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SECONDARY STORAGE DEVICES

PRESENTED BY
THOUFEEK.A
S2 MBA
IMK ADOOR
Why secondary storage device?
Limitations of primary storage
Volatile nature
Secondary storage
used in a computer to overcome the limitations of
primary storage

Unlimited capacity

Storing data on permanent basis

Also known as AUXILIARY MEMORY


Secondary storage

Sequential access direct access

Magnetic tape

Magnetic disk optical disk memory storage

floppy hard disk cd-rom cd-r cd- rw flash mmcard

Zip disk disk pack Winchester disk


Commonly used sequential access device

Plastic ribbon coated with magnetizable material


such as iron oxide or chromium dioxide

Cost is low

Tape can be erased and reused many times


Easy to handle and store

Large storage capacity


disadvantages
Not suitable for storage of those data which
are used frequently required to b accessed
randomly

Must be stored n a dust free environment

Tape ribbon may be twisted due to warping,


resulting in loss of stored data
Direct access devices
Devices where any storage location may
be selected and accessed at random.

Permits access to individual information in


a more direct or immediate manner.

Equal access time


suitable for direct access application such
as online ticket booking system, online
banking system.
MAGNETIC DISCS
Commonly used direct access device

A thin circular Plate/platter made of metal


or plastic, usually coated on both side with
a magnetizable recording material such as
iron oxide
Types
1. Floppy Disk

2. Hard Disks
Floppy Disk
Round flat piece of flexible plastic disk coated
with magnetic oxide

Most popular and inexpensive secondary


storage device
Hard disks
Round flat piece of rigid metal disk coated with
magnetic oxide

Three types of hard disks


1. Zip disk
2. Disk pack
3. Winchester disk
Zip disk
Used a single hard disk platter encased in
a plastic cartridge

Disk drive may be portable or fixed type

Fixed type is a part of computer system,


permanently connected to it.
Portable type can be carried to computer
system, connected to it for the duration of
use, and then can be disconnected and
taken away when the work is done.

Zip disk can be easily inserted and


removed through a zip drive.
Zip disk
Disk packs
Uses multiple hard disk platters mounted
on a single central shaft

Separate read / write head for each


usable disk surface
Winchester disk
Uses multiple hard disk platters mounted
on a single central shaft

Hard disk platters and the disk drive are


sealed together in contaminator- free
container and cannot bee separated from
each other.
Optical disks
Consist of circular disks, coated with a thin
metal or some other material that is highly
reflective.

Laser beam technology is used

Store large amount of data within a lmited


space.
CD- ROM
Compact Disk Read Only Memory

Disk come pre recorded and the information


stored them cannot be altered.

Pre recorded by their suppliers, by a process


called mastering.
CD- Recordable (CD- R)
Write once, read many.

Same as CD-ROM and has same storage


capacity.

Allow users to create their on CD-ROM


CD-Read/Write (CD-RW)
Same as CD-R and same storage
capacity

Can be erased and written a fresh.


Digital Video/versatile Disk
(DVD)
Looks same as CD-ROM

But has capacity of 4.7 GB or 8.5 GB

Used for storage of large data


Memory Storage Devices
Flash drive

New secondary storage device based on flash


memory.

Easy transport of data from one computer to another.


Comes in various size and stylish designs

Plug and play device that simply plug into a USB


port of computer treated as removable drive.

Its known as pen drive.


Memory card
Similar to flash drive but in card shape

Plug and play device that simply plug into


a computer port, treated as removable
drive

Useful in electronic devices like camera,


music system, mobile phones
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