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Environmentally

sound
Higher production rates
Greater tool life

Using liquid nitrogen (LN2)as a coolant for tools.

Temperature

-196 C (-321F)

Colorless
Inert,

doesnt react with other materials


Non toxic
Readily vaporizes into gas.

Cryogenic

machining was difficult and

costly
Spraying LN2 at tool or submerging entire
workpiece surface in LN2
This allowed the nitrogen to mostly
evaporate before reaching the cutting
surface and ultimately reduced its cooling
capacity

Cryogenic Machining Technology utilizes vacuum


jacketed feed lines to deliver small flow rates of liquid
nitrogen (LN2) through the machine, through the spindle
(or turret), and through the tool near the cutting edge. At
this point, the LN2 is allowed to evaporate and cool the
cutting edge to -196 C (321F)

This refrigerated state allows the tool to be pushed


beyond its traditional limitations while still increasing its
wear resistance against tough-to-machine alloys.

Making Difficult-to-Machine
Materials Look Easy
Using

LN2 cooled to -196 C (321F), Cryo


counteracts the heat produced during metal
working

super-cooled

liquid is applied to the cutting edge


of a tool and allowed to evaporate, releasing
nitrogen

Superior cooling provides many sustainable


benefits including:
Reduced

Wear on the Cutting Edge


Increased Tool Life Up to 10X
Increased Processing Speed
Less Downtime for Maintenance
Clean, Sterile Work Pieces
Eliminates Disposal of Used Coolants
Environmentally friendly by-product

Increased Processing Speed


Cryogenic

machining allows you to cut more parts in


the same amount of time with the same machine
with minimal investment, increase in processing speed
obtained and consequently, the number of parts
machined
More parts means more sales

Surface Integrity and Part Quality


Test results have shown that cryogenic
machining solution has improved overall surface
integrity and part quality in the following areas:
Reduction of the White Layer / Alpha Layer
Reduction of Residual Stress
Reduction in Burr Formation
Reduction of Surface Distortion (Grain Boundary
Distortion)

Environmentally-Friendly Green Manufacturing


Most

exciting aspect of cryogenic machining, is how


easy it is on the environment, both locally on the
shop floor, and globally in waste management
systems
system cuts without coolant, there is no need for mist
collection, filtration, or disposal of coolant waste
chips and work pieces remain dry and
uncontaminated for a safer work area and easier
recycling.

The Source Cryogenic Cooling Fluid


Storage
Liquid

nitrogen is stored in a central storage location


then fed into the Cryogenic Machining System
The system is self-pressurizing; eliminating the
need for pumps and other additional power
consuming assets. There are three options for
storage of the liquid nitrogen
storage of the liquid nitrogen: Individual machine
storage in a dewar (vacuum container that allows for
insulated storage of the liquid nitrogen to keep it
cooler, longer)

The Feed Cryogenic Machining


Temperature Maintenance

The feed system consists of vacuum jacketed insulated


lines from the machine source system to the spindle, ram
or turret system, depending on the machine concept.
The LN2 feed system is critical to seal out ambient heat
and feed a cool -196 C (321F) liquid to its point of use.
The feed system also has the responsibility to start and
stop flow of liquid nitrogen, which is delivered at a
prescribed pressure and flow rate engineered for the tool
and/or application

THANK YOU