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Energy Conservation and

Efficiency

“Relying solely on a cheap, painless
technological fix to conquer oil addiction is
like relying solely on methadone to conquer
heroin addiction. Abstinence is needed, too.
The energy equivalent is conservation, which
is superior in every way to substitution.”
Hendrik Hertzbert, New Yorker, February 2006

“Ritualistic calls by utopians, moralists, and
environmental absolutists for energy
conservation are utterly inadequate and
doomed to failure.”
Robert Zubrin, “An Energy Revolution”, American Enterprise

Online

000 MW (approximately eight mid-sized power plants). November. energy savings are estimated to exceed 4.“Energy efficiency measures can reduce the need for additional generation and transmission resources…. these savings would require significant additional investment in energy-efficiency programs… Additionally. 2005 .” New Jersey Blue Ribbon Panel on Development of Wind Turbine Facilities in Coastal Waters. However. At times of peak demand. this would require increasing residential and commercial building energy codes as well as energy efficiency appliance standards.

Why is energy efficiency so unpopular? .

Why is energy efficiency so unpopular? • Bashing the competition is a way to sell a product .

Why is energy efficiency so unpopular? • Bashing the competition is a way to sell a product • We’ve come to accept a faulty logic .

Why is energy efficiency so unpopular? • Bashing the competition is a way to sell a product • We’ve come to accept a faulty logic • We think technology got us here .

Why is energy efficiency so unpopular? • • • • Bashing the competition is a way to sell a product We’ve come to accept a faulty logic We think technology got us here It suggests the possibility of change .

Why is energy efficiency so unpopular? • • • • • Bashing the competition is a way to sell a product We’ve come to accept a faulty logic We think technology got us here It suggests the possibility of change How can less be better? (It’s not sexy) .

What is our situation? .

What is our situation? • All of our major fuels are mined. then refined .

What is our situation? • All of our major fuels are mined. then refined • High density chemical energy (fuel) starts with photosynthesis .

then refined • High density chemical energy (fuel) starts with photosynthesis • We convert mined fuels into electricity or other energy forms (mechanical energy.What is our situation? • All of our major fuels are mined. heat) .

heat) • Renewable energies require energy conversion . then refined • High density chemical energy (fuel) starts with photosynthesis • We convert mined fuels into electricity or other energy forms (mechanical energy.What is our situation? • All of our major fuels are mined.

What are the implications of a transition from energy mining to energy conversion? .

What are the implications of a transition from energy mining to energy conversion? • Refining is cheap. conversion is costly .

What are the implications of a transition from energy mining to energy conversion? • Refining is cheap. the more costly the conversion . conversion is costly • The lower the quality of the source.

What are the implications of a transition from energy mining to energy conversion? • Refining is cheap. the more costly the conversion • The less energy needed. the less equipment needed . conversion is costly • The lower the quality of the source.

Some Conservation Strategies • Understand the problem (audits) .

Some Conservation Strategies • Understand the problem (audits) • Size equipment and structures appropriately .

Some Conservation Strategies • Understand the problem (audits) • Size equipment and structures appropriately • Share resources .

Some Conservation Strategies • • • • Understand the problem (audits) Size equipment and structures appropriately Share resources Maintain equipment and facilities .

Some Conservation Strategies • • • • • Understand the problem (audits) Size equipment and structures appropriately Share resources Maintain equipment and facilities Increase production .

Some Conservation Strategies • • • • • • Understand the problem (audits) Size equipment and structures appropriately Share resources Maintain equipment and facilities Increase production Pick good sites .

Some Conservation Strategies • • • • • • • Understand the problem (audits) Size equipment and structures appropriately Share resources Maintain equipment and facilities Increase production Pick good sites Use efficient architecture .

Some Conservation Strategies • • • • • • • • Understand the problem (audits) Size equipment and structures appropriately Share resources Maintain equipment and facilities Increase production Pick good sites Use efficient architecture Adopt efficient technologies .

Some Conservation Strategies • • • • • • • • • Understand the problem (audits) Size equipment and structures appropriately Share resources Maintain equipment and facilities Increase production Pick good sites Use efficient architecture Adopt efficient technologies Insulate .

Efficiency in Architecture • Passive Solar .

Efficiency in Architecture • Passive Solar • Daylighting .

Efficiency in Architecture • Passive Solar • Daylighting • Natural Ventilation .

Efficiency in Architecture • • • • Passive Solar Daylighting Natural Ventilation Evaporative Cooling .

Some efficient technologies • Lighting – HID – Fluorescent – LED • Heat Recovery • Efficient Equipment – Refrigeration – Hybrid Vehicles • Automated Controls – Lighting – Heating – Cooling .

What to insulate • • • • • Buildings (caulk) Refrigeration Piping Water Storage Dryers/Ovens .

Incentive Programs • New Jersey Clean Energy Program (BPU) • NRCS Conservation Security Program (CSP) .

Most importantly… • Understand your energy needs • Investigate options for energy conservation and efficiency first .