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Deepak George:08AB197
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Roshan Chalissery:08AB138
Aerodynamics is the study of how air flows around objects.
Aerodynamics: What a Drag!

When an object produces poor airflow,

more energy is required to push it forward.
Forces of Flight
Four forces of flight

Lift - upward
Drag – down & backwards
Weight - downward
Thrust - forward
Most aircrafts that fly through the sky have wings to keep them aloft. As the wing
cut swiftly through the air, they develop a strong upward force called lift. This force
supports the weight of the aircraft, holding it up in the air. Wings generate more lift
when moving quickly through the air
A wing is an aerofoil, which means it has a special shape that enables it to fly. The
topside is curved and the underside is almost flat- so making the topside longer
than the underside. As the wing cuts through the air, it deflects the air. Due to the
wings shape, the air flowing above the wing moves faster then the air flow below.
Because air pressure drops more as air moves faster, the air below the wing has a
greater pressure, pushing up the wing.

An aircraft also needs a tail in order to fly. The vertical fin and horizontal tail plane keep it control the air craft height and course

Aerodynamics: What a Drag!

Aerodynamics engineers study the way in which air flows around objects. One objective of aerodynamic
studies is the design of shapes that offer the least resistance to the flow of air. Air offers a resistance to any
object moving through it. Air resistance is influenced by the shape of an object.
If a moving object is streamlined, the air will flow around it smoothly and cause less drag,
Why Does it Matter?
l At high speed
aerodynamic effects
play an enormous
role in car
l By taking advantage of
the effects of lift
racecars have been
able increase their
corning ability, which
in turn decreases lap
Source: Race Car Aerodynamics, J.
l Also by minimizing drag Katz, 1995
they can maximize
the top speed of the
Model Testing in a Wind
l We used a 1/12 scale
model of a NASCAR,
because full-scale
prototype testing is
more expensive and
time consuming
l By running the model
in wind tunnel at
different velocities
we are able to model
different actual car
velocities, gathering
relevant information
aerodynamics. Source: Union College

Racecar Progression

l Reduction in
aerodynamic drag by
streamlining the
shape of the vehicle
l Increase the down force,
negative lift, to
increase cornering
l Raw hp vs. streamlining
Spoiler Effect
l The addition of a
spoiler on the car
results in greater
downward force (or
negative lift) which
Source: results in better
l The addition of a
spoiler also
increases the
amount of drag on
the car
Why Drivers Draft
l Behind the car is
a low
velocity pocket
which aids in
the reduction of
drag on the
following car
l This increases
efficiency and
speed for both

Courtesy of
What we learned
l The strides made in streamlining designs
of cars aided in decreasing the drag
force along a vehicle
l Spoilers create a larger down force on the
vehicle which helps in keeping the
wheels in solid contact with the ground
at high speeds and cornering
l These concepts together help increase
speeds and lap times which is the overall