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FORENSICS

External Ballistics
Internal Ballistics
Wound Ballistics
Ammunition
Bullet & Case Matching
Weapon Types

INTRODUCTION

FORENSICS
Is a science dedicated to the
methodical gathering and analysis of
evidences to establish facts that can be
presented in legal proceedings.

INTRODUCTION

The word forensic comes from the Latin fornsis,


meaning "of or before the forum
This origin is the source of the two modern usages of
the word forensic as a form of legal evidence and as a
category of public presentation.
In modern use, the term "forensics" in the place of
"forensic science" can be considered correct as the term
"forensic" is effectively a synonym for "legal" or "related
to courts".

FORENSICS

External ballistics
is the part of the science
of ballistics that deals with
the behaviour of a nonpowered projectile in flight.
External ballistics is
frequently associated
with firearms, and deals
with the behaviour of
the bullet after it exits
the barrel and before it hits
the target,

FORENSICS
Internal ballistics
a subfield of ballistics, Is
the study of a projectile's
motion from the time
its propellant's igniter is
initiated until it exits
the gun barrel.[1] The study
of internal ballistics is
important to designers and
users of firearms of all
types, from smallbore Olympic rifles and pist
ols, to high-tech artillery.

FORENSICS

Wound ballistics
The term ballistic trauma or gunshot wound (GSW)
refers to a form of physical trauma sustained from the
discharge of arms.
[1] The most common forms of ballistic trauma stem
from firearms used in armed conflicts, civilian sporting,
recreational pursuits and criminal activity.
[2]Ballistic trauma is sometimes fatal for the recipient, or
causes long term negative consequences.

AMMUNITION

A BULLET

is a projectile propelled by
a firearm, sling, or air gun. Bullets
do not normally
contain explosives, but damage
the intended target by impact
and penetration. The word
"bullet" is sometimes colloquially
used to refer to ammunition in
general, or to a cartridge, which is
a combination of the
bullet, case/shell, powder,
and primer. This use of 'bullet'
when 'cartridge' is intended, leads
to confusion when the
components of a cartridge are
discussed or intended. See the
reference section for more detail.

BULLETS AND CASING


MATCHING

AMMUNITION

FIREARMS

A firearm is a portable gun, being


a barreled weapon that launches one or
more projectiles often defined by the action of an
explosive.[1][2][3] Firearms first appeared in 13th
century China when the man portable fire lance (a
bamboo or metal tube that could shoot
ignited gunpowder) was combined with projectiles such
as scrap metal, broken porcelain, or
darts/arrows.[4] The technology gradually spread
through the rest of Asia and into Europe. In older
firearms, the propellant was typically black powder, but
modern firearms use smokeless powder or other
propellants. Most modern firearms (with the notable
exception of smoothbore firearms) have rifled barrels to
impart spin to the projectile for improved flight stability.

FIREARMS

Handgun
The smallest of all firearms is the
handgun. There are three
common types of
handguns: single-shot pistols
(more common
historically), revolvers, andsemiautomatic pistols. Revolvers have
a number of firing chambers or
"charge holes" in a revolving
cylinder; each chamber in the
cylinder is loaded with a single
cartridge. Semi-automatic pistols
have a single fixed firing chamber
machined into the rear of the
barrel, and a magazine, usually
removable, so they can be used to
fire more than one round.

FIREARMS

Shotgun
A shotgun usually retains its
ancestor's smooth bore, and while
originally designed to fire a packet
of relatively small shot pellets, is
also capable of firing larger slugs,
or specialty (often "less lethal")
rounds such as bean bags, tear
gas or breaching rounds. Rifles
have a very small impact area but
a long range and high accuracy.
Shotguns have a large impact
area with considerably less range
and accuracy. However, the larger
impact area can compensate for
reduced accuracy, since shot
spreads during flight;
consequently, in hunting,
shotguns are generally used for
flying game

FIREARMS

Rifle
An automatic rifle is a
magazine-fed firearm, wielded
by a single infantryman, that is
chambered for rifle cartridges
and capable of automatic fire.
The M1918 Browning
Automatic Rifle was the first
U.S. infantry weapon of this
type, and was generally used
for suppressive or support fire
in the role now usually filled by
the light machine gun.