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COMFTF-02

The Example

Dr.David F.Maas
COMFTF-02
The Example
 Assertion
 Support
 Thesis
 Example
 Abstraction
 Concrete Example
 Generalization
 Specific
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The Example
 I feel sick today.  Generalization
 I have a migraine  Specific example
headache and an
upset stomach.
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The Example
 I had a miserable  Generalization
day at the free throw  Specific Example
line.
 I made only three
baskets out twenty
four attempted.
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The Example
 I had terrible luck  Generalization
fishing.  Specific Example
 After three hours
from the boat and
two hours at the
pier,I caught only
one tiny sunfish too
small to eat.
COMFTF-02
 Abstract= Leave Out Details
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The Example
 Typical Paragraph Structure
 Assertion: The greater the speed, the
less control the driver has over the car.
 Support: For example,a man driving at
30 miles an hour needs only 73 feet to
bring the car to a complete stop,but a
man driving at 60 miles an hour needs
222 feet.
COMFTF-02
The Example

Generalization Abstract

Specifics Concrete
 
(1) TS
(2) E
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The Example
 Thesis(Topic Sentence): East Texas has
experienced a great deal of precipitation in the
last 24 hours.
 Marshall has suffered baseball sized hail.
 Longview has had over three feet of snow.
 Corsicana has had over 12 inches of rain,
causing the local creeks and rivers to overflow
their banks.
 Rusk has experienced driving sleet and ice,
resulting in a 30 car pile-up.
COMFTF-02
The Example
 High Abstraction words
 -tion
 -ment
 -dom
 -ness
 -ity
 Specific details have been left out.
COMFTF-02
The Example
 Generalization: Fred has acted in a dishonest
manner.
 Example:He claims he gave $1000 to his
church when in truth he didn’t give one cent.
 Example: He turned in a research paper
claiming it was his own work, when in truth he
had downloaded from an obscure site on the
Internet.
COMFTF-02
The Example
 Etymology of Abstract
 Two Latin word
 Ab (Away from)
 Trahere (to pull or to carry)
COMFTF-02
The Example
 Abstraction Blue
 Blue eyes
 Blue shirt
 Blue ink
 Blue notebook
 Blue jeans
 Blue color crayon
 Blue chalk
 Can’t buy a bottle of blue
 Blue is an abstraction
COMFTF-02
The Example
 Thesis: Mary acts like a brat
 *Specific Example1 :She always does
bad things.
 *Specific Example 2 :She behaves like a
delinquent.
 * Specific Example 3:She is a pain in the
neck to her teachers.
COMFTF-02
The Example
 Thesis: Mary behaves like a brat.
 Specific Example 1:She squeezed Elmer’s
Glue in the cat’s nose.
 Specific Example 2:She mowed the shagrug
with a power mower.
 Specific Example 3: She crumbled broken
glass in the sugar bowl.
 Specific Example 4: She flushed the goldfish
down the toilet.
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The Example
 Alfred Korzybski
 1879-1950
 Structural
Differential
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The Example
 Parabola Structural
Differential
 Circle
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The Example
 Parabola
 Everything outside
our nervous systems
 Electrons,
rays,wavelengths
 WIGO
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The Example
 Holes or circles
 Characteristics
 Not “molecules” or
“atoms”
 Terms put notions in
our heads
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TheExample
 Strings represent
what our nervous
system abstracts
from the parabola.
 Remind us that we
cannot possibly pull
out everything.
COMFTF-02
The Example
 Circle has many
holes but not infinite
like the parabola.
 Parabola and circle
together represent
non-verbal world of
reality.
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The Example
 Laundry tag
 Figure represents first
verbal world of reality.
 Specific label like “Phil
or “Doris”
 “Here is Doris Smith”
 “Doris Smith took two
wobbly steps”
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The Example
 Next level of
abstraction we call
the inference
 “Doris is a little
tipsy.”
 “Doris is inebriated.”
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The Example
 Next level of
abstraction is the
judgment.
 “Doris is a no-good
immoral woman.”
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The Example
 S.I. Hayakawa
 1906-1992
 Abstraction Ladder
 Levels of specificity
in expository writing.
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The Example
 Bessie the cow
 Process level-
whirling dance of
electrons.
 Variegated mass of
corpuscles
COMFTF-02
The Example
 Bessie on circle
level represents the
image we see with
our sensory organs.
 Sounds she makes.
 Shadows she
makes.
 Specific shape we
see.
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The Example
 Specific Label
 “Bessie”
distinguishing
“Bessie” from other
cows.
COMFTF-02
The Example
 The class term
“cow” leaves out
specific
characteristics which
distinguish “Bessie”
cow1 from “Rosie”
or “Daisy” cow or
Guernsey or Jersey.
COMFTF-01
The Example
 Next level of
abstraction is the

 
term
“livestock”,leaving
out specific
characteristics which
                                                
distinguish cow from
goats horses and
chickens.
COMFTF-02
The Example
 The abstraction
“farm asset” leaves
out specific   
characteristics which

 
differentiate cows
from silos, manure
spreaders, or                                         
generating plants.            
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The Example
 The abstraction
“asset” leaved out
specific
characteristics
distinguishing cows
from stocks and
bonds and oil wells.
COMFTF02
The Example
 Transportation: Leaves out specific characteristics
differentiating Chevrolet Lumina from ships or
planes.
 Land Transportation:Leaves out specific
characteristics differentiating Chevrolet Lumina from
busses and trucks.
 Automobile:Leaves out specific characteristics
differentiating Chevrolet Lumina from Ford Taurus
and Cadillac.
COMFTF-02
The Example
 Chevrolet Lumina: leaves out specific
characteristics differentiating Gray Chevrolet
Lumina from green or red Chevrolet Lumina.
 Gray Chevrolet Lumina-Leaves out specific
characteristics differentiating Gray Chevrolet
Lumina with California tag GFS123 from Texas
tag LPN124.
 Gray Chevrolet Lumina with California tag
GFS123.
COMFTF-02
The Example
 Structure of Expository Paragraph
 More General : Thesis (or topic sentence)
 Example 1:
 Specific detail 1

 Specific detail 2

 Specific detail 3

 Example 2:

 Specific detail 1
 Specific detail 2
 Specific detail 3

 More specific
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The Example
 Generalizations
 Judgments
 Assumptions
 Opinions
 More inferences
 Inferences
 Descriptions
 Statistics
 Names
COMFTF-02
The Example
 Column A Column B
 Bread Democracy
 Pencil Love
 Sweater Hate
 Land Generosity
COMFTF-02
The Example
 Abstract and Concrete
 Not mutually exclusive
 Only relative terms
COMFTF-02
The Example
 More Abstract: Matter Etc.
 Entity Matter
 Organic Mass
 Growth Organism
 Plant Homo
Sapiens
 Flower Student
 Rose Male
 Most Concrete Tea Rose Johnny Smith
COMFTF-02
The Example
 More Abstract: Mineral Living thing
 Metal Insect
 Iron Fly
 More Concrete Hammerhead
Horsefly on
windowpane
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The Example
 More Abstract: Tea Rose
 A Dead Tea Rose
 A Dead Tea Rose, U.S.A.
 A Dead Tea Rose in a park USA
 A Dead Tea Rose in a Tyler Park U.S. A.
 A Dead Tea Rose in a hothouse in a Tyler
Park,U.S.A A Dead Tea Rose in the Caldwell
Park Hothouse, Tyler ,Texas
COMFTF-02
The Example
 Johnny Smith is a student.
 Johnny Smith is a student, U.S.A.
 Johnny Smith is a Texas student, U.S.A.
 Johnny is college student, Tyler, Texas.
 Johnny Smith attends Texas
College,Tyler,Texas,U.S.A.
 Johnny Smith is in Dr. Maas’s English 1 Class at
Texas College,Tyler,Texas, U.S.A.

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