 Foaming agent is such chemical which are highly used in the field of construction for making concrete bricks which are simply made up with proper amount of cement. fly ash and foaming agent finely mix with water in particular compressed air. .


then dissipate leaving a void structure as a replacement to traditional aggregate. The cementations materials encapsulate the air bubbles. . Cellular Concrete is generally defined as a lightweight cementations material that contains stable air or gas cells uniformly distributed throughout the mixture at a volume greater than 20%.

Cellular concrete .

o Determination of the air content of the freshly prepared cellular concrete and of the hardened concrete after handling in conventional machinery. This test method includes the following: o Manufacture of laboratory quantities of cellular concrete. . the performance of a foaming chemical to be used in producing foam (air cells) for making cellular concrete. o Determination of the following properties of the hardened concrete: compressive strength. It may not be necessary to study all of the above properties in all cases. depending on the proposed use of the material. density. and water absorption. in the laboratory. tensile splitting.This test method provide a way of measuring.

Strike-Off Plate for Foam Weighing Container small Tools—Small tools such as a rubber-headed hammer and a trowel shall be provided for . APPARATUS:         Mixer Foam Generator Pump Curing Cabinet. Compression Machines drying Oven Test Method Compressed Air Weighing Container Concrete Strike-Off Plate for Weighing Container Stop Watch Calipers Foam Weighing Container. Strike-Off Plate for Molds.


1) 2) 3) Make an aqueous solution of the foaming agent in the dilution specified by the manufacturer. If the dilution is not specified. preliminary tests are necessary to determine the required dilution. A suggested starting point for such tests is 40 parts water to 1 part foaming agent. adjusting the pressure to that recommended by the manufacturer of the foaming agent being tested. by volume. . Charge the foam generator with the amount of foaming solution suggested by the manufacturer of the generator. Connect the generator with the source of compressed air.

. Again weigh. Gradually add the cement (over a period of 1⁄2 min). break up any lumps of undispersed cement. and start the mixer. With a trowel. Mix for 5 min.4) Using the stop watch. Calculate the time required per cubic foot (or cubic metre) of foam using the following equation: 5) Wet the mixer with water and drain. Weigh the empty foam container and determine its volume. Overfill the container with foam. calibrate the generator as follows. measuring the time required using a stop watch then weigh. Strike off the excess foam. Add the water. Ww. holding the strike-off plate in a horizontal position (plane of the plate horizontal) and moving it across the top of the container with a sawing action.

Mix for 2 min after all the foam has been added. Discharge the mixer into the pump feed reservoir. Use a paddle of proper size to reach the bottom of the reservoir.6) While still mixing. Use a scoop to transfer the concrete to the container and tap the sides of the container briskly with the rubber hammer during the filling operation. Immediately. holding the strike-off plate in ahorizontal position (plane of plate horizontal) and moving it across the top of the container with a sawing motion. Before taking the sample. Wipe the surface of the container free of spilled concrete with a cloth. The required foam time is VfT1. Overfill the container and strike off the excess concrete. proceed to 7. carefully mix the concrete in the reservoir to assure better uniformity without entrapping large air bubbles in the mix. Calculate the density of the concrete and record as the density before pumping (Dex1). 7) Weighing—Fill a weighing container with a representative sample of the concrete in the reservoir. add Vf ft3(m3) of foam. Weigh the full container. .

and record as the density after pumping . fill the cylinder molds with concrete from the sampling basin. weigh. strike off the top surface of each specimen and cover the specimen with a plastic bag to prevent evaporation. 3 by 6 in.7. Tap the sides of the mold with the rubber hammer while the mold is being filled. discharging it into a sampling basin.8) Pump the batch of concrete through the 50-ft (15-m) hose. (152 by 305 mm). without marring the surface. The minimum number of specimens required is four cylinders. (76 by 152 mm) and ten cylinders 6 by 12 in. 9) Molding—Immediately. 11) Removal from Molds and Curing—Follow the applicable requirements of the Test Specimen section of Test Method C 495. Do not oven dry specimens that are to be load-tested. From the sampling basin. . take a second density sample as in 8. 10) As soon as possible after casting.

13) Tensile Splitting Strength—Test four 6 by 12-in. Use three 6 by 12-in. This is the wet weight of the specimen.12) Compressive Strength—Test four 3 by 6-in. Submerge the specimens in water for 24 h. Remove from water. (152 by 305-mm) cylinders for tensile splitting strength at age 28 days in accordance with Test Method C 496. 15) Water Absorption: i. . for lightweight concrete. Take the dimensions with calipers as described in the Test Specimen Section of Test Method C 495. (152 by 305-mm) specimens at age 28 days. ii. Take three 6 by 12-in. (152 by 305-mm) cylinders at age of 28 days. allow excess water to run off (30 s) and weigh. (76 by152-mm) cylinders for compressive strength in accordance with Test Method C 495. 14) Oven-Dry Weight—Determine the oven-dry density in accordance with the section on Oven-Dry Weight of Test Method C 495.

 Air content  Water absorption .

and the theoretical density.1. Dex2. Record to the nearest 0. Determine the experimental density of the freshly mixed concrete at the mixer. 9. Calculate the theoretical density in lb/ft3(kg/m3) as follows: .  Determine the air content of the freshly mixed concrete from the experimental densities. Record the air content to the nearest 1 %. and at the pump discharge (end of hose). based on the absolute volume. before and after pumping. (152 by 305-mm) cylinders. Dth.5 lb/ft3(8 kg/m3). Dex1. Record to the nearest 0.2 Determine the experimental density of the specimens from before and after drying from the weights and volumes of the specimens. Use three 6 by 12-in.5 lb/ft3(8 kg/m3). by dividing the net weights of the samples by the volume of the container.

 INCH POUND Unit : .

Water absorption 1.1 lb (or 0. 2. Determine the water absorption using the following equation: . Find the average weight of water absorbed by the cylinders by subtracting the average dry weight of cylinders from the average wet weight of cylinders . Find the average volume of water absorbed by dividing the average weight of water absorbed by the density of water in lb/ft3(kg/m3).Record to the nearest 0.05 kg).

o Loss of air during pumping. o Tensile splitting strength. o Air content before and after pumping. including manufacturer’s name. o Difference between design density and experimental densities before and after pumping. . %. o Compressive strength. o Water absorption. o Oven-dry density. % by volume. and lot number. brand. o Water to cement ratio and type of cement used.Using the degrees of precision specified in above Section report the following: o Identification of chemical tested.