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Codes of Ethics

&
Professional
Employee Rights

CODE OF ETHICS OR CODE OF CONDUCT ?

They are often used interchangeably.

Actually, code of ethics are broader while the


later is more specific to person or company.

Codes of conduct are: guidelines for specific


groups of professionals to help them to
perform their roles safeguarding professional
ethics.

HISTORY OF CODES OF ETHICS

- 1803 FIRST CODE OF PROFESSIONAL ETHICS : (MEDICAL ETHICS)

- 1852

ASCE (AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS)

- 1880

ASME (AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING)

- 1884

AIEE (AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS)


ALL THESE PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERING SOCIETIES HAD
CODES OF ETHICS

SCOPE
1- Integrity.
2- Competence.
3- Individual Responsibilities.
4- Professional Responsibilities.
5- Human Concerns.

OBJECTIVES OF THE CODE OF


ETHICS
To establish professional standards that will
protect and enhance the concept, the image,
the credibility and the sustainability of
Engineering.
Social and environmental commitment.
Establish and maintain standards for the
Engineering industry.
Quality of service.
Fair competition.
Quality of information.

WHY IS THE CODE OF ETHICS IMPORTANT TO


ENGINEERS?

It is a SYMBOLE of Professionalism.

A BASIC qualifying requirement.

An EDGE in competition.

Ultimate BENEFIT of the profession.

Adhering to the Code of Ethics, the


engineering profession will benefit in
promoting its reputation, credibility
and respect.
The result: the
engineering profession will maintain
its attractiveness as a rewarding and
respectable profession.

LIMITATIONS
1- Code of ethics documents are broad
guidelines and have element of vagueness
(Health, Safety, Welfare).
2- Conflict in various codes. This will result in
moral dilemmas. (debatable)
3- They cannot serve as ultimate or final moral
authority for professional conduct.
4- The proliferation of codes of ethics for
different branches of engineering gives a feeling
that ethical codes are relative.

MAJOR PROFESIONAL ENGINEERING BODIES IN MALAYSIA

The three major Professional Engineering bodies to which engineers may


be affiliated are:

1.

The Board of Engineers (BEM), which is a statutory body governed by


the Engineers Act 1967 and with which an Engineer must registered
before he/she can be employed or practice as an Engineer.

2.

The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM). which is a learned society


registered under the Societys Act. Membership is voluntary but the
professional standards set by IEM for membership are accepted by BEM
as qualifications for registration as a Professional Engineer (PE). Most PE
are IEM members.

3.

The Association of Consulting Engineers, Malaysia (ACEM), is a nonprofit organization comprising of Consulting Engineers. Its objective is to
promote the interest of Consulting Engineering as a profession.
All the three bodies have their own Code of Ethics designed too suit their
specific requirement according to the objectives of each body constituted.

CODES OF ETHICS & CONDUCT


IEM

BEM

IEEE

Codes
of
Ethics &
Conduct

NSPE

ASME

IEM = Institution of Engineers, Malaysia

BEM = Board of Engineers, Malaysia

IEEE = Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

ASME = American Society of Mechanical Engineers

NSPE = National Society of Professional Engineers

IEEE

IEEE, pronounced "Eye-triple-E," stands for the Institute of


Electrical and Electronics Engineers. The association is
chartered under this name and it is the full legal name.

IEEE, an association dedicated to advancing innovation and


technological excellence for the benefit of humanity, is the
worlds largest technical professional society. It is
designed to serve professionals involved in all aspects of
the electrical, electronic and computing fields and
related areas of science and technology that underlie
modern civilization.

Professional
Employee Rights

RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

Both employees and employers have legal


rights.
An employers rights are the employees
responsibilities (and vice versa).
Some legal rights are statutory. This means
everyone has them.
Some legal rights are contractual. These are
rights stated in the contract of employment.

RESPONSIBILITIES OF ENGINEERS
Internal responsibilities:
1- Collegiality (cooperation with respect,
commitment and connectedness).
2- Loyalty.
3- Respect for authority.
4- Collective bargaining:
A- Attack problems not people.
B- Build trust.
C- Start with discussion and analysis of
interests, concerns, needs not solutions.

EXTERNAL RESPONSIBILITIES
1- Confidentiality.
2- Reporting.
3- Occupational crimes.
4- Conflict of Interests due to: Financial
investment, Insider trading, Bribes, Gifts, Kickbacks.

RIGHTS OF ENGINEERS

Rights of conscience.
Institutional recognition of moral rights.
Privacy.
Whistleblowing.
Non discrimination.
No harassment.
No preferential treatment.
Intellectual property.
The employer keeping to the contract of employment
Working in a healthy and safe environment
Being appropriately trained
Joining a trade union or staff association
Being allowed access to own personal employee record.
Rights against exploitation.
Freedom to choose outside activities.
Free speech.
Freedom of religion.