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)

Mechanics

Eng. Mohamed Seliem

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Mechanics

Mechanics is the branch of science concerned with the

behaviour of physical bodies when subjected to forces

or displacements , the subsequent effects of the bodies

on their environment, and it divided into 2 categories:

Statics is the branch of mechanics that is concerned

**with the analysis of loads (Force and torque or
**

moment) on physical systems in static equilibrium.

Dynamics is the branch of mechanics that is

**concerned with the study of Forces and torques and
**

their effect on motion.

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Revision

Scalar quantity: represented by magnitude of

**the quantity only .
**

Like(Temperature, Pressure,…etc.).

Vector quantity: represented by magnitude of

**the quantity and direction of the quantity’s
**

effect.

Like (Velocity, Force,…etc.).

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

**Why we need to study vectors??
**

From the definition of mechanics we can

**conclude that, we always are going to deal
**

with Force which is considered as a vector

quantity.

1.

2- Dimensional Vector: (X, Y)

2.

3- Dimensional Vector: (X, Y, Z)

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

2- Dimensional Vector

(Force)

In order to represent vector into 2- dimension

Find X, and Y components (F = i + j).

Magnitude and Direction (angle) (F = ( f , )) .

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

2- Dimensional Vector

(Force)

We have to learn how to transform from on

method to another:

1. From 2nd method to 1st method (resolution)

2. From 1st method to 2nd method (magnitude

and angle forum)

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Vector summation

If we have 2 vectors A and B where

A= i+ j

B= i+ j

Then;

A+B = + )i+ j .

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Problems

In order to solve the 2-D problems you have

**to do these steps
**

1. Draw the free body diagram.

2. Resolve each force into x, y component.

3. We have 2 ways here

1. In case of find the resultant: add x components

with each other and add y components with each

other.

2. In case of equilibrium : apply those 2 equations

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Problem (1)

Knowing that , determine the tension (a) in

cable AC, (b) in rope BC.

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

**(1) Free body diagram
**

We have 3 forces affect point C

:

1. Mass = 1200 Ib .

2. Tension in cable CB.

c

3. Tension in cable CA.

12oo Ib

α

B

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

(2) Resolution of forces

Mass 1200 Ib does

not need to be

resolved.

A

sin(5)

Tension

cos(inα

) cable CB:

X: sin( )α

Y:

Tension in cable CA:

sin(5)

X: cos(5)

Y:

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

cos(5)

cos( α

)

c

12oo Ib

α

sin( α

)

B

(3) Equilibrium equations

cos( α) -

sin(5) = 0

cos(5)- sin( )α-12oo = 0

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Problem (2)

Tow cables tied together at C are loaded as

**shown. Knowing that Q=60 Ib, determine the
**

tension (a) in cable AC, (b) in cable BC.

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

**(1) Free body diagram
**

We have 3 forces affect point C

:

P

1. Q = 60 Ib .

2. P =75 Ib.

3. Tension in cable CB.

4. Tension in cable CA.

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

c

Q

B

(2) Resolution of forces

Q= 60 Ib does not need

to be resolved.

P= 75 Ib

X: cos(30)

Y: sin(30)

X:

Y:

11/6/14

A

cos(30)

sin(30)

cos(30)

Eng. Mohamed seliem

P

sin(30)

sin(60)

Tension in cable CB:

X: sin(60 )

Y: cos(60)

Tension in cable CA:

sin(30)

B

c

Q

cos(30)

cos(60)

(3) Equilibrium equations

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

New problem discussion

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

Questions ???

11/6/14

Eng. Mohamed seliem

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