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DESIGN AND FABRICATION

OF SOLAR SEED SPRAYER

Introduction
For improving the productivity of our
agricultural lands it is stressed that they
must employ high technology in every
activity.
This involves the use of tractors, electrical
pumps and motors etc.
Hence if a manually operated solar speed
sprayer be designed it will prove but with a
very high potential of growth.

Objective

To extend the concept of Solar PVTechnology on Solar Sprayers as


Energy Alternate Devices.

Problem Formulation

Fabrication of solar speed sprayer

Work Plan
Aim & Objectives
Problem Formulation

Procrument of Raw Materials

Solar Panel

Battery

Adjusting Screw

Connecting Wires

Fabrication of Solar Seed Sprayer


Results and Discussion
Conclusion

DC Pump

Methodology

To overcome the above difficulties in the


Existing models and to reduce the
operating cost of the Power Sprayer, a
modified model has been designed and
introduced for effective operation without
fossil fuel. In this modified model the two
stroke petrol engine is replaced by a
single motor. This can be operated by
the electrical energy stored in the 12V
battery attached in the Unit. The 12V
battery can be charged by the Solar

Specifications Of Motor
Weight of the motor

1kg (approx)

Operating Voltage

12V

Operating current

2.1 A

Flow

Motor Cost

2.6 LPM

Rs.700

Specifications Of Battery

Weight of the battery

Cost of the battery

Output power

2 kg

Rs.500 600

86.4 watt

Operating voltage

12 V

Current

7.2 A

Specifications of solar panel:


Panel Size

Cost of the Panel

Weight of the Panel

1 x 1

Rs.700 - Rs.1,000/-

1kg

Voltage

15 volt

Current

5A

Power

75 watt

WORKING PRINCIPLE AND OPERATION

Solar radiation can be converted directly into electricity


using semiconductor devices, which are known as Photovoltaic
(PV) cells. When Sunlight falls upon the Solar cell a part of the
light is absorbed and it is converted into Electrical Energy by
means of Electron Movements. This Solar Panel is connected to
12V lead acid battery for storing the electrical energy. A 12V DC
motor is connected to the lead acid battery to convert the
electrical energy into mechanical energy. Then the pesticide is
made to flow through the spray gun at 2.6 litres per minute.

Battery Charger

NEED OF SOLAR ENERGY

Developing countries in particular, face


situations of limited energy resources especially provision of electricity in rural
areas.
There is an urgent need to address this
constraint to the social and economic
development of our country.
India faces a significant gap between
electricity demand and supply. Demand is
increasing at an alarming rate when
compared to supply.
According to leading Surveys, around 40

SOLAR POWER
Solar energy is the utilization of the
radiation energy from the sun.
When photons strike a photovoltaic cell,
they may be reflected, pass right through,
or be absorbed.
When enough sunlight is absorbed by the
material, electrons are dislodged from the
material's atoms.
When the two surfaces are connected
through an external load, electricity flows.

TYPES OF SOLAR COLLECTORS

TYPES OF SOLAR COLLECTORS

Concentrating solar collectors


This type of solar collector consists of parabolic mirrors
that concentrate the light onto a spot or a line, where the
heat is generated.
The parabolic mirrors work like a magnifying glass.
These collectors are efficient and can be produce energy
at a very high temperature 300-5000C).

Flat plate solar collectors


These collectors are generally used for water heating at
moderate temperatures.
They consist of a cover made of glass or plastic and an
absorber plate with attached water tubes to heat up
water.

TYPES OF SOLAR COLLECTORS

Evacuated tube collectors


The evacuated tube collector is a non-tracking solar collector.
It consists of two concentric tubes made of borosilicate glass.
It utilizes a vacuum between the tubes in order to eliminate
conductive and convective losses.
Generally they perform very well even in cold and overcast
weather.

Uncovered absorbers
Uncovered absorbers are black surfaces with incorporated
water tubes. They have no additional means of retaining
heat.
They are able to yield high efficiencies near ambient
temperature (20 400 degree C). The costs are very low,
so the pay-back time is short.

TYPES OF SOLAR COLLECTORS

Solar ponds
A solar pond is a basin of water where convection is
prevented. Water is used as an insulator and as a heat
radiation barrier. Convection is prevented by a salt gradient
or by layers of transparent plastic film. The solar pond has
the advantage that it also stores the heat.

ADVANTAGES OF SOLAR ENERGY


Clean, renewable energy source
Solar systems are long lasting systems with
warranties that are 20-30 years
Virtually no maintenance and no recurring
costs
Ideal for remote locations that cannot be tied to
the grid
No noise or smells, solar operates totally silent
Reduce dependence on foreign oil

DISADVANTAGES OF SOLAR
ENERGY

No electricity can be produced at


night, and reduced production on
cloudy/rainy days

Results and Discussion

The device can be operated by a single


person and an unskilled labour can
operated it.
Using this, a single person can sow seeds
and cover an area of 6 hectares of land on
a songle day
Thus the design and fabrication of solar
seed sprayer has been done.
Compared to manual spraying it takes only
less time and less effort.
Cost for fabricating this equipment is less.