KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRA KAPURTHALA

Dr. MANOJ SHARMA Deputy Director ( Training)

Trainings

Problems in theInterventions by KVK District
Declining water

undergroundUse of tensiometer, laser leveler, proper time of sowing of paddy, introduction of short duration varieties, popularization of drip and sprinkler irrigation, bed planting of crops

Low milk production inCattle feed formulation at farmers level, use of UMMB, Use cross bred cows andof mineral mixture repeat breeding in cows Anestrous in animals Artificial induction of milk

Cultivation on un-Supply of quality seed, training on seed production recommended varieties Use of un-recommendedTraining on Integrated pest management brands ofmanagement, Proper spraying techniques, insecticides/weedicides and

weed

Problems in the District

Interventions by KVK

Low income of farmVocational training on fabric painting, stitching women tailoring, bee keeping, mushroom growing, preservation of fruit and vegetables

Burning of paddy andPopularization of rotavator, happy seeder, wheat straw compost making form straw, lectures on environmental pollution

Excessive use ofTraining on green manuring, FYM , INM, use nitrogen and phosphorus of LCC, demonstration on FUE, campaign on soil testing Damping of vegetable seedlings offTraining on seed treatment and nursery raising.

Trainings (Short Duration)
Discipline Crop production Soil Science Plant protection Horticulture Animal science Home science Extension education Bee-keeping On campus C P Off campus C P Total C P

05 02 03 06 10 03 01 -

132 41 64 97 208 57 18 -

01 20 09 06 09 07 01 04

15 308 162 103 207 237 82 50

06 22 14 12 19 10 02 04

147 349 228 200 415 294 100 50

Vocational Trainings
Discipline Animal science Bee-keeping Home science Duration Courses (Days) 10-15 10 10 and 90 06 06 02 02 16 Participants 69 64 18 16 167

Mushroom growing 10 Total

ON FARM TRIAL

OFT : ESTIMATION OF FERTILIZER USE EFFICIENCY OF N IN PADDY VARIETY PR 113
Treatment Grain Yield (q/ha) 25.8 FUE Gross (Nitrogen) Income (Rs./Unit) 42.3 34.8 25284 68208 68502 C:B Ration 1.20 3.24 3.25

Control

As per leaf colour char 69.6 (Urea 225 kg /ha) As per PAU 69.9 recommendations ((Urea 275 kg /ha) Farmer’s practice (Urea 70.2 300 kg/ha)

32.2

68796

3.26

Conclusion : Depending upon the paddy variety farmers must make use of LCC while applying urea to the crop as FUE was found to be maximum i.e. 42.3

OFT : MANAGEMENT OF FOOT ROT IN BASMATI VARIETY PUSA 1121
T1 : Seed dip in Bavistin @ 0.2 % + streptocycline @ 0.01 % for 12 hrs + Seediling dip in Bavistin @ 0.2 % for 6 hrs before transplanting T2 : Seed dip in Bavistin @ 0.05 % + streptocycline @ 0.01 % for 12 hrs and smear the seed with talc formulation of Trichoderma harzianum @ 15 g / kg before sowing and seedling @ 15 g / liter water before transplanting T 3 : Control (No seed / seedling treatment)

Conclusion : Both the treatments were effective in control of the disease

OFT: EFFECT OF DATE OF TRANSPLANTING ON YIELD AND WATER PRODUCTIVITY IN PADDY VARIETY PAU 201 Date of Grain Av. No. of Water Gross C:B Transplanting Yield Irrigations Productivit Income Ration (q/ha) y (Kg/m3 (Rs./Unit) Transplanting on 15th June Transplanting on 25th June Transplanting on 5th July 63.1 63.7 17 15 0.37 0.42 58683 59241 1 : 2.93 1 : 2.96

61.5

14

0.44

57195

1 : 2.86

Conclusion : Best date of transplanting was found to be between 15th to 25th June as the grain yield was found to be maximum

OFT : MANAGEMENT OF FALSE SMUT IN BASMATI VARIETY PUSA 1121 WITH TWO SPRAYS OF BLITOX

Treatment

Grain Yield (q/ha)

Per cent disease incidence Traces

Gross C : B ratio income (Rs. /ha) 60357 1 : 3.02

Two sprays 64.9 of Blitox Control 63.9

3.4

59427

1 : 2.97

Cn sio : T osp y o B x (0 5%a 1 p cen p n in tio o clu n w ra s f lito .2 ) t 0 er t a icle itia n a d1 d y la g v co p co tro o d sea a th lo tio s n 0 a s ter a e mlete n l f isea t ll e ca n

OFT : EFFICACY OF DIFFERENT WEEDICIDES IN WHEAT
T tm ts rea en
P cen W K er t eed ill (Mn co o o ts) P cen er t W K eed ill (D ts) ico G inY ra ield (q a /h )

2,4 D @ 625 g /ha + Isoproturon @ 1250 g /ha Topik +Algrip

7 .9 9 8 .3 2

5 .3 8 4 .2 9 6 .1 1 4 .2 0

4 .0 45 4 .5 50 4 .9 37 4 .1 16

Leader @ 32.5 g /ha

8 .3 1
Atlantis @ 400 g / ha

Conclusion : Topic + Algrip was fond to be best under Kapurthala Farmer’s condition. Practice (Fateh @

8 .6 1

OFT:EFFECT OF METHOD OF SOWING ON WHEAT YIELD
Method of sowing Grain yield Gross C:B (q/ha) income (Rs ratio /ha) 53352 49032 1 : 3.05 1 : 2.80

Sowing by broadcasting49.4 (Farmer’s practice) Sowing with fertilizer drill seed cum45.4

Conclusion : Since the wheat was sown in the paddy straw incorporated field and operation of drill was not uniform which resulted in patchy growth of wheat crop. On the other hand sowing of 125 kg seed /ha with broadcasting method resulted in uniform crop stand. Higher seed rate and uniform plant growth may be the reason for getting higher yield in broadcasting method of sowing

DEMONSTRATIONS

UEO T NIO E E F RIR IG T NS H D L GINP D Y S F E S MT R O R A IO C E U IN A D

Name of farmer

theVariety

Yield (q/ha) T1 T2 69.5 68.6 70.3 67.3

Input Irrigations (irrigation) saved (%) T1 12 13 14 12 T2 16 18 17 16 25.0 27.8 18.0 25.0

Sandeeppal Singh Sarwan Singh Sukhwinder Singh Apinder Singh

PR 114 HKR 47 PR 116 PR 111

69.1 69.0 69.8 67.4

T IR IG T NW HT NIO E E 1 R A IO IT E S MT R

UEO Z CS L H T F R IL E INP D Y S F IN U P A E E T IZ R A D

T :6 .5k o Z S 4 T :N Z S 4 1 2 g f nO 2 o nO In seinP d yy w a p tio o Z cS lp a a p tio intermo g iny v ried crea a d ield ith p lica n f in u h te p lica n s f ra ield a

UEO P T S F R IL E INP D YF L S F O AH E T IZ R A D IE D

T :5 K M P/H 1 0gO a

T :N M P 2 oO

A p a no P ta hisms inP ta s m e ie ts ilstog th h r p lic tio f o s u t o s iu d fic n o e ig e

UEO P OP O U F R IL E INP D YF L S S F H S H R S E T IZ R A D IE D

T :N P o p o s T :P o p o sa p d@ 2K P O /H 1 O h s h ru , 2 h s h ru p lie 1 g 2 5 a

Rs o s o P o p o sa p a nv rie fro 2 % 5 % e p n e f h s h ru p lic tio a d m .4 to .2 in

EFFECT OF SEED TREATMENT IN WHEAT

MANAGEMENT OF LATE BLIGHT IN POTATO

Disease incidence (%) Yield (q/ha)
Locations

T1 0.0 0.5 2.3 0.75

1. 2. 3. 4.

Farmer’s Practice 7.0 8.5 4.3 6.2

T1 287.5 278.9 292.0 277.0

Farmer’s Practice 267.5 255.0 279.8 261.0

T1 : 5 sprays of Indofil M 45 at weekly interval T2 : Farmer’s Practice ( Farmers apply Ridomil or Indofil M 45 after the appearance of disease which is of no use

USE OF POTASH FERTILIZER IN WHEAT
Name of the farmer Variety K status (Kg/ha) Grain yield (q/ha) T1 Karamjit Singh Surinder Singh Swaran Singh PBW 343 PBW 343 PBW 502 102 (Low) 106(Low) 131 (Low) 109 (Low) 45.5 42.5 454.0 47.5 T2 47.5 44.8 47.5 49.3 4.4 5.2 6.3 3.6 Percent increase

KVK, Kapurthala PBW 550 Farm

Gurdeep Singh PBW 343 111 (Low) 44.5 46.8 5.1 T1 : Farmer’s Practice (No use of MOP) T2 : Use of MOP @ 50 kg / ha Increase in yield by applying MOP @ 50 kg /ha varied from 3.6 % to 6.3 per cent in different wheat varieties

AMELIORATION OF MN DEFICIENCY IN WHEAT

T 1 : Control

T2 : 4 sprays of MnSO4

Increase in yield was found to be 3.5 per cent in PBW 343 and 2.3 per cent in PBW 503 with the application of MnSO4

DEMONSTRATION REGARDING THE JUDICIOUS USE OF P FERTILIZER IN WHEAT
Name of the Farmer Variety Inherent P status (Kg /ha) Grain yield (q/ha)
T1 T2 Percent increase

Jageer Singh
Gurdeep Singh

PBW 343

16.5 (Medium) 46.3 48.0 3.6 10.5 (Low) 9.5 (low) 42.5 43.8 40.5 44.5 4.8 46.0 5.0 41.8 3.0

PBW 343 Mohinder Singh PBW 502 Hardev Singh PBW 343
testb sis a

9.5 (Low)

T :P o h ru a p tio w o tso test T :Ap tio o P o h ru o so 1 h sp o s p lica n ith u il 2 p lica n f h sp o s n il

DEMONSTRATION ON HAPPY SEEDER AND ROTAVATOR
Technology Grain Yield Straw Yield No of (q/ha) tillers/m3 Ear Length (cm)

Happy Seeder 42.2 Rotavator Farmer practice 41.3 41.9

64.5 63.1 64.1

535.0 550.0 545.0

10.6 9.8 9.9

Yield was highest in plots where sowing was done with the help of happy seeder followed by seed drill and was lowest where rotavator was used.

PERFORMANCE OF FLD
Sr.N CROP o. F.L.D. AREA AV. YIELD (q/ha) (NO.)
( ha.) F.L.D. Per cent increase F. P.

01. GRAM

GPF 2

08

13.95 13.47

3.85

02. SUNFLOWER

PSH 569

04

18.9

17.9

5.3

Activity

Others Extension activities
No. 02 01 06 02 100 73 Beneficiaries 160 28 3604 24 3760 2806 -

Field day Kisan goshti Exhibitions Method demonstrations Lectures delivered Advisory services Newspaper coverage

Activity
Extension literature Ex trainee samelan Campaigns Radio talks TV talks

No. Participants
16 1 03 06 16 13 81 -

Soil Testing Campaign

Field day on Nutrition Garden at Village Boolpur

PARTICIPATION
SCENE OF EXHIBITION
FARMERS MAKING QUERIES

SEED SOLD BY KVK
Mjo ar g u /cla ro p ss

Cp ro

Vriety a

Qa tity un (q tl.)

Vlu (R a e s.)

P v edto ro id N. o Frm o f a ers

CRAS EEL

Pd ad y Weat h Weat h

P 11 R1 P W4 B -3 3 P W5 B -5 0 P H6 S 59 P .8 b9 B4 L2

56 .7 9 .0 0 20 2 00 .4 05 .6 10 .9

1 ,8 0 00 170 ,5 ,5 0 550 ,5 ,0 0 80 ,0 0 15 ,9 0 3 ,0 0 80

1 2
3 6 50 5

O SES IL E D V GT B E E EALS

Sn w u flo er P eas B erseem

1 3
0 1 3 2

OHR TES

Sponsored Programmes (30)
Sponsoring Agency ATMA, Kapurthala Deptt. of Dairy Development Dept. of Animal Husbandry Regional Station, Bathinda CIPMC, Jalandhar KRIBHCO, Jalandhar IFFCO, Kapurthala NFL, Jalandhar IPL, Kapurthala Deptt. of Fisheries Courses 12 02 04 02 03 01 03 01 01 01 Participants 339 50 320 100 150 80 107 35 30 20 Amount Spent 1,05,000 7,500 8,000 66,000 6,000 5,000 22,000 4,000 5,000 1,000

Impact of Kitchen Gardening on vegetable and pulse consumption

Reaction of farmers about UMMB licks on Water intake, Dry matter intake and Health in Cows and Buffaloes
90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
8 4 .6 2 7 3 .1 3

Respondents (%)

4 6 .5 2 2 8 .9 6 2 1 .2 7 3 .2 5 3 .7 7 3 .8 4 1 9 .2 6 1 1 .5 4 3 .8 4 0

W a te r In ta k e

D ry M a tte r In ta k e Fa r m e r s ' R e a c tio n

An im a l H e a lth

Im p ro ve d N o e ffe c t D e te rio ra te dN o t re c o rd e d

Reaction of farmers about impact of using UMMB licks on milk yield and fat percentage
70.0 0 60.0 0 50.0 0 Respondents (%) 40.0 0 30.0 0 20.0 0 10.0 0 0.0 0 Milk Y ield Fa r m e r 's Re ac tio n Impro v ed No ef f ec t No t r ec o rd ed Milk Fat 4 4.0 0 28.0 0 28 .00 11.54 2 6.92 61.54

Impact of vocational Training In Dairy
Knowledge Indicator No. of Trainees having knowledge about different aspects in dairy Before Training (%) After Training (%) 25.00 39.75 0.00 0.00 6.25 0.00 18.8 6.25 75.00 100.00 50.00 50.00 81.25 87.5 40.00 40.00

Breed Characteristics Feed Preparation Cause of Repeat Breeding Prevention and Control of RB Cause of Mastitis Prevention and control of Mastitis Loan Facilities Silage Making

Impact on Management Practices
Indicator Before Training (%) After Training (%) Never Some Always Never Some Always Times Times 93.7 0.00 6.25 37.50 6.25 56.25 12.25 6.25 0.00 62.5 37.50

Feed Preparation Use of 81.5 mineral mixture Use of UMMB Silage

100.0 100.0

0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00

31.25 100.00

50.00 0.00

18.75 0.00

Benefits gained from dairy trainings
Parameter
Cost of disease Management (Av. Cost /Animal/Year in Rs) Feed Management (Av. Cost /Animal/Year in Rs) Net Profit /Animal/Year (Rs)

Before
1662.5

After
954.28

20033.33 21566.27

10982.58 13590.04

IMPACT OF KVK ACTIVITIES
Technology Transferred % Benefits Adoption Before TrainingAfter Training Feed management Poultry Management 50 50 600/ per animal1000 per animal/ per /month month Unemployed Earned 1500-3000/ month 600/ per animal700/ animal/ month /month NIL 700 per animal per month

Disease management in20 dairy animals Dairying 50

Garment construction Fabric Painting Preservation of fruits and vegetables

50 50 40

500/- month Rs 1000/ month 500 1500/month Rs 1500/ Rs 2500/ month month

Technology Transferred % Adoption

Benefits
Rs 500 by selling 20 kg detergent Saved Rs 800/- on Pfertilizers in paddy crop 25 % saving in irrigation time and water quantity 25% saving in urea 20 per cent increase in crop yield and saving Rs.500 per ha on chemical fertilizers Pollution control as paddy straw burning was avoided Saved Rs 500-800 on spray

Before Training After Training Detergent Making Use of green manure and FYM Laser levelling of fields Leaf colour chart Integrated nutrient management 12.5 50 50 25 75 -

Preparation of compost from 25 paddy straw Proper use of pesticides 65

Inefficacy leading to extra sprays

SALIENT ACHIEVEMENTS
• Use of Mineral Mixture has been promoted among dairy farmers. • Feed preparation at home has been promoted • Artificial induction of milk in crossbred cattle and heifers have been tested on several animals. Results are very encouraging. • 1280 soil and water samples analyzed by charging Rs. 25,600/- as testing fees till date. • Adaptive research trials were conducted based on which final recommendations were made by PAU.

SALIENT ACHIEVEMENTS
• 50 nutrition gardens were established to cater the fruits and vegetable needs of farmer families. • Seed of Wheat, Paddy, Berseem, Sunflower and its literature were made available to the farmers. • Awareness about use of UMMB, Mineral mixture, seed treatment, irrigation methods, laser leveler, LCC and Tensiometer has been created. Zero tillage and raised bed planting is done on a large scale. • KVK was approached for trainings by line departments. • Campaigns were also organized. • An income of Rs. 9.31 Lac generated from 8 ha cultivable area of KVK farm during 2008-09

Status of Revolving Fund
Yr ea Oen g p in b la ce an
2 0 -0 06 7 1 ,2 ,9 7 366 693 ,3 ,2 1 306 ,6 ,5 7 1 ,0 ,6 1 653

In m co e

Ep d re x en itu

N b la ce et a n

2 0 -0 07 8

1 ,0 ,6 1 653

603 ,9 ,2 3

366 ,9 ,4 3

1 ,9 ,4 1 890

2 0 -0 08 9

1 ,9 ,4 1 890

913 ,3 ,1 7

279 ,7 ,5 0

2 ,5 ,9 8 524

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