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You are on page 1of 76

001

MWF 9:009:50 a.m.

Associate Professor

(working on nano-photonics, and 3D nanofabrication using lasers)

Physics Bldg., Room 323

(940) 565-4548

yuankun.lin@unt.edu

Office Hours: MWF 9:50-10:30 am, and by appointment

Course Orientation

1. Laboratory

2. Course Syllabus

1. Online homework-Masteringphysics

2. Response Cards

homework

Textbook: University Physics, 13th Edition, by Young and

Freedman.

Hardcover text with MasteringPhysics access

3-hole punched edition with MasteringPhysics access

MasteringPhysics access including e-book for Young/Freedman

Responsive Innovations Response Card, Part No. RCRF-01,

distributed by Turning Technologies, LLC

Homework: www.masteringphysics.com

Attendance/Participation:

5% of your grade will depend upon your attendance and participation in class.

You will be expected to bring your Response Card with you to class, and participate

in answering in-class questions.

(Never bring other clickers to help others. I will randomly call names and check.

Both students will lose 5% with a false clicker response)

If your card is not working, write down your name in a piece of paper and hand it in

to me after class

Laptop computers are not allowed in the class room

If you miss a class, you will be confused with new lecture materials and feel

boring and frustrated in the class

Students might be dropped from this course due to

their non-attendance.

Last day for instructors to drop a student for the nonattendance (WF) is: Nov 21, 2014.

Exams:

26-Sep, Exam 1Ch. 1-4, 4:00-5:30 PM, ART 223

24-Oct, Exam 2Ch. 5-8, 4:00-5:30 PM, ART 223 (there is a

typo for the date in your printed syllabus)

21-Nov, Exam 3Ch. 9, 10, 14, 15, 4:00-5:30 PM, ART 223

comprehensive final exam, 4:00 -6:00 p.m. on Monday,

December 8, location: TBA

There will be no makeup exams.

You must show all of your work on your exam papers for

full credit.

equation

number

answer

===Partial credit

1st exam 15%; 2nd exam 15%; 3rd exam 15%; 30% for the final; 5%

additional weighting will be given for your best exam.

Homework 10%

5% for lecture participation

Exam 1 Exam 2 Exam 3 Final

5% for recitation quizzes

67

98

108

82

Total 100%

15%

15% 15+5%

laboratory science credit.

30%

What You Need:

A valid email address

A student access code (Comes in the Student Access Kit

that may have been packaged with your new textbook or

you can purchase access online at

www.masteringphysics.com.)

The ZIP code for your school: 76203

A Course ID: UNTPHYS1710LIN2014

See syllabus for details

Some HW problems are required to hand in a written

solution

If you have earned computer credit for a problem, you

must hand in written solution and show sufficient work in

your written HW to retain that credit.

If a online solution is wrong, correctness of the written

solution can help you receive up to 90% of full credit.

Hand in neatly written solutions in the mailbox

labeled 1710 Lin near the south end of the

2nd floor hallway in the Physics Building by the

same due date and time as for the online

homework.

Response card

You must provide the instructor with the sixcharacter alpha-numeric code located on the

back of your keypad, immediately

underneath the bar code

that of the receiver in the lecture hall.

Press GO causing the keypad LED to blink

red-green, press 3 and 3, then press go

again.

Login learn.unt.edu

Select course PHYS1710

Click course content

Click

And enter the six-character code.

Press GO causing the keypad LED to blink redgreen, press 3 and 3, then press go again.

1. Yes

2. No

3. Dude! Not completely

0%

1.

0%

2.

0%

3.

TA instructor

Recitation 5%

Recitation sections meets starting from

Wednesday this week

TA will solve all HW problems in recitation

Attending recitation helps you receive 5% for

recitation itself and 10% for finished HW, and

improve your exam score

Office hours of six 1710/2220 TAs are integrated

with PIC tutorial sessions

Location: PIC (Second floor in Physics Building)

Will post schedule online. The schedule will cover

all week-days from Morning to Evening.

One of the most difficult course in all Universities

Read your textbook and bring questions to lecture

Finish old exams posted @blackboard

Chap 1

Units,

Physical Quantities,

and Vectors

Standards of Quantities

Standardized systems

agreed upon by some authority, usually a

governmental body

SI Systme International

agreed to in 1960 by an international committee

main system used in this text

Units

Quantity

SI Unit

Length

meter

Mass

kilogram

Time

second

Temperature

Kelvin

Electric Current

Ampere

Quantities Used

In mechanics, three basic quantities are used

Length

Mass

Time

These are other quantities can be expressed in

terms of these

Length

Units

SI meter, m

traveled by light in a vacuum during a given

time of 1/299 792 458 second

Mass

Units

SI kilogram, kg

specific cylinder kept at the International

Bureau of Standards

Standard Kilogram

Time

Units

seconds, s

radiation from a cesium atom

Prefixes.

Prefixes correspond to

powers of 10

The prefixes can be

used with any base

units

They are multipliers of

the base unit

Examples:

1 mm = 10-3 m

1 mg = 10-3 g

Conversion of Units

When units are not consistent, you may need

to convert to appropriate ones

Units can be treated like algebraic quantities

that can cancel each other out

Conversion

Always include units for every quantity, you

can carry the units through the entire

calculation

Multiply original value by a ratio equal to one

Example

Uncertainty in Measurements

There is uncertainty in every measurement this

uncertainty carries over through the calculations

May be due to the apparatus, the experimenter,

and/or the number of measurements made

Need a technique to account for this uncertainty

approximate the uncertainty in results of

calculations

Significant Figures

A significant figure is one that is reliably

known

Zeros may or may not be significant

Those used to position the decimal point are not

significant

To remove ambiguity, use scientific notation

include the first estimated digit

0.0075 m has 2 significant figures

The leading zeros are placeholders only

Can write in scientific notation to show more clearly: 7.5 x

10-3 m for 2 significant figures

The decimal point gives information about the reliability of

the measurement

1500 m is ambiguous

Use 1.5 x 103 m for 2 significant figures

Use 1.50 x 103 m for 3 significant figures

Use 1.500 x 103 m for 4 significant figures

Multiplying or Dividing

When multiplying or dividing, the number of

significant figures in the final answer is the

same as the number of significant figures in

the quantity having the lowest number of

significant figures.

Example: 25.57 m x 2.45 m = 62.6 m2

The 2.45 m limits your result to 3 significant

figures

Subtracting

When adding or subtracting, the number of

decimal places in the result should equal the

smallest number of decimal places in any term

in the sum.

Example: 135 cm + 3.25 cm = 138 cm

The 135 cm limits your answer to the units

decimal value

A scalar quantity is completely specified by a

single value with an appropriate unit and has

no direction.

A vector quantity is completely described by a

number and appropriate units plus a

direction.

Vector Notation

When printed, will be in bold print: A

When dealing with just the magnitude of a vector in

print, an italic letter will be used: A or |A|

The magnitude of the vector has physical units

The magnitude of a vector is always a positive

number

Two-dimensional or three-dimensional

motions will use the vector concept

Warning: Lots of students could not solve 2D

or 3D motion problems due to difficulty in

vector

Two vectors are equal

if they have the same

magnitude and the

same direction

A = B if A = B and they

point along parallel

lines

All of the vectors

shown are equal

Adding Vectors

When adding vectors, their directions must be

taken into account

Units must be the same

Graphical Methods

Use scale drawings

Algebraic Methods

More convenient

Subtracting Vectors

Algebraically

Two methods:

Use law of cosines, law of sines

or

Use component method (generally preferred)

Components of a Vector

A component is a part

It is useful to use rectangular

components

These are the projections of the

vector along the x- and y-axes

Ax and Ay are the component

vectors of A

Components of a Vector, 2

The x-component of a vector is the projection

along the x-axis:

The y-component of a vector is the projection

along the y-axis:

Then, A = AX + AY

Components of a Vector, 3

To obtain the original

vector from its

components, we can

add them as shown

graphically here:

(Remember that the

order of addition is

not important.)

Components of a Vector, 4

The previous equations are valid only if is

measured with respect to the x-axis

The components are the legs of the right triangle

whose hypotenuse is A

Unit Vectors

A unit vector is a dimensionless vector with a

magnitude of exactly 1.

Unit vectors are used to specify a direction

and have no other physical significance

The symbols i, j, and k

represent unit vectors

They form a set of

mutually

perpendicular vectors

Ax is the same as Ax

and Ay is the same as

Ay etc.

The complete vector

can be expressed as

Using R = A + B

Then

and so Rx = Ax + Bx and Ry = Ay + By

B = 4i - 2j + 7k.

1.

2.

3.

4.

6i + 9k

6i + 7j + 8k

6i + 3j + 6k

8i - 10j - 7k

Response

Counter

0%

1

0%

0%

0%

4

A = 2i + 5j k

B = 4i - 2j + 7k

Find R=3A+2B?

3A=3(2i+5j-k) = 6i+15j -3k

2B=2(4i-2j+7k) = 8i -4j+14k

R=14i+11j+11k

Dot product

answer: scaler

A=Axi+Ayj+Azk

B=Bxi+Byj+Bzk

A dot B=AxBx+AyBy+AzBz

A=3i+4j

B=-8i+6j

What is the dot product AB

A. zero

B. 14

C. 48

D. 50

E. none of these

A=3i-4j

B=6k

What is the dot product AB

A. zero

B. 6

C. +6

D. 42

E. 42

Cross product

right hand rule

A B=|A | |B | sin

is the angle between A and B

i i=0

i j=k

j j=0

j k=i

k k=0

k i=j

j i=-k

k j=-i

i k=-j

i j k i j k i j ki j k

Next Neighbor

Left to right, +,

right to left, -

Cross product

answer still vector

formula

A simple math can do (see next slide)

A=3i+4j

B=-8i+6j

=3 i(-8i+6j)+4 j(-8i+6j)

=18k-32(-k)=50 k

A. +6k

B. -6k

C. 50k

D. -50k

E. none of these

A=3i-4j

B=6k

What is the dot product AB

A. zero

B. 24i+18j

C. -24i-18j

D. 18i-24j

E. 18i-24j

youve completed?

1.

2.

3.

4.

Pre-calculus

1st semester calculus

2nd semester calculus

Multivariable

calculus

5. Differential

equations

20%

20%

20%

20%

20%

Direction???

Direction???

r

common in this course

x- and y- axes

intersect at the origin

Points are labeled (x,y)

Four regions, called

quadrants

(-,+)

(+,+)

(-,-)

(+,-)

common in this course

Vector OP=(5,3)

Or OP=5 i+ 3 j

(-,+)

(+,+)

Vector OQ=(-3, 4)

Vector QP=OP-OQ

=(5, 3)-(-3,4)

=(8, -1)

Which region is the vector QP

located (+,-)

(-,-)

located

(-,+)

(+,+)

(-,-)

(+,-)

In region IV

Example

Starting from his house, a boy walks 10 m

along a street 30 North of East, walks 20

m toward the East, and then walks 5 m

towards the North. Whats the straight

distance of the boy from his house?

Using vectors

calculate vector component

Starting from his house, a boy walks 10 m along a street 30 North of East, walks 20 m

toward the East, and then walks 5 m towards the North. Whats the straight distance of

the boy from his house?

10

5

20

by adding vectors

R=A+B+C

Starting from his house, a boy walks 10 m along a street 30 North of East, walks

20 m toward the East, and then walks 5 m towards the North. Whats the straight

distance of the boy from his house?

B= 20 i+0 j

C= 0 i+ 5 j

A

C

B

Adding vectors

Subtracting vectors

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