This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
So what is the processor? Well in the simplest of terms, it’s your computers brain. The processor tells your computer what to do and when to do it, it decides which tasks are more important and prioritizes them to your computers needs. In a market there is many types of processor
The speed is measured in Megahertz or MHz. A single MHz is a calculation of 1 million cycles per second (or computer instructions), Another important abbreviation is Gigahertz or GHz. A single GHz or 1 GHz is the same as 1000 MHz . Sounds a bit confusing, so here is a simple conversion TWO TYPES OF PROCESSOR socket slot
Intel Pentium 1
90 mhz with 66 mhz 100 mhz 133 mhz 166 mhz 200 mhz 233 mhz
Start with 233 mhz with the 66 , 100mhz 266 mhz 300 mhz 366 mhz 400 mhz 450 mhz stop
Start with 450 mhz with 100, 133 mhz 500 mhz 550 ,600,733mhz up to 1.3ghz Three category of processor are made that are Socket (Intel Celeron ) with 600/128/100 Socket( Intel) with 600/256/133 slot (Intel) with 600/512/133
Start with 1.4 ghz with 256 RAM and 133 cache 2.0mhz/256ram/400cache Also 2.0/512/533 Up to 3.8/512/800
Processors now come as dual core triple core quad core These processors are the equivalent of running two cpu's (Dual core), three CPU's ( Triple core) or four (Quad core).
Intel® Core™ processor family Intel® Pentium® processor family Intel® Celeron® processor family Intel atom processor Intel xeon/itanium processor
Intel® Core™ processor fam
• • • • • • • • • • •
Intel® Core™ i7 processor Extreme Edition 3.33ghz/8MB cache/1066mhz ram Intel® Core™ i7 processor 2.93ghz Intel® Core™ i5 processor 2.66mhz/8mb cache/1333mhz ram Intel® Core™2 Extreme processor 3.2ghz/12mb of l2 cache/1600mhz Intel® Core™2 Quad processor 3ghz/12mb/1333mhz Intel® Core™2 Duo processor 2.93ghz/4mb/1066mhz
Intel® Pentium® processor
The Intel® Pentium® processor delivers great desktop performance, low power enhancements, and multitasking for everyday computing P1 up to p4
Intel® Celeron® processor
• • • •
The Intel® Celeron® processor-based desktop platforms offer a robust computing experience together with the outstanding quality and reliability you expect from Intel. E1200 1.6ghz/512/800mhz E3300 2.5ghz/1mb/800mhz
Intel atom : mobile internet devices and world smallest transistors Z550:2.5ghz/512k/533mhz bus Z540:1.8ghz Intel xeon/itanium: 4digit numerical squence Intel xeon 7400: multi processor /16mb L3
•A portable computer small enough to use in your lap. •A portable personal computer
Why a Laptop?
The main advantage of a laptop computer is:
Mobility. Reduced size. Light weight. Connectivity.
HISTORY OF LAPTOP
Designed in 1979 by a Briton, William Moggridge, for Grid Systems Corporation.
More History of Laptops
Also released in 1981, was the Epson HX-20, a battery powered portable computer, with a 20-character by 4 line LCD display and a built-in printer. In January of 1982, Microsoft's Kazuhiko Nishi and Bill Gates begin discussions on designing a portable computer, based on using a new liquid crystal display or LCD screen . In 1988, Compaq Computer introduces its first laptop PC with VGA graphics - the Compaq SLT/286. In September 1989, Apple Computer released the first Macintosh Portable that later evolved into the Powerbook. In October 1989, Compaq released its its first note book PC, the Compaq LTE. In 1993, the first PDAs or personal digital assistant are released. PDAs are pen based hand held computers. In October 1992, IBM released its Think pad 700 laptop computer.
Classification of Laptop
A desktop replacement laptop is similar to the desktop computer with similar level of performance. Desktop replacement are usually larger and heavier than standard laptops.
A rugged laptop is designed to reliably operate in harsh usage conditions such as strong vibrations, extreme temperatures, and wet or dusty envronments. Rugged notebooks are bulkier, heavier, and much more expensive than regular laptops.
have a keyboard;
Tablet PC - Has a touch-screen interface, may or may not
• • • • • •
Portability – You can easily take it anywhere, where you wants. Size and Weight – They are small in size and light in weight. Low power consumption - They consume less power than the
desktop computers. Laptops are several times more power-efficient than desktops.
Quiet – They are quiet than the desktop, and have no noise. Connectivity- You can get connected any where and can done your work,
through internet or using Wi-fie.
Battery – a charged laptop can run several hours in case of a power
outage, While the desktop requires a large and heavier UPS.
Security- Being valuable, common and portable, laptops are prized targets for theft, therefore we losses the laptop as well as the valuable data. Upgradeability- Upgradeability of laptops is very limited ExpensiveThe are more expensive than the desktop computers, so every intended person cannot purchase it.
compared to desktops, In general, hard drives and memory can be upgraded easily. but all other internal components, including the CPU, motherboard and graphics, are not intended to be upgradeable.
They have limited life, it is lasts for only 2 to 3
years if it is a good make and is used under average treatment
LAPTOP VS DESKTOP
Mobility- You can easily move it, while the desktop are
Upgrades- The desktop computers can be easily
upgraded, while it is difficult to upgrade the laptop. computers.
Price- Laptops are higher priced than the desktop Graphics and Gaming – We can use special
graphic card for in desktop for gaming, while laptop cannot support higher graphic card.
LAPTOP VS NOTEBOOK
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
Ultra light. Less weight is better. 4 - 5 hour battery life. No internal floppy drive. Minimal graphics subsystem. No internal DVD or CD system. 12" - 14" TFT screen. Integrated modem and network connection. Smallest possible keyboard that retains functionality.
Low power consumption Celeron/Centrino or Sempron style processor.
LAPTOP VS DESKTOP
The Laptop Computer
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
14" - 17" (widescreen) TFT screen. Internal DVD-ROM or DVD-RW drive Large full featured keyboard. 3 hour+ battery life. Upgradeable. Integrated modem, network, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi capabilities.
High quality integrate audio and speaker system.
Low power consumption, high performance Intel Centrino style processor.
Hp Pavilion DV6-2000t
Operating System- Genuine Windows 7 Premium Edition Processor - Intel Core i7-720QM Processor (6M Cache, 1.60 GHz)
- Hard Drive 500GB
RAM- 4GB RAM, RAM TYPE DDR2. PRICE. Price Rupees: 128000
Sony Vaio VGN-Z46GD.
Operating System- Genuine Windows Vista Business. Processor - Intel Centrino 2 Processor Technology Intel Core 2 Duo Processor P9700 (2.80 GHz) Hard Disk Drive- Hard Disk Drive 320 GB. PRICE. Price Rupees: 217990
Dell Studio XPS 1645 (Red & Black)
Operating System - Genuine Windows Windows 7 Professional Processor - Intel Core i7-720QM Quad Core Mobile Processor (1.6GHz, turbo up to 2.8GHz, 6MB L3 Cache) Hard Drive- 500GB Hard Drive SATA RAM- RAM 4GB. PRICE. Price Rupees: 124990
Acer Aspire 5738DG.
Operating System - Genuine Windows 7 Home Premium Processor - Intel Core 2 Duo Mobile Processor T6600 (2MB L2 cache, 2.20GHz, 800MHz FSB) RAM- 4GB (2/2) DDR2 800 SDRAM Hard Disk -320GB SATA hard drive. PRICE - Price Rupees: 91990
MOBILE PHONES History
In the beginning, two-way radios (known as mobile rigs) were used in vehicles such as taxicabs, police cruisers, ambulances, and the like, but were not mobile phones because they were not normally connected to the telephone network. Users could not dial phone numbers from their vehicles. A large community of mobile radio users, known as the mobileers, popularized the technology that would eventually give way to the mobile phone. Nowadays, mobile phone is one of the most essential things of people. It takes much convince for people. The technology of mobile phone is increase rapidly everyday
1G (First Generation) is the name given to the first generation of mobile telephone networks. These systems used analogue circuit-switched technology, with FDMA (Frequency Division Multiple Access), and worked mainly in the 800-900 MHz frequency bands. The networks had a low traffic capacity, unreliable handover, poor voice quality, and poor security.
2G - Second Generation introduced for the first time a mobile phone system that used purely digital technology.
2.5G extends the capabilities of 2G systems by providing additional features, such as a packet-switched connection (GPRS) in the TDMA-based GSM system, and enhanced data rates (HSCSD and EDGE). These enhancements in 2.5G systems permit data speeds of 64144 kbps, which enables these phones to feature web browsing, the use of navigation and navigational maps, voice mail, fax, and the sending and receiving of large email messages.
3G systems are that they support much higher data transmission rates and offer increased capacity, which makes them suitable for high-speed data applications as well as for the traditional voice calls. In fact, 3G systems are designed to process data, and since voice signals are converted to digital data, this results in speech being dealt with in much the same way as any other form of data. Third Generation systems use packet-switching technology, which is more efficient and faster than the traditional circuit-switched systems
4G communication system, this technology can have a high uplink rate up to 200Mbps, more data can transfer in the mobile phone. So the 4G mobile can have more function such as work as the television
FUNCTIONS Store contact information Make task or to-do lists Keep track of appointments and set reminders Use the built-in calculator for simple math Send or receive e-mail
Get information (news, entertainment, stock quotes) from the Internet Play games Watch TV Send text messages Integrate other devices such as PDAs, MP3 players and GPS receivers
MERITS Stay connected anytime and anywhere There are many situations in which a person can’t attend a call, so all you have to do is simply send an SMS and without talking your message is delivered. Your way out in emergencies Navigation in your hand
cell phones are nowadays almost equivalent to mini computers. The latest ones are equipped with windows and internet facilities Enhance your business Help in legal matters Wholesome entertainment Transfer of data
• • • •
DEMERITS Never ending interruptions Distracted Drivers Negative impact on personal contact Health Effect Bottomless money pit
MOBILE PHONES AREN'T ALL BAD
Mobile phones are not bad at all. They provide convenience and safety to those who use it and they can substantially improve the productivity of the workers. However you feel about the mobile phones, one thing is clear. They are here to stay. Just don’t always look at them through a rose-tinted lens.
USE OF COMPUTERS IN OUR DAILY LIVES
With the advent of computer lifestyle has entirely changed. The word computer makes us first visualize the mechanical device that we use everyday in our personal and professional lives. Computers have played an immense role in making various tasks easier and speedy. Advances in technology have changed the way we communicate with other. Our working schedules and procedures have changed and become less hectic and less time consuming. Computers are now being used for several purposes like;
The increase in the speed of work has helped us to do many things with less resources like in past a lot of manpower was used for record keeping and files and other things were made to keep the records saved.
Maximum speed and efficiency
Computers have helped us to work with machines which have the ability to produce the best quality of products with maximum speed and efficiency. With the help of computer we are able to cater for the need of quantity and quality of products required in daily life.
Helpful in acquiring any type of information
Computer has enabled us to get the information form one part of the world to the other at a very rapid pace. It provides us with any type of information we are looking for, related to education, news, politics, medicine, stock market, business, fashion etc
We can communicate with anyone in the world without spending much money and even much faster. We can get in touch with our family members/friends/relatives anytime all over the world at minimum or no cost at all via online messages, chatting etc
Many banks are now introducing on-line banking. Using our computer, we can connect to the banks computer system (often via the Internet) and control our day-to-day finances from home. The concept of on-line banking has enormous benefits to the banks; they can increase their profits while reducing their investment in staff and buildings. Many customers find the advantage of paying bills and moving money between accounts, from the comfort of their own home as a very attractive idea
Working from home (Teleworking)
If we have a computer at our home, linked to the office via a modem, there is often little real need to travel to the office. Many people find that working at home is more productive, and often far less stressful than fighting their way through the commuters into a large city! Many sales people rarely see their head office as they communicate with their companies via phone calls or emails.
Many people now balance the monthly budget using their computer.
The vast majority of home computers are still used to play games on
NADRA KIOSK , ATM MACHINE, BIO MATRICES
The advent of computer and its applications has greatly improved the public services and the quality of science and technological developments. Its few examples are given below; Nadra kiosk ATM machine Biomatrices
NADRA has developed automated NADRA KIOSK (NK) for bill payments and e-transactions which operates 24 hours a day in big cities. NK enables users to securely access personal accounts and pay their utility bills on selected utility companies. They can pay host of bills including Sui-Gas, electricity, telephone and update their accounts in real time by using CNIC. Payments are made by inserting the cash directly into NK cash acceptor without charging any fees. This scheme is being offered in all the cities and towns of Pakistan where dialup or WLL or similar telecommunication technology is available. NADRA has introduced two types of KIOSKs. NK and NADRA Swift Registration Centre (NSRC) counters. At NSRC counters, KIOSK setup has been created and transactions are carried out online using desktop computers. Recovery schedules are easy and by cross Cheques and cash deposits are managed in semi-computerized way. People prefer online transactions rather than spending time on queue to pay the bills.
An automated teller machine (ATM) or the automatic banking machine (ABM) is a computerized telecommunications device that provides the clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public space without the need for a cashier, human clerk or bank teller. On most modern ATMs, the customer is identified by inserting a plastic ATM card with a magnetic stripe or a plastic smartcard with a chip, that contains a unique card number and some security information, such as an expiration date or CVVC (CVV). Authentication is provided by the customer entering a personal identification number (PIN).
Biometrics comprises methods for uniquely recognizing humans based upon one or more intrinsic physical or behavioral traits. In information technology, in particular, biometrics is used as a form of identity access management and access control. It is also used to identify individuals in groups that are under surveillance Biometric characteristics can be divided in two main classes;
Physiological are related to the shape of the body. Examples include fingerprint, face recognition, DNA, hand and palm geometry, iris recognition, which has largely replaced retina, and odor/scent. Behavioral are related to the behavior of a person.Examples include typing rhythm, gait, and voice. Some researchers have coined the term behaviometrics for this class of biometrics.
LATEST HARDWARE TECHNOLOGIES
Kingston DDR3 Rams
DDR stands for Double Data Rate It is the 3rd generation Ram in DDR It is a random access memory interface technology used for high bandwidth storage of the working data of a computer or other digital electronic devices These Rams range from 256mb to 2gb It supports 0.075v to 1.5v power supply Its operating temperature 0C to 85C
Microsoft Arc Mouse
It is a wireless mouse The Arc Mouse is one of the remarkable design innovations that will fit the style of many design oriented consumers while meeting the performance needs of computer enthusiast. Sleek and stylish this mouse looks good while delivering 200 dpi resolution and 30 inches per second laser tracking speed.
Switch able numeric keypad Transition from work mode to game mode with the press of a key Up to 30 programmable keys that can allow up to 90 programmable options with an assigned gaming profile WASD gaming keys, Multimedia keys A Plug and Play Hardware
Blue track mouse tracking engine, wireless capabilities Up to 30 hours of active gaming on a single charge, or use the play-andcharge cable for non-stop action. 12 buttons , 7 of which are programmable DPI up to 4000
Portable Hard Drives
Seagate® Expansion™ External Drives are the latest portable hard drives Capacity of 500GB, 1TB, 1.5TB or 2TB USB 2.0 connectivity No software installation required Automatically recognized by Windows® Simply drag and drop to save files
The latest motherboard is MSI Eclipse Plus motherboard. Supports core i7 processor Supports up to 24gb of RAM 8 USB ports 4 PCI slots 2 PS/2 ports
The latest Desktop Computer is Dell Studio one 19 Core 2 Duo processor Windows Vista Basic Home Edition 4gb DDR2 Rams 500gb Hard Disk 6 USB 2.0 ports Card reader Webcam Wireless keyboard and mouse
“ Computers are magnificent tools for the realization of our dreams, but no machine can replace the human spark of spirit, compassion, love and understanding” Louis Gerstner, Chief executive officer of IBM,USA
PRESENTED BY: ABDULHAQ HINA AZIZ SAIMA RASOOL SOHAIB ANJUM KHADIJHA KHALID Under the kind supervision of: SIR USMAN SHAZADA
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.