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Feasibility of Solar Powered

Light rail system in Lahore


BY: JAMSHAID MINHAS

Electrical Energy & Mobility Systems

Introduction

Location
Latitude

31.31 oN

Longitude

74.40 oE

Elevation

217 m

Road network

1244 Km

Population

9-10 Million

City Area

420 Km2

Bus Routes:

~ 100

Daily Traffic

17.6 M trips

Annual solar radiation - horizontal

1.71 MWh/m

Annual solar radiation - tilted

1.86 MWh/m

Source: NESPAK

[1]

Mode of travelling

Trips (,000)

Percentage

Percentage
Excluding
Pedestrians

Public Transport

3,409

19.3%

35.4%

Cars

2,894

16.4%

30.1%

Motorcycle/
Bicycles

3,314

18.8%

34.5%

Mechanized Total

9,617

54.5%

100%

Walk

8,050

455.5%

Total

17,667

100%

Private
Vehicles

MODE

Lahore Rapid Mass Transit System

Green Line/ Main Line (Completed 2013)


Proposed Capacity 380,000 Passengers
Length

27 Km

Stations

22

One side trip

45 min (Avg. 33 Km/h)

Daily ridership

15,000 Passengers/hr

(150,000 Passengers/day)
No. of vehicles

64

Orange Line (under construction)

Proposed Capacity 330,000 Passengers


Length

27Km

Note: LRMTS have a dedicated track of average width 10 m.


Source: NESPAK 2009

[2]

Green Lines Green Future

Total area of LRMTS green line track is 270,000 m2


(Excluding stations)

A simple roof frame is needed to mount solar


panels above the track facing directly south with
the slope of 31.55o.

166,000 Sunpower SPR-320E-WHT-D (320W)[3] Solar


panels can be installed above this track with an
overall capacity of 52.8 MW.

[5]

Power Profile

Source: NREL Homer Analysis

Annual production

84,613 MWh/yr (tilted)

Annual production

78,281 MWh/yr (horizontal)

Mean output

232 MWh/day

Hours of operation

4,384 hr/yr

Levelized cost

~ 0.122 $/kWh

Note: Capacity factor for solar panels is 18.3%, transmission losses are 3%, and inverter/converter efficiency is 98%.

Light Rail Vehicle

Model :

Dimensions and Weight

Bombardier FLEXITY 2

Length:

32.2 m

Height:

3.42 m

Width:

2.65 m,

Weight (empty):

40.9t

Technical Characteristics
Electric system:

600 Vdc (overhead)

Traction system:

4x120 kW 3-phase ASMs

Performance and Capacity


Maximum speed:

70 km/h

Seated passengers:

74

Standing passengers:

148

Multipurpose areas:

[4]

System model

No of light rails

24

Frequency

12/hr (one side)

Daily ridership (forecast)

130,000

Daily energy requirement

184.32 MWh

Annual energy requirement

67,276.8 MWh

Excess energy sold to grid

17116.2 MWh

Project life is 20 years with an operation of 16 hours/day

Note: we are exchanging electricity with the grid on a flat rate of 0.122$/kWh

System Cost

Power production:
Panels Cost:

42.24 M$,

Total:

158.4 M$

Installation cost:

116.16 M$,

Trains cost:

~79.2 M$

Total Capital:

237.6 M$ (excluding rail track & transmission lines)

Cost Analysis
Term
(5 years)

Fix/Average
Fare
($)

1st term

0.3

71.175 M

10.575 M

81.75 M

2nd term

0.4

94.9 M

10.575 M

105.475 M

3rd term

0.5

118.625 M

10.575 M

129.2 M

4th term

0.6

142.35 M

10.575 M

152.925 M

Total

427.05 M

42.3 M

469.35 M

Equity Payback
Simple Payback

Income
($)

Grid sales
($)

Total
($)

~ 12 years
~ 20 years

Net annual GHG emission reduction is 32,245.9 tCO2 for electricity production which is
equivalent to 5,906 cars & light trucks used in Pakistan.

Note: All calculations are applicable to the orange line too as it is identical to green line in dimensions and length .

References
[1]

G. o. Punjab, "Lahore Metro Project," Lahore, Pakistan, 2013.

[2]

SYSTRA, "Lahore Metro, Green and Orange lines," Lahore, Pakistan, 2013.

[3]

"Sunpower SPR-320E-WHT-D (320W) Solar Panel," Solar Design Tool, 29 Jan 2013. [Online]. Available:
http://www.solardesigntool.com/components/module-panel-solar/Sunpower/1186/SPR-320E-WHTD/specification-data-sheet.html.

[4]

Bombardier, "FLEXITY 2 Trams," 29 Jan 2013. [Online]. Available:


http://www.bombardier.com/en/transportation/products-services/rail-vehicles/light-railvehicles/flexity-2-trams.html.

[5]

H. A. K. M. K. S. A. Syed Husain Imran Jaffery, "A STUDY ON THE FEASIBILITY OF SOLAR POWERED RAILWAY SYSTEM FOR
LIGHT WEIGHT URBAN TRANSPORT".