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UMTS Access Control

ZTE University

Content

UMTS System Information Broadcasting


UMTS Paging
UMTS Random Access
UMTS RRC Connection Setup and Release
Access Failed Case

System Broadcasting

The system information broadcasted over the BCH


channel mainly includes the following contents:

Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) ID, location area (LA), route
area (RA)
Information on the timers and counters related to the Radio
Resource Control (RRC) connections
Configuration information of the UTRAN registration area (URA)
Cell selection and reselection parameters
Parameters for configuring the common channels, such as FACH,
PCH, and RACH
Information on the uplink interference related to the auxiliary power
control
UE measurement control message over the idle or common
channel
Parameters of the adjacent cell

System information

Master information block (MIB)


Schedule block (SB)
System information block (SIB)
ZTE UTRAN supports SIB1, SIB2, SIB3, SIB5, SIB7,
SIB11, SIB11bis, SIB18.
MIB
SB1/SB2

SIB1

SIB2

SIB3/4

SIB15

SIB5/6

SIB7

SIB18

SIB11/12

Scheduling levels of the SIBS


Information blocks scheduled by MIB: SB, SIB1, SIB2, SIB3,
SIB5, SIB7
Level 2 Information blocks scheduled by SB1: SIB11, SIB18
Level 1

Broadcast interval of level 2 >= broadcast interval of level 1

SIB Block
SIB

Content

Controlled by

SIB1

the CN information, UE behavior


related timers and counters

RNC

SIB2

URA ID of a cell

RNC

SIB3/4

cell selection and cell reselection

RNC

SIB5/6

common transport channels and


common physical channels

RNC

SIB7

parameters needed in the calculation


of the PRACH preamble power

RNC/NodeB

SIB11/12

cell measurement control information.

RNC

SIB 11bis Compensation of SIB 11

RNC

SIB 15

Information for location service

RNC

SIB 18

the PLMN tag of neighbor cell

RNC

System broadcasting
UE

NodeB

SRNC

DRNC

system information broadcast


scheduler

SYSTEM INFORMATION UPDATE REQUEST


SYSTEM INFORMATION UPDATE RESPONSE
System information broadcast

Conditioninforming UE of idle, CELL_PCHURA_PCH


that system information changed
Paging PAGING TYPE1

Conditioninforming UE of CELL_FACH that


system information changed

RRC

SYSTEM INFORMATION CHANGE INDICATION

RRC

SIB1

SIB1 mainly contains the CN information, UE behavior


related timers and counters.

T300
N300
T312Idle
N312Idle
T302
N302
T304
N304
T305
T307
T308
N308
T309
T312 Connected

N312Connected
T313
N313
N315
T314
T315
T316
T317
T3212Cs
ATTIndCs
NMOPs
Kcs
Kps

SIB1

SIB2

SIB2 specifies the URA ID of a cell. With SIB2, the UE in


the URA_PCH state can update the URA.

Parameter Name
Parameter Description
URANum
Number of UTRAN registration areas
URA[4]
ID of a UTRAN registration area

SIB3/SIB4

Parameters in SIB3 and SIB4 are related to the


cell selection and cell reselection. SIB3 contains
information required by the UE in Idle mode. SIB4
contains information required by the UE in
Connected. If SIB4 is not sent, the UE in
Connected mode can also receive SIB3.

SIB3/SIB4
Parameter Name
Cid
QualMeas
SIntraSearchPre
SIntraSearch
SInterSearchPre
SInterSearch
SSearchHCS Pre
SSearchHCS
SSearchRat
SHCSRatPre
SHCSRat
SLimitRat
QQualMin
QRxLevMin
DltaQRxLevMinPr
DltaQRxLevMin

Parameter Description
Cell ID
Measurement Quantity for Cell Selection and Reselection
Sintrasearch Configuration Tag
The threshold that triggers the intra-frequency measurement in the cell reselection
process
Sintersearch Configuration Tag
The threshold that triggers the inter-frequency measurement in the cell reselection
process
SsearchHCS Configuration Tag
The threshold that triggers the measurement in the HCS cell reselection process
The threshold that triggers the inter-system measurement in the cell reselection
process
SHCS,RAT Configuration Tag
The threshold that triggers the inter-system measurement in the HCS cell reselection
process
The threshold that triggers the inter-system cell measurement in the cell reselection
process
The minimum cell quality requirement level
The minimum cell receive electrical level threshold
DeltaQrxlevmin Configuration Tag
The minimum cell receive electrical level threshold increment

SIB5/SIB6

SIB5 and SIB6 are mainly used to configure the


common transport channels and common physical
channels. SIB5 contains the parameters of the
auxiliary common control channels in IDEL mode;
SIB6 contains the parameters of the common
physical channels or shared physical channels in
connected mode. The UE in Idle mode uses SIB5;
the UE in connected mode uses SIB6. If SIB6
does not exist, the UE in the connected mode also
uses SIB5.

SIB5/SIB6
Parameter Name
TfsIndex
ChType
TfNum
TrBlkNum
RlcSize
TTI
CodingRate
RateMatchAttr
CRCSize
NiNumPerFrame
CPCId
MichPwr
MichChCode

Parameter Description
Transmission format index. It is used to indicate the attributes of a
transport channel, including channel type, transport format number,
number of transport blocks, transport block size, transmission time
interval, coding rate, rate matching attribute.
Channel Type
Transport Format Number
Number of Transport Blocks
Transport Block Size
Transmission Time Interval
Coding Rate
Rate Matching Attribute
CRC Size
Number of NI per Frame
Common Physical Channel ID
Power(dB)
Channelisation Code No.

SIB5/SIB6
Parameter Name
SttdInd
SttdInd
ChCode
AichTranTime
AichPwr
MplexPos
PCHInd
DlScraCode
ChCode
ChCode
SttdInd
CPCId
PichPwr
SttdInd
Signature
AvailSubChanNum
AvailableSF

Parameter Description
STTD Indicator
AICH STTD Indicator
AICH Channelisation Code No.
AICH Transmission Timing
AICH Power
Multiplexing Position
Indicator for SCCPCH Carrying PCH
SCPICH Scrambling Code
SCPICH Channelisation Code No
PICH Channelisation Code No.
PICH STTD Indicator
Pich Common Physical Channel ID
PICH Power
PCCPCH STTD Indicator
Available Signature
PRACH Available Subchannel Number
PRACH Available SF

SIB5/SIB6
Parameter Name
PreamScraCode
PcpichPwr
PunctLimit
SignalFach
TfcsIndex
CtfcNum
Ctfc
SCCPCHUsage
SccpchOffset
SttdInd
DlScraCode
DlChCodeNo
SlotFmt
SttdInd

Parameter Description
PRACH Preamble Scrambling Code
P-CPICH Power(dBm)
Puncturing Limit
FACH Usage
Index of a transmission format combination set. It must be configured for
S-CCPCH or PRACH.
Number of transmission format combination sets. It must be configured
for S-CCPCH or PRACH.
ID of a transmission format combination. It must be configured for SCCPCH or PRACH.
SCCPCH Usage
SCCPCH Frame Timing Offset
SCCPCH STTD Indicator
S-CCPCH Scrambling Code
S-CCPCH Channelisation Code No.
S-CCPCH Slot Format
P-CPICH STTD Indicator

SIB7

SIB7 is the system information block that is updated


periodically. The timer of SIB7 is calculated as follows:

Expiration timer = MAX(32,SIB_REP * ExpirationTimeFactor)


SIB_REP is the transmission interval of SIB7 and is obtained at the
time of broadcast scheduling; ExpirationTimeFactor is the timeout
factor of SIB7 and is set to 2 invariably.

SIB7 contains the parameters needed in the calculation of


the PRACH preamble power.
Parameter Name
Parameter Description
DynPstLevelInit
Initial Dynamic Persistence Level

SIB11/SIB12

SIB11/SIB12 is used to configure cell


measurement control information. SIB11 specifies
the measurement control information required by
the UE in Idle mode. SIB12 specifies the
measurement control information required by the
UE in FACH state. If SIB12 is not broadcasted, the
UE in connected mode can also use the
configuration information specified by SIB11.

SIB18

SIB18 specifies the PLMN tag that must be considered by


the UE in Idle or connected mode.

Parameter Name
Parameter Description
NMCC
Mobile Country Code of Neighboring Cell
NMNC
Mobile Network Code of Neighboring Cell

SIB11bis

The content of SIB11bis is same with SIB11, it can


alleviate the lack of SIB11 space when there is too many
adjacent cells.

Parameter Name
Parameter Description
SIB11ORSIB11BIS Specify if an adjacent cell information can be
broadcast through SIB11bis

Waiting Time After UE Sending RRC


CONNECTION SETUP REQUEST Message
Parameter Name

T300

Description

The timer is started after the UE sends the RRC


CONNECTION REQUEST message. The T300 timer is
stopped when the message RRC CONNECTION SETUP is
received, when the timer expires and the retransmit event
count is smaller than N300, the UE retransmits the RRC
CONNECTION SETUP REQUEST message.

Range and Step

1002004006008001000120014001600
180020003000400060008000ms

Default Value

2000ms

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time After UE
Sending RRC CONNECTION SETUP REQUEST
Message(T300)(ms)

Maximum Number of Retransmissions of the


RRC CONNECTION REQUEST Message
Parameter Name

N300

Description

If the T300 timer expires and the retransmit event count is


equal to or larger than N300 but the RRC CONNECTION
SETUP message has not been received, the UE enters the
Idle mode.

Range and Step

07

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Maximum Number of
Retransmissions of the RRC CONNECTION REQUEST
Message (N300)

Waiting Time for Receiving "In Sync" from L1


in Idle Mode
Parameter Name

T312Idle

Description

The timer is started when the UE starts to establish the


dedicated channel. When the UE finds the number of
synchronization indications received from layer 1 is equal to
N312Idle, the T312 timer is stopped. If the timer expires, the
physical channel setup fails.

Range and Step

115s

Default Value

2s

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time for
Receiving "In Sync" from L1 in Idle Mode (T312 in Idle
Mode)(s)

Maximum Number of "In Sync" Received from


L1 in Idle Mode
Parameter Name

N312Idle

Description

The smaller the parameter, it is easier to judge whether the


synchronization finishes, but the chance of fake
synchronization also increases; the larger the parameter, the
higher the reliability, but it is more time consuming.

Range and Step

011

Default Value

10

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Maximum Number of "In
Sync" Received from L1 in Idle Mode (N312 in Idle Mode)

Waiting Time After UE Sending CELL/URA


UPDATE Message
Parameter Name

T302

Description

The counter is started when the UE sends the CELL UPDATE


or URA UPDATE message; the counter is stopped when the
UE receives the CELL UPDATE CONFIRM or URA UPDATE
CONFIRM message. If the counter T302 expires but the
number of retransmitted messages is smaller than N302, the
UE retransmits the CELL UPDATE or URA UPDATE message.

Range and Step

1002004006008001000120014001600
180020003000400060008000ms

Default Value

1000ms

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time After UE
Sending CELL/URA UPDATE Message(T302)(ms)

Maximum Number of Retransmissions of the


CELL/URA UPDATE Message
Parameter Name

N302

Description

When the T302 counter expires and the number of the CELL
UPDATE or URA UPDATE messages sent by the UE is larger
than or equal to N302, the UE enters the Idle mode.

Range and Step

07

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Maximum Number of
Retransmissions of the CELL/URA UPDATE Message (N302)

Waiting Time After UE Sending UE


CAPABILITY INFORMATION Message
Parameter Name

T304

Description

When the UE sends the UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION


message, the timer is started; when the UE receives the UE
CAPABILITY INFORMATION Confirmed message, the timer is
stopped. When the T304 timer expires and the number of the
CAPABILITY INFORMATION messages sent by the UE is
smaller than N304, the UE retransmits the UE CAPABILITY
INFORMATION message.

Range and Step

100 200 400 10002000ms

Default Value

2000ms

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time After UE
Sending UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION Message(T304)
(ms)

Maximum Number of Retransmissions of the


UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION Message
Parameter Name

N304

Description

When the T304 counter expires and the retransmit event


count is equal to or larger than N304, the UE starts the CELL
UPDATE process.

Range and Step

07

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Maximum Number of
Retransmissions of the UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION
Message (N304)

Period of Cell/URA Update When UE is in


CELL_FACH/CELL_PCH/ URA_PCH State
Parameter Name

T305

Description

The T305 timer is started when the UE enters the


CELL_FACH, or CELL_PCH/URA_PCH state. When the UE
receives the CELL UPDATE CONFIRM or URA UPDATE
CONFIRM message, the T305 timer is stopped. When the
T305 timer expires and the UE detects its own serving cell,
the UE sends the CELL UPDATE message; when the T305
timer expires and the UE is not in the serving cell, it starts the
T307 timer.

Range and Step

no update5103060120360720min

Default Value

5min

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation -> Period of Cell/URA
Update When UE is in CELL_FACH/CELL_PCH/ URA_PCH
State(T305)(min)

Waiting Time for Cell Reselection After UE is


out of Service
Parameter Name

T307

Description

The parameter specifies the waiting time between the time


when the UE leaves the serving cell and the time when the UE
reselects the cell. The smaller the parameter, more quickly the
UE can reenter the network, but this may increase the load of
the UE and the system.

Range and Step

510 1520304050s

Default Value

5s

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time for Cell
Reselection After UE is out of Service(T307)(s)

Waiting Time After Sending RRC CONNECTION


RELEASE COMPLETE Message in CELL_DCH State
Parameter Name

T308

Description

The T308 timer is started after the UE sends the RRC


CONNECTION RELEASE COMPLETE message. When the
T308 timer expires and the number of the RRC
CONNECTION RELEASE COMPLETE messages sent by the
UE is smaller than N308, the UE retransmits the RRC
CONNECTION RELEASE COMPLETE message.

Range and Step

40 80 160 320ms

Default Value

80ms

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time After
Sending RRC CONNECTION RELEASE COMPLETE
Message in CELL_DCH State(T308) (ms)

Maximum Number of Retransmissions of the


RRC CONNECTION RELEASE Message
Parameter Name

N308

Description

When the T308 counter expires and the number of the RRC
CONNECTION RELEASE COMPLETE messages sent by the
UE is larger than or equal to N308, the UE enters the Idle
mode.

Range and Step

18

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage >RNC Radio Resource Management -> Maximum Number of
Retransmissions of the RRC CONNECTION RELEASE
Message(N308)

Waiting Time After Requesting Connection


Establishment in Other System(eg. GSM)
Parameter Name

T309

Description

When the UE receives the CELL CHANGE ORDER FROM


UTRAN message, the T309 timer is started; when the UE in
the new cell successfully receives the response to the
connection setup request, the T309 timer is stopped. If the
T309 timer expires, the UE returns to the original UTRAN.

Range and Step

18s

Default Value

8s

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time After
Requesting Connection Establishment in Other System(eg.
GSM) (T309)(s)

Waiting Time for Receiving In Sync from L1


In Connected Mode
Parameter Name

T312Connected

Description

The timer is started when the UE starts to establish the


dedicated channel. When the UE finds the number of
synchronization indications received from layer 1 is equal to
N312, T312 is stopped. If the T312 timer expires, the physical
channel setup fails.

Range and Step

115s

Default Value

1s

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time for
Receiving In Sync from L1 In Connected Mode(T312 in
Connected Mode)(s)

Maximum Number of "In Sync" Received from


L1 in Connected Mode
Parameter Name

N312Connected

Description

The smaller the parameter, it is easier to judge whether the


synchronization finishes, but the chance of fake
synchronization also increases; the larger the parameter, the
higher the reliability, but it is more time consuming.

Range and Step

12410 2050100200400600800
1000

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Maximum Number of "In
Sync" Received from L1 in Connected Mode (N312 in
Connected Mode)

Waiting Time After DPCCH Established in


CELL_DCH State Losing Sychronization
Parameter Name

T313

Description

When the number of synchronization loss indications received


by the UE in the DCH state from layer 1 reaches the value of
N313, the UE starts T313. When the UE receives
synchronization indications from layer 1 for N315 times, it
stops the T313 timer. When the T313 timer expires, the radio
links involved in the lost synchronization fail.

Range and Step

015s

Default Value

3s

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time After
DPCCH Established in CELL_DCH State Losing
Sychronization (T313)(s)

Maximum Number of Successive "Out of


Sync" Received from L1
Parameter Name

N313

Description

The smaller the parameter, it is easier to judge whether the


synchronization finishes, but the chance of fake
synchronization also increases; the larger the parameter, the
higher the reliability, but it is more time consuming.

Range and Step

1 2 4 10 20 50 100200

Default Value

50

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage >INFORMATION ON THE CONSTANTS OF THE UE
COUNTER AND TIMER ->Maximum Number of Successive
"Out of Sync" Received from L1(N313)

Maximum Number of Successive "In Sync"


Received from L1 During T313 is Activated
Parameter Name

N315

Description

The smaller the parameter, it is easier to judge whether the


synchronization finishes, but the chance of fake
synchronization also increases; the larger the parameter, the
higher the reliability, but it is more time consuming.

Range and Step

1 2 4 10 20 50 100200 400 600 800


1000

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Maximum Number of
Successive "In Sync" Received from L1 During T313 is
Activated ( N315)

Waiting Time for Completion of Cell Update When Radio


Link Fails and Radio Bearer(s) Associated with T314 Exist
Parameter Name

T314

Description

When the criteria for radio link failure are fulfilled, T314 is
started if radio bearer(s) that are associated with T314 exist or
if only RRC connection exists only to the CS domain. When
the Cell Update procedure has been completed, T314 is
stopped.

Range and Step

0 2 4 6 8 12 16 20s

Default Value

4s

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time for
Completion of Cell Upate When Radio Link Fails and Radio
Bearer(s) Associated with T314 Exist (T314)(s)

Waiting Time for Completion of Cell Update When Radio


Link Fails and Radio Bearer(s) Associated with T315 Exist
Parameter Name

T315

Description

When the RB is set up, the system uses T314 or T315 for the
RB. When the radio link fails and the current RB uses T315,
the system starts T315. When the cell updating process
finishes, the system stops T315.

Range and Step

010 30 60 180 600 12001800s

Default Value

30s

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time for
Completion of Cell Upate When Radio Link Fails and Radio
Bearer(s) Associated with T315 Exist (T315)(s)

Waiting Time for Cell Selection/Reselection After UE


is out of Service in CELL_PCH/URA_PCH State
Parameter Name

T316

Description

When the UE in the PCH state leaves the serving cell, the
system starts the T316 timer; when the UE detects the serving
cell, the system stops the T316 timer. When the T316 timer
expires, if the UE is in the serving cell, it initiates the cell
updating; if the T316 timer is not in the serving cell, it starts
the T317 timer and switches to the FACH state. When the UE
detects the serving cell, it starts the cell updating.

Range and Step

0 10 20 30 40 50 Infinitys

Default Value

0s

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation -> Waiting Time for Cell
Selection/Reselection After UE is out of Service in
CELL_PCH/URA_PCH State(T316)(s)

Waiting Time for Cell Selection/Reselection


After UE is out of Service in CELL_FACH State
Parameter Name

T317

Description

When the T316 timer expires, the system starts the T317
timer; when the UE in the FACH leaves the serving cell, the
system starts the T317 timer. When the UE detects the
serving cell, it stops the T317 timer.

Range and Step

010 30 60 180 600 12001800s

Default Value

0s

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time for Cell
Selection/Reselection After UE is out of Service in
CELL_FACH State(T317)(s)

Mobile Country Code


Parameter Name

MCC

Description

The parameter specifies the mobile country code.

Range and Step

0999

Default Value

460

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->CN NAS Configuration Information >Mobile Country Code

Mobile Network Code


Parameter Name

MNC

Description

The parameter specifies the mobile network code.

Range and Step

0999

Default Value
Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->CN NAS Configuration Infomation>Mobile Network Code

CN Domain Supported
Parameter Name

CnDomain

Description

The parameter specifies the supported CN domains.

Range and Step

0: CS Domain
1: PS Domain
2: CS+PS

Default Value

2: CS+PS

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->CN NAS Configuration Infomation >CN Domain Supported

Timer for Periodic Location Update


Parameter Name

T3212Cs

Description

The parameter specifies the interval at which the location


information is reported. The smaller the parameter, it is easier
to judge the real location.

Range and Step

025.5hours Step0.1hour

Default Value

1 hour

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->CN
System Infomation ->Timer for Periodic Location
Update(T3212)(hour)

URA Number
Parameter Name

URANum

Description

The parameter specifies the number of URAs for the current


cell. The system supports up to 4 URAs.

Range and Step

14

Default Value

N/A

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->UtranCell->UtranCell Global
Information ->URA Number

URA Identity
Parameter Name

URA4

Description

The parameter specifies the No. of the URA to which the


current area belongs.

Range and Step

065535

Default Value

N/A

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->UtranCell->UtranCell Global
Information ->URA Identity

Cell Identity
Parameter Name

CId

Description

The parameter specifies the ID of a cell and is used to


distinguish different cells.

Range and Step

065534

Default Value

N/A

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->UtranCell->UtranCell Global
Information ->Cell Identity

Content

UMTS System Information Broadcasting


UMTS Paging
UMTS Random Access
UMTS RRC Connection Setup and Release
Access Failed Case

Paging Flow
UE

NodeB

SRNC

DRNC

ConditionPAGING originated by CN

PAGING

ConditionUE in IDLEPCH
PAGING TYPE 1
ConditionUE in DCHFACH
PAGING TYPE 2

ConditionPAGING originated by RNC , on Iur interface


PAGING REQ
ConditionPAGING originated by RNC
ConditionUE in IDLEPCH
PAGING TYPE 1
ConditionUE in DCHFACH
PAGING TYPE 2

CN

PAGING TYPE 1

When the UE is in the Idle, or URA_PCH state,


the RNC receives the paging message from the
CN and then sends the paging message of
PAGING TYPE 1 over the PCH channel to the UE.
To improve the chance of receiving the paging
message by the UE, the RNC repeatedly sends
the paging message of PAGING TYPE 1 to the
UE.

Page Indicator

The PCH channel has a corresponding PICH physical


channel. The page indicator (PI) is transmitted over the
PICH channel, with each PI corresponding to a group of
UEs. The following lists the formula for calculating the PI:

PI = DRX Index mod Np


Where:
DRX Index = IMSI div 8192
Np = the number of PIs included in a PICH frame.

Page Indicator

The UE judges whether the network is paging itself by


monitoring its own PI. Each PICH frame can contain the PI
of multiple UEs. The more the parameter Np, the larger the
transmit power of the PICH will be.
Number of PIs
in each frame
18
36
72
144

Number of repeated
bits in the PICH
16
8
4
2

Transmit power of the PICH in


comparison with that of the CPICH
-7
-7
-5
-2

288 bits for paging indication


b0 b1

12 bits (transmission
off)
b287 b288

One radio frame (10 ms)

b299

Paging Occasion

For saving power, the UE in the Idle or PCH state


monitors the PICH channel in the Discontinuous
Reception (DRX) mode. In the DRX mode, the UE
monitors the PI once every DRX period. That is,
each UE has its own paging occasion (PO). The
UE monitors each PICH frame in the
corresponding SFN and finds its own PI in the
frame according to the calculated PI. Therefore,
the RNC fills in the PI in the message transmitted
over the PICH channel according to the paging
occasion of the UE. DRX period = 2k frames

Paging Occasion

Paging Occasion = {(IMSI div N) mod (DRX cycle length


div PBP)} * PBP + n * DRX cycle length + Frame Offset

Where:
N = number of SCCPCH channels carried over the PCH in a cell
DRX cycle length = 2k frame
PBP = 1
n = SFN
DRX Cycle

4095

2K-1
PO
PI
0

PI
1

PI
i-1

PI
i

PI
i+1

PI
Np-1

DRX cycle length coefficient

When the UE is in the Idle mode, the RNC calculates K in


the DRX period according to Kcs, Kps, and DRX Cycle
Length Coefficient in the paging message from the CN.

For paging messages from the CS domain, K = Min(Kcs,Kps)


For paging messages from the PS domain, if the CN adds DRX
Cycle Length Coefficient to the paging message, K = Min (Kcs,
Kps, DRX Cycle Length Coefficient).If the CN does not add DRX
Cycle Length Coefficient to the paging message, K = Min(Kcs,Kps).

DRX cycle length coefficient

When the UE is in the PCH state, the RNC calculates K in


the DRX period according to Kcs, Kps, KUtran, and DRX
Cycle Length Coefficient in the paging message from the
CN.

For paging messages from the CS domain, K = Min(Kcs,KUtran)


For paging messages from the PS domain, if the CN adds DRX
Cycle Length Coefficient to the paging message, K = Min (Kps,
KUtran, DRX Cycle Length Coefficient). If the CN does not add
DRX Cycle Length Coefficient to the paging message, K =
Min(Kps,KUtran).

Called Signaling Flow


System Information
RRC Connection Setup

NAS Connection

RRC Connection Release

PAGING TYPE 2

When the UE is in the DCH or FACH state, the


UTRAN initiates the paging process and sends a
paging message of PAGING TYPE 2 over the
DCCH channel. The UTRAN configures paging
cause in the message. After the UE in the DCH or
FACH state receives the message of PAGING
TYPE 2, it starts the paging reception process and
reports paging cause and paging record type
identifier to the upper layer.

Paging Area
CN
UMTS

URA_PCH Registration

Cell

Area
Cell_DCH
Cell_FACH

Routing
Area

Idle mode

Location
Area

Different paging area for UE in different RRC state

UTRAN DRX Cycle Length Coefficient


Parameter Name

KUtran

Description

This parameter is used for the discontinuous reception of UE


in the connection mode. This parameter is used to calculate
the paging occasion, that is, a constant required in monitoring
the PICH cycle. The discontinuous reception cycle is 2k
frames.

Range and Step

39

Default Value

6
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage >RNC Radio Resource Management ->UTRAN DRX Cycle
Length Coefficient

Sending Times of Paging Message


Parameter Name

PagingSendTimes

Description

The system has not obtained the information on the number of


retransmitted paging message when receiving no response. If
the value of this parameter increases, the possibility of paging
success will increase. With the increase of the Uu interface
messages, the Uu interface becomes more time consuming.

Range and Step

16

Default Value

3
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->UtranCell->Advanced Parameter
Manage ->UtranCell ->Sending Times of Paging Message

CS Domain DRX Cycle Length Coefficient


Parameter Name

Kcs

Description

The parameter allows a UE in the Idle or PCH state to


calculate the paging occasion so that it can monitor the PICH
channel at the time specified by the parameter.

Range and Step

69

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->
CN System Infomation ->CS Domain DRX Cycle Length
Coefficient

PS Domain DRX Cycle Length Coefficient


Parameter Name

Kps

Description

The parameter allows a UE in the Idle or PCH state to


calculate the paging occasion so that it can monitor the PICH
channel at the time specified by the parameter.

Range and Step

69

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->
CN System Infomation ->PS Domain DRX Cycle Length
Coefficient

Number of Paging Indicators per PICH Frame


Parameter Name

Np

Description

The larger the parameter, the higher the paging success rate,
but the larger the transmit power of the PICH channel.

Range and Step

183672144

Default Value

18

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->UtranCell->Advanced Parameter
Manage ->PICH ->Number of Paging Indicators per PICH
Frame

PICH Power
Parameter Name

PichPwr

Description

This parameter indicates the PICH transmission power, which


is an offset relative to the Primary CPICH power.

Range and Step

-105dB step 1dB

Default Value

-7dB

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->
Power Control not Related to Service -> PICH Power

Content

UMTS System Information Broadcasting


UMTS Paging
UMTS Random Access
UMTS RRC Connection Setup and Release
Access Failed Case

PRACH Structure

Preamble

Preamble

Preamble

4096 chips

Preamble
4096 chips

Message part
10 ms (one radio frame)

Preamble

Preamble

Message part
20 ms (two radio frames)

Preamble Part

The preamble part of PRACH is 4096 chips long.


It is obtained by repeating the 16-chip signature
for 256 times and then processed with RPACH
preamble scrambling.

Message Part
Data
Ndata bits

Data
Pilot
Npilot bits

Control

TFCI
NTFCI bits

Tslot = 2560 chips, 10*2k bits (k=0..3)

Slot #0

Slot #1

Slot #i

Slot #14

Message part radio frame TRACH = 10 ms

k=0, 1, 2 and 3 corresponds respectively to the spectrum spreading


factors adopted by the message part: SF=256, 128, 64 and 32.

Channelized code of PRACH message part

The spectrum spreading code used by the control part of PRACH is cc


= Cch,256,m. where m = 16s + 15.
The spectrum spreading code used by the data part of PRACH is cd
=Cch,SF,m. where SF=256, 128, 64, 32 are the spectrum spreading
factor of the data part, m = SFs/16.
s(0 s 15) is the serial number of the signature used by the PRACH
preamble part among all 16 PRACH preamble signatures.
Number of bits carried in PRACH message vs spectrum spreading
factor:
Slot
Format #i
0
1
2
3

Channel Bit
Rate (kbps)
15
30
60
120

Channel Symbol
Rate (ksps)
15
30
60
120

SF

Bits/
Frame
256 150
128 300
64
600
32
1200

Bits/
Slot
10
20
40
80

Ndata
10
20
40
80

Random Access Process of Physical Layer

Select an available access slot


Select a signature
Set the preamble retransmission counter
The UE calculates the initial transmit power of preamble
If the UE fails to receive, in the DL access slot corresponding to the
slot that sends the UL access preamble, the positive or negative
response (AI = +1 nor 1) corresponding to the selected signature on
AICH, Increase the transmit power of random access preamble by one
PRStep.
If the UE receives, in the DL access slot corresponding to the slot that
sends the UL access preamble, the positive response corresponding
to the selected signature on AICH, then the UE sends the message
part of random access.

RACH access slot set

PRACH has totally 15 slots of 20ms and the slots belongs to two
access slot sets.
Access slot set 1 includes: slot 0~7 starting from p-a chips before the
DL P-CCPCH frame of SFN mod 2=0.
Access slot set 2 includes: slot 8~14 starting from p-a2560 chips
before the DL P-CCPCH frame of SFN mod 2=1.
AICH access
slots
p-a

#0
PRACH
access slots

SFN mod 2 = 0
#0

#1

#2

#1

#3

#2

#4

#3

#5

Access slot set 1

10 ms

#4

#6

SFN mod 2 = 1
#5

#7

#6

#8

#7

#9

#8

#9

#10

#11

#10

#11

#12

Access slot set 2

10 ms

#13

#12

#14

#13

#14

RACH Sub-channel

RACH sub-channel defines a subset of all UL access slots.


Mapping relation between available UL access slot and
RACH sub-channel:
SFN modulo 8 of
corresponding
P-CCPCH frame
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Sub-channel number
0

0 1 2 3
12 13 14
0
9 10 11 12
6 7
8 9
3 4 5 6

1 2 3
13 14
0
10 11 12
7
8 9

10 11

8
5

9
6

10 11
7
8
4 5

1 2 3
13 14
0 1 2
10 11 12 13 14

PRACH/AICH timing relation

The AICH frame is 20ms long and divided into 15 slots,


each slot with 5120 chips.
One access slot
Acq.
Ind.

AICH access
slots RX at UE

p-a
PRACH access
slots TX at UE

Preamble

Preamble

p-p

Message part

p-m

PRACH Preamble Scrambling Code


Parameter Name

PreamScraCode

Description

This parameter indicates the preamble scrambling number


that this PRACH can use. The scrambling code that can be
used for PRACH in each cell relates to the DL primary
scrambling code of the cell. In addition, there are at most
sixteen preamble scrambling codes available. This parameter
can be used to distinguish the PRACHs.

Range and Step

015

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->External UTRAN Cell-> External
UTRAN Cell XXX-> Advanced Parameter Manager->PRACH> PRACH Preamble Scrambling Code

Available Signature
Parameter Name

Signature

Description

This parameter indicates all effective signatures when the


PRACH is used. 16 bit represents 16 signatures; the bit which
equals 1 means the corresponding signature is valid. Each
signature corresponds one by one to the channelization code
number of PRACH whose SF is 16.

Range and Step

Bit0: sig0
..
Bit15: sig15,
Bit=1 means the corresponding signature is valid.

Default Value

Each bit is 1

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->External UTRAN Cell-> External
UTRAN Cell XXX-> Advanced Parameter Manager->PRACH> Available Signature

PRACH Available SF
Parameter Name

AvailableSF

Description

This parameter indicates the minimum effective spreading


factor that this PRACH can use (limiting the maximum rate
that the PRACH can transmit). The greater the minimum
effective spreading factor is, the lower the maximum rate
becomes at which the PRACH can transmit.

Range and Step

3264128256

Default Value

64

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> Advanced Parameter
Manager->PRACH-> PRACH Available SF

PRACH Preamble Power Ramp Step


Parameter Name

PRStep

Description

This parameter indicates the power ramp step used by the UE


when it does not receive any responses from AICH after
sending a preamble. This parameter is used to be added to
the previous power, and then the next preamble is sent at this
new power.

Range and Step

18dB step 1dB

Default Value

1dB

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> Advanced Parameter
Manager->PRACH-> PRACH Preamble Power Ramp Step(dB)

Maximum Number of Preamble Being


Transmitted
Parameter Name

MaxPreamRetrans

Description

This parameter indicates the maximum number that the


access preamble can be sent before L1 receives ACK or
NACK.

Range and Step

164

Default Value

40

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> Advanced Parameter
Manager->PRACH-> Maximum Number of Preamble Being
Transmitted

Power Offset between PRACH Control Part


and PRACH Data Part
Parameter Name

POPpm

Description

This parameter indicates the power offset between control


part of the PRACH message part and the last preamble. It
should be configured for each TFC.

Range and Step

-5,10dB step 1dB

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management-> Advanced Parameter Manager>Transmission Format Composition Set of PRACH-> Power
Offset between PRACH Control Part and PRACH Data
Part(dB)

PRACH Available SubChannel Number


Parameter Name

AvailSubChanNum

Description

This parameter indicates the available effective sub-channel


number of this PRACH. The sub-channel number actually
defines the available time slot for the PRACH. The bit
indicates whether this sub-channel number is valid or not.
Each sub-channel number can correspond to several access
slots. For several PRACHs in the same cell, their sub-channel
numbers must be different from each other.

Range and Step

bit0: subch0
..
bit11: subch11
Bit=1 means the corresponding sub channel is valid.

Default Value

Each bit is 1

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> UTRAN Cell XXX->
Advanced Parameter Manager->PRACH-> PRACH Available
SubChannel Number

Maximum Allowed UL TX Power of RACH


Parameter Name

MaxRACHTxPwr

Description

This parameter indicates the maximum allowed UL


transmission power of RACH. If the parameter value is
increased, the maximum allowed UL transmission power of
RACH increases. If the parameter value is decreased, the
maximum allowed UL transmission power of RACH decreases.

Range and Step

-5033dBm

Default Value

24dBm

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> UTRAN Cell XXX->
Advanced Parameter Manager->PRACH-> Maximum Allowed
UL TX Power of RACH(dBm)

Maximum Number of Preamble Ramping


Cycles
Parameter Name

Mmax

Description

This parameter indicates the maximum times for re-sending


attempts on MAC layer. When the physical layer returns
NACK (unacknowledged) or NO ACK (Node B does not
response), adds the attempt times, M, by 1. When M is over
Mmax, the MAC layer stops the access process. When the
parameter value is increased, the MAC layer makes more
sending attempts. When the parameter value is decreased,
the MAC layer makes less sending attempts.

Range and Step

132

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> UTRAN Cell XXX->
Advanced Parameter Manager->PRACH-> Maximum Number
of Preamble Ramping Cycles

Detected Preamble Threshold


Parameter Name

PreamThs

Description

This parameter indicates the preamble judgment threshold


when Node B detects preambles. To make the access
preamble of the PPRACH transmission be detected by Node
B, the proportion of the received preamble power in the
preamble cycle and the interference level should be larger
than this parameter.

Range and Step

-36.00.0 dB step 0.5dB

Default Value

-24dB

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> UTRAN Cell XXX->
Advanced Parameter Manager->PRACH-> Detected
Preamble Threshold(dB)

Content

UMTS System Information Broadcasting


UMTS Paging
UMTS Random Access
UMTS RRC Connection Setup and Release
Access Failed Case

RRC Connection Setup

A dedicated channel
A common channel
UE

UTRAN
RRC CONNECTION REQUEST

RRC CONNECTION SETUP

RRC CONNECTION SETUP COMPLETE

The signaling flow in signal trace tool

RRC Connection Setup


RRC Connection Setup Request

RNC

RNC decides on what kind of channel


the RRC connection will be established
according to the setting of the OMCR
parameter InitRrcOnDch

InitRrcOnDch = 0

InitRrcOnDch = 1

InitRrcOnDch = 3

InitRrcOnDch = 4

InitRrcOnDch = 2

DCH mandatory
and common
signaling

DCH mandatory
and High-speed
signaling

Not mandatory
and use common
signaling for
DCH state

Not mandatory
and use highspeed signaling
for DCH state

FACH mandatory

RRC Connection Setup Cause =


to set up services
DCH is used to setup
RRC Connection

Common Channel is used


to setup RRC Connection

Establishing a RRC Connection over a


Dedicated Transport channel

When receiving the RRC CONNECTION REQUEST


message from a UE, the RNC specifies the channel over
which the RRC connection is to be established according
to the parameter InitRrcOnDch.

If the parameter InitRrcOnDch is set to 0 (Forced to DCH and


Using Normal Speed Signaling) or 1 (Forced to DCH and Using
13.6Kbps signaling), or 5(Forced to DCH and using 27.2Kbps), the
RNC establishes the RRC connection over the DCH channel.
If the parameter InitRrcOnDch is set to 3 (Not Forced, Using
3.4Kbps Signaling on Cell-DCH State) or 4 (Not Forced, Using
13.6kbps Signaling on Cell-DCH State), or 6(Not Forced, Using
27.2Kbps Signaling on Cell-DCH State), the RNC selects to
establish the RRC connection over the DCH according to the
establishment cause in the RRC CONNECTION REQUEST
message.

Establishing a RRC Connection over a


Common Transport channel

When receiving the RRC CONNECTION REQUEST


message from a UE, the RNC specifies the channel over
which the RRC connection is to be established according
to the parameter InitRrcOnDch.

If the parameter InitRrcOnDch is set to 2 (Forced to FACH), the


RNC establishes the RRC connection over the FACH channel.
If the parameter InitRrcOnDch is set to 3 , 4, or 6, the RNC
establishes the RRC connection according to the establishment
cause. If there is only a signaling process, instead of setting up
services(for example, the value of establishment cause is
registration ), RNC will select common channel to bear signaling.

Wireless Link Setup Failure

If the radio link setup fails, the RNC sends the


RRC CONNECTION REJECT message to the UE
and fills in Wait Time in the message. The
parameter Wait Time specifies the duration (from
the reception of the RRC CONNECTION REJECT
message to the time of sending access request)
during which the UE has to wait.

Failure to Receive RRC Connection Setup


Response From UE

If RNC havnt received RRC CONNECTION


SETUP COMPLETE for waiting 5 seconds from
the first transmitting of RRC CONNECTION
SETUP, the RRC connection setup fails. The UE
is still in idle mode.

Releasing the RRC Connection

The connection carrying services data or NAS signaling is released


normally.
The Node B detects radio link failure.
The RNC monitors the RLC connection failure.
The UE in the DCH or FACH state sends CELL UPDATE message.
The value of AM_RLC error indication is true.
The UE in the FACH state sends the CELL UPDATE message to the
RNC. The cause is Radio link failure or RLC unrecoverable error.
UE(DCH)

RNC

RRC Connection Release


(SRB1)

RRC Connection Release


Complete

UE(FACH)

RNC

RRC Connection Release


(SRB2/CCCH)
RRC Connection Release
Complete
(CCCH)

RRC connection release flow


UE

Tar get
Node B

Sour ce
Node B

Dr i f t
RNC

Sour ce
RNC

ConditionRRC connection release on DCH


RRC

RRC CONNECTI ON RELEASE


[ DCCH UM RLC ]

RRC

RRC

RRC CONNECTI ON RELEASE COMPLETE


[ DCCH UM RLC / AM RLC ]

RRC

RL Del et e

ConditionRRC connection release on CCCH


RRC

RRC CONNECTI ON RELEASE


[ CCCH UM RLC ]

RRC

Maximum Number of Retransmissions of the


RRC CONNECTION RELEASE Message
Parameter Name

NReTran

Description

The parameter specifies the number of the RRC


CONNECTION RELEASE messages retransmitted by the
RNC after the UE does not return the RRC CONNECTION
RELEASE COMPLETE message. If the value of this
parameter decreases, the possibility of process failed will
increase.

Range and Step

110

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage >RNC Radio Resource Management ->Maximum Number of
Retransmissions of the RRC CONNECTION RELEASE
Message

Wait Time for RRC Connection


Reestablishment
Parameter Name

Twait

Description

The smaller the parameter, it is easier to trigger access


request flow, the larger the chance of second failure.

Range and Step

015s

Default Value

5s

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage >RNC Radio Resource Management ->Wait Time for RRC
Connection Reestablishment(s)

Number of FDD UMTS Frequency Range


Parameter Name

FDDFreqRngNum

Description

This parameter indicates the number of UTRAN FDD


frequency range controlled by the local PLMN. When UE
comes back to idle mode from RRC connected mode, UE
selects one cell to reside. UTRAN contains this parameter in
the message of RRC CONNECTION RELEASE, indicating the
possible frequency range in UTRAN cells. This parameter
helps UE to speed up the process of cell searching.

Range and Step

032

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->RPLMN Range Information ->
Number of FDD UMTS Frequency Range

Number of GSM BA Range


Parameter Name

GsmBARangeNum

Description

This parameter indicates the number of GSM BCCH


distribution tables. When UTRAN network and BSS network
belong to the same PLMN at the same time and UE has
transferred from RRC connected mode to Idle mode, UE will
selects one cell to reside. UTRAN contains this parameter in
the message of RRC CONNECTION RELEASE, indicating the
possible BCCH frequency range of neighboring GSM cells of
the BSS network. This parameter helps UE to speed up the
process of cell searching.

Range and Step

032

Default Value

Configuration
Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio


Resource Management->RPLMN Range Information ->
Number of GSM BA Range

GSM Lower Range


Parameter Name

GsmLRange32

Description

This parameter indicates the frequency lower range of a


specific GSM BCCH distribution table that the local PLMN
controls. When UTRAN network and BSS network belong to
the same PLMN at the same time and UE has transferred
from RRC connected mode to Idle mode, UE will selects one
cell to reside. UTRAN contains this parameter in the message
of RRC CONNECTION RELEASE, indicating the possible
BCCH frequency range of neighboring GSM cells of the BSS
network. This parameter helps UE to speed up the process of
cell searching.

Range and Step

[0 1023]

Default Value

N/A
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->RPLMN Range Information ->GSM
Lower Range

GSM Upper Range


Parameter Name

GsmURange32

Description

This parameter indicates the frequency upper range of a


specific GSM BCCH distribution table that the local PLMN
controls. When UTRAN network and BSS network belong to
the same PLMN at the same time and UE has transferred
from RRC connected mode to Idle mode, UE will selects one
cell to reside. UTRAN contains this parameter in the message
of RRC CONNECTION RELEASE, indicating the possible
BCCH frequency range of neighboring GSM cells of the BSS
network. This parameter helps UE to speed up the process of
cell searching.

Range and Step

[0 1023]

Default Value

N/A
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->RPLMN Range Information ->GSM
Upper Range

UARFCN (Nlow)
Parameter Name

Luarfcn 8

Description

This parameter indicates the frequency lower range of a


specific UTRAN FDD frequency that the local PLMN controls.
When UE state is transferred from RRC connected mode to
idle mode, UE selects one cell to reside. UTRAN contains this
parameter in the message of RRC CONNECTION RELEASE,
indicating the possible transmission frequency range of the
UTRAN cells. This parameter helps UE to speed up the
process of cell searching.

Range and Step

Band I: [10562, 10838]


Band II: [9662, 9938]

Default Value

N/A
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->RPLMN Range Information >UARFCN (Nlow)

UARFCN(Nupper)
Parameter Name

Uuarfcn8

Description

This parameter indicates the frequency upper range of a


specific UTRAN FDD that the local PLMN controls. When UE
state is transferred from RRC connected mode to idle mode,
UE selects one cell to reside. UTRAN contains this parameter
in the message of RRC CONNECTION RELEASE, indicating
the possible transmission frequency range of the UTRAN cells.
This parameter helps UE to speed up the process of cell
searching.

Range and Step

Band I: [10562, 10838]


Band II: [9662, 9938]

Default Value

N/A
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->RPLMN Range Information >UARFCN(Nupper)

Type of Transport Channel for Initial RRC


Connection Setup
Parameter Name

InitRrcOnDch

Description

This parameter indicates the type of transport channel and


signaling rate for initial RRC connection setup.

Range and Step

0:forcedly establish the RRC connection over the DCH


channel and use the common signaling
1: Forcedly establish the RRC connection over the DCH
channel and use the high speed signaling
2: Forcedly establish the RRC connection over the FACH
channel and use the high speed signaling
3:Establish the RRC connection over the DCH channel in a
non-forced manner and use the common signaling
4: Establish the RRC connection over the DCH channel in a
non-forced manner and use the high speed signaling.

Default Value

1
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->Basic Infomation ->Type of
Transport Channel for Initial RRC Connection Setup

Content

UMTS System Information Broadcasting


UMTS Paging
UMTS Random Access
UMTS RRC Connection Setup and Release
Access Failed Case

Description

Customer complained that it was difficult to access


the network in office, and it was too long to wait.

Analysis

The drive test shows that the


receiving level of UE is normal.
Besides, there is no alarm
related to hardware.
The Performance Management
System(PMS) software of NodeB
shows the statistics of
accessing. A large amount of
rejection of access is found,
which occupied the
demodulation resource, causing
the long time to wait for a call
connection.

Analysis

Preamble_Initial_Power = Primary CPICH DL TX


power CPICH_RSCP + UL interference +
Constant Value

Primary CPICH DL TX power CPICH_RSCP is the


Pathloss of downlink.
UE

UTRAN

CPICH
Preamble ..Preamble
AICH
Message of
PRACH

Analysis

Use the signaling trace tools of OMCR, RNC didnt


receive the RRC Connection Request message.
Use the BMC TRACE, find Rach CRC Error.So,
we make a conclusion that the Preamble
Threshold is too big which result in the message
transmit power is very low, and NodeB cannot
receive the message.

Solution

Solution

Change the Preamble Threshold:-24dB -21dB


Constant Value:-21dB -18dB

Result

Test again, make a call 120 times, all the calls are
successful.

Access Failed Case

-21dB
-21
-18dB