ECOTOURISM

For every minute, the future is becoming the past

Conceptual definitions

Ceballas(1987)
 Traveling

to relatively undisturbed, uncontaminated natural areas.  Specific objectives of studying, admiring and enjoying the scenery  Studying wild plants and animals  Studying cultural manifestations of the areas

Ziffer(1989)

Highlighted conservation Natural based Economical and cultural components

Boo(1991)

Highlighted natural and conservation components

Educational and economic components

Forestry Tasmania(1994)

Emphasized on
 Nature

based

 Educational  Social  Sustainable

Blamey(1995)

Four main components
 Nature

based educated

 Environmentally  Sustainably

managed

 Distance/time

EAA (2000)

According to this

Ecological sustainable tourism focus on experiencing natural areas. environmental and cultural

 Primary  Fosters

understanding.
 Appreciation

and conservation.

Comparison of all

Three main components

It is natural based is educational and sustainable

 It

management
 It

includes economic, cultural and

ethical issues

Core emphasis
Natural based components Protected and non protected areas Educational components Interpretations and training programs Sustainability components Social cultural elements rather than economic

Exact definition
 

Occurs in natural settings Attempt to increase benefits to

Economy

 Society  Environment

Sustainable educational practices from locals to tourists and vice versa

Raghu Mukesh
Types of Ecotourism

Types of Ecotourism
 Nature-based  Cultural

tourism

tourism tourism

 Adventure  Hybrids  3S

tourism

Nature-based tourism
 Focus

on cultural attributes of area.
jungle lodges ships to view penguins in Antarctica. zoological park gardens & aviaries

 Large

 Cruise

 Visiting

 Botanical

 Aquariums

Cultural tourism
 Interacting

and observing unique cultures  Learning from other cultures  Learning about traditional values

Adventure tourism
 Unusual  Higher

experience includes risk and uncertainty.

levels of physical exertion between participant & attraction

 Interaction
 White  Hiking

water rafting steep mountain slopes

Adventure tourism
White water rafting
Hiking steep mountain

Hybrids
 Combines

cultural tourism & adventure

tourism  Mentally & physically challenging experiences.  Sustainable nature/culture package

3S Tourism
 Sea

Sand Sun  Associated with large scale & mass resort tourism  Appreciate & learn about the marine environment
 Scuba

diving  Skin diving  Snorkeling & submarine tours.

Sea Sand Sun
Scuba diving
Snorkeling

Niroshan Perera
Types of Ecotourism

Green tourism •Agro tourism •Consumptive tourism •Non consumptive tourism •

TYPES OF ECOTOURISM

Green tourism
• Activity or facility operating in an environmentally friendly fashion • Create awareness of resources are coming from and where wastes are going.

Agro tourism
• Agro tourism capitalizes on rural culture • Encourage to experience agricultural life • Opportunity to work in the field with farmers • Additional income local farmers • Visitors stay on working farm

Agro tourism

Consumptive tourism
• Involves tangible experience with environment – Hunting – Fishing

Non consumptive
• Involves Intangible experiences – Bird watching – Wildlife observation – Nature observation

Ecotourism activities
• Aboriginal tourism • Nature photography

Ecotourism activities
• Outdoor research • Whale watching

Ecotourism activities
• Outdoor education • Stargazing

LIU XIAO TONG
Country and type of ecotourism

Ecotourism

Country and type of ecotourism

COSTA RICA • • • • Nature – based Adventure tourism Green tourism Culture

Ecotourism

Country and type of ecotourism

NEPAL • • • • Nature – based Adventure tourism Multi sports Responsible tourism

Ecotourism

Country and type of ecotourism

KENYA • • • • • Nature – based Adventure tourism Responsible tourism Green tourism Cultural

Ecotourism

Country and type of ecotourism

AUSTRALIA • • • • • Nature – based Adventure tourism Responsible tourism Green tourism Culture

Ecotourism

Country and type of ecotourism

BRAZIL • Nature – based • Green tourism • Responsible tourism

Ecotourism

Country and type of ecotourism

SOUTH AFRICA • Nature – based • Adventure tourism • Responsible tourism • Cultural • Sustainable tourism •S.Africa is a big state for

Willem
Ecotourism Statistics

Ecotourism Statistics
TIES (The International Ecotourism System) publish that if tourism were a country, it would have the 2nd largest economy after U.S.

Ecotourism Statistics
25% (1.6 billion) 10.93% (700 million)

World population 6.4 Billion

Ecotourism Statistics

Beginning in 1990s, ecotourism has been growing 20% - 34% per year In 2004, ecotourism was growing 3 times more faster than tourism industry as whole

Ecotourism Statistics

Customer Demand  More than 2/3 of U.S. and Australian travelers and 90% of British tourist consider active protection of the environment and support of local communities to be part of a hotel’s industry  Half of those in Britain prefer to go with a company that have written code to guarantee good working conditions, protect the environment and support local charities in the tourist destinations

Ecotourism Statistics

Customer Demand  In U.K. survey, 87% travelers prefer holiday that don’t damage the environment, and 39% said were prepared to pay 5% extra for ethical guarantees  95% of Swiss tourist consider respect for local culture to be highly important when choosing a holiday

Ecotourism Statistics

Ecotourism facts  50 : 50 in gender  82% were colleges graduates, high level of education more interest compare to low of education  No differences between general or experienced  They willing to spend more than general tourist  After 1st experience, most of tourist would like for second trip for enjoy scenery and new places

Ecotourism Statistics

Ecotourism Statistics

TOP 5 Ecotourism

Visiting parks Hiking Explore a preserved area Wildlife viewing Natural trail in ecosystem

Mohamed Zafry

Benefits of Ecotourism

Benefits of Ecotourism
• • • • Minimize impact to the ecosystem Financial benefits for conservation Creates environment awareness Financial benefits and empowerment for local people • Respects local culture • Supports human rights and democratic movements • Encourages small scale infrastructure construction

Minimize impact to the ecosystem

Minimize impact to the ecosystem
• Hotel room • Ecological hotels

Minimize impact to the ecosystem
• Laragai House

Financial benefits for conservation
– Funds for environment protection – Funds for research and education

Financial benefits for local people
– Local community must receive tangible benefits – Ecotourism a tool for rural development

Creates environmental awareness
– Educates tourists and residents – Spread awareness of environmental problems

Respects local culture
– Minimizes cultural intrusion and exploitation

Supports human rights and democratic movements
– Demands holistic approach to travel – Make the trip rewarding personally and politically

Encourages small scale infrastructure construction
– Construction of small scale hotels – Developing transportation

Profit over Protection

Conclusion
Rukshan Jayasinghe

Guidelines for eco tourists Mission Vision Values Summery Reference Question & Answers

Guidelines for eco
 Before you go

tourists

– Choose your travel provider on their principles – Educate yourself about the destination – Be aware of local history – Be gift sensitive

Guidelines for eco
 During your stay

tourists

– Observe local customs – Demonstrate responsible behavior to travelers – Be sensitive to display of wealth – Comply to international environment conventions

Guidelines for eco tourists
 On your return
– Continue with your commitment – Support organizations and societies – Increase Awareness – Please follow the guidelines

Value
• Save the environment for our future generation

• Respect the environment as our existence depends on this

References
• Books
– Ecotourism By Stephen J Page & Rose K Dowling – Ecotourism By David Weaver – Eco-Touring By Magnus Elander & Staffan Widstrand

• Web sites
– – – – – – www.GoodTravelCompany.com www.ecotourism.org www.responsibletravel.com www.ecotourdirectory.com www.greengreenworld.com www.itsagreengreenworld.com