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Anthropometric Data For a

Shopping Mall
Group 1:
Anish
Ann
Aswin
Ashna
Sandeep
Sumit

Canteen
Seating and Clearances (calculated for 24 people)

Size of
table:0.75mx0.75m
Size of chair:
0.45mx0.45m
Clearance for
services: 0.60m
Total area used:
5.55m-6.45mx3.75m4.2m

Size of table:
0.75mx0.75m
Size of chair:
0.45mx0.45m
Clearances for
services: 0.75m end
to end
Total area used:
4.95m-5.4mx3.45m3.6m

Size of table: 0.9m dia


Size of chair:
0.45x0.45m
Clearances for
services: 0.85m from
edge to edge of the
table
Total area used:
3.45m-5.05mx2.7m3.75m

Co-op Store
The maximum height of the shelves
should be 1.86m and the lowest shelf
should be at a height of 0.42m

The minimum width of the shop


should be 4m

The length of the shop may vary


according to demand. The length
should be on the lower side as self
service is not recommended in
colleges. 5m is the estimated length of
the shop

Hair Dressing Saloon

The hair dressing saloon with two chair units will measure up to 5.5m x 3.6m

Tailoring Centre
The tailoring shop should
have a handwork area which
consists of tables for sewing
and finishing boards
Additionally a pressing table is
required
Hanging racks are also
essential
DIMENSIONS:
Sewing table: 0.9mx1.8m
Finishing boards:1.2mx 1.8m
Pressing table: 0.6mx1.4m
Estimated size for the entire
tailoring shop is around 3.2mx
3.5m

Medical Shop
The medical store should be a minimum of
4m x 4m
This space should accommodate both the
hot and cold storage spaces
The shelves of the medical store should be
0.50m wide and 0.30m high
The cash counter should be 1.1m high,
0.45m wide and 0.6m long

Multi-purpose hall

The Dimensions for the multi-purpose hall for seating 80 people is 8.5m x 4.75m

He
Toilets

The size of the toilet should be 1.8m x


1.9m. This includes the water closet and
the urinal.

Parking
Parking requirement: 1/100sq.m of carpet area
25% of above parking to be provided additionally for 2
wheeler parking.
Each of street parking space provided for parking motor
cars should be not less than 15sq.m area (5.5 m x 2.7m)
and for scooters and cycles the area of each parking space
provided shall be not less than 3sq.m and 1.5sq.m
respectively
KMBR prescribes 1 parking unit per 100sq.m of carpet
area, i.e. for 12540sq.m carpet area, 125 parking units are
required as far as the old block is considered. But the new
block carpet area is 7970sq.m so an additional parking
space for 80 more cars

Parking - Dimensions

AREAS for HVAC and ELECTRICAL SERVICES


I.S.CODES
AHU room

Air conditioning plant room

(sq.m)
-

35

Electric room
(2 transformers)

MIMS optimum
(sq.m)
area (sq.m)
16.5

18

136

137.5

54

54

154

154

Electrical substation

35

Generator room
(2 generators)

42

70

105

Ups room

45

45

HVAC

Function:
provide clean, comfortable and controlled environment to
minimize risk of transmission of airborne pathogens
controls air quality and air movement. restriction of air
movement through and between departments.
provides different types of temperature and humidity to
various areas
ensures operation of equipments by providing an
appropriate environmental temperature, humidity and
absence of dust.

Components of an HVAC

OUTSIDE AIR INLET OR INTAKE FILTERS


HUMIDITY MODIFICATION MECHANISM
HEATING AND COOLING EQUIPMENT
FANS
DUCTWORK
AIR EXHAUST
DIFFUSERS OR GRILLS FOR PROPER
DISTRIBUTION OF AIR
CONTROLS AND SWITCHES
ELECTRICITY SUPPLY SYSTEM WITH GEN SET
BACKUP

Fundamental philosophies of fire safety

Prevention through proper design and construction


Provisions for
Smoke/fire detection
Restriction of spread
Extinguishment systems
Evacuation of buildings: Horizontal and vertical evacuation to be
planned

Preventive measures

Non combustible material to be used in load bearing elements, stair ways


and corridors
Proper plug and sockets to be provided for heating appliances
Electrical wiring laid in separate duct and sealed at every alternate floor with
non combustible materials.
Good house keeping and proper waste disposal
Proper storage conditions, and segregation of combustible and explosive
materials like gases, chemicals and x ray films

FIRE DETECTORS
CONTROL PANELS PLACED IN
SECURITY OFFICE WHICH NOTIFY
SECURITY PERSONELSL

Panel to detect activation


of smoke alarms
monitored zone wise
Panel to detect activation
of sprinkler system
monitored zone wise

Restriction of spread

Unit concept of construction


Min fire resistance offered by structural frame: 2 hrs
Compartmentalization of building:
smoke stop doors of minimum half an hour fire resistance to be interposed between
galleries, lobbies and between wards. Single swing type opening in the direction of
escape
AC ducts provided with dampers/stoppers. Dampers installed in inlet duct at ac plant
room and fire separation walls provided wherever ducts enter the vertical shafts.
At least two areas of refuge to be provided in each horizontal plane.
Fire and smoke should not go up and down the level of origin. Vulnerable spots: stair
ways, lifts, chutes, shafts etc. RCC floors resistance:2 hrs
Life risk areas( wards, OT etc) should be segregated from high hazard service areas
(boiler room, laundry, gas supply etc)
Exits:
min 2 on each floor with area more than 500sq.m.
Corridor: 2.4m wide, well lit with signage, clear of obstructions
Door exits lead directly to outside, interior stairway, exterior stairs, horizontal
exits, ramps, or exit passage ways.
door: min 2m high and 2m wide, open able from both sides.
For buildings more than 24m height, refuge area of 15sq.m or .3sqm per person to
accommodate occupants of 2 consecutive floors, whichever is higher should be
provided.

Wet riser systems of pipes 150


mm dia located within lobby,
approach staircase or within
staircase where there is no
lobby.
One riser for floor area
1000sq.m
Riser passes from ground
floor to top floor and each
floor should be bound with
one landing valve and two
oulets for connecting to
hose reels
Capacity of Under tank for
wet riser:
50,000 for hospitals of
3 levels
1 lakh L for hospitals
with height 15m- 24m
1.5 lakh L for hospitals
with height 24m- 30m

Fire fighting equipments

Fire extinguishers at strategic points


Automatic sprinkler extinguisher systems
Fire detection systems where equipment may get damaged by water
Separate water supply

Safe fire exits

Wards: travel distance from the


farthest point in the ward room to
the exit door should be 30m or
less. Where this cannot be ensures
2 or more doors should be
provided

Corridors and escape routes to be provided with recessed lights in the wall
.5m above the floor with power supply from a separate emergency source.
At least one enclosed staircase from each fire protected zone to the ground
floor outside the building.
Childrens ward, maternity ward, ICUs, fracture treatment wards, where every
patient needs assistance could be located on ground floor or first floor so
efforts to save them in an emergency is less.
Since vertical transportation is relatively more difficult arrangements should be
made so that patients can be transferred from one section to another section
of the same floor separated by a fire protection zone.