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Transportation Technology

Introduction to Technology

Objectives of Lesson
Define Transportation technology
Identify the four major categories of transportation
technology

Compare the six technologies that are part of


transportation technology
State the importance of using transportation within
our society.

What is Transportation?
Definition:
Technology

Used to move people and products


Within Society

So, transportation is technology that is used


to move people and products within a society.

??What Might the History of


Transportation Be??

Modes of Transportation

Considering our definition, what are all the


modes of transportation you can think of?

Industry associated with


Transportation careers.

TruckingAutomotive
Bus Companies

Road Construction

Railroad

City Transportation

Harbor and Marine

Flight and Navigational Airports Pipelines

Manuf for transportation


Leisure Boating

Airlines

Recreational Products

Categories of Transportation
Categories are based on the environment in
which the transportation technology is
used.

4 Main Categories
4 Main Categories:
http://www.terrawind.com/index.html
1. Land-any transportation that is used on or under
land to transport people and products or goods.

2. Marine-transportation by water.
3. Atmospheric-vehicles that operate primarily in the
earths atmosphere.
4. Space-any form of transportation that reaches
beyond the earths atmosphere.

Land Transportation
Forms:
autos, buses, railroads, escalators, conveyers, and
pipelines
Subdivided into fixed and random routesrandom-not fixed on one path (bicycle)
Fixed-those that fixed to one path (conveyor system)
3 Major Types:
Highway systems, Rail systems, Continuous Flow Systems

What Major Invention that Made


Trains and Railroads Possible???

Steam Engine

Question????
Are there any forms of land transportation that are for
fun only?

What are their routes? Fixed or random?

Marine Transportation
5 US Regions for Marine TransportationGreat Lakes System and St. Lawrence Seaway
Mississippi River System

Pacific Coast Waterways


Gulf Coast Waterways
Atlantic Coast Waterways
Includes:
Large lakes, inland lakes, oceans, seas, rivers

??How Did Early Boats Move


Through the Water??
Paddles, Wind on the Sails

Atmospheric Transportation
Usually remain the earths atmosphere

Includes:
1. Lighter than air

Balloons

Airships

2. Heavier than air-

Passenger planes

Cargo planes

Military planes

Space Transportation
Types:
1. Manned Vehicular Units
Shuttle Units
2. Unmanned Missiles
Satellites
Space Probes

Transportation System
Components

Three Major Components within


each of the Transportation
Systems
1. Pathways
2. Vehicles
3. Support Structures

Pathways
In order to deliver products and people from one location
to distant locations, a network of pathways must exist.
Land Pathways-

easy to see
roads, highways, rail lines and pipelines
Water Pathwaysless visible
includes all navigable bodies of water

Vehicles
All transportation systems, except continuous flow systems, use
vehicles.

Vehicles-technological devices designed to carry people and


cargo on a pathway. Designed to contain and protect the cargo
they carry.

Support Structures
All transportation systems use human built structures.

Includes:
Rail lines
Canals
Pipelines
Terminals1. Where transportation activities begin and end
2. Used to gather, load and unload passengers and
goods

Systems of Technology

Technological Systems in
Transportation
6 Basic Systems:
1. Propulsion
2. Suspension
3. Guidance
4. Control

5. Support
6. Structure

Propulsion Systems
All vehicles used for transportation must have some kind of
propulsion system.

Autos use-?
Gasoline or diesel engines
Trucks use-?

Diesel engines
Aircraft use-?
Piston and jet engines

Suspension Systems
No matter what type of transportation mode, the vehicle
weight must be supported.

3 Types of Suspension Systems:


Mechanical-shocks, air suspension, wing design
Fluid-hull design
Magnetic-magnetic levitation

Guidance Technology
Guidance systems provide information to direct a vehicle. All
transportation systems must have some form of guidance
technology.

Devices for Guidance Include:


1. Tachometers, airspeed indicators, inertial sensors, radar, rails

Control Technology
Includes:
1. Total traffic-traffic lights, airport control towers, railroad
control towers
2. Vehicle control-force to change, alter or regulate the speed,
direction and attitude of the vehicle. Includes brakes, cruise
controls, etc.

Support Technology
Support technology systems of technology used for
processing the vehicle, moving passengers to and
from the vehicle and bringing freight to and from
the vehicle.
Includes:
1. Airports

4. Gasoline stations

2. Marinas

5. Parts dealers

3. Launch pads

Question???
Why is support technology a limitation in developing new forms
of transportation?
Support systems are not in place for the transportation designs of
the future

Structure Technology
Used to make vehicles lighter, stronger
and more heat resistant.

Questions:
What are the three parts of a transportation
System
What are the 6 systems involved in
transportation?

Activity:
1. Select a transportation system you use and
describe it in terms of:
Pathway

Vehicle
Structures used