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Automatic Sprinkler Systems

Chapter 13

Ricky Phillips, Instructor

Automatic Sprinkler Systems

Most reliable fixed extinguishing system


No reported multiple deaths in a
completely sprinkled building
Controls 70% of all fires with five or
fewer sprinklers activated

Ricky Phillips, Instructor

Automatic Sprinkler System

Consist of sprinkler heads


arranged to automatically distribute water
directly to the fire

Water supplied through a system of


piping

Ricky Phillips, Instructor

Two types of Sprinkler Coverage

Complete Sprinkler Coverage


protects the entire building

Partial Sprinkler Coverage


protects only certain areas
high hazards, exit routes, places required by
code or AHJ

Ricky Phillips, Instructor

NFPA 13

Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler


Systems
Requirements on spacing, pipe size,
and all details concerning the
installation of sprinkler systems

Ricky Phillips, Instructor

NFPA 13D

Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler


Systems in One and Two Family
Dwellings and Mobile Homes

Ricky Phillips, Instructor

FM or UL Listings

All parts of system regulated by


Factory Mutual
Underwriters Laboratories

Ricky Phillips, Instructor

Effects on Life Safety

Life Safety is enhanced


fire is extinguished will small

Combustion products are limited


extinguishment in incipient stage

Presence is crucial in high-rise buildings

Ricky Phillips, Instructor

System Fundamentals

Sprinklers
Sprinkler Design
Sprinkler Storage
Control Valves
Water Flow Alarms
Water Supply
Fire Department Connection
Ricky Phillips, Instructor

Ricky Phillips, Instructor

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Sprinklers

Discharge water
Fusible Link
Glass Bulb
Chemical Pellet
Quick Response

Ricky Phillips, Instructor

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Sprinkler Design

Pendant
Upright
Sidewall
Special Sprinklers

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Sprinkler Storage

Storage Cabinet
extra heads
sprinkler wrench

Changing sprinkler heads should only


be performed by representatives of the
buildings occupants.

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Control Valves

OS&Y Valve
Post Indicator Valve (PIV)
Post Indicator Valve Assembly (PIVA)
Operating Valves

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Waterflow Alarms

Hydraulic or electrical
warn of water movement in system
Hydraulic alarm sounds local
Electrical alarm sounds local and fire
alarm system

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Water Supply

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Fire Department Connection

Provides outside source of water supply


Consists of at least two 2-1/2 female
connections or one LDH connection
Supplied by pumper with minimum
1,000 gpm pump or greater
Minimum of two 2-1/2 lines
PDP of 150 psi.
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Types of Systems

Wet-Pipe
Dry-Pipe
Pre-Action
Deluge
Residential

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Wet-Pipe System

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Dry-Pipe System

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Deluge System

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Pre-Action System

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Residential System

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Factors & Considerations

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Controlling Water Flow from a


Sprinkler Head

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