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Objectives

Know the difference between units and

dimensions

Understand the SI, USCS, and AES

systems of units

Know the SI prefixes from nano- to

gigaUnderstand and apply the concept of

dimensional homogeneity

A system of units is described by:

which all other dimensions may be derived,

and

a set of base units.

Dimensions

Dimension

Symbol

Length

[L]

Mass

[M]

time

[T]

force

[F]

electric current

[A]

absolute temperature

[q]

luminous intensity

[/]

Base Units

Fundamental Dimension

Base Unit

time

second (s)

electric current

ampere (A)

absolute temperature

kelvin (K)

luminous intensity

candela (cd)

amount of substance

mole (mol)

of Units (SI)

Fundamental Dimension

length [L]

mass [M]

time [T]

electric current [A]

absolute temperature [q]

luminous intensity [l]

amount of substance [n]

Base Unit

meter (m)

kilogram (kg)

second (s)

ampere (A)

kelvin (K)

candela (cd)

mole (mol)

See fundamentalSI.ppt for information

about these 'things'

SI Prefixes

Decimal

Multiplier

Symbol

nano

10-9

micro

10-6

milli

10-3

centi

10-2

deci

10-1

deka

10+1

da

hecto

10+2

kilo

10+3

mega

10+6

giga

10+9

Prefix

Supplementary SI

Dimensions

Supplementary Dimension

Base Unit

plane angle

radian (rad)

solid angle

steradian (sr)

SI System of Units

Force = (mass) (acceleration)

F=ma

W=mg

Force = ma

kg m

2

s

= Newton

=N

SI System of Units:

Work/Energy

Work/ Energy = Force X Distance

= N.m

kg.m

2

s

= Joule

=J

Power = Work / Time

N m

Joule J

s

s

s

2

kg m

3

s

= Watt

=W

Pressure = Force / Area

N

kg m / s

2

2

m

m

kg

2

ms

= Pascal

= Pa

Units (USCS)

Fundamental Dimension

Base Unit

length [L]

foot (ft)

force [F]

pound (lb)

time [T]

second (sec)

Derived Dimension

Unit

mass [FT2/L]

slug

Definition

lbf sec2/ft

USCS: Force =

(mass)*(acceleration)

1 lb f 1 slug ft/sec 2

F = ma

W = mg

American Engineering

System of Units (AES)

Fundamental Dimension

Base Unit

length

foot (ft)

mass

pound (lbm)

force

pound (lbf)

time

second (sec)

coulomb (C)

absolute temperature

luminous intensity

candela (cd)

amount of substance

mole (mol)

Note, there is a problem when we use the

same unit (pound, meaning lbf and lbm)

to describe two different dimensions.

Newton's Second Law: F = ma

1 lbf = 1 lbm ft/s2 ??? NO!!!

Must have consistency of units.

Consistency of Units

Principle of consistency of units:

be the same as those on the right side of

an equation

dimensional homogeneity

Must maintain dimensional homogeneity:

ma

F

gc

g c 32.174

lbm ft

lb f sec 2

See gcderived.ppt for the derivation of gc

Units

What do students in ENGR 111 need to

know about these system of Units?

See Units.doc

Converting Between Foot and Meter

To convert from foot to meter, multiply by

3.048* E-01

To convert from foot to meter, multiply by

(3.048* E-01)-1

Thought Item

Concerning the previous slide, which of

the following is true?

a. There are exactly 0.3048 m/ft.

b. There are exactly 0.3048 ft/m.

c. Neither a not b.

Suppose you needed a metric drawing

of the front view of a 6x6x6 box.

At a scale of 1:10, would it fit on an A

size sheet of paper (portrait or

landscape) with margins?

Did you need to do unit conversion?

How long would you draw each side on

the metric drawing?

Conversion

The force of wind acting on a body can

be computed by the formula:

F = 0.00256 Cd V2 A

where: F = wind force in lbf , Cd= drag

coefficient (no units), V = wind velocity in

miles per hour and A = projected area in ft2

Is this dimensionally homogeneous?

What are the units of 0.00256?

More in Class 9.2

Reality Check...

Are units really

important?

Is checking your

work and your

teams work

really important?

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Mars Lander (NASA)

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