basics

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basics

© All Rights Reserved

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You are on page 1of 19

Units

Before starting to define any model, you need to decide which

system of units you will use. ABAQUS has no built-in system

of units.

Quantity

SI

SI (mm)

Length

mm

Force

Mass

kg

Time

Stress

Pa (N/m2)

MPa (N/mm2)

Energy

mJ (103 J)

Density

kg/m3

tonne/mm3

Material Properties

General properties:

=7800kg/m3

Elastic Properties

E=200x109

v=0.3

All members are circular

steel rods, 5mm in diameter

Procedure

Sketch the two-dimensional geometry and create a part

representing the frame

Define the material properties and section properties of

the frame

Assemble the model

Configure the analysis procedure and output requests

Apply loads and boundary conditions to the frame

Mesh the frame

Create a job and submit it for analysis

View the results of the analysis

Creating Part

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

start ABAQUS/CAE

Create Model Database from the Start Session

In the Model Tree, double-click the Parts

Name the part Frame. Choose a two-dimensional

planar deformable body and a wire base feature

In the Approximate size text field, type 4.0

ABAQUS/CAE automatically enters the Sketcher. The Sketcher

contains a set of basic tools that allow you to sketch the twodimensional profile of your part

Creating Part

1.

2.

3.

4.

to

draw a rectangle

Select the Delete tool

>

choose Constraints >Using

[Shift]+Click, select the four

perpendicular constraints and

delete them (press Done)

Use the Add Constraint

tool

to constrain the top and bottom

edges so they remain parallel to

each other

Use the Add Dimension

tool

to dimension the edges of the

rectangle

Creating Parts

Now sketch the interior edges of the frame:

1.

Use the Connected tool

to start the first line at the

upper-left corner of the sketch and extend it to any point that

snaps onto the bottom edge and continue the second line to

the upper-right corner

2.

Use the Split tool

to split the bottom edge at the point

where it intersects the two lines by selecting the bottom

edge as the first entity to define the split point and select

either of the two interior lines as the second entity

3.

Add Constraint tool

to constrain the two segments of

the bottom edge so they are of equal length

To complete the sketch, click Done to exit the Sketcher

From the main menu bar, select File Save

Creating a material

1.

2.

3.

4.

To define a material:

In the Model Tree, double-click the Materials container

to create a new material

Name the material Steel

In the menu bar, choose

MechanicalElasticityElastic

Type a value of 200.0E9 for Young's modulus and a

value of 0.3 for Poisson's ratio in the respective fields

in the Property module

-requires only a material reference and the cross-sectional area

1.

Choose Sections to create a section.

2.

Name the section FrameSection > select Beam in the Category

list >select Truss in the Type list

3.

select Steel for the Material

4.

In the Cross-sectional area field, enter a value of 1.963E-5

To assign the section to the frame:

1.

Under Parts ,expand the Frame item

2.

Double-click Section Assignments > highlights the entire frame

>click Done in the prompt area to assign the frame to section

define the geometry of the assembly by creating instances of

a part and then positioning the instances relative to each

other in a global coordinate system

1.

Click Assembly under the Module list > double-click

Instances

2.

select Frame

1.

2.

3.

4.

double-click the Steps

Change the step name to Apply load

Select Static, general

In the Description field, type 10 kN central load

Once you create a step, ABAQUS/CAE generates a default output

request for the step

Prescribed conditions, such as loads and boundary conditions,

are step dependent, which means that you must specify the step

or steps in which they become active

Define BC at left end

1.

In the Model Tree, double-click the BCs container.

2.

Name the boundary condition Fixed

3.

select Initial as the step in which the boundary condition will be

activated. All the mechanical boundary conditions specified in the

Initial step must have zero magnitudes

4.

Choose Mechanical > select Displacement/Rotation, and click

Continue

5.

select the vertex at the bottom-left corner of the frame

6.

Toggle on U1 and U2 since all translational degrees of freedom

need to be constrained

Define B.C at the right end

the vertex at the bottom-right corner of the frame. Name this

boundary condition Roller

Applying a load to the frame

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Name the load Force

From the list of steps, select Apply load

Choose Mechanical > Concentrated force

select the vertex at the bottom center of the frame as the region

where the load will be applied

Enter a magnitude of -10000.0 for CF2

1.

2.

3.

double-click Mesh

From the main menu bar, select Mesh > Element Type.

selects the entire frame as the region to be assigned an element

type

4.

In the dialog box, select the following:

Standard as the Element Library selection (the default).

Linear as the Geometric Order (the default).

Truss as the Family of elements.

of the part instance, and then you mesh the part instance

1.

Seed > Part to seed the part instance.

2.

specify an approximate global element size of 1.0

3.

Mesh > Part to mesh the part instance

display the node and element numbers

View > Part Display Options >Toggle on Show node labels and

Show element labels

To create an analysis job

Name the job Frame

In the Description field, type Two-dimensional overhead hoist

frame

Submit the job

Displaying and customizing a deformed

shape plot

the toolbox

in

in the toolbox.

appears.

element labels

To generate field data reports

components > S11.

dialog box

the list of available U: Spatial displacement variable

from the list of available RF: Reaction force variables

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