The Bulletin seeks to publish and disseminate scientifically rigorous
public health information of international significance that enables
policy-makers, researchers and practitioners to be more effective; it
aims to improve health, particularly among disadvantaged populations.


BRIEF HISTORY The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health. headquartered in Geneva. was an agency of the League of Nations. Switzerland. Its predecessor. the Health Organization. It was established on 7 April 1948. 2EMT . WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group.

with the first meeting of the World Health Assembly finishing on 24 July 1948. 2EMT .BRIEF HISTORY The constitution of the World Health Organization had been signed by 61 countries on 22 July 1946.

malaria and tuberculosis. 2EMT . it has played a leading role in the eradication of smallpox. Ebola. HIV/AIDS.BRIEF HISTORY Since its creation. in particular. Its current priorities include communicable diseases.

and networking. and drive the development of reporting.BRIEF HISTORY The mitigation of the effects of non-communicable diseases. occupational health. publications. and aging. 2EMT . food security and healthy eating. nutrition. development. substance abuse. sexual and reproductive health.

BRIEF HISTORY WHO is responsible for the World Health Report. the worldwide World Health Survey. and World Health Day (7 April of every year). a leading international publication on health. 2EMT .

BRIEF HISTORY When diplomats met to form the United Nations in 1945. 2EMT . one of the things they discussed was setting up a global health organization. WHO’s Constitution came into force on 7 April 1948 – a date we now celebrate every year as World Health Day.

BRIEF HISTORY Current Location: Geneva. Switzerland Director: Margaret Chan Year of Establishment: 1948 2EMT .

OBJECTIVES The attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health. 2EMT .

integrated gender. 2EMT . • To develop and implement multi-sectoral public policies for health. promote healthy lifestyles and settings. reduce health risks.OBJECTIVES • To improve equity in health. self-care and health protection throughout the life course in cooperation with the relevant national and international partners. and respond to the underlying determinants of health.and age-sensitive approaches that facilitate community empowerment together with action for health promotion.

ROLE IN PUBLIC HEALTH • Provide coordination and leadership on matters about the maintenance of health • Setting norms and standards • Enunciating ethical policies in the organization 2EMT .

build sustainable institutional capacity • Shape research agenda and stimulate the generation.ROLE IN PUBLIC HEALTH • Provide technical support. translation and dissemination of knowledge • Monitoring and assessing health trends and situation 2EMT . catalyze change.

In addition to this. WHO would further monitor and assess the health situations and capacities of nations in need and in distress. In order to do so. WHO implement ethical policies in order to uphold order in a system for health purposes. innovation in the researches and dissemination of vital information concerning health is of utmost importance. 2EMT .ROLE IN PUBLIC HEALTH • WHO takes initiatives in discussing matters when it comes to the lives and health conditions of all people.



the breakfast. 2EMT . The 2014 Progress Report on the implementation of CoIA recommendations was also discussed. Countdown to 2015 and the independent Expert Review Group (iERG).Accountability for Women’s and Children’s Health Ministers. and civil society representatives gathered on Sunday in New York at a lively breakfast meeting hosted by World Health Organization (WHO). PMNCH. In its fourth year. traditionally in support of Every Woman Every Child (EWEC). which focuses on a vision for women’s and children’s health in the post-2015 era. ambassadors. is an opportunity to mobilize renewed attention and energy for improving women and children’s health and a precursor of the week to come. Important new data and evidence were highlighted from two new reports — the 2014 PMNCH Report on Commitments to the Global Strategy for Women and Children’s Health and the third report from iERG. senior public officials.

or interested in simply finding out more. WHO is launching a new website. The site provides guidance and tools for starting. and for others who are thinking about taking the first steps. Age-friendly World. 2EMT . This long-awaited resource is targeted at cities and communities that have already introduced initiatives that make life easier and more enjoyable for older people. as well as information on projects that are already up and running around the world.Ageing and Life Course On the International Day of Older Persons. implementing and evaluating agefriendly initiatives.

SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands is a major component of Clean Care is Safer Care.Clean Care is Safer Care The goal of Clean Care is Safer Care is to ensure that infection control is acknowledged universally as a solid and essential basis towards patient safety and supports the reduction of health care-associated infections and their consequences. 2EMT . It advocates the need to improve and sustain hand hygiene practices of health-care workers at the right times and in the right way to help reduce the spread of potentially life-threatening infections in health-care facilities. As a global campaign to improve hand hygiene among health-care workers.

The Action Plan. is based on the recommendations of the WHO and World Bank World report on disability and in line with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. the 67th World Health Assembly adopted a resolution endorsing the WHO global disability action plan 2014–2021: Better health for all people with disability . The Action Plan will provide a major boost to WHO and governments’ efforts to enhance the quality of life of the one billion people around the world with disabilities. 2EMT .World’s health ministers endorse action plan to improve health for all people with disability In an historic move. called for by the 66th World Health Assembly one year ago.

Part of WHO's mandate is to assess the micronutrient status of populations. formerly known as the Micronutrient Deficiency Information System (MDIS).Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition Information System (VMNIS) The Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition Information System (VMNIS). was established in 1991 following a request by the World Health Assembly to strengthen surveillance of micronutrient deficiencies at the global level. monitor and evaluate the impact of strategies for the prevention and control of micronutrient malnutrition. and to track related trends over time. The Evidence and Programme Guidance Unit of the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development manages the VMNIS through WHO's network of regional and country offices. 2EMT . and in close collaboration with national health authorities.

Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition Information System (VMNIS) The objectives of the VMNIS are to 1. Track progress towards the goal of eliminating major vitamin and mineral deficiencies. 3. and global assessments of the magnitude of vitamin and mineral deficiencies. Systematically retrieve and summarize data on vitamin and mineral status of populations. regional. 2EMT . Provide Member States with up-to-date national. Provide tools and resources to support efforts of Member States and their partners for assessing vitamin and mineral nutritional status in populations. 4. 2.

sometimes with innovative designs and concepts. The only approved products for now are male or female condoms. 2EMT . contraceptives. MPTs can include vaccines. Currently. donors and providers.Sexual and reproductive health Research is underway to develop new biomedical interventions that could allow women and young girls to address multiple sexual and reproductive health issues with one product. by providing simultaneous protection against multiple health risks while also meeting a life course approach to the sexual and reproductive health needs and goals of women. microbicides and devices such as intravaginal rings and diaphragms. The product most advanced in clinical testing is 1% tenofovir (TFV) gel for which there is evidence for impact against HIV and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infections from one trial and a confirmatory Phase 3 trial is currently underway in South Africa. the MPTs under study focus on drug delivery mechanisms and products to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections including HIV. MPTs would increase efficiencies for end-users.

sustainable financing can be secured.Immunization. vaccine introduction is programmatically feasible. provided that: prevention of cervical cancer and other HPV-related diseases constitutes a public health priority. Vaccines and Biologicals WHO reiterates its recommendation that HPV vaccines should be included in national immunization programmes. 2EMT . and the cost-effectiveness of vaccination strategies in the country or region is considered.

coordinated more effectively with other priority programmes of CHP and other clusters and with external partners. Greater emphasis is put on developing global policies in oral health promotion and oral disease prevention. one of the technical programmes within the Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion (CHP). have been reoriented according to the new strategy of disease prevention and promotion of health. 2EMT .Oral health The objectives of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme (ORH).