Alternative Lifestyles

Living outside the norm

Being Different
• An alternative lifestyle is a lifestyle generally perceived to be outside the cultural norm.
– A lifestyle is the way a person lives.

• These lifestyles are often based on an enlarged sense of freedom or a substituted approach to the normal living conditions of a society. • Individuals identify with various subcultures of people.

Subcultures of Society
• • • • • • • • Gothic Hippies Punk Urban Primitive New age Rockers Ravers Hacker • • • • • • • • Mods Hip-Hoppers Skinheads Vegans Grunge BDSM Emo Nudism

Several Histories
• Mods: A Euro movement; Girls have a boyish image; Guys dressed in sharp suits and pointed shoes; owned a scooter; listened to American ‘pop’ music but not rock and roll. • Straight-edgers: Members do not drink alcohol, have casual sex, smoke tobacco, or use recreational drugs; belief in understanding mental and physical health; not based on any religion. • Hip-Hoppers: Began amongst urban (primarily, but not entirely, by African American) youth in the US; four main elements are rapping, DJing (mixing and scratching), graffiti, and breakdancing; has evolved into various forms over the years.

Goths
• Began in England in the 1980s • Was an off-shoot of the punk era • Characterized by androgyny, black clothes, black hair dye, death, darkness, depression, heavy makeup, horror, and sensuality
– Styles similar to that of the medieval, Renaissance, and Victorian ages.

Skinheads
• Started in the late 1960’s in England • Characterized by cropped hair, suspenders, and combat boots • Enjoys ska music • Has a dislike for authority • Not to be fully associated with the neo-nazi revival party. • Have sparked several anti-racist parties like SHARP (Skinheads Against Racial Prejudice) and other anit Neo-Nazi groups.

Hippie
• Youth movement that began in the 1960s in the US • Was a term to describe the people moving into the Haight-Ashbury area of San Francisco. • The people embraced bohemian values, listened to psychedelic rock, used marijuana and LSD to explore various states of consciousness, and embraced the sexual revolution. • Today, people belonging to the Rainbow Family groups practice similar beliefs across the US and parts of the word.