of the Social Lives The Enforcement of the Social Life The Interaction of the Social Lives

Life has many parts. Each specific part has specific fitness and disorder. Fitness enhances life, and disorder enhances demise. The instinctive response to fitness that enhances life is happiness to continue the fitness. Disorder that enhances demise is the loss of the function of certain adaptable life part. The instinctive response to disorder is suffering to prompt attention to disorder, so disorder can be dealt with urgently.

3.1.

The Properties of the Social Lives

Social-life fitness enhances social life, and social-life disorder enhances social-life demise. The instinctive response to social-life fitness that enhances social life is social-life happiness to continue the pursuit of social-life fitness. The instinctive response to sociallife disorder that enhances social-life demise is social-life suffering to prompt attention to social-life disorder, so individuals can deal with social-life disorder urgently. Social-life sin is the action of social-life disorder. The healthy social life allows all three of social lives working together constructively rather than destructively.

Yin (Collective) Social Life Symbol Social-life fitness Social-life disorder Sin Suffering collective wellbeing injustice injustice alienation

Yang (Individualistic) Social Life

Harmonious Social Life

individualistic achievement repression repression unfulfillment

harmonious cooperation disharmony disharmony loneliness (disconnection) harmonious

Society

Collective

individualistic

3.2.

The Enforcement of the Social Life

Healthy society and individual in terms of social life enforce the adoption of social-life fitness and the avoidance of social-life disorder. The enforcement originates from the memories of happiness and suffering, social reward and punishment, and faith. the memories of happiness and suffering The memory of social-life happiness enforces the adoption of fitness, while the memory of social-life suffering enforces the avoidance of disorder. The process can be manifested by the memories of extreme social-life suffering (PTSD) and happiness (peak experience) . social reward and punishment Society rewards fitness as virtue, and punishes disorder as sin faith As soon as a specific social life is established by the combination of memory and social enforcement, the faith in the social life can continue the enforcement even without the successful social life.

3.3.

The Interaction of the Social Lives

The interactions among the social lives result in the unified multisocial life society and the single-social life society. the unified multi-social life society A peaceful unified multi-social life society consisting of the collective, individualistic, and harmonious social lives has the balanced social life. To have a balanced social life, a peaceful society must have a continuous checks and balances process, so all social lives have acceptable existences. An unbalanced multi-social life society does not have good checks and balances process to find acceptable existences for all social lives. the single-social life society the single-social life society has one complete social life. In the complete social life, dominant collective wellbeing represses individualistic achievement and disharmonizes harmonious

cooperation, dominant individualistic achievement violates collective wellbeing and disharmonizes harmonious cooperation, and dominant harmonious cooperation violates collective wellbeing and represses individualistic achievement. A person who joins a purely single-social life society must choose the social happiness of the complete social life and the social-life sufferings of the other social lives. The conversion remains unchanged as long as the happiness is greater than the sufferings. .

The Unified Theory of Human Society 3: Human Social History

human social history from the prehistoric harmonious huntergatherer society to the modern/postmodern three-branch Unified Society

Content
Introduction for the unified theory of human society Abstract 1. The Prehistoric Period 2. The Early Period 3. The Modern Two-Party Society 4. The Modern Three-Branch Unified Society

The Source of the Presentation
The Unified Theory of Human Society: the Sustainable Unified Society http://www.scribd.com/doc/24499803/The-Unified-Theory-of-Human-Societythe-Sustainable-Unified-Society

Introduction for the unified theory of human society
Human society is a complex society. Different people have different social lives. The human brain has been evolved to be much more advanced than any other brains in the natural world. Different places have developed different social histories. In the modern time, there are at least two major political parties: socialistic (collective) and capitalistic (individualistic) parties. In addition, human has supernatural human society in terms of religions. There are at least seven major religions: Hinduism, Judaism, Confucianism, Islam, Buddhism, Daoism, and Christianity. So far, there is no viable unified theory of human society to unify specifically all these different social phenomena. The proposed unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies, and identifies the peaceful unified society for all human societies.

Abstract for Human Social History
The unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies. In Part 3, the unified theory deals with human social history including the Prehistoric Period, the Early Period and the Modern Period. In the Early Period starting from the Neolithic Revolution, the inevitably large civilized social group of the agricultural-nomad society destroyed the prehistoric harmonious small social group, resulting in the formations of the collective society and the individualistic society. The collective society included Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Confucianism. The individualistic society included Greek mythology and science. The harmonious society included Christianity, Buddhism, and Daoism. In the Modern Period starting from the Renaissance, the modern mass printing and increased literacy led to communication and understanding, resulting in the three-branch Modern Unified Society consisting of the collective political party, the individualistic political party, and the harmonious religion.

Human Social History
the prehistoric harmonious hunter-gatherer society the Neolithic Revolution the Early Divided Society

the individualistic society: the individualistic state + the state individualism

the collective society: the collective state + the state religion

the harmonious society the harmonious religion

the Modern Revolution the Modern Unified Society

the collective society: the collective party + the partisan socialism

the individualistic society: the harmonious society the individualistic party the harmonious religion + the partisan capitalism

I. The Prehistoric Period
1.1. 1.2. The Prehistoric Harmonious Society The Exit from the Harmonious Society
Fitness Harmonious Society harmonious cooperation disorder (sin) Disharmony Suffering loneliness (disconnection)

1.1. The Prehistoric Harmonious Society In the prehistoric harmonious hunter-gatherer society, the sociallife fitness that enhances social life is harmonious cooperation. Social-life disorder that enhances social demise is disharmony. The action of disharmony is disharmony sin that causes the disharmony suffering as loneliness (disconnection). The harmonious society rewards harmonious cooperation as virtue, and punishes disharmony as sin.

The society The prehistoric harmonious hunter-gatherer society as maximum eager cooperation without lie was egalitarian, democratic, and peaceful. The prehistoric hunter-gatherers were averaged 6 inches taller than agricultural peoples up to 100 years ago. Each person lived adequately. Today, we are now as tall as we once were. The prehistoric hunter-gatherer society may be similar to the modern Bushman in African¶s Kalahari Desert as described by Marshall Sahlins¶ ³The Original Affluent Society´ . The hunter-gatherer society in small groups (about 20-35 people) adjusts its daily needs and desires with what is available to them. Available food is actually fairly adequate for their modest need. Without material accumulation, they work only for daily needs, so only the ablebodied work no more than 19 hours only a week, and 40% of people do not need to work. Without clear property lines, they welcome all visitors. They do not have to permanently stay in one social group.

A great deal of evidence suggests that the prehistoric huntergatherer society was much less war-like than later peoples. Archaeological studies throughout the world have found hardly any evidence of warfare the prehistoric hunter-gatherer society . Many of the world¶s cultures have myths that refer to an earlier time when life was the balance way of social life. In ancient Greece and Rome this was known as the Golden Age; in China it was the Age of Perfect Virtue, in India it was the Krita Yuga (Perfect Age), while the Judeo-Christian tradition has the story of the Garden of Eden . The prehistoric hunter-gatherer society is the prehistoric harmonious society.

1. The transition The Neolithic Revolution as the transition from nomadic hunting and gathering to the cultivated crops and domesticated animals for their subsistence was first adopted about 10,000 years ago. As cultivated crops and domesticated animals improved, people depended on cultivated crops and domesticated animals as the main food source. 2. Plow technology Plow technology, which required more upper body strength and allowed large farm far away from home, did not allowed women to participate in plowing the fields and rearing children at the same time. Gender inequality was severe in the agricultural society. 3. civilization Farmers grew crops for sale rather than crops grown only for household use. Market became an important part of society. Surplus food production brought about non-food-producing professionals, such as religious or ruling elites.

1.2.

The Exit from the Harmonious Society

Large cities emerged. It is the start of civilization whose original meaning relates to being a citizen, who is governed by the law of one¶s city, town or community. Civilization was an irreversible process. The agricultural society required to stay in the same place, so it was more prone to the periodic local natural disaster. The constant population pressure and the periodic natural disasters caused deficient resource and warfare. 4. The fall of the harmonious society Because TIT FOR TAT is essentially a strategy for a small social group. The agricultural society with large size social group forced the society moving away from the original small prehistoric harmonious society. A sign of the loss of harmony in the agricultural-nomad society was warfare. Archaeological evidence points to a commencement of warfare that postdates the development of agriculture. The result of the deviation from the harmonious society was the emergence of the collective civilized society and the individualistic civilized society.

2. The Early Period
2.1. 2.2. 2.3. The Early Collective Society The Early Individualistic Society The Revival of the Harmonious Society

In the Early Period starting from the Neolithic Revolution, the inevitably large civilized social group of the agricultural-nomad civilized society destroyed the harmonious small social group. As a result, the collective society and the individualistic society were formed separately as the Early Divided Society with exclusive societies. In the collective society, the state has the state collective religion as ideology (Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Confucianism). In the individualistic society, the state has the state individualism as ideology (Greek mythology and science). Later, the harmonious society was formed as the harmonious religions (Christianity, Buddhism, and Daoism).

2.1. The Early Collective Society
Fitness Collective Society collective wellbeing Disorder (sin) Injustice Suffering alienation

In the collective society, the social-life fitness that enhances social life is collective wellbeing. Social-life disorder is injustice. The action of injustice is injustice sin that causes the injustice suffering as alienation. The collective society rewards collective wellbeing, and punishes injustice. In the society dominated by the collective society, individualistic achievement to disregard collective wellbeing and harmonious cooperation to disregard the distinction between friends and outsiders are minimized to maximize collective wellbeing. The collective society includes the moral religions and socialism. The collective religions include Hinduism, Confucianism, Judaism, and Islam. Collective wellbeing is

expressed as the moral code for the wellbeing of all people in a religion. Socialism has the centralized economic plan for the wellbeing of all people in a socialistic society. The moral code in the collective religions prevents injustice. The supernatural authority rules over all human rulers with morality. The supernatural authority becomes the ³High Ruler´. Judaism and Islam believe in one personal God or Allah, while Confucianism believes in one impersonal God (Heaven (Tian) or High Ruler (Shang-di)). Hinduism is polymorphic monotheism where one God assumes many forms.

2.2. The Early Individualistic Society
Fitness Individualistic Society individualistic achievement Disorder (sin) repression Suffering unfulfillmen t

In the individualistic society, the social-life fitness that enhances social life is individualistic achievement. Social-life disorder as sin is repression. The suffering as the response to repression is unfulfillment. The individualistic society rewards individualistic achievement, and punishes repression. In the society dominated by the individualistic society, collective wellbeing to restrict individualistic achievement and harmonious cooperation to disregard the merit hierarchy based on individualistic achievement are minimized to maximize individualistic achievement.

1. Greek individualism Greece was divided into many small self-governing communities, a pattern largely dictated by Greek geography. It prevented the formation of the collective society over all communities, resulting in the tight individualistic society in many separated states in Greece. This individualistic society developed state individualism. Greek individualism allowed individuals to understand rationally the physical universe. It permitted individuals to have self-reliance to question all traditional authorities. Individual achievement rather than collective wellbeing became the primary concern. 2. Mythology and science The two distinctive features in Greek culture are Greek mythology and science. Greek mythology involves essentially the individualistic supernatural achievement. Science involves essentially the individualistic intellectual achievement.

2.3. The Revival of the Harmonious Society
For about ten thousand years after the Neolithic Revolution, the two-branch civilized society consisting of the collective society and the individualistic society dominated the civilized society. The revival harmonious societies including Daoism, Buddhism, and Christianity were found by Laozi, Buddha, and Jesus, respectively. The five reasons for the revival of the harmonious society are the propensity for harmonious cooperation as a part of human social lives, the futility of the existing fitness in the chaotic society, the affluence of society to allow the existence of the dependent harmonious society as a small social group, the miraculous supernatural selection to reveal complete harmonious life, and the examples of the founders to choose complete harmonious life.

3. The Modern Two-Party Society
3.1. The Modern Individualistic Society 3. 1.1. The Renaissance 3. 1.2. The Industrial Revolution 3.2. The Modern Collective Society 3.3. The Modern Democratic Two-Party Society

3.1. The Modern Individualistic Society.
After the fall of the Roman Empire and the end of the dominance of the Greek culture, the Western World returned to the collective society dominated by the human authorities in the Christian church in the Middle Ages. It had rigid social code to maintain the order in the society. 3.1.1. The Renaissance. 1. The origin The Greek culture and its individualism again became important in the Renaissance. The Renaissance had their origin in late 13th century Florence, Italy. Italy was divided into smaller city states and territories, similar to the classical Greece. Italy was one of the most urbanized areas in Europe. They were in the Roman Empire that inherited Greek culture. Italy at this time was notable for its merchant Republics, similar to the exclusive individualistic society in the classical Greece, resulting in the individualistic society.

2 The influences. Greek individualism gave people self-reliance to change traditions and authorities. The highly spiritual art in the Middle Ages was transformed into worldly and secular art. The religion that depended on the church authority and tradition in the Middle Ages was transformed into the personal rational reading of the original scripture. People again were interested the rational system of the nature. Politics was understood in more realistic power struggle among individuals. The change in the society as a whole was more gradual than the change in ideas. The broad power of the church was replaced by small national powers. The society as a whole continued to be the collective society. 3. Democracy In some areas, the exclusive democratic society appeared. The exclusive democratic society was controlled by small wealthy males. Within this small group, there was democracy, while the whole society was still the collective society. The situation was changed by the industrial revolution.

3.1.2. The Industrial Revolution
1. The background Greek individualism assisted not only in the development of new science after the Renaissance but also the development of new technology and new commerce, resulting in the industrial revolution in the areas where individualism was strong. Such areas were mostly occupied the Protestants whose belief relied on distinctively individual connection with God. 2. The origin The Industrial Revolution replaced an economy based on manual labor by one dominated by machinery. The dramatic increase in productivity lifted most people from the poverty in the agriculturalnomad society. The Industrial Revolution started in the mid 18th century and early 19th century in Britain and spread throughout the world.

The success of the Industrial Revolution in Britain is due to the simultaneous combination of financial capital, labor, technology, and free market with economic growth, all of which Britain had in the mid 18th century. At that time, none of other locations had all elements for the successful start of the Industrial Revolution. 3. The individualistic society The capitalistic society derived from the Industrial Revolution resulted in a highly individualistic society for individualistic achievement.

3.2. The Modern Collective Society
1. The origin By the mid-nineteenth century, many reformers from Europe and America realized the need to transform capitalist industrial society into a much more egalitarian system in which collective wellbeing is above individualistic achievement. The system is socialism. The word was first used in the early 1830s by the followers of Owen in Britain and those of Saint-Simon in France. They criticized the excessive poverty and inequality of the Industrial Revolution. They advocated reform via the egalitarian distribution of wealth without private property. 2. The practices The principle of socialism is collective wellbeing. There are different ways to carry out collective wellbeing. Socialism can be cooperative socialism, total state ownership socialism, partial state ownership socialism, and regulatory socialism.

3.3. The Modern Democratic Two-Party Society
1. The origin The prehistoric hunter-gatherer society under normal condition was the democratic society. It was democratic and egalitarian. Democracy is defined as a political system in which all the members of the society have equal access to power. 2. Democracy in civilized society In the civilized society, a small political group simply cannot survive. How can people build a democratic and egalitarian democratic political society in the civilized society? It is possible to have a democratic society, because the human nature is evolved to have the propensity for democratic society as in the prehistoric hunter-gatherer society. People want democratic society. People have developed approximate democratic society with different approximation methods to reach approximate democratic society.

3. The first approximation democracy method The first approximation method is the representation to select few people to represent a large group. The selection method was lot for Athenians. The more popular representation is election by ballot. The size of the representative group is small enough to build social bonding among representatives. It is common to find good social bonding among political enemies in the representative group. 4. The second approximation democracy method The second approximation method is the exclusion to make democratic society exclusively for a particular homogeneous group. For Athenians, the exclusive group was free men. It excluded slave and women. In Athens, the exclusive group represented only 20% of the total population. It was the same way for the early United States. The exclusive group was for free wealthy men. Poor people were typically excluded.

Such exclusion method had prevailed for a long time until only recently. With the exclusion method, the society as whole is not democratic. It is democratic only within the exclusive group. 5. Modern democracy After the industrious revolution, the exclusion method has become increasingly ineffective for the approximate democratic society. The exclusive group has lost its control intellectually and economically. The easy communication after the industrious revolution does not allow the intellectual control over any specific groups. The economic income become fluidic, so any economic control over any specific groups has become difficult. The modern individualistic society as capitalism and the modern collective society as socialism clashed to create tremendous turbulence in many parts of the modern world. The modern mass printing and increased literary at the same time allowed communication and understanding between the two modern branches of human society.

The result was the establishment of the democratic two-party Modern Unified Society, such as in America. The two-party system consists of the socialistic political party for the collective society and the free market (capitalistic) political party for the individualistic society.

4. The Modern Three-Branch Unified Society
1. General Description 2. The Requirements for the Unified Society The Modern Revolution gradually moved the church from the state religion back to the harmonious society, particularly in America. In the Modern Unified Society, such as America, political parties replace states, partisan socialism replaces state religion, partisan capitalism replaces state individualism, and religions become harmonious religions without political state of large social group. The Unified Society is the system of separation and balance of powers in the threebranch society, consisting of the collective society, the individualistic society, and the harmonious society.

4.1. General Description
The three-branch Unified Society of America is the system of separation and balance among the three social powers: yin, yang, and harmony as describe below.
Branch social life = principle Basic group unit Social activity Political party Yin Collective wellbeing Large group Politics Democratic Party Yang Individualistic achievement Large group Politics Republican Party Individualistic capitalism Harmony harmonious cooperation Small group Religion None None

Preferred economic Collective policy socialism

The social lives or the principles for yin, yang, and harmony are collective wellbeing, individualistic achievement, and harmonious cooperation, respectively. The basic social group unit for yin and yang is large, while the basic social group unit for harmony is small. The main social activity for yin and yang is politics, while the main social activity for harmony is religion, which is mostly Christianity, a harmonious religion as the harmonious society. The political parties for yin and yang are typically the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, respectively. The preferred economic policies for yin and yang are collective socialism and individualistic capitalism, respectively. Since economic policy is for large social group unit, harmony as a small social group unit does not have an economic policy.

4.2. The Requirements for the Unified Society
1. Adequate Resource and Security To start a nation in the modern time requires adequate resource and security. Adequate resource includes natural resource and human resource in terms the human capability to manage a modern nation. Adequate security requires an adequate military power. Without adequate resource and security, a nation is in a continuous conflict and chaos. Such a nation becomes too weak to evolve into the Unified Society. 2. The Absence of a Dictatorial Power A dictatorial power does not allow three different separated societies. America practices democracy. At the heart of the US Constitution is the principle known as 'separation of powersµ among the executive, the legislature and the judiciary, and no one institution and individual have too much power. This system of checks and balances prevents the emergence of dictator.

3. The Amiable Presences of the three Societies Some political revolutions are hostile toward one or two of the three societies. The communism revolution was hostile toward the yang individualistic society and the harmonious religious society. The French Constitution of 1905 and the Spanish Constitution of 1931 have been characterized as the two most hostile of the twentieth century toward religion, although the current schemes in those countries are considered friendly. The United States Constitution has an amiable relation with religion. The United States Constitution was written by a coalition of Enlightenment rationalists and evangelical Christians who were deeply concerned about entanglements between religion and government. 4. The Clear Separation and Balance among the three Societies The American Revolution met the first three requirements for the Unified Society. It takes long time to meet the requirement of the clear separation and balance among the three societies.

Human Social History
the prehistoric harmonious hunter-gatherer society the Neolithic Revolution the Early Divided Society

the individualistic society: the individualistic state + the state individualism

the collective society: the collective state + the state religion

the harmonious society the harmonious religion

the Modern Revolution the Modern Unified Society

the collective society: the collective party + the partisan socialism

the individualistic society: the harmonious society the individualistic party the harmonious religion + the partisan capitalism

The Unified Theory of Human Society 4: The Kingdom of God

The Postmodern Kingdom of God as the harmonious society in the three-branch Unified Society

Content
Introduction for the unified theory of human society Abstract 1. Supernatural Selection 2. The Prehistoric Kingdom of God 3. The Early Transitional Kingdom of God 4. The Early Kingdom of God 5. The Church 6. The Modern Kingdom of God 7. The Postmodern Kingdom of God The Source of the Presentation
The Unified Theory of Human Society: the Sustainable Unified Society http://www.scribd.com/doc/24499803/The-Unified-Theory-of-Human-Societythe-Sustainable-Unified-Society

Introduction for the unified theory of human society
Human society is a complex society. Different people have different social lives. The human brain has been evolved to be much more advanced than any other brains in the natural world. Different places have developed different social histories. In the modern time, there are at least two major political parties: socialistic (collective) and capitalistic (individualistic) parties. In addition, human has supernatural human society in terms of religions. There are at least seven major religions: Hinduism, Judaism, Confucianism, Islam, Buddhism, Daoism, and Christianity. So far, there is no viable unified theory of human society to unify specifically all these different social phenomena. The proposed unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies, and identifies the peaceful unified society for all human societies.

Abstract for the Kingdom of God
The unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies, and identifies the peaceful unified society for all human societies. In Part 4, the unified theory deals with the kingdom of God. The supernatural interaction between the supernatural and human is expressed as the kingdom of God that is the harmonious society. The kingdom of God evolves through supernatural selection. Through the supernatural miracle (the nonrepresentation of the natural physical laws), the supernatural selects the harmonious society as the chosen society by the divine revelation of the abstractness (the non-representation of the expression of the natural human mind). The prehistoric kingdom of God expressed as Symbolic Religion during the Upper Paleolithic Period provided the abstract social bond to bond the isolated social groups to survive the harsh environment. In the Early Period, the early transitional kingdom of God was the moral religion as Judaism where God was the high ruler, and provided the abstract morality to prevent the activated dehumanized prey-predator instinct.

Jesus Christ initiated the early kingdom of God through the sacrifice and the resurrection. The early kingdom of God provided the abstract rebirth for the civilized people to return to the harmonious social life and society. In the Modern Period starting from the Renaissance, the modern kingdom of God is in the three-branch Modern Unified Society consisting of the collective political party, the individualistic political party, and the harmonious religion. Representing human history, human nature, and the supernatural, the Postmodern Kingdom of God is the inclusive harmonious society in the three-branch unified society.

the prehistoric harmonious hunter-gatherer society the Upper Paleolithic Revolution the prehistoric Symbolic Religion the prehistoric kingdom of God the Neolithic Revolution the individualistic society: the individualistic state + the state individualism the collective society: the collective state + the state religion the early transitional kingdom of God the harmonious society the harmonious religion the early kingdom of God

the Modern Revolution the collective society: the collective party + the partisan socialism the individualistic society: the individualistic party + the partisan capitalism the harmonious society the harmonious religion the modern kingdom of God

the Postmodern Revolution the global collective society: the global individualistic society: the global harmonious society the individualistic party the harmonious religion the collective party + the partisan capitalism the postmodern kingdom of God + the partisan socialism

1. Supernatural Selection
Human as a species evolves through natural selection. The kingdom of God evolves through supernatural selection. In supernatural selection, the supernatural selects human as the chosen species, the harmonious social life as the chosen social life, and the harmonious society as the chosen society. Through the supernatural miracle (the non-representation of the natural physical laws), the supernatural selects the human harmonious society to survive by the divine revelation of the abstractness (the non-representation of the expression of the natural human mind), including the abstract bond, the abstract morality, and the abstract rebirth.

Supernatural Symbol supernatural bonder supernatural authority

Abstract- Kingdom of ness God abstract bond abstract morality

Religions

the prehistoric Symbolic Religion kingdom of God (female figurines and cave paintings) the early moral religions transitional (Hinduism, Judaism, kingdom of God Confucianism, and Islam) the early harmonious religions kingdom of God (Buddhism, Daoism, and Christianity)

supernatural liberator

abstract rebirth

2. The Prehistoric Kingdom of God
1. pre-formal religion For about 160,000 years, there was no formal religion in the prehistoric human society. The first formal religion as the prehistoric kingdom of God appeared about 40,000 years ago during the Upper Paleolithic Revolution. 2. The Upper Paleolithic Revolution Similarly to the Industrial and Neolithic Revolutions, the Upper Paleolithic Revolution represents a short time span when numerous inventions appeared and cultural changes occurred. The revolution comprised new religions, technologies, hunting techniques, human burials, and artistic work. The Upper Paleolithic period extended from about 40,000 to between 10,000 and 15,000 years ago. The reasons for these changes in human behavior have been attributed to a number of sudden global temperature drops reducing significantly the area for forest in Europe and Asia.

The reduction of forest reduced the food supply, usable timber, and other non-food materials. The same climate change caused the extinction of Neanderthals, who had survived since 200,000 years ago, and had similar intelligence as Homo sapiens. Homo sapiens faced the same fate of extinction as Neanderthals. 3. Symbolic Religion One distinct difference between Homo sapiens and Neanderthals during the Upper Paleolithic Revolution is the appearance of the new Homo sapiens¶ religion, Symbolic Religion, which saved Homo sapiens from extinction. Symbolic Religion consists of abstract female figurines and abstract cave paintings. 4.. The sharing of Symbolic Religion The difference in the religious practice during the Upper Paleolithic Revolution is the increasingly shared abstract religious symbols among different social groups. The sharing provided the social bonds.

5. Supernatural selection In terms of theology, when human faced the possibility of extinction in the harsh environment, God initiated the supernatural miracle by Symbolic Religion for fertility and vitality in the forms of female figurines and cave paintings, respectively. Through sharing religious symbols among different social groups, the religious symbols were blessed by God with the supernatural miracles. The religious symbols really worked miraculously. Different social groups identified with the common religious symbols, forming the social bond. The religious symbols become the abstract bond outside of the natural mind that relies on actual concrete human interaction. In other words, the religious symbols instantly evoke social bond without actual concrete human interaction. This abstract bond is revealed through the supernatural miracle. Bounded by the blessed religious symbols, different social groups worked together to overcome the harsh environment, avoiding extinction.

6. The prehistoric kingdom of God The prehistoric kingdom of God expressed as Symbolic Religion (female figurines and cave paintings) provided the abstract social bond to bond the isolated social groups to survive the harsh environment. 7. The record in the Bible In the Bible, God first created man and woman in Genesis 1:27, ³So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.´ There was no formal religion (the supernatural interaction) for the first man and woman. Later, in Genesis 2:7-8, ³the LORD God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being. Now the LORD God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; and there he put the man he had formed.´ God formed man again. God breathed the abstract bond into Adam to form the religious being to be placed in the Garden of Eden as the first religion.

3. The Early Transitional Kingdom of God
1. The exit from the Garden of Eden The emergence of civilization by the agricultural-nomad society caused the exit from the Garden of Eden by taking the fruit of the knowledge of civilization. The power struggle in a large dominant hierarchical group in civilization deviated greatly from the human nature based on the conscience instinct in a small prehistoric harmonious hunter-gatherer social group. In the Bible, Genesis 3:2-7, ³The woman said to the serpent, "We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden, but God did say, 'You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.' ³ "You will not surely die," the serpent said to the woman. "For God knows that when you eat of it, your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil."

When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it. Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.´ 2. The agricultural-nomad society Their descendents became herders and farmers. Genesis 3:1-2, ³Adam lay with his wife Eve, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain. She said, "With the help of the LORD I have brought forth a man." Later she gave birth to his brother Abel. Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil.´

3. The transitional kingdom of God When human faced the possibility of destruction in the immoral yin-yang civilized society with the activated dehumanized preypredator instincts, God became the supernatural authority for the abstract morality to prevent the activation of the dehumanized preypredator instinct. Since humans by nature have both the humanized instincts and the dehumanized prey-predator instincts, the abstract morality as the prevention of the activated dehumanized preypredator instincts is abstract outside of the expression of biological instincts. The supernatural authority rules over all human rulers with the abstract morality. The supernatural authority becomes the ³High Ruler´. The religious civilized social groups that worship the authoritative transcendental supernatural as the high ruler for the abstract morality are blessed by the supernatural with the supernatural miracles, resulting in the early transitional kingdom of God and the moral religions.

4. The Ten Commandments from Exodus 20 1. Thou Shall Have No Other Gods beside Me 2. Thou Shall Not Worship Any Graven Images 3. Thou Shall Not Take the Name of the Lord Thy God in Vain 4. Remember the Sabbath Day to Rest and Keep it Holy 5. Honor Thy Father and Thy Mother 6. Thou Shall Not Kill 7. Thou Shall Not Commit Adultery 8. Thou Shall Not Steal 9. Thou Shall Not Bear False Witness 10. Thou Shall Not Covet Anything that is Thy Neighbor's. The first four commandments are to accept the Lord as the supernatural authority. The fifth commandment is to accept parents as the earthly authority. The rest of the commandments are for the prevention of the activation of the dehumanized prey-predator instincts, such as the addictive instinct for greed and the predatory instinct for harming people.

5. The moral religions The moral religions are the early transitional kingdom of God. In the society today, most people believe explicitly or implicitly in the supernatural authority for the abstract morality that prevents the activation of the dehumanized prey-predator instincts. The abstract morality becomes the foundation of a good society. The abstract morality has been firmly established in the human society.

4. The Early Kingdom of God
1. The deviation from the harmonious society The early harmonious society was developed and separated from the early civilized society. The yin-yang civilized society deviates from the harmonious society, and the major social lives of the civilized people also deviate from the harmonious social life. For some people, the high social barrier is severe enough to cause disconnection and alienation to separate the people from other people. These disconnected and alienated people eager to return to the harmonious social life and society where they can again connect with people. 2. The return to the harmonious society The return to the harmonious society requires the transformation from the non-harmonious social life and society into the harmonious social life and society. The harmonious religions involved in such transformation are Christianity, Buddhism, Daoism, and other spiritual religions.

1. social life The transformation is the transformation from the non-harmonious social life into the harmonious social life. The transformation involves the extinction of the non-harmonious social life and the rebirth into the harmonious social life. 2. Autobiographic self On the conscious level, the social life is expressed as autobiographic self. Autobiographic self in a person is the life story of self with goal and meaning of life. In the civilized society, it becomes the civilized autographic self through the non-harmonious social lives. The transformation involves first the realization of the no civilized autobiographic self or simply the no-self. However, because self naturally is too important to be replaced, no-self is abstractness, non-representation for the expression of the natural detective instinct. The supernatural miracle reveals the abstract noself as the alternative to the civilized autobiographic self.

4.1. The Transformation Principle

3. The liberators The supernatural sent the liberators to liberate the civilized people from the bondage of the civilized autobiographic self, and to return to the harmonious society through the abstract rebirth. The harmonious religions include Christianity, Buddhism, Daoism, and other spiritual religions. 4. The abstract rebirth For Christianity, the no-self is the perishable sinful self (flesh), the self-ending is to die on the cross with Christ, and the rebirth is to resurrect with Christ into the Kingdom of God. For Buddhism, the no-self is the impermanent and imperfect illusive- self and the selfending is Nirvana that extinguishes the flame of life. Rebirth in the Buddhist context relates to reincarnation. For Buddhism, the abstract rebirth into the harmonious social life corresponds to the way of Bodhisattva that is a person who has achieved enlightenment has chosen to remain in this world to help those who are suffering, instead of going on to Nirvana..

Therefore, for Buddhism, the abstract rebirth into the harmonious social life is the Bodhisattva Way rather than reincarnation. For Zen Buddhism, Nirvana and the Bodhisattva Way correspond to the Insight (dun wu) into the futility of the civilized nature and one¶s own original nature (Buddha nature), the harmonious social life. Zen Buddhism is essentially the combination of the original Buddhism and Daoism. It has simplicity and spontaneity from Daoism, and discipline and the basic framework from Buddhism. For Daoism, no-self is no civilized self. It does not have a specific self-ending. The rebirth corresponds to the return to the nature away from the civilization.

4.2. The Transformation Practice: The Three-Stage Conversion
1. The Three-Stage Conversion The transformation practice involves the three-stage conversion: the harmonious relationship (justification), the harmonious mind (sanctification), and the harmonious adaptation. In the Christian terminology, the transformation into the harmonious society is ³justification´ (to make just), while the transformation into the harmonious social life is µsanctification¶ (to make sacred). The most suitable identity for the harmonious relationship is the kingdom of God from Christianity. The kingdom of God represents the kingdom of the harmonious relationship based on love. The most suitable identity for the harmonious mind is the fourfold harmonious mind from Buddhism. The harmonious mind is achieved by practicing meditation diligently. The most suitable identity for the harmonious adaptation to the world (nonharmonious civilization) is water from Daoism. To Laozi, the adaptation of the harmonious social life to the world is like the adaptation of water to its environment.

2. The Seven-Step Conversion The three-stage conversion constitutes the seven-step conversion is as follows. The Seven-Step Conversion: The harmonious relationship: justification 1. the harmonious relationship identity: the kingdom of God 2. the self-ending 3. the rebirth The harmonious relationship identity that Jesus provides is the kingdom of God. To enter the kingdom of God requires the self-ending of the non-harmonious social lives, which can cause disharmony. The self-ending involves first the confession of disharmony sin and then the repentance from disharmony sin. The rebirth into the spiritual harmonious society is through the acceptance of the salvation by Jesus whose forgiveness of disharmony sin allows the repentant person to have complete harmonious life.

The harmonious mind: sanctification 4. the harmonious mind identity: the fourfold harmonious mind (the calm mind, the clear mind, the loving-kindness mind, and the no-self mind) 5. the self-ending 6. the rebirth The starting of sanctification as the rebirth into the harmonious mind is justification as the rebirth into the harmonious relationship. The harmonious mind identity is the fourfold harmonious mind, consisting of the calm mind, the clear mind, the loving-kindness mind, and the no-self mind to transform from the non-harmonious social lives into the harmonious social life. The meditation through the fourfold harmonious mind produces the sudden realization of the non-existence (selfending) of the non-harmonious autobiographic self and the reappearance (rebirth) of the original human nature with the innate goodness as the harmonious social life.

The harmonious adaptation: adaptation: 7. the harmonious adaptation identity: water The harmonious adaptation identity of the harmonious social life to the world (non-harmonious civilization) is non-competitive water.

4. The harmonious relationship: justification (the next three steps) Step 1: the harmonious relationship identity The harmonious relationship identity that Jesus provides is the kingdom of God. ‡ To Jesus, the kingdom is not of this world as the civilized society. Jesus said, "My kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jews. But now my kingdom is from another place." (John 18:36) The kingdom of civilization is described in the parable of mustard seed and bush. ³Again he said, "What shall we say the kingdom of God is like, or what parable shall we use to describe it? It is like a mustard seed, which is the smallest seed you plant in the ground. Yet when planted, it grows and becomes the largest of all garden plants, with such big branches that the birds of the air can perch in its shade." (Mark 4:30-32)´ The kingdom of God as the kingdom of mustard bush is small and ubiquitous unlike normal civilized plants, and the kingdom of God grows in the civilized garden.

‡ Outside of politics To Jesus, the kingdom of God is not political, and the state of the Roman Emperor was separated from the kingdom of God, as described by Jesus. Then he said to them, "Give to Caesar what is Caesar's, and to God what is God's." (Matthew 22:21) ‡ Small group The kingdom of God consists of small groups of people. "Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has been pleased to give you the kingdom. (Luke 12:32) ‡ No accumulation The civilized society has the propensity to accumulate. The kingdom of God as the harmonious society does not have the propensity to accumulate. Jesus looked at him and said, "How hard it is for the rich to enter the kingdom of God!´ (Luke 18:24) Looking at his disciples, he said: "Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God. (Luke 6:20)

‡ The kingdom of God as the prehistoric harmonious society Therefore, the kingdom of God consists of ubiquitous small groups of people unlike the kingdom of civilization and without accumulation and grandiosity. The kingdom of God corresponds to the prehistoric hunter-gatherer society consisting of ubiquitous small groups of people and without accumulation and grandiosity. ‡ The kingdom of God is within you The kingdom of God is within a person. Once, having been asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God would come, Jesus replied, "The kingdom of God does not come with your careful observation, nor will people say, 'Here it is,' or 'There it is,' because the kingdom of God is within you." (Luke 17:20-21) ‡ Entering the kingdom of God through the abstract rebirth The harmonious social identity that Jesus provides is the kingdom of God. To enter into the kingdom of God requires the rebirth.

In reply Jesus declared, "I tell you the truth, no one can see the kingdom of God unless he is born again." "How can a man be born when he is old?" Nicodemus asked. "Surely he cannot enter a second time into his mother's womb to be born!³ Jesus answered, "I tell you the truth, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit. Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit. You should not be surprised at my saying, 'You must be born again.' (John 3:3-7) ‡ The kingdom of God is love The small group of people led by Jesus followed Jesus¶ command. ³A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another. (John 13:34-35)´ Finally, the people in the kingdom of God follow the will of God as Jesus said, "Not everyone who says to me, 'Lord, Lord,' will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. (Matthew 7:21) The will of God is the kingdom of God.

‡ Daoism small state as the harmonious social identity The same aspiration to return to the prehistoric harmonious society is expressed in Daoism. In Daoism, the harmonious social identity is the ³small state´. Laozi describes the small group society as following. ³Let there be a small state with few people, where military devices find no use. Let the people look solemnly upon death, and banish the thought of moving elsewhere. They may have carts and boats, but there is no reason to ride them. They may have armor and weapons, but they have no reason to display them. Let the people go back to tying knots to keep records. Let their food be savory, their clothes beautiful, their customs pleasurable, and their dwellings secure. Though they may gaze across at a neighboring state, and hear the sounds of its dogs and chickens. The people will never travel back and forth, till they die of old age. (Dao De Jing: Chapter 80)´

5. Step 2: the self-ending The complete harmonious life requires the end of the nonharmonious social lives to have the complete cessation of disharmony sin and disconnection. The end of the non-harmonious social lives involves first the confession of disharmony sin and then the repentance from the disharmonious sin. Disharmony sin is defined as disharmony against fellow humans as described by Paul in Romans 1:29-32. They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips, slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they disobey their parents; they are senseless, faithless, heartless, ruthless. Although they know God's righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death, they not only continue to do these very things but also approve of those who practice them. (Romans 1:29-32)

It is impossible for civilized individuals under the domination of the non-harmonious social lives to avoid all disharmony sins described by Paul. It is not surprising that all civilized humans are not righteous. There is no one righteous, not even one. (Romans 3:10) For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. (Romans 3:23) The confession of disharmony sin is followed by the repentance from disharmony sin. According to Jesus, "The time has come," he said. "The kingdom of God is near. Repent and believe the good news!" (Mark 1:15) Also, according to Peter, Repent, then, and turn to God, so that your sins may be wiped out, that times of refreshing may come from the Lord, (Acts 3:19)

6. Step 3: the rebirth The rebirth into the spiritual harmonious relationship requires complete harmonious life. Because of disharmony sin, humans cannot achieve complete harmonious life. Through the salvation by the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross, disharmony sin can be forgiven. The repentant people who accept the salvation can claim complete harmonious life for the rebirth into the spiritual harmonious society. The acceptance of Jesus is the end of self. I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. (Galatians 2:20a) An individual accepts the salvation to become just (righteous) as complete harmonious life which allows the rebirth with Jesus into the harmonious society, the God¶s family. ³This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. (Romans 3:22)´. ³That if you confess with your mouth, "Jesus is Lord," and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead,

you will be saved. (Romans 10:9)´. ³Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and aliens, but fellow citizens with God's people and members of God's household. (Ephesians 2:19)´ ³Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, one is a new creation; the old has gone, the new has come! (2 Corinthians 5:17).´ Jesus represents ³the last Adam, a life-giving spirit (1 Corinthians 15:45)´ to bring back the original harmonious society of the Garden of Eden. Jesus found the new covenant. For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance²now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant. (Hebrews 9:15) It is a tremendous life-changing experience to liberate from disharmony sin and disconnection, and to enter into the warm, loving, and egalitarian harmonious society, which is build by Jesus to fill with love. A Jesus¶ last command to his disciples is

A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another. (John 13:34-35) According to Paul, Christians in the church are interconnected as the body of Christ as he stated,´ Now you are the body of Christ, and each one of you is a part of it. (1 Corinthians 12:27)´ In terms of organization, the church in small group unit is essentially similar to the pre-historic hunter-gatherer harmonious society.

Jesus said, "My kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jews. But now my kingdom is from another place." (John 18:36) The kingdom of civilization is described in the parable of mustard seed and bush. ³Again he said, "What shall we say the kingdom of God is like, or what parable shall we use to describe it? It is like a mustard seed, which is the smallest seed you plant in the ground. Yet when planted, it grows and becomes the largest of all garden plants, with such big branches that the birds of the air can perch in its shade." (Mark 4:30-32)´ The kingdom of God as the kingdom of mustard bush is small and ubiquitous unlike normal civilized plants, and the kingdom of God grows in the civilized garden.

‡ The church as the kingdom of God It is a tremendous life-changing experience to liberate from the cold, competitive, and hierarchical civilized society, and to enter into the warm, loving, and egalitarian harmonious society, which is build by Jesus to fill with love. According to Paul, Christians in the church are interconnected as the body of Christ as he stated,´ Now you are the body of Christ, and each one of you is a part of it. (1 Corinthians 12:27)´ In terms of organization, the church in small group unit is essentially similar to the pre-historic hunter-gatherer harmonious society. Within the small harmonious group, the group-induced harmonious social life in terms of maximum eager cooperation without lie emerges in the people. For Christians, the result of justification is the harmonious society with maximum love and morality,

7. The Harmonious Mind: Sanctification (the next three steps) Step 4: the fourfold harmonious mind (the calm mind, the clear mind, the loving-kindness mind and the no-self mind) for sanctification The starting of sanctification as the rebirth into the harmonious social mind is justification as the rebirth into the harmonious relationship. The harmonious mind (social life) identity is the fourfold harmonious mind, consisting of the calm mind, the clear mind, the loving-kindness mind, and the no-self mind to transform from the non-harmonious mind into the harmonious mind. They correspond to faith, wisdom, love, and perishable flesh, respectively, in Christianity, and right concentration, right mindfulness, lovingkindness, and emptiness, respectively, in Buddhism. For neuroscience, the calm mind and the clear mind relate to the prefrontal cortex to control non-conscience instincts, and the loving-kindness and the no-self relate to the hyper friendly instinct and the detective instinct, respectively, in the conscience instinct.

Fourfold harmonious mind Christianity Buddhism
Neuroscience

calm mind

clear mind
Wisdom right mindfulness

lovingkindness mind
Love loving-kindness hyper friendly instinct

no-self

Faith Right concentration

perishable flesh Emptiness detective instinct

prefrontal cortex control non-conscience instincts relaxation emotional and stability and integrity objectivity

Purposes

enhance conscience instinct hyper friendly = detection of love and kindness the no-self

‡ The prefrontal cortex in the fourfold harmonious mind The prefrontal cortex serves as executive function for the transformation from the non-harmonious social life into the harmonious social life. The prefrontal cortex has a high number of interconnections between both drives and instincts in the brainstem's Reticular Activating System and emotion in the limbic system. As a result, the prefrontal cortex can control pleasure, pain, anger, rage, panic, aggression, fight-flight-freeze responses, and basic sexual responses. A neurological principle in sanctification is to strengthen the neural connection between the prefrontal cortex and drive, instinct, emotion, and cognition in the brain. One indication of the importance of the prefrontal cortex in sanctification is the increased thickness of areas in prefrontal regions of the cerebral cortex associated with the long-term meditation practice of Buddhist monks.

‡ the calm mind: right concentration The calm mind is through the prefrontal cortex that concentrates non-judgmentally at one point or task. Distractive emotion is pushed gently aside. Through the prefrontal cortex, the calm mind trains the mind to focus calmly. The calm mind is faith from Christianity and right concentration from the Buddhist Noble Eightfold Path (right view, right aspiration, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right concentration, and right mindfulness). ‡ Meditation and prayer The calm mind is strengthened by meditation and prayer. The meditation for the calm mind is the concentrative meditation as the non-verbal method includes concentrating on the breath, movement, and mantra. The verbal method involves prayer. In prayer, the adoration to worship God and praise God can establish the calm mind. One feels safe and peace by making such connection with almighty and loving God. One of the prayer methods for the calm mind is the centering prayer to center at a sacred word.

‡ Brain activity during meditation During meditation, the brain¶s activity alters significantly, as mapped by a device called an electroencephalograph (EEG). The most well-known brain waves evident during many kinds of meditation are called alpha waves. Many physiological changes occur. This results in lowered blood pressure and heart rate, a reduction in stress hormones and slowed metabolism. If meditation is practiced regularly, these beneficial changes become relatively permanent. ‡ ADHD: the opposite of the calm mind The opposition to the calm mind is ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder). The common symptom is a persistent pattern of impulsiveness and inattention, with a component of hyperactivity. Typically, ADHD is a developmental disorder. In one study, the region with the greatest average delay is the middle of the prefrontal cortex , lagged a full five years in development occurred in elementary school aged ADHD patients.

The drug, Ritalin, for ADHD stimulates activity in the prefrontal cortex. The prefrontal cortex is important for the calm mind that requires concentration through the prefrontal cortex. One of the symptoms for ADHD is the failure to follow instruction because of the deficiency in the prefrontal cortex. For adult, following instruction is important part of morality, so the calm mind as concentration is important to resist temptation as distraction from the right moral path. Alcohol is forbidden because alcohol also depresses the activity of the sophisticated prefrontal cortex, resulting in lowering the resistance against temptation. ‡ relaxation and integrity Therefore, the calm mind is for both relaxation and integrity through the prefrontal cortex. ‡ the clear mind: right mindfulness The clear mind is through the prefrontal cortex that connects nonjudgmentally with emotion. Emotion is connected gently with the prefrontal cortex where emotion can be identified and controlled.

Through the prefrontal cortex, the clear mind trains to aware all experiences clearly and objectively. Objectivity relates to the perception without distortion by personal emotion and instinct. The clear mind is right mindfulness from the Buddhist Noble Eightfold Path and wisdom from Christianity. ‡ Mindfulness meditation The meditation for the clear mind is called mindfulness or insight meditation. The meditators pay close attention to sensations and thoughts as they come and go each passing moment but refraining from judging or acting on those objects, thoughts and feelings. The basic principle is labeling information. When the scan of self becomes difficult, it is necessary to return to the calm mind step. ‡ Mindfulness prayer The prayer for labeling emotion is the mindfulness prayer to talk to God freely. Guided by the spontaneous spirit, the prayer is a free association private talk with God. The scan of self is through confession, thanksgiving, and supplication for thoughts and feelings of guilt, happiness, and stress-anxiety, respectively.

Basically, it is a free association private talk to God about self, as Paul states. ³In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groans that words cannot express. And he who searches our hearts knows the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints in accordance with God's will. (Romans 8:26-27)´ ‡ The brain activity The study by Matthew D. Lieberman showed that while the emotion part (amygdala) of the brain was less active when an individual labeled the negative feeling, the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex was more active. The individuals trained in the scan of self by the mindfulness meditation have higher activity in the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and lower activity in the emotional part of the brain than the individual without the training in the mindfulness meditation.

Unlabeled emotional information can lead to stress-anxiety, so labeling information reduces stress-anxiety. Labeling information corresponds to the mindfulness prayer or meditation. ‡ Emotional stability and objectivity A person experienced in the clear mind meditation or prayer can experience all things objectively, particularly during meditation or prayer, because the perception of all things involves the prefrontal cortex. It can overcome instinctive reflexes, such as startle and habituation. Similarly, the people with clear mind can handle shocking, unpleasant, and difficult social encounters objectively, because they are experienced in the control of emotion by the prefrontal cortex. In this way, they are able to stay in the middleway, not psychological extreme. Therefore, the clear mind is for both emotional stability and objectivity through the prefrontal cortex.

‡ the loving-kindness mind: Loving-kindness toward all people is derived from the activation of the hyper friendly instinct of the conscience instinct. The lovingkindness is the foundation of morality. The loving-kindness mind can be practice during meditation (the Buddhist non-referential compassion meditation ) or prayer. ‡ the no-self mind: The no-self as no civilized autobiographic self is basically derived from the non-existence of civilized autobiographic self.. The realization of the no-self is derived from the activation of the detective instinct of the conscience instinct. ‡ Abstract no-self for Christians For Christians, the abstract no-self is the perishable sinful self. For Christianity, ³all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. (Romans 3:23), and ³the wages of sin is death. (Romans 6:23a)´ The abstract self-ending is equivalent to the complete surrendering self to God for the salvation.

‡ Abstract no-self for Buddhism For Buddhism, the abstract no-self is impermanent and imperfect illusive-self absent of reality and independence. The illusive civilized life is source of disconnection and suffering. For Buddhism, the abstract self-ending is to extinct the illusive no-self. 8. Step 5: the Insight (dun wu: the self-ending and the rebirth) for sanctification To reach the Insight as the transformation from the non-harmonious social life into the harmonious social life, it is necessary to have all four minds in the fourfold harmonious mind involving the conscience instinct and the prefrontal cortex. When the combined fourfold harmonious mind reaches certain critical point unconsciously, the Insight occurs suddenly. The critical point is how a person feels comfortable enough unconsciously to change the social life. The Insight consists of the sudden realization of the non-existence (self-ending) of the civilized autobiographic self and the reappearance (rebirth) of the original human nature with the innate goodness.

‡ Sudden Insight The Insight is sudden because the mind is mostly unconscious. Since the non-harmonious social life and the harmonious social life always appear and disappear, the Insight is a process rather a fixed point. ‡ The Insight for Christians For Christianity, the Insight is the spiritual Insight into the ultimate relationship between Christ and the perishable flesh from the civilized world. In the Insight for Paul in the Bible, all things are rubbish. ³What is more, I consider everything a loss compared to the surpassing greatness of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whose sake I have lost all things. I consider them rubbish, that I may gain Christ. (Philippians 3:8)´ ‡ The Insight for Buddhism For Buddha, all things are perishable. The last advice and words from Buddha is ³All things are perishable. Strive with earnestness. (vayadhamma sankhdra appamddena sampadetha)´

‡ the self-ending Nirvana The Insight consists of the self-ending and the rebirth. The selfending is through the extinguishment of the abstract no-self. The self-ending is Nirvana in Buddhism and the death of self on the cross in Christianity. ‡ Self-ending experiences In the meditation or prayer practice, the self-ending comes from the combination of the no-self mind with any one of the three minds, the calm mind, the clear mind, and the loving-kindness mind. During such practice, self disappears. Occasionally, the self-ending comes suddenly outside of meditation and prayer. After experiential self-ending, there is a sense of letting go of self. The emotion, due to autobiographic self, loses its emotional impact as if the emotional memory of the self-identity fades away.

‡ The neurological explanation for the self-ending Neurologically, the abstract self-ending is the deliberate inhibition of biological self that determines the boundary of biological self in space and time. The self-ending is observed by the brain activity in meditation and prayer examined by neurologist, Andrew Newberg . When the meditation by the Tibetan Buddhist monks and the prayer by Franciscan nuns reached to the ³peak´, he found increase in activity in the prefrontal lobe and marked decrease in activity in the parietal lobes. The prefrontal lobe is for mental concentration. The parietal lobe is for the orientation of self in space, determining where the self ends and where the external space begins. The decrease in activity in the parietal lobes means the loss of self. At the peak, people have a loss of the sense of self and frequently experience a sense of no space and time. Therefore, the brain activity observed by Newberg corresponds to the self-ending of the biological self, which for a meditator is the self-ending of autobiographic self.

Thus, the self-ending of autobiographic self has a real brain experience of self-ending, allowing the brain to end or minimize the civilized autobiographic self. ‡ Result of the self-ending The self-ending minimizes gradually or greatly the civilized autobiographic self. The social barrier and disconnection as well as stress and anxiety resulted from long social memory, dominative hierarchy, gender dichotomy, lie, cruelty, greed, and guilt are minimized. 9. the rebirth: the Bodhisattva Way The abstract self-ending leads to the abstract rebirth into the harmonious social life, the human original social life. The harmonious social life is friendlier toward all people, calmer, more contented, more attentive, and more moral than the non-harmonious social lives. The people with the harmonious social life form the harmonious society automatically.

The result of sanctification is the harmonious social life with maximum tranquility and contentment. After sanctification, a person with the harmonious social life and compassion in the harmonious society and in the world is described by Paul in the Bible. Love must be sincere. Hate what is evil; cling to what is good. Be devoted to one another in brotherly love. Honor one another above yourselves. Never be lacking in zeal, but keep your spiritual fervor, serving the Lord. Be joyful in hope, patient in affliction, faithful in prayer. Share with God's people who are in need. Practice hospitality. Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse. Rejoice with those who rejoice; mourn with those who mourn. Live in harmony with one another. Do not be proud, but be willing to associate with people of low position. Do not be conceited. Do not repay anyone evil for evil. Be careful to do what is right in the eyes of everybody. If it is possible, as far as it depends on you, live at peace with everyone. (Romans 12:9-18)

10. The Harmonious Adaptation: Adaptation Step 7: the harmonious adaptation: adaptation The harmonious society, however, does not work well and consistently as a large social group to support civilization. The harmonious society is simply not a suitable dominant society for the world, so realistically there should not be competition between the harmonious society and the world. The harmonious adaptation identity of the harmonious social life to the world is non-competitive water from Daoism. The best are like water. Water benefits all things and does not compete with them. It flows to the lowest level that people disdain. In this it comes near to the Way. In their dwellings, they love the earth. In their hearts, they love what is profound. In their friendship, they love humanity. In their words, they love sincerity. In government, they love good order. In business, they love ability. In their actions, they love timeliness. It is because they do not compete that there is no resentment. (Dao De Jing Chapter 8)

Laozi further described the leadership in the social life. It is also like water, soft and yielding. Nothing in the world is as soft and yielding as water, yet nothing can better overcome the hard and strong, for they can neither control nor do away with it. The soft overcomes the hard. The yielding overcomes the strong. Every person knows this, but no one can practice it. Therefore the sage declares: One who accepts the humiliation of the nation may be the priest at the altar. One who accepts the misfortunes of the nation is the Empire's Sovereign. True words are often paradoxical. (Dao De Jing Chapter 78) For Daoism, a leader of the Way accepts the humiliation and the misfortunes of the nation. For Christianity, the symbol of the humiliation and the misfortunes is the cross.

The Seven-Step Conversion to the Harmonious Social Life The Harmonious Relationship: Justification Christianity 1 2 3 4 The harmonious relationship identity The kingdom of God The self-ending The rebirth into the harmonious relationship The Harmonious Mind: Sanctification The harmonious mind identity the fourfold harmonious mind the calm mind, the clear mind, the lovingkindness mind, the no-self mind (faith, wisdom, love, and perishable flesh) the self-ending the non-harmonious autobiographic self-ending the rebirth into the harmonious social mind The Harmonious Adaptation: Adaptation 7 Christianity The harmonious adaptation identity The cross Daoism The harmonious adaptation identity Water , , , right concentration, right mindfulness, loving-kindness, emptiness) (Zen Buddhism)

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5 6

5. The Church
5.1. The Early Church as the Kingdom of God
1. The Early Church The early church from 30 to 312 AD represented the kingdom of God established by Jesus Christ. Jesus is the head of the church. It was the harmonious society, small and ubiquitous like the prehistoric harmonious society. Since human society was the harmonious society in the prehistoric time, and human was evolved to adapt to the harmonious society, humans have propensity for harmonious cooperation in the harmonious society. Such propensity for harmonious cooperation in the harmonious society is the basic reason for the growth of the early church from the obscure, marginal Jesus Movement to become the religious force in the Western World in a few centuries.

2. Urban church The early church spread in the urban area, the center of civilization. The center of civilization was also the place farthest away from harmonious cooperation in the harmonious society. Most people in the urban area suffered from endless conflicts, diseases, and loneliness. The church as the community with harmonious cooperation attracted a lot of people in the urban area. They loved each other and took care of each other. During the time of plague and conflict, the people in the harmonious society survived much better than the people outside. 3. The persecution During the Roman Empire, persecutions forced the early church to gather in small groups for regular worship. The small social group in the house church actually worked very well for harmonious cooperation in the harmonious society whose ideal size of social group is small. In this way, the persecution actually helped rather than weakened the growth of the early church.

5.2.The Church as the State Religion in the Collective Society
1. The state religion The decline of the kingdom of God as the church resulted from the rise of the state religion as the persecution ended in 313 AD when Edict of Milan gave Christians equal rights. It was issued by Constantine in the West and Licinius in the East. The church started to rely on the state. Eventually, the church became the state religion of the Roman Empire. The society became the collective society, consisting of the civilized state and the state religion. 2. The decline of the kingdom of God The state religion was a large social group activity instead of small group activity as the kingdom of God. At its peak, the state religion excommunicated a king, and sold people the right to go to the heaven. The state religion became an intermediary between people and the head of the civilized state, and also an intermediary between people and God.

5.3. The Reformation: the breakdown of the intermediary
1. The Renaissance The Renaissance expresses the changes in art, religion, philosophy, science, and politics. The highly spiritual art in the Middle Ages was transformed into worldly and secular art. The religion that depended on the church authority and tradition in the Middle Ages was transformed into the personal rational reading of the original scripture. People again were interested the rational system of the nature. Politics was understood in more realistic power struggle among individuals. 2. The Reformation For the state religion, the religious individualism brought about the breakdown of the state religion (the church) as the intermediary between human and God, resulting in the Reformation with direct relation between human and God and the Bible as the sole authority without an intermediary. The Reformation was started by Martin Luther.

5.4. The Puritan Movement: the breakdown of the collective society 1. The Enlightenment The further development of individualism resulted in the Enlightenment. Individualism from the Enlightenment brought about further change in the collective society consisting of the national civilized state and the state religion. The religious individualism from the Enlightenment objected the conformity imposed by the state religion (the Church of England), resulting in the Puritan movement. 2. The Puritan The Puritans objected to ornaments and ritual in the churches for the state religion. They also objected to ecclesiastical courts. They refused to endorse completely all of the standardized ritual directions and formulas of the state religion. The state religion could not exist well as a large group collective society with all the individualistic religious expressions. The non-conformable denominations had to be silent or expelled.

6. The Modern Kingdom of God
6.1. The Decline of State Religion
The return of the kingdom of God resulted from the decline of the state religion. The religious individualism and pluralism brought about the decline of the state religion. The religious pluralism in America changed the collective society consisting of the civilized state and the state religion. Early New England¶s religious character was shaped primarily by English Puritans, and the religious character of the South by English Anglicans. The Middle Colonies became a stage for the western world¶s most complex experience with religious pluralism. No single state religion could be imposed on such a mixed population. Instead, a new form of religious practice emerged in the middle region: the voluntary church²an institution supported by the free choice and personal commitment of its adherents. As a result, there was the separation between state and religion. Religion actually flourished under this system.

6.2. The Three-Branch Modern Unified Society
1. The three-branch Unified Society When the United States of America was formed, the United States Constitution was written by a coalition of Enlightenment rationalists and evangelical Christians who were deeply concerned about entanglements between religion and government. It established the base for the separation of state and church, resulting eventually the three-branch Unified Society of America for the modern kingdom of God. The three-branch Unified Society is the system of separation and balance of powers in the three-branch society, consisting of the collective society, the individualistic society, and the harmonious society. 2. The view from Pope The separation is natural for Christianity as described by Pope Benedict. Pope Benedict XVI in October 2008 said: ³Indeed, we may say that the distinction between religion and politics is a specific achievement of Christianity and one of its fundamental historical and cultural contributions.´

6.3. The Harmonious Moral Religions
1. The decline of state religions A major difference between the Western European social system and the American social system is religion. In the Western Europe, religion loses prevalence in favor of secularism, while in America, religion continues its prevalence. Christianity in Europe was state religion associated with politics. Christianity as state religion loses the vitality of social and personal harmony associated with harmonious religion. Furthermore, the increasing pluralistic world also causes the weakening of any state religions. All state religions are not viable religions in the pluralistic world as witnessed in Europe. 2. The rise of harmonious moral religions Most countries disestablished state religions or maintain relatively weak state religions. The traditional state moral religions gradually move toward the harmonious religions with emphases in harmonious relations and communities.

7. The Postmodern Kingdom of God
1. The Postmodern Kingdom of God the Postmodern Period starting from the global mass telecommunication provides the global perspective involving the whole human race on earth. The Postmodern Kingdom of God is the human kingdom of God on earth. 2. The Harmonist Manifesto for the Postmodern Kingdom of God is as follows. 1. the name: The human kingdom of God is the kingdom of God on earth. Jesus Christ is the head. 2. the context The harmonious society of God is the harmonious society in the Unified Society consisting of the collective society, the individualistic society, and the harmonious society for collective wellbeing, individualistic achievement, and harmonious cooperation, respectively. The non-harmonious world consists of the collective society and the individualistic society.

3. the origin: The origin of the harmonious society of God is the interaction between God and humans. The interaction between humans and God is supernatural selection. Through the supernatural miracle (the non-representation of the natural physical laws), God selects the harmonious society as the chosen society by the divine revelation of the abstractness (the non-representation of the expression of the natural human mind), including the abstract bond, the abstract morality, and the abstract rebirth. The abstract rebirth leads to the harmonious society of God. 4. the admission: Unlike the non-harmonious world, the harmonious society of God has the minimum social barrier among God and all people. The minimum social barrier was achieved by the sacrifice of Jesus Christ for all people on the cross to break down the high social barrier of the non-harmonious world. Everyone who accepts the salvation of Jesus Christ can be admitted to the harmonious society

of God through the confession of disharmony sins, the repentance from disharmony sins, and the acceptance of the salvation. Because of the unique salvation through Jesus Christ to minimize the social barrier among God and all people, the salvation of Jesus Christ is the path to establish the harmonious relationship in the harmonious society of God. 5. the missions: The first mission is to establish the harmonious relationship among God and all people. The second mission is to learn and practice the harmonious mind as sanctification from all sources. The third mission is to establish the harmonious adaptation that is to benefit without competing with the non-harmonious world and other religious traditions. 6. the structure: The social structure is the organism structure consisting of single cell group or multiple cell groups, which are small social groups. Harmonious cooperation works well in a small social group.

the prehistoric harmonious hunter-gatherer society the Upper Paleolithic Revolution the prehistoric Symbolic Religion the prehistoric kingdom of God the Neolithic Revolution the individualistic society: the individualistic state + the state individualism the collective society: the collective state + the state religion the early transitional kingdom of God the harmonious society the harmonious religion the early kingdom of God

the Modern Revolution the collective society: the collective party + the partisan socialism the individualistic society: the individualistic party + the partisan capitalism the harmonious society the harmonious religion the modern kingdom of God

the Postmodern Revolution the global collective society: the global individualistic society: the global harmonious society the individualistic party the harmonious religion the collective party + the partisan capitalism the postmodern kingdom of God + the partisan socialism

Summary
Jesus said that the kingdom of God is within you. The kingdom of God is within the harmonious society and social life. 1. Supernatural selection Human as a species evolves through natural selection. The kingdom of God evolves through supernatural selection. In supernatural selection, the supernatural selects human as the chosen species, the harmonious social life as the chosen social life, and the harmonious society as the chosen society. Through the supernatural miracle (the non-representation of the natural physical laws), the supernatural selects the human harmonious society to survive by the divine revelation of the abstractness (the non-representation of the expression of the natural human mind), including the abstract bond, the abstract morality, and the abstract rebirth.

2. The prehistoric kingdom of God For about 160,000 years, there was no formal religion in the prehistoric human society. The first formal religion as the prehistoric kingdom of God appeared about 40,000 years ago during the Upper Paleolithic Revolution. The prehistoric kingdom of God expressed as Symbolic Religion (female figurines and cave paintings) provided the abstract social bond to bond the isolated social groups to survive the harsh environment. 3. The early transitional kingdom of God In the Early Period starting from the Neolithic Revolution, the early transitional kingdom of God was the moral religion as Judaism, Hinduism, Confucianism, and Islam where God was the high ruler. The early transitional kingdom of God provided the abstract morality to prevent the activated dehumanized preypredator instinct.

4. The early kingdom of God Jesus Christ initiated the early kingdom of God through the sacrifice and the resurrection. The kingdom of God provides the abstract rebirth for the civilized people to return to the harmonious social life and society, as Christianity, Buddhism, and Daoism. 5. The church The kingdom of God was manifested in the early church based on the harmonious society and social life. The decline of the kingdom of God later resulted from the conversion of the church to the state religion. 6. The modern kingdom of God In the Modern Period starting from the Renaissance for the Modern Revolution, the decline of the state religion resulted in the modern kingdom of God in the three-branch Unified.

Society consisting of the collective civilized society, the individualistic civilized society, and the harmonious society for collective wellbeing, individualistic achievement, and harmonious cooperation, respectively 7. The Postmodern Kingdom of God In the Postmodern Period starting from the global mass telecommunication for the Postmodern Revolution, the global perspective involves the whole human race on earth, so In the Postmodern Period starting from the global mass telecommunication for the Postmodern Revolution, the global perspective involves the whole human race on earth, so representing human history, human nature, and the supernatural, the Postmodern Kingdom of God is the inclusive harmonious society in the three-branch society.

The Unified Theory of Human Society 5: The Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society

the harmonious democratic system as the three-branch Unified Society and the sustainable affluent system as the two-branch Unified Society

Content
Introduction for the unified theory of human society Abstract 1. The Postmodern Divided Society 2. The Postmodern State Unified Society 3. The Postmodern Partisan Unified Society 4. The Postmodern Education 5. The Postmodern Unified Society as the Global Natural Society 6. The Economic Systems 7. The Sustainable Affluent System
The Source of the Presentation
The Unified Theory of Human Society: the Sustainable Unified Society http://www.scribd.com/doc/24499803/The-Unified-Theory-of-Human-Societythe-Sustainable-Unified-Society

Introduction for the unified theory of human society
Human society is a complex society. Different people have different social lives. The human brain has been evolved to be much more advanced than any other brains in the natural world. Different places have developed different social histories. In the modern time, there are at least two major political parties: socialistic (collective) and capitalistic (individualistic) parties. In addition, human has supernatural human society in terms of religions. There are at least seven major religions: Hinduism, Judaism, Confucianism, Islam, Buddhism, Daoism, and Christianity. So far, there is no viable unified theory of human society to unify specifically all these different social phenomena. The proposed unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies, and identifies the peaceful unified society for all human societies.

Abstract for the Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society
The unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies, and identifies the peaceful unified society for all human societies.. In Part 5, in the Postmodern Period starting from global mass telecommunication, the world is divided into the Divided Society where the three branches clash and the Unified Society where the three branches coexist peacefully. The Unified Society is divided into the State Unified Society as Russia, China, and Japan where the state represents politically both the collective and the individualistic societies and the Partisan Unified Society as USA, UK, and Germany where the political parties represent separately the collective and the individualistic societies. The harmonious religion in the Unified Society represents the harmonious society separated from the collective and the individualistic societies. The State Unified Society is suitable for the non-West, while the Partisan Unified Society is suitable for the West.

The Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society consists of the threebranch Unified Society and the sustainable affluent system. The sustainable affluent system is the two-branch Unified Society of the affluent centralized globalized system and the sustainable decentralized localized system.

THE HISTORY OF HUMAN SOCIETY the harmonious prehuman hominid society the human evolution the prehistoric harmonious hunter-gatherer society the Upper Paleolithic Revolution the prehistoric religious harmonious hunter-gatherer society the Neolithic Revolution the Early Divided Society the individualistic society: the individualistic state + the state individualism the collective society: the collective state + the state religion the harmonious society the harmonious religion

the Modern Revolution the Modern Unified Society the collective society: the collective party + the partisan socialism the harmonious society the individualistic society: the individualistic party the harmonious religion + the partisan capitalism the Postmodern Revolution the Postmodern Society the Postmodern State Unified Society the Postmodern Partisan Unified Society

the Postmodern Divided Society

The Two Branch Unified Society as the Sustainable Affluent System

affluent global central producer-distributor, regulation, and power station modular unit-distribution, financial service regulation, energy sustainable local producer-retailer, financial service institution, personal power station product, money, and energy consumer

1. The Postmodern Divided Society
1. The Divided Society Global telecommunication and widespread literacy allow people to receive different influences from all over the world. One major consequence is to convert a society with one exclusive branch of human branch to become the Divided Society from the outside influences of other branches. Inevitably, the clash of the threebranches occurs. In the present global society, the clash among the three-branches in the Divided Society has caused turbulence locally and globally, resulting in global crisis. 2. The conflict The insiders of an exclusive society take the positive view of their exclusive society, and take the negative views of the invading societies from the outsiders. The following table lists the real view, the positive view, and the negative view.

Real view Collective wellbeing in the collective society Individualistic achievement in the individualistic society harmonious cooperation in the harmonious society

Positive view Idealism Freedom Peace

Negative view Conformity Corruption Defeatism

The insiders of the exclusive collective society feel that they follow their collective wellbeing as idealism, and they fight against corruption from corrupting individualistic achievement in the individualistic society and defeatism from illusive harmonious cooperation in the harmonious society. The insiders of the exclusive individualistic society feel that they follow their individualistic achievement as freedom, and fight against conformity from conforming collective wellbeing (conformity) in the collective society and defeatism from illusive harmonious cooperation in the harmonious society. The insiders of the exclusive harmonious society feel that they follow their harmonious cooperation as the way of peace, and they fight against conformity from conforming collective wellbeing in the collective society and corruption from corrupting individualistic achievement in the individualistic society.

4. The local and global clashes In the Divided Society, when each branch keeps the positive view of itself, and the negative views of the other, the clash persists. The Divided Society includes mostly the developing countries that are in the transition from the underdeveloped stage to the developed stage. Typically, the underdeveloped countries, which are the agricultural-nomad society, are the collective society. When the underdeveloped countries start to become the developing countries, they are exposed to the outside influences, resulting in the Divided Society. In some cases, the local clash is between the religious collective society and the secular collective society. The local turbulence draws the outsiders to interfere. The insiders resent the outside influences and the outsiders¶ interference, so the insiders take the clash to outside. In the present postmodern global society, the clash among the three-branches in the Divided Society has caused turbulence locally and globally.

2. The Postmodern State Unified Society
The goal of the Postmodern Unified Society is the three-branch unified society, which is the peaceful coexistence of the collective, the individualistic, and the harmonious societies. There are two different methods to reach the same goal. The first method is the Postmodern State Unified Society, and the second method is the Postmodern Partisan Unified Society. In the Postmodern State Unified Society, the state represents politically both the collective and the individualistic societies, and separately, the harmonious religion represents the harmonious society. The examples are Russia, China, and Japan. In the Postmodern Partisan Unified Society, different political parties represent separately the collective society and the individualistic society, and separately, the harmonious religion represents the harmonious society. The examples are USA, UK, and Germany.

2.1 The Reasons for the Existence of the Postmodern State Unified Society
1. the absence of the ideological partisan tradition In the West, political parties can be categorized as collective (socialistic as the left) or individualistic (capitalistic as the right). In the East, the large political parties in the democratic countries cannot be categorized distinctively by ideology. The political parties are personal political parties. People select a political party on the base of what they like about the leaders of a political party. Since the attitude toward ideology is flexible, leaders can easily choose any suitable ideology. The absence of the ideological partisan tradition allows the existence of the Postmodern State Unified Society where state can choose suitable ideology within the three-branch unified society as long as people like the state. The Postmodern Partisan Unified Society in the East is de facto the Postmodern State Unified Society according to the definition of political party of the West.

2. the strong tradition of the collective society The strong tradition of the collective society can also prevent partisan competition from the individualistic society. The non-West does not have the strong tradition of the individualistic society, and feels uncomfortable about partisan competition. The State Unified Society includes the individualistic society, but it does not include partisan competition as the competition from political parties from the individualistic society. according to the definition of political party of the West. 3. the size and the makeup of a country If the size of a country is very large and the makeup is very heterogeneous, partisan competition can easily turn the society into chaos that is devastating to all people in the country. On the other hand, if the size of a country is very small, like Singapore, partisan politics is really unnecessary. The fear of chaos dominates most countries. A result is the reliance in stable bureaucracy which is relatively insulated from the chaotic partisan competition.

2.2. The Formation of the Postmodern State Unified Society
Since the state represents politically both the collective and the individualistic societies, there is only one party, such as the ³state party´, to implement the constitution. The structure of the state is the three-branched government, consisting of executive, legislative, and judiciary. The goal of people in executive branch is the cohesiveness of the administrative network. The goal of people in legislative branch is to represent diverse interests of people. The goal of people in judiciary is the maintenance of the constitution of legal system. They share political power in such way that they are each subjected to reciprocal checks, so each of them does not have a threatening structure to other branches. The state party nominates and finances qualified candidates for democratic elections for legislature. The state party nominates qualified candidates for the top positions in the executive branch and the judges in the judiciary branch to be approved by legislature.

2.2. The State Party
The mission of the state party is to operate the professional state of the people, by the people, and for the people in the State Unified Society. The state party instills honor, duty, and service in the members of the party. The members of the state party consider themselves as the professional state officials to serve people, as the members of professional military organization consider themselves as professional officers to protect people, and unlike the members of the Western political party consider themselves mostly as the supporters of the party ideology. The professional state as the Confucian system was in effect in China for about two thousand years under the emperors from different dynasties and even different ethnic groups until the early part of the 20th century. (It is the longest continuous political system in the world.) the bureaucrats were selected by the education and examination system based on Confucianism. The meritocratic bureaucracy corresponded to the professional state.

2.3. The Private Sector
The legitimacy of the state party comes from the separated responsibility between the state party and the private sector which is run by private individuals or groups for profit, and is not controlled by the state. The state party is responsible for the professional state, and the private sector is responsible for free market. The state party exchanges the right of state owned companies for the right of the professional state. The private sector exchanges the right of partisan competition for the right of free market. The professional state results in social stability, while free market leads to prosperity. In this way, the State Unified Society has both social stability and prosperity.

2.4. Anti-Corruption
Political corruption, such as bribery, extortion, cronyism, nepotism, patronage, graft, and embezzlement which use public office for private gain, discredits and destabilizes both the public sector and the private sector. The responsibility of anti-corruption is shared by both the public sector and the private sector. The separated responsibility between the state party and the private sector eliminates some of the systematic sources of corruption. According to a study of The Heritage Foundation , lack of economic freedom explains 71% of political corruption: the more economic restrictions, the more political corruption there is. All government officials are accountable to the state party which stands on the principles of honor, duty, and service. It is paramount for the state party to weed out corruption. At the same time, the private sector has to adhere to the strict anti-corruption, such as anti-bribery in OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) Anti-Bribery Convention.

2.5. Economic Equality
The promotion of economic equality is an important mission of the state. There are different ways to achieve economic equality. Free compulsory education Job creation by the private sector in free market Limiting job destruction in free market Collective bargaining Job creation in the public sector Infrastructure Income redistribution Different countries adopt different ways to achieve economic equality. Increasing gross economic inequality in developed countries is proportional to social-health-mental problems for all people, and is inversely proportional to life span . The cost of gross inequality in prison, police, illegal drug, mental disease, homeless shelter, and heath problems can be greater than the cost to maintain a low degree of economic inequality. In the extreme case, extreme economic inequality causes severe social instability.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

2.5. The Natural and the Unnatural Political Systems
For the West, the natural political system is the Partisan Society where multi-party election takes place. For most of the nonWestern country with no strong tradition of the individualistic society for partisan competition, the multi-party election with partisan competition is unnatural. The better alternative for the non-Western countries is to follow their own natural political tradition that is non-multi-party competition. Instead of multi-party election, the election in most non-Western countries should be nonmulti-party election. In some countries, such as deeply divided Iraq and Afghanistan, the election should be non-multi-party and regional. Each region follows its own tradition to elect political leaders that have the support of most people. The central government, therefore, is to facilitate such interdependence. The national stability is dependent on regional stability and the interdependence among the regions. The power of central government increases with increasing natural interdependence.

3. The Postmodern Partisan Unified Society
The goal of the Postmodern Partisan Unified Society is the threebranch unified society where the collective, the individualistic, and the harmonious societies coexist peaceful. The method is the partisan unified society where different political parties represent separately the collective and the individualistic societies, and separately, the harmonious religion represents the harmonious society. The Postmodern Partisan Unified Society is the dominate society for the developed societies in the West, such as USA, UK, and Germany. The three reasons for the existence of the Partisan Society in the West are the monotheism tradition with relatively rigid ideology, the strong tradition of the individualistic society that allows partisan competition, and relatively tranquil society without the aversion of social chaos.

3.1. The Legalization of the Democratic Two-Party Method
In most developed countries, the two-party (collective and individualistic parties) method for the democratic society allows the participation of all adult citizens without exclusion based on race, gender, and wealth. The elected government is legitimized by the political participation of all adult citizens. The outcome of election determines the direction of a society toward more collective (yin) or more individualistic (yang). Such direction may not exactly reflect the winning of the yin party or the yang party, but the policy of government reflects the direction of yin or yang from the election. The legitimacy of government and the determination of social direction are the two basic reasons for the democratic two-party system.

3.2. The Establishment of the Democratic Two-Party System
1. The non-zero sum politics Any free political electron involves changes for individuals. Some people gain, and some people lose in free election. The result is social conflict between the winning people and the losing people in zero-sum competition. Free political electron, therefore, cannot be a zero-sum competition. In zero-sum competition, the political election is equivalent to the competition among well-defined religious, regional, racial, or class groups. The winning of people in one political party represents the total loss of people in the opposition party. Such political election becomes a destabilized force to split a nation. The chaos generated by such zero-sum political competitions among different classes and ethnic groups in democratic countries were described by Amy Chua in ³World on Fire´ . Therefore, no national political party can represents exclusively or nearly exclusively a specific religious, racial, regional, or class group. There is separation between national politics and religion, race, region, or class.

2. Two-party system In mature democratic nations, no major political parties represent exclusively certain religion, race, region, or class. Almost all of them have two major parties: the two-party system for the collective party and the individualistic party. The competition between the two parties is about the direction of society toward committed group living or free group living. Typically, a society needs different direction at different stages of economic development. The determination of direction in free election actually benefits the whole society as non-zero-sum competition. 3. The constitution for two-party system Since all mature stable democratic governments have two-party system, it is possible to write the two-party system as a part of the constitution. The constitution excludes the formation of zero-sum party. All about class, culture, ethnicity, religion, and location have to be generalized. For an example, the issue about locality can be generalized into the issue about the powers of central and local governments.

3.3. The Establishment of the Common Ground
1. Equality and freedom In the two-party democratic society, the individualistic party emphasizes freedom to be different, while the collective party emphasizes the equality to be same. The individualistic party does not tolerate much equality, while the collective party does not tolerate much freedom. Therefore, it is important to establish the common ground for the basic freedom to be different and the basic equality to be same for both the yin and yang parties. A society with individualistic culture accepts and needs much more freedom to be different than a society with collective culture. A society with collective culture accepts and needs much more equality to be same than an individualistic culture. Economic condition can also makes a society more individualistic or collective. The establishment of the common ground varies with culture and economic condition.

2. Common references The basic freedom to be different and the basic equality to be same are written in the constitutions of all nations and the United Nations. Using such constitutions, culture, and economic condition as criteria, a constitution about basic freedom and basic equality can be written or rewritten to establish a common ground for the twoparty system. 3. Good government Another important common ground is the establishment of good government. A government is like a large corporation, which requires ethical code, standard procedures, and transparency. Conflict of interest and corruption destroy government, and makes government ineffective. A government reflects the direction of society by political appointments, and maintains a good government by ethical codes, standard procedures, transparency, and professional governmental employees independent of politics.

3.4. The Establishment of Different Constituents
1. Core groups The core group for the yin party consists of poor people and women, while the core group for the yang party consists of rich people and men. Poor people want equality to reach higher level, while rich people want freedom for individual pursuit. Women have social life for collective welfare, while men have social life for individual achievement. However, the overlapping among groups is significant. The middle income group can identify with either poor people or rich people. Poor people may have aspiration to be like rich people, or rich people may have aspiration to be poor people. There are significant overlapping in the social lives of women and men. Intellectuals who have broad knowledge can switch back and fro between two parties depending what they see as more adaptable direction. Economic condition also shifts the preferences of people¶s choice of parties. A political party also shifts its direction. A yin party of the present may actually be considered as a yang party of the past, and vice verse.

2. Minority A minority group can go to either yin party or yang party depending on its urgent need. If a minority group has limited freedom to practice its culture and religion, it wants to join the yang party. If a minority group is discriminated by other groups, it wants to join the yin party. If it is deficient in both freedom and equality, it may join the yang party first to gain freedom and the yin party later to gain equality. 3. Homogeneous and heterogeneous societies Homogeneous society with strong social bonding among homogeneous people tends to have strong collective policy, regardless of political party. In heterogeneous society, old established group and new established group compete against each other. Typically, old established group prefers the yang party for the freedom that old established group lose in order to accommodate new established group. New established group prefers the yin group for the equality that new established group feels it does not have.

3.5. Technological Development and Policy Direction
1. Benefit and cost The individualistic policy favors freedom and growth. The collective policy favors infrastructure and equality. Each policy has its benefit and cost. The benefit of the individualistic policy is advancement in productivity and living standard, and the cost is chaos in terms of economic bubble and gross inequality. The benefit of the collective policy is stability, and the cost is stagnation. When the cost is greater than the benefit, there will be a shift of policy. Different stages in the technological development are dominated by the individualistic policy or the collective policy. 2. Initial technological development The initial stage of new technological development is dominated by the individualistic policy that favors freedom. Freedom allows drastic change from old technology to new technology. Freedom also allows an effective mean to explore vast opportunities in a new technology. The collective policy that favors infrastructure does not

work in the initiation stage, because the infrastructure for old technology often does not apply to new technology. Infrastructure Automatic organization allows informal short-term infrastructure to form. 2. Late stage of technological development Because of the lack of collective thinking, such short-term infrastructure inevitably collapses. For an example, the new information technology allows the establishment of an extremely extensive investment network based on extremely extensive network of future earning. Without regulation and oversight, such extensive network by the new information technology inevitably contains miscalculation, recklessness, and deception, resulting in the collapse of the system. Regulation infrastructure is required to properly control freedom in the new technology. Freedom often also ignores physical infrastructure, because freedom requires only minimum infrastructure for individualistic usage. Collective policy understands the need of infrastructure for collective usage.

Gradually, as technology matures, collective policy becomes the dominant policy. When the next new technology appears, collective policy appears to be the policy for stagnation and restriction. A new cycle of policy starts again.

4. The Postmodern Education
Common people in the developed countries learn collective social life and individualistic social life in compulsory elementary and secondary school. The healthy postmodern society is the twoeducation society including both collective social life education and individualistic social life education in compulsory elementary and secondary school. The collective social life education is grouporiented education to learn cooperative social group. Group in the collective social life education is social group in school, not religious or political group. The individualistic social life education is individual-oriented to learn competitive social hierarchy. Individuals in the individualistic social life education include all people. Since the healthy postmodern society needs both cooperative social group and competitive social hierarchy, elementary and secondary education provides the education for learning both cooperative social group and competitive social hierarchy.

4.1. Elementary and Secondary Education
Cooperative social group and competitive social hierarchy are not compatible. As a result, it is necessary to learn them at different times. Typically, in the early years of the education, the emphasis of learning is cooperative social group. The emphasis in competitive social hierarchy gradually increases with the ages of students. At the end of the education, the emphasis of learning is competitive social hierarchy. In elementary and secondary schools of some developed countries such as America, the emphasis of the education is individualoriented individualistic social life for individualistic achievement. In elementary and secondary school of some developed countries such as Japan, the emphasis of the education is group-oriented collective social life for collective wellbeing. It is interesting to note that American education is moving toward standardized curriculum, rote memorization, and nationalized testing, while other countries¶ education is moving toward creativity .

4.2. The Four Stages of Life
To have a balanced society without too much emphasis in one social life is to look at the natural development of life stages. Different stages of life have the stage social lives that are the core social lives of the stages. In the modern time, the four stages for social lives are pre-adulthood, early adulthood, middle aged adulthood, and late adulthood as described by John Kotre and Elizabeth Hall. The four stages of life can be designed to experience all three different social lives as the stage social lives. The most suitable stage social life for each stage of growth is as follows.

The Four Stages of Life
Stage Preadulthood Early Adulthood Middle Adulthood Late Adulthood Social Transition From family to social group outside of family small group to large group Succession large group to small group Biological Transition maturity Stage Social Life collective social life individualistic social life collective social life harmonious social life

Fertility uphill to downhill None

5. The Postmodern Unified Society as the Global Natural Society
In Dao De Jing, the Way (Dao) means the harmonious social life as in Chapter 1 of Dao De Jing. The Way means also the social life structure as the source of all societies as in Chapter 42 of Dao De Jing. The Way gives birth to one, one gives birth to two, two give birth to three, and three give birth to all things. All things carry yin on back and hug yang in front. The forces collide to become harmony. (Chapter 42 Dao De Jing) In terms of the Way as the social life structure, The social life structure started with the one-branch social life structure as the asexual social life structure, the one-branch social life structure evolved to become the two-branch social life structure as the yin (female)-yang (male) social life structure, the two-branch social structure evolved to become the three-branch social life structure as the yin-yang-harmony social life structure, and the three-branch social life structure generates all human societies. All

human societies have yin and yang in opposition, and these two combine into harmony. (an interpretation of Chapter 42 Dao De Jing) Chapter 42 of Dao De Jing describes the evolution of the human social life structure. The three-branch social life structure is the natural social life structure for human societies. As in the Daoism principle of natural with non-action ( ), the most stable and efficient human society is the minimum natural society that is formed by the minimum action to the natural social life structure. The natural social life structure consists of the collective, the individualistic, and the harmonious social lives. The minimum action to the natural social life structure includes (1) one natural society, (2) one supernatural-human interaction, (3) one collective society, (4) one individualistic society, and (5) one harmonious society.

(1) one natural society One natural society is the global natural society based on the natural social life structure consisting of the collective, the individualistic, and the harmonious social lives. (2) one supernatural-human interaction It is inevitable to have the supernatural-human interaction in human society. Throughout human history, people need God, and God needs people. The only concern is the supernatural-human interaction regardless of the real existence of God that is beyond human capacity to comprehend. (3) one collective society The collective society can be represented by the collective political party for collective wellbeing. (4) one individualistic society The individualistic society can be represented by the individualistic political party for individualistic achievement. Both parties form the two-party constitutional political system.

(5) one harmonious society Increasingly in the postmodern society, the public presence of God disappears in both of the collective society and the individualistic society. In the postmodern collective society, the postmodern just social welfare system for all people gradually replaces the just system maintained by the just of God. The postmodern science and technology in the postmodern individualistic society gradually replace the public presence of the powers of God. The personal presences of God in the collective and the individualistic societies continue. The public and personal presence of God continues in the harmonious society to form the harmonious relationship between God and humans. Since the harmonious society works well only as small social group, while the collective and the individualistic societies work well as large social group, the harmonious society of God is non-competitive to the collective and the individualistic societies.

The Harmonious Society The presence of God continues in the harmonious society to form the harmonious relationship between God and humans. Jesus Christ uniquely has brought the harmonious relationship instead of the collective relationship and the individualistic relationship between God and humans. No one else has done it explicitly. Therefore, the one harmonious society is the harmonious society of God as described before. With the harmonious society alone, civilization is impossible, but without the harmonious society, civilization is prone to become extreme. Jesus said, ³What good is it for a man to gain the whole world, yet forfeit his soul? Or what can a man give in exchange for his soul?´ (Mark 8:36-37) The gain of the world is the accumulation of wealth, fame, pleasure, organization, and power in the civilized society. The soul is harmonious cooperation in the harmonious society. For the prehistoric primitive hunters and gatherers, the harmonious human relationship instead of the

accumulation of wealth, fame, pleasure, organization, and power was essential for human survival. The souls of prehistoric primitive hunters and gathers were harmonious human relationship. As the descendants of the prehistoric primitive hunters and gathers, we inherit the soul. Without the soul for the social connection through the harmonious human relation, human life is empty and miserable. The harmonious society prevents the extreme accumulations of the collective society and the individualistic society in terms of totalitarianism and excessive greed, respectively. The Collective Society versus the Individualistic Society With the acceptance of the basic principles in the global natural society, different local societies behave differently in the collective, the individualistic, and the harmonious societies. Different conditions favor the rises of different societies. Homogeneous society favors the collective society because it is easier to have collective wellbeing in homogeneous society than in heterogeneous

society. Economic opportunity favors the individualistic society, because to economic opportunity into success requires individual motivation and responsibility. Economic opportunity often occurs from the emergence of new or imported technology. Economic equality can be reached by various methods. In the collective society, equality is reached in part through the intrinsic suppression of excessive greed, which is considered to be alienation to group spirit, so excessive difference in the incomes of the employees in the same organization is intrinsically or explicitly suppressed. In the harmonious society, equality is reached by the absence of the drive to accumulate wealth. The harmonious relationship is much more important than the accumulation of wealth. .

The State Society versus the Partisan Society The two unified societies are the State Unified Society as Russia, China, and Japan where the state represents politically both the collective and the individualistic societies and the Partisan Unified Society as USA, UK, and Germany where the political parties represent separately the collective and the individualistic societies. The harmonious religion in the Unified Society represents the harmonious society separated from the collective and the individualistic societies. The State Unified Society exists favorably in the society with polytheism tradition, the strong tradition of the collective society, and the aversion of social chaos, while the Partisan Unified Society exists favorably in the society with monotheism tradition, the strong tradition of the individualistic society, and relatively tranquil society. In the State Society, the state party is responsible to operate the professional state of the people, by the people, and for the people in the State Unified Society. The legitimacy of the state party is the

separated responsibility between the professional state and the private sector. The state party exchanges the right of the state owned corporations for the professional state, while the private sector exchanges the right of partisan competition for free market. In this way, the professional state provides social stability and the protection of free market, while free market provides sustainable long term prosperity. In the Partisan Society, the individualistic political party competes with the collective political party for the social direction. Both of them accept free market as the vehicle to generate sustainable long term prosperity. The legitimacy of the political parties is the adaptable social direction from the competition between the individualistic and the collective political parties without turning into social chaos.

Since the world is dominated by the West, the Partisan Society appears to be the universal system, and all nations have to comply with this democratic partisan competition system. In reality, depending on specific traditions, the State Society is as valid as the Partisan Society, and both of them can work well in the Postmodern World. The State Unified Society is suitable for the non-West, while the Partisan Unified Society is suitable for the West. .

THE HISTORY OF HUMAN SOCIETY the harmonious prehuman hominid society the human evolution the prehistoric harmonious hunter-gatherer society the Upper Paleolithic Revolution the prehistoric religious harmonious hunter-gatherer society the Neolithic Revolution the Early Divided Society the individualistic society: the individualistic state + the state individualism the collective society: the collective state + the state religion the harmonious society the harmonious religion

the Modern Revolution the Modern Unified Society the collective society: the collective party + the partisan socialism the harmonious society the individualistic society: the individualistic party the harmonious religion + the partisan capitalism the Postmodern Revolution the Postmodern Society the Postmodern State Unified Society the Postmodern Partisan Unified Society

the Postmodern Divided Society

6. The Economic Systems 6.1 The Economic Type
The major difference between the Modern Period and the Postmodern Period is the critical importance of environmental issue in the Postmodern Period. The Postmodern Period requires the proper economy-environment system. The economic system can be defined by resource in terms of decentralization-centralization and geographic-cultural structure in terms of localization-globalization. Centralization has a central resource, while decentralization does not have a central resource. Globalization crosses geographic and cultural borders, while localization confines within geographic and cultural borders. The four economic types from the resource and geographic-cultural structure are decentralization-localization, decentralization-globalization, centralization-localization, and centralization-globalization as below.

decentralization decentralization localization localization centralization localization decentralization globalization globalization centralization globalization

centralization The prehistoric hunter-gatherer society has the decentralizationlocalization system without central resource and multiple geographic and cultural social groups. The current developed countries have the centralization-globalization system with central resource and multiple geographic and cultural social groups within the same economic system.

6.2. The Sustainable Impoverished Decentralized-Localized System
The prehistoric hunter-gatherer society had the decentralizationlocalization economic system. The society is localized without the economic influence from other groups, so the society has economic control. The society does not accumulate wealth, so the society is decentralized in terms of resource. Without centralization in terms of accumulation of wealth, people have economic flexibility to move freely from place to place. People can move from inhospitable place to hospitable place freely, unlike people in agricultural and industrial societies. Economic control and economic flexibility provide economic sustainability. However, decentralized resource cannot build a complex infrastructure for the improvement of productivity that improves living standard. Localization does not take advantage of other group¶s economic strength to improve living standard. Therefore, the decentralized localized system is sustainable and impoverished.

6.3. The Affluent Unsustainable CentralizedGlobalized System
1. Affluent Centralized Globalized System The current developed society is decentralization-globalization society. The current society is highly centralized to build enormous complex infrastructure for the improvement of productivity that improves living standard. Economies of scale allow the cost advantages that a business obtains due to centralization. To take the cost advantages of economies of scale, production-distribution, financial service, and energy are highly centralized. Such centralized system is highly efficient, resulting in affluence. Globalization provides multiple resources for raw material, labor, technology, and capital, resulting in affluence. Globalization takes economic advantage in the law of comparative advantage that refers to the ability of a party in a location to produce a particular good or service at a lower marginal cost and opportunity cost than another party in a different location.

2. Unsustainable Centralized Globalized System However, the centralized system lacks economic flexibility, because the centralized system is too complicate and big to be changed easily. The globalized system lacks of control, because of multiple sources of influences. The economic inflexibility and the lack of economic control make the centralized globalized system susceptible to self destruction, resulting in unsustainable system. The centralized globalized system of production-distribution, financial service, and energy will be shown to be unsustainable.

6.3.1. The Centralized Unsustainable System of Production and Distribution
In the modern society, mass production and mass distribution dramatically increase centralization, and stimulate mass consumption. Globalization produces global centers for various segments of industry. In the modern society, the major system for production, distribution, and consumption is the linear centralized unsustainable system as follows.

Linear Centralized System of Production and Distribution raw material part supplier new parts central mass producer new product general recycling center central mass distributor new product recyclable items consumer waste waste dump

1. Efficiency Raw materials are processed by part suppliers to make new parts. New parts are processed in centralized mass producers to make new products. New products are shipped to the mass centralized distributors who distribute new products to customers. In such centralized mass production and distribution, products can be made in high quantity, high quality, and low cost. It is highly efficient way to produce and distribute products. 2. Wasteful However, it is a highly wasteful system. Recycling is actually not easy in this centralized system where centralized production, centralized distribution, and localized consumption are separated in different places. High cost transportation and inefficient logistics for recycling make recycling impractical. Most products turn into waste. Americans' total yearly waste would fill a convoy of garbage trucks long enough to wrap around the earth six times and reach halfway to the moon. It is estimated that several hundreds million tons of waste are generated by Americans in a year.

3. Job insecurity The separation of centralized production, centralized distribution, and localized consumption also makes the employment insecure as production centers and distribution centers shift to different places. Waste and employment insecurity are the two major disadvantages in the linear centralized system. In the long term, the linear centralized system is unsustainable. 4. Impoverished localized system Without outside and centralized influence, decentralized localized society is stable. However, this decentralized localized model is not a workable model. Agriculture and industry require a large network of production and distribution, making the return to the small localized society impractical and impossible. Various attempts, such as Great Leap Forward in China and national protectionism in the world, to return to localization have produced disastrous impoverishment.

6.3.2. The Centralized Unsustainable System of Financial Service
The current financial service companies are like the industrial manufacture companies before the anti-trust law. The information technology allows the establishment of giant financial service companies. In the globalization environment, giant financial service companies are necessary to match the giant global companies. Anti-trust law does not know what to do with giant financial service companies in the globalization environment. Such giant financial service companies have excessive economic and political influences. The business connection among them creates even greater economic and political influences. Economically and politically, such giant financial companies become too big to fail. The connected financial service companies become almost like one central financial service company.

Centralized Unsustainable Financial Service System central financial service institution money consumer The highly centralized financial service system generates highly concentrated power. It becomes too big and powerful to be regulated and supervised. Any short-sighted and flawed decision can lead to financial crisis, so it is an unsustainable financial service system.

6.3.2. The Centralized Unsustainable Energy System
In the traditional centralized power grid, power is concentrated in a select number of central power stations that distribute electricity to consumers as needed and according to priorities during periods of peak demand. The goal is to please the most and dissatisfy the least. The existing centralized power structure with central power station prevails and remains unchallenged. The centralized power grind is more efficient than decentralization. It enables location optimization (accessible to energy resources) and less management/industrial overhead per energy produced. Centralized Unsustainable Energy System central power station energy consumers

1. rigidity All electrical distribution systems today are designed on the assumption that power flows one way from the central power station to the consumers. The design of the transformers, meters, breakers and monitoring equipment all assume power flows in this one direction. It is difficult to add energy to this one-direction system in the middle of the network. The one-direction in the centralized distribution is rigid. 2. waste The centralized distribution system is also wasteful. A typical large power station wastes over a third of its fuel by simply heating up the atmosphere. A further 10% of this is wasted in transmission and distribution, meaning less than half of the fuel is used productively by the consumer.

3. Expensive infrastructure It is also difficult to add renewable energy to the centralized power system. Typically, abundant renewable energy locates far away from the consumers, so it has to build expensive infrastructure to bring renewable energy to the consumers. Consequently, the introduction of renewable energy is slow in the centralized power system. The rigidity, the waste, and the infrastructure cost in the centralized energy system result in the unsustainable system. 4. Impoverished localized system The other extreme is a decentralized model where independent individuals control an electrical power system that meets their consumption requirements. Such decentralized system cannot easily and quickly meet the large increase of consumption, and recover easily from disaster.

7. The Sustainable Affluent System
The advantage of centralized globalized system is affluence, while the advantage of decentralized localized system is sustainability. To combine the advantages of the centralized globalized system and the decentralized localized system, the unified system has centralized globalized system as the upstream and the decentralized localized system as the downstream. The sustainable affluent system is the unification of affluent centralized globalized unsustainable system and sustainable decentralized localized impoverished system. Economic control and economic flexibility in the sustainable decentralized localization system minimizes the unsustainable part of centralized globalized system, while complex infrastructure and economic comparative advantage in the centralized globalized system minimizes the impoverishment part of decentralized localized system. The result is the sustainable affluent system as the two-branch Unified Society of the affluent and the sustainable branches in terms of production-distribution, financial service, and energy.

7.1. The Cyclic Sustainable Affluent System of Production and Distribution
1. The modular units For production and distribution, the unified system is the cyclic sustainable affluent system of production and distribution. Raw materials are processed by part suppliers to make new parts. New parts are processed in centralized mass producers to make new modular units instead products. Modular units are the assembled units of the parts for as for easy assembly and repair or flexible arrangement and use. It is important to reduce the number of modular units used in a product, to make the assembling of modular units into products easier, and to make the product easier to take apart for repair and recycling at the end of its useful life. Currently, computer companies use modularity design to overcome changing customer demands and to make the manufacturing process more adaptive to change.

Cyclic Sustainable Affluent System of Production and Distribution

raw materials

part supplier new parts recyclable parts central producer new modular units recyclable modular units local producer new product recyclable modular units central distributor new product recyclable modular units local retailer new product recyclable modular units

general recycling center

recyclable partial parts

consumer

Examples of modular systems are cars, computers, high-rise buildings, railroad signaling systems, telephone exchanges, pipe organs and electric power distribution systems. The modular units should be as durable as possible. Modular units can be assembled into products easily without specific high technical tools and techniques. 2. Local producer Such modular units are shipped to small local producer who assembles modular units in the modular production network . There can be many small local producers to assemble modular units in many locations. Such small local producers can be multipurpose producers to assemble different products, such as assembling all electronic products such as computers, radio, and television etc in one location. In this way, production is decentralized to promote local economy and employment. Almost 1/3 of the waste generated the U.S. is packaging. It is important to use reusable standard package for new products as much as possible to minimize waste.

Electric car with simple components is particularly suitable for local production from modular units. The Think City electric car is built from prefabricated parts, allowing Think to place its factories near key markets. 3. Local retailer New products from local producer can be shipped to retailer directly or to central mass distributor. Central mass distributor ships new products to local retailer. Local retailer can be fairly independent and small. Distribution is decentralized to neighborhood. The store sells actual new products, and also takes orders for new products to accommodate the small space of store. It is important to make ordering new products as easy as purchasing new products.

4. Recycle Retailers can act as the place for both selling new products and recycling used product as the source of modular units. Customers go to store with recyclable modular units, get credits for such modular units, and come back home with new products. In the same way, central distributor goes to retailer with new products, and comes back with recyclable modular units. Central distributor then goes to local producer with recyclable modular units that can be used in the assembling of modular units in new products, and comes back with new products. For local producer, the usage of modular units from the recycling modular units reduces the cost of modular units to counter any wage disadvantages that local producer has. Local producer takes some difficult recyclable modular units that require specific tool and technique for recycling to central producer, and comes back with new modular units. Central producer takes some difficult recyclable modular units that require specific tool and technique for recycling to supplier, and comes back with new parts.

Supplier takes un-repairable parts to raw material supplier and comes back with raw material. Therefore, all trips are loaded round-trip to make low cost transportation and efficient logistics for recycling. General recycling center turns partial parts that cannot be easily recycled into useful parts into raw materials or basic parts. 5. Minimization of materials and energy used The unification of local production, local distribution, and local consumption is critical for such recycling. Instead of being potential waste, new products are potential parts and raw materials for future new products from cradle to cradle. The minimization of materials and energy used makes sustainability possible for both central economy and local economy. This cyclic sustainable affluent system can promote local economy and employment in developed countries. It can spread industrialization to developing countries by local producers and the recycling of the used products. Recycling slows global warming by minimizing energy used.

7.2. The Sustainable Affluent Financial Service System
The financial crisis in 2008 is comparable to the Great Depression. During the Great Depression, President Roosevelt and the Congress set up the Temporary National Economic Commission (TNEC), to bring together key Members of Congress, relevant government agencies and civilian experts to undertake a large-scale baseline study of the American economy and to make recommendations as to what should be done. Since the world is increasingly globalized, a global commission should be set up to study the global financial service and to make recommendation for financial service regulation and oversight as what should be done in anti-trust law, transparency, securitized credits, and rating agencies, and the very large and very complex banks. The result of the new globalized centralized regulation and oversight should produce stable, transparent, competitive and sustainable local financial institutions that serve locally and globally.

The Sustainable affluent Financial Service System global central regulation regulations for financial service local financial service institution money consumer

7.3. The Sustainable Affluent Energy System
The current computing system is the unified computing system consisting of the central computer and personal computer both of which store and process data. This unified computing system allows tremendous expansion of data in terms of information. In the same way, the unified energy system consisting of central power station and personal power station can allow tremendous expansion of energy, particularly, renewable energy, as the diagrams below.

The Integrated Computing System central computer data personal computer data customer The Sustainable Affluent Energy System central power station energy personal power station energy customer auxiliary power station

In the sustainable affluent energy system, the central power station generates energy (electricity) in the conventional ways such as coal and gas. It is assisted by auxiliary power station that uses renewable energy. Electricity from the central power station goes to customers through personal power station. The comparison between computer and power station is as follows.
Computer Data central computer personal computer data storage Processor operating system such as Windows Multi-media Energy central power station personal power station power storage Transformer (AC-DC charger) operating system such as DSM multi-energy sources Power station

1. Personal power station Personal power station can be used in the existing one-direction centralized energy system without the expensive change to the two-direction smart grid. The core of personal computer consists of data storage such as hard disk and processor that transforms data in and out of data storage. The core of personal power station consists of energy storage such as battery and transformer that transform electric current in and out of energy storage. 2. battery The recent breakthrough in sodium sulfur battery by Ceramatec allows a viable battery for personal power station. The batteries, which can be ramped to store up to 20 kilowatt-hours of electricity, will be ready for market testing in 2011, and will sell for about $2,000. With the batteries expected to sell in the neighborhood of $2,000 that translates to less than 3 cents per kilowatt hour over the battery's life. Conventional power from the grid typically costs in the neighborhood of 8 cents per kilowatt hour.

3. The operating system The operating system such as Window in personal computer is to manage data movement. The operating system such as DSM (Demand Side Management) in personal power station is to manage energy movement. Different programs in the operating system can be set for different purposes of personal power station. 4. The power sources In personal computer, data sources are multiple, including keyboard, audio, video, and telecommunication. In personal power station, energy sources are multiple, including energy from central power station, cost effective micro-CHP (combined heat and power), wind, solar power, and bio-energy (anaerobic digestion to generate methane gas). Micro-CHP systems use natural gas generators to produce electricity for homes. The heat from the electrical generator is then used either to create hot water or hot air, which is then used to heat the home. It replaces gas forced-air furnace. Because of this combined efficiency, a micro-CHP is 3 times more efficient than electricity delivered over the grid.

5. The commercialization of personal power station Personal computer, initially, was expensive and slow. The increasing popularity of personal computer allows increasingly larger data storage capacity, faster processor, more versatile operating system and multi-media, smaller size, and lower cost. In the same way, the increasing popularity of personal power station allows increasingly larger energy storage capacity, faster transformer, more versatile operating system and multi-energy source, smaller size, and lower cost. In the future, all buildings will be ready for personal power station to place battery and multienergy sources as a part of building code. As a whole new industry has been build around personal computer (PC), a whole new industry will be built around personal power station (PPS). The usage of renewable energy will grow exponentially.

Global sustainability in economy-environment depends on the transformation of the unsustainable affluent system into the sustainable affluent system which is the unification of affluent centralized globalized system and the sustainable decentralized localized system in terms of production-distribution, financial service, and energy. The combined sustainable affluent system is as follows.
affluent global central producer-distributor, regulation, and power station

modular unit-distribution, financial service regulation, energy sustainable local producer-retailer, financial service institution, personal power station product, money, and energy consumer

Abstract for the Unified Theory of Human Society
The unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies, and establishes the Sustainable Unified Society. The unified theory is divided into five parts: human social lives, human evolution, human social history, the kingdom of God, and the Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society.. 1. Human social lives The unified theory starts with the three basic human social lives: yin, yang, and harmony for feminine collective wellbeing, masculine individualistic achievement, and harmonious cooperation, respectively. The harmonious

social life that exists only in humans is maximum eager cooperation without lie. The three basic human social lives result in the three-branch society of the collective, the individualistic, and the harmonious societies. 2. Human evolution The origin of such human social lives is explained by human evolution, including ape evolution and hominid evolution. Bipedalism and the harmonious social life make human beings distinct from other species. The prehistoric hunter-gatherer society was the harmonious society. 3 Human social history In the Early Period starting from the Neolithic Revolution, the inevitably large civilized social group of the agricultural-nomad society destroyed the prehistoric harmonious small social group, resulting in the formations of the collective society and the individualistic society. The collective society included Judaism,

Islam, Hinduism, and Confucianism. The individualistic society included Greek mythology and science. The harmonious society included Christianity, Buddhism, and Daoism. In the Modern Period starting from the Renaissance, the modern mass printing and increased literacy led to communication and understanding, resulting in the three-branch Modern Unified Society for the three-branch society. 4. The kingdom of God The supernatural interaction between the supernatural and human is expressed as the kingdom of God that is the harmonious society. The kingdom of God evolves through supernatural selection. Through the supernatural miracle (the non-representation of the natural physical laws), the supernatural selects the harmonious society as the chosen society by the divine revelation of the abstractness (the non-representation of the expression of the natural human mind). The prehistoric kingdom of God expressed as Symbolic Religion during the Upper

Paleolithic Period provided the abstract social bond (symbols) to bond the isolated social groups to survive the harsh environment. In the Early Period, the early transitional kingdom of God was the moral religion as Judaism where God was the high ruler, and provided the abstract morality to prevent the activated dehumanized prey-predator instinct. Jesus Christ initiated the early kingdom of God that provided the abstract rebirth for the civilized people to return to the harmonious social life and society. Representing human history, human nature, and the supernatural, the Postmodern Kingdom of God is the inclusive harmonious society in the three-branch unified society. 5. The Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society In the Postmodern Period starting from global mass telecommunication, the world is divided into the Divided Society where the three branches clash and the Unified Society where the three branches coexist peacefully. The Unified Society is divided

into the State Unified Society as Russia, China, and Japan where the state represents politically both the collective and the individualistic societies and the Partisan Unified Society as USA, UK, and Germany where the political parties represent separately the collective and the individualistic societies. The harmonious religion in the Unified Society represents the harmonious society separated from the collective and the individualistic societies. The State Unified Society is suitable for the non-West, while the Partisan Unified Society is suitable for the West. The Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society consists of the three-branch Unified Society and the sustainable affluent system. The sustainable affluent system is the two-branch Unified Society of the affluent centralized globalized system and the sustainable decentralized localized system.

Summary
The unified theory of human society explains the principal differences among different human societies, and establishes the Sustainable Unified Society. The unified theory is divided into five parts: human social lives, human evolution, human social history, the kingdom of God, and the Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society. The unified theory is based on the three basic human social lives: yin, yang, and harmony for feminine collective wellbeing, masculine individualistic achievement, and harmonious cooperation, respectively. The harmonious social life that transcends yin yang and exists only in humans is maximum eager cooperation without lie. The three human social lives result in the three-branch society of the collective, the individualistic, and the harmonious societies. The origin of the human social lives is explained by human evolution. Bipedalism and the harmonious social life make human beings distinct from other species. The

prehistoric hunter-gatherer society was the harmonious society. In the Early Period starting from the Neolithic Revolution, the inevitably large civilized social group destroyed the prehistoric harmonious small social group, resulting in the formations of the collective and the individualistic societies. The collective society included Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Confucianism. The individualistic society included Greek mythology and science. The harmonious society included Christianity, Buddhism, and Daoism. In the Modern Period starting from the Renaissance, the modern mass printing and increased literacy led to communication and understanding, resulting in the peaceful three-branch Modern Unified Society for three-branch society. The supernatural interaction between the supernatural and human is expressed as the kingdom of God that is the harmonious society. The prehistoric kingdom of God expressed as Symbolic Religion (female figurines and cave paintings) provided the abstract social bond to bond the isolated social groups to survive the harsh

environment. In the Early Period, the early transitional kingdom of God was the moral religion as Judaism, and provided the abstract morality to prevent the activated dehumanized prey-predator instinct. Jesus Christ initiated the early kingdom of God that provided the abstract rebirth for the civilized people to return to the harmonious social life and society. The Postmodern Kingdom of God is the harmonious society of God in the three-branch unified society. In the Postmodern Period starting from global mass telecommunication, the world is divided into the Divided Society where the three branches clash and the Unified Society where the three branches coexist peacefully. The Unified Society is divided into the State Unified Society as Russia, China, and Japan where the state represents politically both the collective and the individualistic societies and the Partisan Unified Society as USA, UK, and Germany where the political parties represent separately the collective and the individualistic societies. The harmonious

religion in the Unified Society represents the harmonious society separated from the collective and the individualistic societies. The State Unified Society is suitable for the non-West, while the Partisan Unified Society is suitable for the West. The Postmodern Sustainable Unified Society consists of the threebranch Unified Society and the sustainable affluent system. The sustainable affluent system is the two-branch Unified Society of the affluent centralized globalized system and the sustainable decentralized localized system.

The Source of the Presentation
The Unified Theory of Human Society: the Sustainable Unified Society http://www.scribd.com/doc/24499803/The-Unified-Theory-of-Human-Societythe-Sustainable-Unified-Society

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