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Building Automation System

Prepared by: Team Panaginip

Contents

Background and Its Setting

Review of Related Literature

Research Methodology

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Building Automation System

What is Building Automation System?


It is an energy management system
that consists of computerized,
interlinked networks of hardware and
software which monitor and control
the mechanical and lighting systems
in commercial, industrial, and
institutional facilities.

Building Automation System

Why Building Automation System?

Monitoring of several systems from one place.


Safety and alarms
Remote service
Security
Energy efficiency
Records

Building Automation System

Significance of the
Study

The study proposes the


implementation of
automated building
facilities of DICT for
energy management,
safety, convenience and to
introduce different
application of automation.

Control of facilities can be


programmed to further
enhance efficiency of the
building through the
compiled data produced
as part of the function of
the installed SCADA
system.

Building Automation System

Objective

To install a
representation of
Access Cards

To design a specific
miniature rooms of RTUDICT

To create not only a


demo miniature, but
also a trainer of specific
components

To produce an excel file


regarding the total
power consumption.

To design and install all


the components of the
building automation
system in the miniature

To construct a
representation of actual
moving people inside
the miniature

To test if the miniature


is working based on its
desired function.

To integrate a
Supervisory Control
and Data Acquisition
(SCADA)

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Scope and Delimitation of the Study

Access
Cards
Room
Temperature

Fire
Sprinkler

Actual
Moving
People

Delimitations
Smoke
Detector

Building Automation System

Scope and Delimitation of the Study

Electrical
Motor

Air
Conditioning
Unit

Fire
Sprinkler

LED

Projector

Electrical
Lights

Emergency
Lights

Building Automation System

Scope and Delimitation of the Study

Line
Tracking
Robot

Plunger
Valve

Buzzer

Professor

Students

Alarms

Manual
Push
Button

Access Cards

Building Automation System

Review of Related Studies

TITLE OF THE
STUDY
Energy Conservation
and Efficiency in a
Shanghai Office
Building

RESEARCHER

AdvanceTech
China

PURPOSE OF
STUDY
Smart building, costeffective and energy
efficiency

(January, 2012)
Motion-Detected
Lightning and AirConditioning Control DICT Students (batchwith Remote
2013)
Monitoring System
(S.Y. 2012-2013)

Automatic control of
lights, projector and
air-condition units

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Review of Related Studies


Programmable Logic Controller
more or less a small computer with a built-in
operating system (OS). This OS is highly
specialized to handle incoming events in real
time. A program is written for the PLC which
turns on and off outputs based on input
conditions and the internal program.

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Review of Related Studies


Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
an industrial control system at the core of
many modern industries such as
manufacturing, energy, water, power,
transportation and many more. SCADA
systems deploy multiple technologies that
allow organizations to monitor, gather, and
process data as well as send commands to
those points that are transmitting data.

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Review of Related Studies


Access Cards
a device that must be scanned to retrieve the
identifying information.

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Review of Related Studies


Air Conditioning Unit
system or process of controlling temperature,
humidity and sometimes the purity of air in an
interior capable of cooling such as office,
theatre, rooms, laboratory or house.

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Review of Related Studies


Passive Infrared
often used in motion detectors. Motion is
detected when an infrared source with one
temperature, such as a human, passes in front
of an infrared source with another
temperature, such as a wall.

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Review of Related Studies


Alarm System
a system that signals the occurrence of
some undesirable event.

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Review of Related Studies


Light Sensor
a device that detects the amount of light in
the vicinity.

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Review of Related Studies


Line Tracking Robot
a line follower robot or line tracking robot, a
basically machine designed to follow a path
predetermined by the user.

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Review of Related Studies


Smoke Detector
an electronic fire alarm that is activated by
the presence of smoke.

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Review of Related Studies


Fire Sprinkler
a fire protection system of overhead piping
designed in accordance with fire protection
engineering standards.

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Review of Related Studies


Plunger Solenoid Valve
a valve that is opened or closed by an
electromagnet. This action is achieved by the
movement of a magnetic plunger to seal off or
open a port when voltage is applied.

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System Design
Manual Override

Limit Switch

Alarms

AAccess Cards

ACU

Light Sensor

Fire Sprinkler
Smoke detectors
Motion Sensor

Solenoid Valve

PLC

SCADA
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Control Panel Design

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Control Panel Components


1. 2pc. of Circuit Breaker
Operating Voltage: 240Vac

Operating Current: 6A and 3A


2. Power Supply
24Vdc
3. Programmable Logic Controller
s7 300 (CPU 315-2DP)

24Vdc Supply
4. I/O modules
32 channels digital input

32 channels digital output


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Control Panel Components


5. Terminal Blocks

84 pcs.
32 pcs. for Digital Input
32 pcs. for Digital Output
4 pcs. for 220Vac Supply (L1 and L2)
10 pcs. for 24Vdc and 0Vdc Common

6. End Plate
10mm by 70mm
7 pcs.
7. Stopper
10 pcs.
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Control Panel Components


8. Wire Duct
3000mm x 35mm (WxL)

9. Din rail
3 meters
7.5mm x 35mm (WxD)
Aluminum
10. Cable Gland (1pc)

11. AWG wire (10 meters)


a. #22AWG

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PLC Input
Sensors

Passive Infrared Sensor (3 pcs.)


4.5 to 20V power supply
110 sensing angle
7 meter sensing range
0-3V output signal

Smoke Detector (1 pc.)


220Vac power supply; 24 VDC loop operating voltage
Adjustable smoke detection sensitivity
Twin LED for 360 vision
With Remote Indicator output
Proximity Sensor / Switch (2 pcs)
5 VDC power supply
15mm maximum detecting distance
Operating Temperature: -25 to 70 C
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PLC Input
Light Sensor (2 pcs)
12 VDC power supply
Operating Temperature: -30 to 85 C
Proximity Sensor / Switch
12 VDC power supply
15mm maximum detecting distance
Operating Temperature: -25 to 70 C

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PLC Output
Relays (8 pcs.)
220Vac relay
8 pins
5A contact current
Fire Sprinkler
3.2 to 3.7Vdc supply
Electrical Lights
3.2 to 3.7Vdc supply
1Watt
Light Emitting Diode
Alarm (Buzzer)
Electrical Motor (14 Pcs.)
5Vdcsupply
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Methods
Testing of Passive Infrared

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Methods
Integrating Programmable Logic Controller
S7-300 CPU 313C will control the output
components in the miniature. 16 channels digital
input and 16 channels digital output expansion
modules will be added to satisfy the number of IOs
of the miniature.

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Methods
Integrating SCADA
WinCC SCADA v7.2 basic is the software that will
be integrated in the building automation system.
The software will be installed in a PC (laptop) that
will serve as the engineering workstation and
operator workstation as well. Since the PLC and
SCADA have the same brand, no OPC server will be
further required.

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Methods
Access Cards
Access Cards will serve as the key for special
access inside each rooms. In the miniature,
triggering of these cards will be represented by
push buttons.

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Methods
Light Emitting Diode (LED)
Electrical Lighting
These lights will turn on/off automatically or
manually whenever the room is occupied at the
registered class time or via RFID card.
Emergency Lights
These lights will turn on automatically when
power failure happens in the system.
Projector
This is manually activated using push button.
It will automatically turn off the electrical lighting
and turn on the dim lights.
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Output Devices
Electrical Motor
Air Conditioning Unit
This will turn on/off automatically depending
on the number of people present inside the room.
It can be adjusted manually.
Fire Sprinkler
This will turn on automatically when the
smoke detector is triggered.

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Output Devices
Smoke Detector
One smoke detector will be responsible for the
three rooms in the miniature. Multipoint push
button is installed to indicate which room will be on
fire.

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Output Devices
Alarm System
Buzzer will indicate the alarm alert in the
miniature. It will trigger once the smoke detector
becomes true. This alarm system is shared by the
three rooms.

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Miniature Design

Principle and Conditions


Scaled Rooms

Representation of occupants
Lighting and Air-Conditioning Units
Fire Safety System
Projector Activation
Conditions on facility activation

Use of Access Cards


Monitoring and data logging

System Operation
AB-401 and AB-405

System Initialization
Five Minutes Allotment
Start of Class
Two minutes allowance
Dim Lights Activation
Fire Safety System
Manual Override
Power Failure

System Operation
AB-407
System Start-up
Access Cards
Electrical Equipment Activation
Fire Safety System

Manual Override
Power Failure

System Operation
Number of

Number of Actual

Number of

People(Miniature)

People

Equivalent ACU

1-3

1-20

4-6

21-40

7-8

41-60

System Operation

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