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Instrumentation and Process Control

Dynamic Behavior of Second Order Systems

Department of Chemical Engineering, U.E.T. Lahore Pakistan

Modelling and Simulation

What do we discuss in this lecture?

1. What a second order system is and the


physical origin of system with second
order dynamics
2. Their dynamics characteristics

What is a Second Order System?

Transfer
Function

Physical Systems giving rise to Second Order System

Multicapacity Processes

Inherently Second Order Systems

A processing system with its controllers

Dynamic Response of Second Order System

Dynamic Response of Second Order System

Dynamic Response of Second Order System

Dynamic Response of Second Order System

Dynamic Response of Second Order System

Dynamic Response of Second Order System

Characteristic of Underdamped System

Period of Oscillation
Overshoot (A/B)

Decay ratio (C/A)

Characteristic of Underdamped System

Characteristic of Underdamped System

Rise time
Response time

MultiCapacity Processes as Second Order System

Non Interacting Capacities

Non Interacting Capacities

Modelling and Simulation

Instrumentation and Process Control

Dynamic Behavior of Second Order Systems

Department of Chemical Engineering, U.E.T. Lahore Pakistan

Modelling and Simulation

Second Order System Caused By the Presence of Controllers

Second Order System Caused By the Presence of Controllers

Second Order System Caused By the Presence of Controllers

Second Order System Caused By the Presence of Controllers

Pneumatic Valve is a Second Order System

Show that the following exhibits the second order system


1. Simple Manometer
2. Externally mounted level indicator

Instrumentation and Process Control

Design of Feedback Controllers


&
Dynamic behaviour of feedback controlled Processes

Department of Chemical Engineering, U.E.T. Lahore Pakistan

Modelling and Simulation

Types of Feedback Controller

Proportional Controller

Proportional Integral Controller

Proportional Integral Controller

Proportional Integral Derivative Controller

Instrumentation and Process Control

Design of Feedback Controllers


&
Dynamic behaviour of feedback controlled Processes

Department of Chemical Engineering, U.E.T. Lahore Pakistan

Modelling and Simulation

Dynamic behaviour of Feedback Controlled Processes

Dynamic behaviour of Feedback Controlled Processes

Dynamic behaviour of Feedback Controlled Processes

Closed Loop Response of Liquid Level in a Tank

Closed Loop Temperature Response of Tank Heater

Remark!

Effect of Proportional Controller on the Response of Controlled


Process

First Order System

Effect of Proportional Controller on the Response of Controlled


Process

Effect of Proportional Controller on the Response of Controlled


Process

Instrumentation and Process Control

Lecture 11:
Design of Feedback Controllers
&
Dynamic behaviour of feedback controlled Processes

Department of Chemical Engineering, U.E.T. Lahore Pakistan

Modelling and Simulation

Effect of Proportional Controller on the Response of Controlled


Process

Second Order System

Effect of Proportional Controller on the Response of Controlled


Process

Effect of Proportional Controller on the Response of Controlled


Process

Effect of Integral Control Action

Effect of Integral Control Action

Effect of Integral Control Action

Effect of Derivative Control Action

Effect of Derivative Control Action for second order system

Effect of Composite Control Action

Effect of Composite Control Action