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IT ACT 2000

Information Technology

• Applied to broad area of activities and technologies

associated with the use of computers and communication.

• It is an application of computers to create, store, process and

use of information particularly in the field of commerce.
IT ACT, 2000

• The IT Act, 2000 which came into force on 17th

October, 2000.

• It is the first cyber law in India.

• It governs the processing and dissemination of

information electronically.
Objectives of IT Act,
• To give boost to E-Commerce, E-Transactions
associated with commerce and trade.

• To facilitate E-Governance Co-Governance by means

of reliable electronic records.

• To make the citizens interaction with the government

officers hassle free.
• To provide for the use and acceptance of electronic
records and digital signatures in the government
• To prevent the possible misuse arising out of the
transactions and other dealings concluded over the
electronic medium.
• To provide for a regulatory regime to supervise the
certifying authorities issuing digital signature

• The term E-commerce refers to the business transacted


• The term refers to trading of goods over the internet. It is

online sale and purchase of goods and services for value
by using internet technologies, such as internet
processing, E-Mail and world Wide Web.
Digital Signature

• It has been defined in Sec.2 (1) (p) of the Act to mean

authentication of any electronic record by a
subscriber i.e. A person in whose name the “Digital
Signature Certificate” is issued, by means of an
electronic method or procedure in accordance with
the provisions of Sec.3.
Digital Signature
Certificate (DSC)
• DSC (Sec.2(1)(q)) are electronic files that are
used to identify people and resources over the
• The purpose of a DSC is to authenticate the
identity of an individual.

• E-Governance refers to the application of IT to

the processes of government functioning in order
to bring about Simple, Moral, Accountable,
Responsive and Transparent (SMART)
• It involves Electronic filing of documents with
the government agencies and creating a network
of E-Services and E-Administration.
Provisions of E-
1. Legal Recognition of Electronic Records.

2. Legal Recognition of Digital Signatures.

3. Use of Electronic Records and Digital

Signatures in Government and its Agencies.

4. Retention of Electronic Records.


5. Publication of Rules, Regulations, etc., in Electronic


6. Nor Right to Insist that the Document should be

accepted in Electronic Form.

7. Central Government Empowered to make Rules.

Electronic Form and Electronic
• Electronic Form:
It means any information generated, sent, received
or stored in media, computer memory, micro-film.

• Electronic Record:
It means data, image or sound stored in an electronic
Offences under IT ACT
Offences Sec. Imprisonment Fine (Rs)
Tempering with 65 3 2,00,000
Computer source
Hacking with 66 3 2,00,000
Computer System
Publishing of 67 5/10 1,00,000/
information which is 2,00,000
obscene in E-Form

Publishing ‘Improper’ 73 2 1,00,000

Publishing DSC for 74 2 1,00,000
Unlawful Purpose
Penalty for Damage to
computer System
• Downloading or extracting any data from
computer system or network including
information or data stored in any removable
storage medium.
• Introducing computer virus into any computer
system or computer network.
• Damaging computer database or any other
program residing in computer network.
Regulators under I.T. Act
It has three regulators:
1.Controller of Certifying authorities ( CCA)
2.Cyber Regulations Appellate Tribunal (CRAT)
3.Cyber Regulations Advisory Committee
(CRAC) (S.88)
Role of CCA

• Specifying the conditions subject to which the

Certifying Authorities shall conduct their business.
• Specifying the form and content of a DSC and the Key.
• Specifying the manner in which the Certifying
Authorities shall conduct their dealings with the
• Granting licence to issue DSC and Power to reject or
suspend or revoke a licence (S.21,24,25).
Role of CRAT

• Reviewing its decisions.

• Requiring the discovery and production of

documents or other electronics records.
• Issuing commissions for the examination of
witnesses or documents
Role of CRAC

The Minister of IT, lead as a head for 21 CRAC


•To advise the central government on matters connected

with the IT Act.

•Controller in framing the regulations under it.(S.88)