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# DONE BY :-

Deepak George:08AB197
Vince Chacko:08AB200
Serin Thomas:08AB199
Stalin John:08AB148
Roshan Chalissery:08AB138
Aerodynamics
Aerodynamics is the study of how air flows around objects.
Aerodynamics: What a Drag!

## When an object produces poor airflow,

more energy is required to push it forward.
Forces of Flight
Four forces of flight

Lift - upward
Drag – down & backwards
Weight - downward
Thrust - forward
AIRCRAFT
Most aircrafts that fly through the sky have wings to keep them aloft. As the wing
cut swiftly through the air, they develop a strong upward force called lift. This force
supports the weight of the aircraft, holding it up in the air. Wings generate more lift
when moving quickly through the air
AEROFOIL
A wing is an aerofoil, which means it has a special shape that enables it to fly. The
topside is curved and the underside is almost flat- so making the topside longer
than the underside. As the wing cuts through the air, it deflects the air. Due to the
wings shape, the air flowing above the wing moves faster then the air flow below.
Because air pressure drops more as air moves faster, the air below the wing has a
greater pressure, pushing up the wing.

Control
An aircraft also needs a tail in order to fly. The vertical fin and horizontal tail plane keep it
stable.to control the air craft height and course

## Aerodynamics: What a Drag!

Aerodynamics engineers study the way in which air flows around objects. One objective of aerodynamic
studies is the design of shapes that offer the least resistance to the flow of air. Air offers a resistance to any
object moving through it. Air resistance is influenced by the shape of an object.
If a moving object is streamlined, the air will flow around it smoothly and cause less drag,
AUDI R8
Why Does it Matter?
l At high speed
aerodynamic effects
play an enormous
role in car
performance.
the effects of lift
racecars have been
able increase their
corning ability, which
in turn decreases lap
time.
Source: Race Car Aerodynamics, J.
l Also by minimizing drag Katz, 1995
they can maximize
the top speed of the
Model Testing in a Wind
Tunnel
l We used a 1/12 scale
model of a NASCAR,
because full-scale
prototype testing is
more expensive and
time consuming
l By running the model
in wind tunnel at
different velocities
we are able to model
different actual car
velocities, gathering
relevant information
concerning
aerodynamics. Source: Union College

Racecar Progression

l Reduction in
aerodynamic drag by
streamlining the
shape of the vehicle
l Increase the down force,
negative lift, to
increase cornering
speeds
l Raw hp vs. streamlining
Spoiler Effect
spoiler on the car
results in greater
downward force (or
negative lift) which
cornering
spoiler also
increases the
amount of drag on
the car
Why Drivers Draft
l Behind the car is
a low
pressure/low
velocity pocket
which aids in
the reduction of
drag on the
following car
l This increases
efficiency and
speed for both
cars
Drafting

Courtesy of trickelfan.com
What we learned
l The strides made in streamlining designs
of cars aided in decreasing the drag
force along a vehicle
l Spoilers create a larger down force on the
vehicle which helps in keeping the
wheels in solid contact with the ground
at high speeds and cornering
l These concepts together help increase
speeds and lap times which is the overall
goal