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SINGLE SECTION DIGITAL

AXLE COUNTER

MAINTAINENCE OF SSDAC
Presented by
Sandeep Aggarwal
Technical Manager
Central Electronics Ltd.
MAINTENANCE OF SSDAC
 VERIFY SYSTEM HAS BEEN COMMISSIONED AS PER PRE
COMMISSIONING CHECKLIST & IS PROPERLY SIGNED BY CEL
 MOVEMENT OF TROLLEY’S HAS BEEN TESTED DURING PARALLEL
WORKING
 TRAINING PROVIDED TO STAFF
 SYSTEM PERFORMANCE SHALL BE SENT TO CEL REGULARLY.
 CONDUCT REGULAR TRAINING SESSIONS AT CEL OR YOUR
TRAINING INSTITUTES BY CEL STAFF.
MAINTAINENCE OF SSDAC (CONTD …)

MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE (MONTHLY)


 MEASURE THE Tx COIL (21 KHz & 23 KHz) AND Rx COIL (21
KHz & 23 KHz) SIGNAL LEVELS. THEY SHOULD BE WITHIN
LIMITS
 MEASURE THE OUTPUT SIGNALS OF CARDS AT THE TEST
POINTS PROVIDED ON CARDS
 CHECK AND MEASURE THE INPUT POWER SUPPLY TO
SSDAC
 RESET BOX SHOULD BE INSPECTED FOR ITS PROPER
FUNCTIONING
 ALL CABLE CONNECTIONS ON THE CT BOARD OF
APPARATUS AT LOCATION BOXEX SHOULD BE CHECKED
MAINTAINENCE OF SSDAC (CONTD …)

MAINTENANCE LOG SHEET FOR SSDAC

Kindly check the page 6 of 7 of pre commissioning checklist issued by


RDSO
MAINTAINENCE OF SSDAC (CONTD …)

MAINTENANCE & TESTING OF MAINTENANCE FREE EARTHS


 ALL EARTH CONNECTIONS SHOULD BE EXAMINED MONTHLY
FOR CONNECTIONS AND SOLDERED JOINTS TO BE IN
PROPER CONDITION
 ARMOR OF QUAD CABLE SHOULD BE PROPERLY EARTH
 RESISTANCE OF EVERY EARTH SHOULD BE MEASURED ON
YEARLY BASIS.
 INSTALLATIONS NEAR SSP & FEEDER POINTS MAY BE
PROPERLY EARTHED
RECOMMENDED TOOLKIT
(1 set of tool kit to be purchased separately for every 10 sets of SSDAC systems)
1 Portable data analyzer for downloading event logger data for analysis and report
generation.
2 Pure sine wave Digital multimeter make Fluke model 187/ Rishabh model 28S /
Kusum Meco model 859CF or Equivalent
3 Train simulator, Model TS 267P CEL make

4 Extender card (Card No. 557)

5 Dummy wheel (as per Drg No. L007750A3, D14)

6 Ring spanner 17-19,24-26

7 Open end spanner 17-19, 24-26

8 Socket spanner with handle

9 Torque wrench (Jaicom JPR65 or equivalent, 88NM)

10 Screw Driver No. 902, 935

11 Marking jig for drilling (Drg No. F008300, on D29& D29A)


RECOMMENDED SPARES
The following spares are to be procured separately for 5 nos. of Single
Section Digital Axle Counter working in field
1 SCC 1&2 cards (Card 1 & 2) 2 Nos

2 MLB 1&2 cards (Card 3 & 4) 2 Nos

3 Modem card (Card 6) 1 No

4 Relay driver (Card 7) 1 No

5 Event Logger Card (Card 5) 2 Nos

6 DC-DC converter (Card 8) 1 No

7 Axle detectors (AD711) 21 KHz/23KHz (TX coil) 1 No

8 Axle detectors (AD711) 21 KHz/ 23 KHz (Rx coil) 1 No

9 Reset box RB-259 1 No

10 Vital Relay Box with Relay 24V, 1000 ohm, Q type 1 No

11 Surge voltage protection device box (SV-121) 1 No


DO’S & DON’T
DO’S
 The inter connection drawings are to be followed for connecting the Transmitter &
Receiver coils. Tx1 is 21 KHz, Tx2 is 23 KHz & Rx1 and Rx2 coils are 21 KHz &
23 KHz, respectively.
 Ensure that Receiver and Transmitter coil cables have been laid in different pipes.
 Ensure that both the TX coils & Rx coils are having proper alignment on Rail.
 Ensure that packing of sleepers with ballast on both sides of Axle detector is
proper.
 Check that metal sheaths of the outdoor cable are connected to earth at both ends
 The recommended cables for wiring of the system at site should be used.
 The steady Battery voltage 24V should be maintained.
 The cable connections should not be connected loosely.
 The M.S Circular connectors of SSDAC are checked and maintained firmly.
 The SSDAC & Reset box is provided with sealing arrangement. They should be
sealed at site.
 Resetting should be done only after ensuring that there is no train in the section
DON’T
 Don’t install the Axle detectors near the rail joint (should be more than
6 sleepers away).
 Don’t install the Axle detectors where the rail is badly worn out.
 Don’t cut or join the Transmitter / Receiver cables supplied along with
the coil. It would result in change of frequency of signal.
 Don’t lay the TX and RX coil cables in the same pipe.
 Don’t use any other outdoor cable other than the recommended
cables.
 Avoid installing the Axle detectors on curve of rail / too much slope of
rail to the possible extent.
 Don’t remove the cards from SSDAC units under power ON condition
of system.
 Remove card if necessary after Switching OFF the power to the unit.
TROUBLE SHOOTING OF SSDAC

FAMILIARITY WITH ERROR CODES

FRONT VIEW VALUE GIVEN TO LED’s

1 2 1 2
LSB LSB
3 4 4 8

10 20
5 6
MSB MSB
40 80
7 8
TROUBLESHOOTING OF SSDAC (CONTD …)

CLASSIFICATION OF ERROR CODES


 COUNT RELATED ERRORS
 ERRORS RELATED TO WRONG TRAIN MOVEMENT
 VITAL RELAY RELATED ERRORS
 HARDWARE SYNCHRONIZATION RELATED ERRORS
 POWER INTERRUPTION & COMMUNICATION RELATED
ERRORS
TROUBLESHOOTING OF SSDAC (CONTD …)

 COUNT RELATED ERRORS


 Error code 0x33, 0x34 & 0x35: the remote unit’s error code is checked
and diagnosed
 Error code 0x36 & 0x37: the Tx/Rx coils and SCC card are to be
checked
TROUBLESHOOTING OF SSDAC (CONTD …)

 ERROR DUE TO WRONG WHEEL MOVEMENT


 Error 0x38 & 0x43: output of coil and SCC cards should be checked.
 Error 0x44, 0x45, 0x46, 0x47 & 0x48: comes due to formation of non-
overlap pulse. Any movement of trolley in the section should be
checked.
 VITAL RELAY RELATED ERRORS
 Error 0x15, 0x50, 0x51, 0x52 & 0x53: the VR should be checked for
proper insertion.
TROUBLESHOOTING OF SSDAC (CONTD …)

 POWER & COMMUNICATION RELATED ERRORS


 Error 0x30: link between the two SSDAC units should be checked.
 Error 0x40, 0x41, 0x42: the communication media between the local and
remote units should be checked for noise or other interfering element.
 Surge Devices to be checked
 Error 0x3F, 0x7F: reset operation for the local and/or remote unit should
be proper
 Error 0x80: remote unit should be checked and analyzed for error
 HARDWARE SYNCHRONIZATION RELATED ERRORS
 Error 0x60, 0x62: Reset the system. If problem persists, MLB cards
should be replaced
TROUBLESHOOTING OF SSDAC (CONTD …)

 IN CASE OF LIGHTNING, THE SVPD DEVICES SHOULD BE


CHECKED FOR PROPER WORKING
 POWER LINE & RESET LINE SURGE MODULES ARE
INDICATIVE TYPE SURGE DEVICES.
 MODEM LINE DEVICES ARE NON INDICATIVE TYPE
 THE DAMAGED MODULE(S), IF FOUND SHOULD BE REPLACED
WITH FRESH MODULE(S) OF SIMILAR TYPE. CONTACT CEL
FOR PART NOS
PRESENTATION CD INCLUDES
 COPY OF SLIDES
 SSDAC INTRODUCTION
 SSDAC – MANITENANCE
 SSDAC - IMPROVEMENTS
 INSTALLATION MANUALS OF BOTH AMPLITUDE &
PHASE TYPE SSDAC
 PRECOMMISSIONING CHECKLIST APPROVED BY
RDSO