r Promenade Deck 2 starboard side , just before you enter the Vista Dini

NIHAT BAYLAV
ISTANBUL

TURKEY

3RD FACTOR

UNDERSTANDING KNOTS

Two kinds of “knot” are used to make most pile-woven oriental rugs. “Persian” and “Turkish” knots. Turkish knots (Ghiordes) are always tied around two warp strings.

The Persian knot is asymmetric and may be open to either the right or left.

Turkish knots or ‘Ghiordes’ are symmetrical.
.

This is one Turkish knot, even though the wool wraps around two warps
.

it’s impossible to distinguish separate knots from the face of the rug

If the warps of the rug lie on the same plane, each knot will appear on the back of the rug as two tiny squares of the same color next to each other

KILIM

KILIM

KILIM

1ST FACTOR

SHEEP WOOL
The quality of wool varies according to:
  

the breed of sheep the climate the shearing season

Good quality wool is produced by healthy and well fed sheep that usually live in cold regions or at high elevations. In order to keep warm, these sheep grow a full fleece and their bodies store more fat which increases the lanolin content in the wool.This makes it feel silky smooth, yet springy. Wool from sheep living in warm and arid regions is dry and brittle.

Wool produced by sheep living at higher elevations and sheared during the Spring is considered to be the best quality.

Wool is hand-spun using primitive utensils called Kirmen, a type of drop spindle, and traditional spinning wheels.

Wool can also be industrially spun but the harsh twisting of the spinning machines can often break some of the fibers.

THEREFORE…

Hand-spun wool is always more valuable…

GOAT HAIR
Goat hair is occasionally found in oriental rugs in the side bindings or sleeve. but is more frequently used in the manufacture of saddle bags and cushions.

2.FACTOR

Ingredients of Color

So we dry the wool…

Tobac c o

C umin seeds

W al n ut H usk s

Onion Skin

P r une

Madder

R oc k Sal t

OTTOMAN COURT RUGS

DOLMABAHCE MUSEUM

Oushak (Uşak) 15th Century

LORENZO LOTTO

LORENZO LOTTO

COTTON

In rug and kilim weaving, cotton is most often used for both the warp and weft threads. So what are warps and wefts? Cotton is generally considered to be

 

HEREKE

This means that tighter knots can be tied on warps made of cotton.

If a very tight knot is tied to a wool warp, the fiber is much more likely to break.

HEREKE 1843

THIS WAS THE FIRST REGION TO MAKE TURKISH CARPETS FOR THE SULTANS

THE LOOMS IN HEREKE

Here is a close up picture of a Turkish knot.

If you were counting the knots in a carpet, you would count these two cream bumps as one knot.

Knot density (knots per square inch) is an important indicator of rug quality.

Let’s look at the difference

In particular, the back of the machine-made rug is very different in appearance to the back of the handmade rug. Also, the design is not nearly as colorful on the back of the machinemade rug as it is on the front.

See the Difference!

Symbols and Patterns

Head band: Symbol of desire of matrimony

Akimbo: Symbol of motherhood. Also symbolises sometimes the lady who has woven the carpet

The lady who has wowen the rug

Birds in flight: Symbol of good news

Lovebird: Symbol of love

Ear of grain: Symbol of birth and fertility
Cypress: Symbol of eternity and tree of life

Cypress: Symbol of eternity and tree of life

Wheel of fortune: Symbol of fate

Chest: Symbol of a maiden’s trousseau

Grain: Symbol of abundance

Eye: A motif used to keep evil away

Woven Paintings

Real silk is produced in the cocoon of the silkworm.
.

AND SO TO SILK

Real Silk Real silk is produced as the cocoon covering of the silkworm, the pupal form of the Asian or mulberry silk moth. The cocoon is spun by the silk moth caterpillar of a single silk fiber that can be up to several thousand feet in length.

Hereke Fine Silk

 

Approx. 650 Knots per square inch. Size: 2’ x 4’ Weaving time: 11 months

Hereke Fine Silk

Approx. 1250 Knots per square inch.

Rayon is mercerized cotton.

But how do you tell the difference?

Be very careful when it comes to buying silk rugs sometimes ‘silk’ rugs are made of something other than natural silk are sold as half silk/ half cotton. mercerized cotton also look like silk.

So how do you identify A real silk oriental rug?

With all these artificial fibers around, how can you identify a rug woven with natural silk?

Burn it! helpful. fringe

This test actually can be Clip a small piece out of the

or pull a knot out of the rug from the back. Burn it. Look at the ash and smell the smoke. If the material was cellulose (rayon), the ash should be soft and chalky, and the

BUT ..If the sample is real silk, the burning sample should ball to a black crispy ash, and the smell should be of burning hair...!!

Taking care of your carpet

It’s easy to clean small rugs yourself. It’s best done in a garage/utility room or outside on a clean driveway or paved area. This is what you do:

Vacuum both sides well. Shampoo the rug with cool water and mild liquid soap or rug shampoo (don’t use strong detergents).

3. Wash fringes with the same soap solution. Use
a laundry brush and brush repeatedly away from the pile.

4. Rinse thoroughly with running water. 5. Squeeze out excess water. Squeegee the pile repeatedly in the direction of the nap, until no more water can be forced out. 6.Lay flat to dry. When the nap feels dry, turn the rug over; the back will probably still be damp. MAKE SURE YOUR CARPET IS COMPLETELY DRY 7.If the pile feels a little stiff when dry, brush

On deck 2,just before you go to vista dining room on t

NIHAT BAYLAV
ISTANBUL

TURKEY