MATTER

Elements, Compounds & Mixtures

DAY ONE

•EQ: What are solutions, colloids, and
suspension?
TIWL: about solutions, colloids, and
suspensions, because they are all mixtures.
(DIRECTIONS)


JOURNAL WRITING

ANSWER WRITING PROMPT
PLACE IN JOURNAL SECTION
STUDENTS WILL SHARE RESPONSES

(QUESTION)
Define a mixture in your own words & draw 2
examples (examples: salad, trail mix etc.)
Students can refer to the textbook if needed.

Content STANDARD & ELEMENT

STANDARD

Element
(b)

S8P2 : Students will examine the scientific view of the
nature of matter.

describe the difference between pure substances
(elements and compounds) and mixtures.

Language of the Standards
(Today's Vocabulary)
Elements
Compounds
Mixtures

Solutions
Colloids
Suspension
Mixtures
Physical Change

Chemical Change

ESSENTIAL QUESTION
1.

What are mixtures
(solutions, colloids and
suspensions?

2. How do we differentiate
between elements,
compounds & mixtures?

WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT ?
TODAY I WILL …….

learn how to
differentiate
between
SOLUTIONS,
COLLOIDS &
SUSPENSIONS.

THIS IS IMPORTANT
BECAUSE......

because they are
all MIXTURES.

ACTIVATOR
DIRECTIONS :
1)

LISTEN TO THE “SMASH-SONG/ VIDEO”
from Glee Club

1)

IDENTIFY THE MIXTURE OF SONGS

MIXTURES

The Learning Period

•Elements
• All

elements are
made of atoms.
• Atoms of the
same element are
alike.
• Atoms of different
elements are
different.

•Compounds
Compounds are also
pure substances.
• But compounds are
made from more
than one element.
• Water is a
compound.
• Water can be
broken down into
simpler substances –
hydrogen and
oxygen.

•A mixture is a
combination of two or
more substances where
there is no chemical
combination or reaction.

www.brainybetty.com

11

•Mixtures combine
physically in no specific
proportions.
They just mix.

www.brainybetty.com

12

Mixtures are classified as:
HOMOGENOUS/HETEROGENOUS
SOLUTIONS
COLLOIDS
SUSPENSIONS

www.brainybetty.com

13

COLLOIDS

•Colloids
100
80
60

East

40
20
0

West
North
1st 2nd 3rd 4th
Qtr Qtr Qtr Qtr

In a colloid the
particles are mixed
together but not
dissolved.
• The particles are
relatively large and
are kept
permanently
suspended.

•Colloids
A colloid will not
separate upon
standing.
• The particles are
constantly colliding,
and this allows a
colloid to scatter
light – thus colloids
often seem cloudy.

Heterogeneous Mixtures (cont.)

Colloids are heterogeneous mixtures of
intermediate sized particles (between 1
nm and 1000 nm) and do not settle out.
Colloids are categorized according to the
phases of their particles.

Heterogeneous Mixtures (cont.)

•Section 14-1

SOLUTIONS

•Solutions
A solution is a type of homogeneous mixture
formed when one substance dissolves in
another.
• It is the best mixed of all mixtures.
• A solution always has a substance that is
dissolved and a substance that does the
dissolving.
• The substance that is dissolved is the solute
and the substance that does the dissolving is
the solvent.

•Ocean water is a solution

•The universal solvent: Water

•Water as a solvent
• Many

liquid solutions contain water as
the solvent.
• Ocean water is basically a water
solution that contains many salts.
• Body fluids are also water solutions.

•Types of solutions
Solute

Solvent

Example

Gas
Gas

Gas
Liquid

Solid

Liquid

Air (oxygen in nitrogen)
Soda water (carbon dioxide in
water)
Ocean water (salt in water)

Solid

Solid

Gold jewelry (copper in gold)

•Air is a solution of oxygen and
other gases dissolved in nitrogen

Homogeneous Mixtures (cont.)

•Section 14-1

SUSPENSIONS

Suspension- a heterogeneous mixture in which
the particles are large enough to be seen by a
microscope or the unaided eye (eventually, they
settle out of the mixture). Example: stirring a
teaspoon of dirt in a glass of water.

CLASSWORK

Directions: create a Triple Venn Diagram, or 3 Column Tchart to learn about the new vocabulary words. Each
circle/chart needs to have 3 keys points, and 2 examples.
• Solutions
• Colloids

• Suspension

• Mixtures
• Elements

• Compounds

TRIPLE VENN DIAGRAM
ELEMENTS

COMPOUNDS

MIXTURES

3 COLUMN T-CHART
ELEMENTS COMPOUNDS MIXTURES

Closing
USE A POST-IT & PLACE ON THE SPECIFIED GRAPHIC ORGANIZER

Share some examples of your
mixtures out loud with a partner
and then with the class.

HOMEWORK
REMINDERS ……….

STUDY FOR THE QUIZ !!!!!

STUDY ALL NOTES INCLUDING YOUR STUDY GUIDE!

MATTER
Elements, Compounds
&
The Periodic Table

DAY TWO

SPONGE

DIRECTIONS: 1) ANSWER THE QUESTION
2) REVIEW THE STUDY GUIDE BEFORE THE QUIZ

S8P1b.

1.If. different kinds of atoms are represented by different
colored dots, which picture below represents a mixture?

a.
b.
c.
d.

2. Which of the following is a compound ?
a.

Oxygen

b.

Carbon

c.

Water

d.

None of the above

3. How many atoms are in CO2 ?
a. 1
b. 2

c. 3
d. 4

Content STANDARD & ELEMENT

STANDARD

Element
(b)

S8P2 : Students will examine the scientific view of the
nature of matter.

describe the difference between pure substances
(elements and compounds) and mixtures.

Language of the Standards
(Today's Vocabulary)
Elements
Compounds
Mixtures

Solutions
Colloids
Suspension
Mixtures
Physical Change

Chemical Change

ESSENTIAL QUESTION
1.

What are mixtures (solutions,
colloids and suspensions?

2. How do we differentiate

between elements, compounds &
mixtures?
3. How do I assess what I have
mastered from the nature of
matter unit?

WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT ?
TODAY I WILL …….

assess what I
have learned
about
matter.

THIS IS IMPORTANT
BECAUSE......

it is important for
me understand
what standards I
have mastered.

ACTIVATOR

WE ARE TESTING !!!!!

SOCRATIC SEMINAR

Directions: WE will participate in a Socratic seminar
over the article. This is a dialogue discussion.
Students will get a ticket. Their ticket is their way into
the conversation. Students must keep the
conversation advanced.

Closing

Today I felt about the quiz……

Use the subatomic particle faces to
describe what you feel your
performance on the quiz was:

Name:
Elliott Electron
Description:
Negative
Favorite Activity:
Racing around the arcade

Name:
Patty Proton
Description:
Positive
Favorite Activity:
Hanging out at the Nucleus
Arcade

Name:
Nelda Neutron
Description:
Neutral
Favorite Activity:
Hanging out at the Nucleus
Arcade

HOMEWORK
REVIEW WHAT WE HAVE LEARNED

TODAY

MATTER
Elements, Compounds
&
The Periodic Table

DAY THREE

SPONGE

DIRECTIONS: Categorize (Elements and Compounds) by
using a T-chart or Venn Diagram

(1)

AIR
0HN

(2)

GOLD

(3)

Au

BAKING SODA

(5)

(7)

SILVER
Ag

(8)

WATER
H20

(SODIUM BICARBONATE)

NaHCO 3

(4)

SALT
(SODIUM CHLORIDE)
NaCl

(6)

PLATINUM
Pt
ACETONE (PROPANONE)
C3H6O

(9)

OXYGEN
O

EXAMPLES

T-CHART & VENN DIAGRAM

T-CHART

Elements

Compounds

VENN DIAGRAM

Content STANDARD & ELEMENT

STANDARD

Element
(b)

S8P2 : Students will examine the scientific view of the
nature of matter.

describe the difference between pure substances
(elements and compounds) and mixtures.

Language of the Standards
(Today's Vocabulary)
Elements
Compounds
Mixtures

Solutions
Colloids
Suspension
Mixtures
Physical Change

Chemical Change

ESSENTIAL QUESTION
1.

What are mixtures
(solutions, colloids and
suspensions?

2. How do we differentiate
between elements,
compounds & mixtures?

WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT ?
TODAY I WILL …….

Complete an oil
spill lab

THIS IS IMPORTANT
BECAUSE......

because it will help
me relate the
concept of
MIXTURES to
real life.

ACTIVATOR: WATCH THIS !!!

1. WATCH OIL SPILL
CLIP……DISCUSS

http://www.juliantrubin.com/fairprojects/environment/oilspills
.html

ACTIVATOR: WATCH THIS !!!

1. WATCH OIL SPILL
CLIP……DISCUSS

ATOMIC & MOLECULAR COMPOSITION

Courtesy www.lab-initio.com

Closing
QUESTION:

List one thing that you learned
about oil spills

HOMEWORK
Complete your writing of the Oil
Spill lab tonight…..

MATTER
Elements, Compounds
&
The Periodic Table

DAY FOUR

SPONGE
(DIRECTIONS)

JOURNAL WRITING

ANSWER WRITING PROMPT
PLACE IN JOURNAL SECTION
STUDENTS WILL SHARE RESPONSES

(QUESTION)

Reflecting back on yesterdays lab.
Why did the detergent work?
.

Content STANDARD & ELEMENT

STANDARD

Element
(b)

S8P2 : Students will examine the scientific view of the
nature of matter.

describe the difference between pure substances
(elements and compounds) and mixtures.

Language of the Standards
(Today's Vocabulary)
Elements
Compounds
Mixtures

Solutions
Colloids
Suspension
Mixtures
Physical Change

Chemical Change

ESSENTIAL QUESTION
1. How do we differentiate
between homogenous,
elements, compounds &
mixtures?

WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT ?
TODAY I WILL …….

learn how to
differentiate
between
heterogeneous
& homogenous
MIXTURES.

THIS IS IMPORTANT
BECAUSE......

because
MIXTURES are
uniform and can be
visually seen.

ACTIVATOR

MAKE A PREDICTION…..
WHAT DO YOU THINK THE DIFFERENCES
BETWEEN HOMOGENOUS &
HETEROGENOUS MIXTURES ARE ?

•Is it uniform throughout?
• If

the answer is no, the matter is a
heterogeneous mixture.
Considered the “least mixed.”
• Does not appear to be the same
throughout.
• Particles are large enough to be seen and
to be separated from the mixture.

•Examples of heterogeneous
mixtures

• Sand

and pebbles
• Oil and water
• Powdered iron and powdered sulfur

•Examples of heterogeneous
mixtures

• Sand

and pebbles
• Oil and water
• Powdered iron and powdered sulfur

•Is it uniform throughout?
• If

the answer is yes, the matter is
homogeneous (looks the same
throughout).
• That leads us to another question.

•Homogeneous Mixtures
•A

mixture that appears to be the same
throughout.
• It is “well mixed.”
• The particles that make up the mixture
are very small and not easily
recognizable.

•Examples of homogeneous
mixtures

Milk, toothpaste, and mayonnaise are homogeneous
mixtures. They are also colloids.

Closing
Illustrate !!!!

Create a picture of your own
examples of heterogeneous and
homogeneous mixtures.

HOMEWORK
Complete the worksheet .
(Due Friday)

MATTER

Elements &The Periodic Table

DAY FIVE

SPONGE
QUESTION:

CREATE A LIST OF AT LEAST 5 THINGS THAT
YOU THINK ARE PHYSICAL AND/OR CHEMICAL
CHANGES. WHAT ITEMS CAN CHANGE
PHYSICALLY ?

Content STANDARD & ELEMENT

STANDARD

Element
(b)

S8P2 : Students will examine the scientific view of the
nature of matter.

describe the difference between pure substances
(elements and compounds) and mixtures.

Language of the Standards
(Today's Vocabulary)
Elements
Compounds
Mixtures

Solutions
Colloids
Suspension
Mixtures
Physical Change

Chemical Change

ESSENTIAL QUESTION
1. What is the difference
between physical & chemical
changes ?

WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT ?
TODAY I WILL …….

learn how to
differentiate
between
physical &
chemical
changes.

THIS IS IMPORTANT
BECAUSE......

because it is
important to
understand how
matter changes.

ACTIVATOR
WHAT HAPPENED TO THE MILK ?

Mixtures, elements, compounds
• Scientists

like to classify things.
• One way that scientists classify matter is
by its composition.
• Ultimately, all matter can be classified
as mixtures, elements and compounds.

By asking these questions scientists can classify
matter into:
• Mixtures – two or more substances that are
not chemically combined with each other
and can be separated by physical means.
The substances in a mixture retain their
individual properties.

Solutions – a special kind of mixture where one
substance dissolves in another.

Elements – simplest form of pure substance.
They cannot be broken into anything else by
physical or chemical means.
• Compounds – pure substances that are the
unions of two or more elements. They can be
broken into simpler substances by chemical
means.

•Elements
• All

elements are
made of atoms.
• Atoms of the
same element are
alike.
• Atoms of different
elements are
different.

•Elements
• In

1813, a system
of representing
elements with
symbols was
introduced.

Each symbol consists of one
or two letters.
Two letters are needed for a
chemical symbol when the
first letter of that element’s
name has already been
used.

•Compounds
Compounds are also
pure substances.
• But compounds are
made from more
than one element.
• Water is a
compound.
• Water can be
broken down into
simpler substances –
hydrogen and
oxygen.

Closing

COMPARE & CONTRAST : ELEMENTS, COMPOUNDS &MIXTURES
ELEMENTS

COMPOUNDS

MIXTURES

HOMEWORK
NO HOMEWORK…..ENJOY
YOUR WEEKEND !!!!