Tutorial (1

)
Mechanics
Eng. Mohamed Seliem

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Mechanics
Mechanics is the branch of science concerned with the
behaviour of physical bodies when subjected to forces
or displacements , the subsequent effects of the bodies
on their environment, and it divided into 2 categories:
Statics is the branch of mechanics that is concerned

with the analysis of loads (Force and torque or
moment) on physical systems in static equilibrium.
Dynamics is the branch of mechanics that is

concerned with the study of Forces and torques and
their effect on motion.
11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Revision
Scalar quantity: represented by magnitude of

the quantity only .
Like(Temperature, Pressure,…etc.).
Vector quantity: represented by magnitude of

the quantity and direction of the quantity’s
effect.
Like (Velocity, Force,…etc.).

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Why we need to study vectors??
From the definition of mechanics we can

conclude that, we always are going to deal
with Force which is considered as a vector
quantity.
1.

2- Dimensional Vector: (X, Y)

2.

3- Dimensional Vector: (X, Y, Z)

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

2- Dimensional Vector
(Force)
 In order to represent vector into 2- dimension
Find X, and Y components (F = i + j).
Magnitude and Direction (angle) (F = ( f , )) .

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

2- Dimensional Vector
(Force)
 We have to learn how to transform from on

method to another:
1. From 2nd method to 1st method (resolution)

2. From 1st method to 2nd method (magnitude

and angle forum)

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Vector summation
 If we have 2 vectors A and B where

A= i+ j
B= i+ j
Then;
A+B = + )i+ j .

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Problems
 In order to solve the 2-D problems you have

to do these steps
1. Draw the free body diagram.
2. Resolve each force into x, y component.
3. We have 2 ways here
1. In case of find the resultant: add x components
with each other and add y components with each
other.
2. In case of equilibrium : apply those 2 equations

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Problem (1)
 Knowing that , determine the tension (a) in

cable AC, (b) in rope BC.

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

(1) Free body diagram
We have 3 forces affect point C
:

 

1. Mass = 1200 Ib .

 

2. Tension in cable CB.

c

3. Tension in cable CA.

12oo Ib

α
 
B

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

(2) Resolution of forces
Mass 1200 Ib does

not need to be
resolved.

A
 
  sin(5)

Tension
  cos(inα
) cable CB:
X:   sin( )α
Y:
Tension in cable CA:
  sin(5)
X:   cos(5)
Y:
11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

  cos(5)
  cos( α
)

 
c

12oo Ib

α
 
  sin( α
)

B

(3) Equilibrium equations
 
  cos( α) -

  sin(5) = 0

  cos(5)-   sin( )α-12oo = 0

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Problem (2)
Tow cables tied together at C are loaded as

shown. Knowing that Q=60 Ib, determine the
tension (a) in cable AC, (b) in cable BC.

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

(1) Free body diagram
We have 3 forces affect point C
:

P

 

 

1. Q = 60 Ib .
2. P =75 Ib.
3. Tension in cable CB.
4. Tension in cable CA.

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

 

 

 

c
Q

B

(2) Resolution of forces
Q= 60 Ib does not need

to be resolved.
P= 75 Ib
X:  cos(30)
Y:   sin(30)

X:
Y:
11/6/14

A

  cos(30)

 

  sin(30)

  cos(30)
Eng. Mohamed seliem

P

 

  sin(30)
 

  sin(60)

Tension in cable CB:
X:   sin(60 )
Y:   cos(60)
Tension in cable CA:

  sin(30)

 
B

 

c
Q

 cos(30)

  cos(60)

(3) Equilibrium equations
 

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

New problem discussion

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Questions ???

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem