Eng la n d Lonby: n do Project was made

Fedorova Nastya Shalak Stefanie Sheneberg Olya

Co mmon i nformation
London is the capital of the United Kingdom of the Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and also England, the largest city on British isles. London plays the leading part in a political, economic and cultural life of the Great Britain.London is on a zero meridian which also often name Greenwich Two central areas: City (business centre) and Westminster (administrative centre).

Cli mate
London has a temperate marine climate. The warmest month is July, with an average temperature range at Greenwich of 13.6 °C to 22.8 °C. The coolest month is January, averaging 2.4 °C to 7.9 °C. Snow is relatively uncommon.Light snowfall is generally seen a few times every year.

Po pulation
London's population grew rapidly throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries. Its wider metropolitan area has a population of between 12 and 14 million depending on the definition of that area. London is the most populous city and metropolitan area of the European Union and the second most populous in Europe. London is the 25th largest city and the 17th largest metropolitan region in the world. It is also ranked 4th in the world in number of billionaires London ranks as one of the most expensive cities in the world.

Et hnic groups
According to 2005 estimates, half million people are classed as white, including White British, White Irish, including Greeks, Italians, Poles, Spaniards and many other Europeans and Americans.  10.8% of people are Black  3.4% are of mixed race  21.8% of inhabitants were born outside the European Union In January 2005 religious diversity claimed that there were more than 300 languages spoken and more than 50 non-indigenous communities which have a population of more than 10,000.

Re lig ion
The largest religious groupings in London are Christian. No Religion, Muslim, Hindu, Jewish.London has a large number of churches:The famous St Paul's Cathedral and Southwark Cathedral, the Archbishop of Canterbury. Important national and royal ceremonies are shared between St Paul's and Westminster Abbey. London is also home to Muslim, Hindu and Jewish communities.

Gove rnme nt
Local Government
The administration of London takes place in two tiers— astrategic tier and a local tier. City-wide administration is coordinated by the Greater London Authority (GLA). The GLA consists of two elected parts; the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.The GLA is a recent organisation. The Mayor of London is Ken Livingstone.

National Government
London is the home of the Government of the United Kingdom. The British Parliament is often referred to as the "Mother of Parliaments“. London is represented in the national Parliament by 74 Members of Parliament (MPs).

Mu se ums
Center of the London museums is the area Southern Kensigston.  the British museum  the London national gallery  the well-known Wax museum of madam Tussaud  Sherloka Holmes's Museum

Muse um of Ma dame Tu ssauds
Madame Tussauds is a famous wax museum in London.It was set up by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud. Marie Tussaud (1761– 1850) was born Marie Grosholtz in Strasbourg, France. Tussaud created her first wax figure, of Voltaire, in 1777. One of the main attractions of her museum was the Chamber of horrors. This part of the exhibition included some victims of the French Revolution. Madame Tussaud's wax museum has now grown to become a major tourist attraction in London.

Th eatres
      The West End Theatre The National Theatre The Theatre " Globe " The Theatre at a royal court yard Royal Theatre of an opera Elizabeth's Theatre II

Ch urches
The dominating religion in London – christianity. Medieval churches it was not kept almost - the majority has been destroyed by the Great fire of 1666. Symbols of London for a long time steel the sacred Paul's constructed in the beginning of XVIII century and Westminster Abbey Cathedral. In Regentspark there is a Central London Mosque. Temple neasden in Brent is one of the largest constructions in the Europe.

   

Piccadilly (street and square) Trafalgar square Oxford street Harley street

Famous str eets and squares

Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace is the official London residence of the British monarch.The palace is a major tourist attraction. Originally known as Buckingham House, the building forming the core of today's palace was a large townhouse built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1703. It was enlarged over the next 75 years. The Buckingham Palace Garden is the largest private garden in London.Buckingham Palace is one of the world's most familiar buildings and more than 50,000 people visit the palace each year as guests to banquets, lunches, dinners, receptions and the royal garden parties.

Clo ck To wer
The Clock Tower is the world's largest four-faced, chiming clock. It is often referred to as Big Ben — which is actually the main bell housed within the Clock Tower. The clock is famous for its reliability. This is due to the skill of its designer, Edmund Beckett Denison, later Lord Grimthorpe.

The main bell, officially known as the Great Bell, is the largest bell in the tower and part of the Great Clock of Westminster.

So urc es of in foma tio n
 Encyclopedia Wikipedia  Book «History of London»  Book «Sights of London»