How Companies Raise The Capital

following mean’s ØDebentures ØEquity ØLoan’s Ø


Companies Issue Stock?

When a company would like to grow, it issues stocks to raise funds and pay for ongoing business activities It is popular because:
◦ The company does not have to repay the money ◦ Paying dividends is optional

What is a Stock?
is a share in the ownership of a company.  It represents a claim on the company's assets and earnings Whether you say shares, equity or stock, it all means the same thing.
  Stock

What is a stock market?
Place  The

where business of buying and selling stock takes place stock market is not a specific place, though some people use the term "Dalaal Street”

Stock exchange world wide

York Stock Exchange - United States NASDAQ (National Association of Security Dealers Automated Quotations) - United States Shanghai Stock Exchange - China Dow Jones Stock Exchange Tokyo Stock Exchange

Stock exchange in India
The 

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

National 

Stock Exchange of India Ltd (NSE)

Participants in the Securities Market

Issuers of securities Investors in securities Intermediaries, such as merchant bankers, brokers etc

Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)

is the Regulator for the Securities Market in India. Originally set up by the Government of India in 1988, it acquired statutory form in 1992.

Functions and Responsibilities (SEBI) 
SEBI has to be responsive to the needs of three groups, which constitute the market: Øthe issuers of securities Øthe investors Øthe market intermediaries.

Bombay Stock Exchange

The oldest market not only in the country, but also in Asia. BSE is the first stock exchange in the country which obtained permanent recognition (in 1956) from the Government of India under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act 1956 It migrated from the open outcry system to an online screen-based order driven trading system in 1995

Bombay Stock Exchange

BSE is corporatized and demutualised entity incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, pursuant to the BSE (Corporatization and Demutualisation) Scheme, 2005 notified by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) BSE is the world's number 1 exchange in terms of the number of listed companies and the world's 5th in transaction numbers

National Stock Exchange ( NSE )
The National Stock Exchange of India was promoted by leading Financial institutions Government of India. at the behest of the

Incorporated in November 1992 as a tax-paying company In April 1993, it was recognized as a stock exchange under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956.

BSE Sensex
BSE Sensex stands for Bombay Stock Exchange Sensitive Index. Sensex is an index, an index is basically an indicator. The Sensex is an indicator of all the prices of the major companies of the BSE(Bombay stock exchange) SENSEX, first compiled in 1986 It consists of the 30 largest and most actively traded stocks, representative of various sectors

NIFTY(Nifty Fifty)

Ø Nifty is an indicator of all the major companies of NSE. Ø Ø The Nifty index is a composite of the top 50 stocks listed on the National stock exchange. It is a simplified tool which helps investors & ordinary people alike, understand what happens in the stock market & by extension, the economy.

Market Timings

Trading on the equities segment takes place on all days of the week (except Saturdays and Sundays and holidays declared by the exchange in advance) The market timings of the equities segment are: Normal market open : 09:55 hours Normal market close : 15:30 hours
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How the Market Work





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