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# Chapter 10 Forces

Force and Net Force

• Force is a push or
a pull on an object.
• Net force is the
total force on an
object.

Unbalanced Force
Balanced Force
• Unbalanced Force

can cause an
object to move,
stop moving, or
change direction.

• The balanced
forces are the
forces in equal
and opposite
directions.

Forces change
motion.

Can you see the unbalanced force here? .• HMM….

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Greater inertia –Inertia is every objects resistance to change its motion. .Newton’s First Law Inertia –An object at rest Greater mass will stay at rest means unless acted upon by an outside force.

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•Take out a piece of paper and label it “Inertia Mini Lab” .

.Newton’s Second Law • The acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net force acting on the object and inversely proportional to the object’s mass.

Force=mass x acceleration F=m x a • Or • a = Force/ mass • a = F/m .

Equation for Newton It’s the same as the force equation! •Newton=m x a. .

.Force and mass determine acceleration.

Luke! Use the mass times the acceleration! .

Sometimes we might calculate mass using Force and Acceleration • Mass=Force/Acceleration • m=F/a .

000N •Force=Mass x acceleration •F=ma •F=2000kg x 5m/s/s •a= 10.000N or kgxm/s/s 33% 1 33% 2 33% 3 .How much Force was required to make a 2000kg car accelerate at 5m/s/s? 1. 0. 400N 2. 10.001N 3.

8m/s/s 2. 9.8m/s/s 1 2 3 . 2.• If you drop a 15kg bowling ball with a Force of 147N. what is it’s 33% 33% acceleration? 3 0 1. 0.205m/s/s • 0 33% •Acceleration=Force/Mass •a=F/m •a=147kgxm/s/s÷15kg •a= 9.1m/s/s 3.

5kg 1 2 3 . What’s the Mass of the ball? 33% 33% 1. . 312kg 2.5kgxm/s/s÷25m/s/s •a= . 2kg 33% •Mass=Force/Acceleration •m=F/a •a=12.5N of Force.A person throws a baseball at an acceleration of 25m/s/s with 12.5kg 3.

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Sliding friction (strongest) 2. Fluid friction (weakest). Rolling friction 3. 4. Static friction .4 Types of Friction • The 4 types of friction are: 1.

• What type of friction? .

•What type of friction? .

•What type of friction? .

What type of friction? .

. • 2-How hard the two surfaces push together.2 Factors of Friction • 1-Type of surface.

• Which type of hockey has more friction? .

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Air Resistance and Weight • Air resistance is a type of fluid friction on falling objects. Weight is the force of gravity on an object at the surface of the Earth. .

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Law of Universal Gravitation • Gravity acts between all objects in the universe. .

.Gravity Between Objects • The force of gravity between objects increases with greater mass and decreases with greater distance.

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8m/s/s.• Gravity is the force that pulls objects toward the Earthacceleration due to gravity is 9. .

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Newton’s Third law • If an object exerts a force on another object. exerts an equal force in the opposite direction. . the second object.

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• In other words: Momentum = mass x velocity • Kg x m/s .Momentum • The momentum of an object is the product of its mass and velocity.

COLLISIONS .

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.Law of Conservation of Momentum • The total momentum of the objects that interact does not change.