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By :

1.
ASHINTA DWI Q.
2.
DEFI SETYAWATI
3.
ELOK NADLIROH
4.
ICHA DWI YULIANI
5.
NUR ALFI ANDRIANI
6.
SITI INDAH NUR HAVIVAH
7.
VICKY INDRIASARI
8.
ANDIK UDIANSYAH

AUXILIARY VERBS

Auxiliary Verbs

Also called helping verbs. They have no


meaning on their own. They are necessary for
the grammatical structure of a sentence, but
they do not tell us very much alone.

We usually use helping verbs with main verbs.


They "help" the main verb (which has the real
meaning).

Auxiliary verbs divided into two


basic groups:
Primary auxiliary
verbs

be, do, and have

Modal auxiliary
verbs

can, could, may, might,


will, would, shall,
should, must, ought to

Primary Auxiliary
Verbs
Uses of be (am, is, are, was, were, be, being,
been)
Is followed by the present or past participle in the sentence
Ex :

I am going to the park. (going = present)


Kylie is singing at Wembley stadium.

Fish is usually eaten with chips. (eaten = past participle)


I was beaten by a better player
They were running past the gates when they saw a dog.

Uses of Do (do, does, did)

These are followed by the base form of a


verb

Ex :
I do work very hard.
Johnny does try his best.
They did win the game last week.

Uses of Have, Has and Had

These are followed by the past participle of the


next verb

Ex :
I have eaten all of my food.
John has climbed Ben Nevis.
Debbie had hidden all of Pauls pencils.

Modal Auxiliaries
Can

We can use to:

Talk about possibility and ability


Ex
: You can buy anything with your money but you can
not buy love.

Ask for or give permission


Ex
: Can I borrow your car for one night.

Could

We can use to :

Talk about past possibility and ability


Ex : You could run faster than me two years ago.
Permission
Ex : Could I use your computer to print and scan?

May

We can use to :

Talk about possibility


Ex : - He may work out and consume healthy food
every day.
- You may forget the embarassing incident
tomorrow.
Permission (lebih formal dr modal verb can)
Ex : May I go home now?

Might
We can use to :
Talk about possibility
Ex : - You might forget the embarassing accident
tomorrow.
- The doctor might have warned you not to eat
red meat.
Permission (lebih formal dr modal verb could)
Ex :If I have cleaned the room, might I play with my
friend?

Will
We can use to :
Wilingness (kemauan)
Ex : I will help you if you help yourself first.
invitation (undangan/ajakan).
Ex : Will you marry me?
Making a decision
Ex : Ill give you a glass of water.
I think Ill change my appearance.
Membuat prediksi
Ex : The sandstorm will come tonight.

Would
We can use to :
Wilingness (lebih sopan dr will)
Ex : Would you like to see my craft?

Probability
Ex : He would be free tonight.

Shall
We Can Use to :
suggesting an element of permission
Shall we go now?
Shall I call a doctor for you?
formal situations
The board of directors shall be responsible for
payment to stockholders.
The college president shall report financial shortfalls
to the executive director each semester.

Should
We can use to :
Giving advice
You should see the doctor.
We should meet more often.
Must
We can use to :

Necessity and obligation


We must go to bed now.
Prohibition
You mustnt give up.

Ougth to

Ought to usually has the same meaning as should,


particularly in affirmative statements in the present:

Ex

: You should/ought to get your hair cut.


Should is much more common (and easier to say!), so
if you're not sure, use should.

THANK YOU..