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T.N.

CHANDRASEKARAN
ProU India Engineering Private limited, Chennai

Overview
Indian Chemical Industry is the oldest and fastest

growing segment contributing to the national growth.


The Chemical industry comprises of Small, Medium
and large scale units

Turnover
$60 Billion

Contributi
on to GDP
7-12%

Share of Global
Market-3%

Broad Classification of Industries


Basic Inorganic &
Organic Industry

Petroleum &
Petrochemicals

Drugs &
Pharmaceuticals

Pesticides and
Agrochemicals

Dyes & Pigments,


Textile
Auxiliaries

Fertilizers

Fine and
Specialty
Chemicals

Cement & Allied


Products

Food Processing

Role of Chemical Engineer


A chemical Engineer is responsible for developing

processes and manufacturing various chemicals using


the plant and equipment designed to meet the latest
National and International codes and standards and
Complying with safety, environmental and other
regulations.
He controls, manages and interacts effectively with
Engineers from various disciplines like Mechanical,
Electrical. Instrumentation, Civil and structural, and
Safety using the latest management skills to design,
erect, commission and operate chemical plants
meeting the above stated goals.

Attributes required of a Chemical


Engineer
A keen
Scientific Mind

Attention to
Details

Superb Analysis
skills

Precise Nature

Good
Communication
& H.R. Skills

Research skills

Chemical Engineer
Fields of Opportunities
PROCESS
DEVELOPMENT
R&D

PROCESS
DESIGN

PROJECT
MANAGEMENT

MARKETING

CHEMICAL
ENGINEER

PLANT
OPERATIONS

BASIC
ENGINEERING

FEASIBILITY
REPORTS
DETAILED
ENGINEERING

Skill Sets required


A very good knowledge of Chemistry & Chemical Reactions
Knowledge of Reaction Kinetics
Strong knowledge in mathematics & Stoichiometric
PROCESS
calculations
DEVELOPMENT
Pilot Plant Operations
R&D

PROCESS
DESIGN

Thorough knowledge of Chemical Engineering.


Strong knowledge in mathematics & Heat and Material
Balance Calculations , Heat & Mass Transfer Design
Engineering Design, Corrosion properties of materials
Expertise in Computer Simulation

Skill Sets required


BASIC
ENGINEERING

FEASIBILITY
REPORTS

Thorough knowledge of Chemical Engineering


Ability to prepare Process Flow Diagrams (PFD)
Strong knowledge in mathematics & Engineering calculations
Material Selection and Engineering Design
Expertise in Computer calculations using MS Excel.

Expertise in Computer operations including MS Excel.


Conceptualization of Project
Basic Knowledge in Accounting & Finance
Project Scheduling and Cost estimation skills
Good communication skills
Expertise in sourcing offers from equipment vendors

Skill Sets required

Ability to prepare Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&ID)


Knowledge about Plant Layout, Logistics, Safety (HAZOP).
Performing Design Calculations as per codes for equipment
Expertise in Computer calculations using MS Excel and
DETAILED
Knowledge of AutoCAD software.
ENGINEERING
Knowledge about Piping layout and Pump design calculations.

PLANT
OPERATIONS

Thorough knowledge on Chemical Processes.


Full understanding of PFDs and P&IDs
Basic knowledge on Control Instruments and Systems(DCS, PLC
etc.)
Knowledge on Safety and Environmental regulations.
Good Human resource skills

Skill Sets required

MARKETING

PROJECT
MANAGEMENT

Good Communication and presentation skills


Thorough knowledge of the product and their applications
Understanding of customers process requirements
Knowledge on Indian and international Standards for the
products handled.
Insight into Logistics and Safety requirements for transport of
Hazardous chemicals .
A good Degree / Diploma in Project Management
Knowledge of Scheduling ( PERT / CPM) and Cost Control
Thorough understanding of the project activities and their inter
dependence.
Computer skills including MS Excel, MS Project, Primavera etc.

Role of Chemical Engineers in


Green Engineering-Todays
Challenge
Green engineering includes production of energy and

materials from GREEN feed stocks such as biomass


and microorganisms, with the intent of reducing
energy, waste, green house gases (GHG) and water
consumption. The other contributions that reduce
GHG emissions also support green engineering.
The objective is to curb GHG emissions to rates
sustainable by the earths natural sequestration
systems. Efficient use of fossil fuels and use of
renewable energy are required to meet this goal.

Chemical Engineering Design tools


for Green Engineering.

Todays Chemical Engineers need to

use the following tools to achieve


the above of green engineering
stated above.

Chemical Engineering Design tools


for Green Engineering-Contd.
STEADY STATE SIMULATION-HEAT AND MATERIAL
BALANCES, ENERGY OPTIMIZATION-e.g.: Aspen Hysis,

ENERGY MANAGEMENT
FROM DESIGN TO OPERATIONSENERGY MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES

BASIC ENGINEERING
PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMS

PROCESS DESIGN SOLUTIONS

EQUIPMENT DATA SHEETS

OPERATIONS & PLANNING


SOLUTIONS

PROCESS P&IDS

Chemical Engineering Design tools


for Green Engineering-Contd.
ECONOMIC EVALUATION PROCESS ECONOMIC ANALYSIS

CAPITAL COST ESTIMATION


IN-PLANT PROJECT ESTIMATION
BASIC ENGINEERING

PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMS, EQUIPMENT DATA SHEETS


PROCESS P&IDS

DETAILED HEAT EXCHANGER DESIGN TOOLS-SIZE , RATE AND SIMULATE


HEAT EXCHANGERSe.g: ASPEN EQUIPMENT DESIGN

Career growth for Chemical


Engineers
Project Manager
Deputy Project manager
Senior Process Engineer /

Process Engineer

Process Engineer
Trainee
Fresh Chemical Engineer

Conclusion.
Chemical industry is an essential arm of

our

nations economy.
The industry touches the lives of every one with
its varied products which finds application in
every field of human activity.
However, the Indian Chemical Industry is at the
cross roads today as its faces the following
challenges as per KPMGs Vision 2010 report
which is given below.

The constraints.
Inefficient & low capacity plants

High cost of manufacture

Low level of R&D


Low export focus in terms of
quality/delivery

Chemical Engineers Task

Be a Chemical
Engineer

Enhance basic
& software
knowledge

Develop
passion for
excellence

Thank you