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Active-Passive Voices

Indonesian:
-melakukan
- dilaku...kan

Active Voice
Active voice is a sentence where the Subject does
the activity.

Examples:
-Budi fixes that motorcycle
-Anna visited some companies
-The manager is training the employee candidates
-He sells some kinds of motorbike spare parts

11/21/2014

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Passive Voice
Passive voice is a sentence where the Subject gets
the effect of the action.

Examples:
- That motorcycle is fixed by Budi
-Some companies were visited by Anna
-The employee candidates are being trained by the manager
-Some kinds of motorbike spare parts are sold

11/21/2014

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The Formulas of Active and Passive Voices


Active Voices
- Subject + Verb + Object
Danny repairs motor bikes
-

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Subject + Verb + Adverb


Shanty goes to the showroom
Subject + Verb + Adjective
Those engines are new

Passive Voice
- Subject + to be + Verb 3
+ (by phrase/the agent/the
doer)
The passive of those actives are:
- ..
- ..
- ..

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There are some steps on changing Active to Passive


Tenses on active = tenses on passive, and vice versa,
The meaning of verb in active = the meaning of verb in
passive, and vice versa,
The object of active is the subject of passive
Subject of passive determines the to be of passive
The subject of active (if it is clear) is the by phrase/the
agent/the doer of passive
So, from active to passive will be:
Subject + Verb + Object = Subject + to be + Verb 3

11/21/2014

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Passive in various tenses


Subject + is/am/are + Verb 3
Subject + is/am/are + being + Verb 3
Subject + has/have + been + Verb 3
Subject + was/were + Verb 3
Subject + was/were + being + Verb 3
Subject + had + been + Verb 3
Subject + will/shall + be + Verb 3
Subject + is/am/are + going to + be + Verb 3

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Passive + Modals

Subject

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Will
Shall
May
Must
Can
Would
Should
Might
Ought to
Could

+ be (+ by phrase/the agent/the doer)

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Exercise
Please change these sentences into active or passive
The technicians plug-in some solar cells along the street
The industrial wastes are being treated at the right places by the
experts
Can those tools be carried by a bigger truck?
Some chemists have done the research of the project
They do not understand the subject well
Some environmental activists saved some penguins from polluted sea
water
The government had sent some geologists for doing research on
earthquake in Japan
Are those new subjects being studied?
Those fruits are going to be extracted
The students will fly to Holland next week
11/21/2014

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11/21/2014

Free PowerPoint Template from www.brainybetty.com