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Essay Writing Step by

Step

Why write an Essay?

• Organise your thoughts.
• Argue your viewpoint.
• Research something in-depth.
• Communicate your ideas to others.

What makes a Good Essay?
• Answers the question asked.
• Shows understanding of the subject.
• Uses a range of sources.
• Puts forward a clear argument.
• Is logically structured and ordered.

Introduction

Historical Background

Main Content of Essay

Rebuttal
Conclusion

Word Count
• Introduction – 200 words
• Historical Background – 300 words
• Main Content



Point 1 – 300 words
Point 2 – 300 words
Point 3 – 300 words
Point 4 – 300 words

• Rebuttal – 100 words
• Conclusion – 200 words

Introduction
• Introduce the topic – why is it interesting?
• Lay out a ‘roadmap’ for the reader.
• State the ‘thesis’ or argument.

Remember:
Write your introduction after the main body of the essay.

Historical Background
• Contextualises the essay.
You might include:
• Main art movements of the time,
• Other artists or designers,
• Social or cultural movements.

Historical Background:
• Information on the
Renaissance.
• Setting the scene.
• His early career.
• Artists who influenced
him.
• Other sculptors
working at the time.
Topic – Michaelangelo’s Sculptures

Main Body
• 3 to 5 main points.
• Each point:
• Introduce,
• Back up with expert opinion,
• Summarise.

1. Tell them what you’re going to tell them.
2. Tell them it.
3. Tell them what you’ve told them.

Rebuttal
• 5% - not essential in first year.
• Show how others have disagreed
with your argument.
• Bring in other voices.
• Respond to them.
• Strengthens your argument.

Writing an Essay – Step by Step
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Understand the Question.
Research and gather references.
Brainstorm.
Plan.
Write.
Proof.

Understanding the Question
“What is the nature of museum display? What effects does it have on
the objects displayed as part of museum collections? What effects does
it have on the experience of museum visitors?”

1. Nature of museum display.
2. Effect on objects displayed.
3. Effect on visitor experience.

Research
• Find Sources:
- Library,
- Nival,
- Online Journal Articles.
• Evaluate Sources:
- Relevant,
- Reliable,
- Varied.
• Collect citation information.

Research - Avoiding Plagiarism
• Common problem.
• Not always deliberate.
• A result of poor organisation.
• Have a system in place.

Brainstorm

Plan out your Essay
• Remember the Five Parts
1. Intro
2. Historical Background
3. Main Body – divide into your key points
4. Rebuttal
5. Conclusion

Ways to Plan your Essay
• Historical - essay follows a timeline.
• Sequential – follows a clear path or idea.
• Bullet Points,
• Section headings,
• Doodles,
• Mind Maps,
• Talk it out.

Write
• Have question and plan in front of you.
• Follow your structure.
• Refer back to question.
• Each paragraph:
• introduce,
• backup with evidence,
• summarise.

Proof and Edit
What to look for:

Strategies:

• Has it answered the question?
• Did you bring in expert
opinions?
• Spelling/Grammar,
• Word count,
• Correct referencing.

• Spellcheck
• Text to Speech
• Swap with a Friend
• Print out and doodle

Structure of an Essay
Introduction

Historical Background

Main Content of Essay
Rebuttal
Conclusion

Essay Writing Step by Step
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Understand the Question.
Research and gather references.
Brainstorm.
Structure.
Write.
Proof.