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• Older flavors(Win9x): - Windows 95, 98, 98SE and Me. • Newer flavors(NT class): - Windows NT3, NT4, 2000, XP and Vista.
Linux distributions(distros). They use the same kernel (the guts of the Operating System). They differ in the • Add-on software provided, • GUI, • Install process, • Price, • Documentation • Technical support.
Graphical User Interface
• GUI and a command line interface.
Windows 3.1 y Windows 95 Fairly Windows XP
large Drasticall Slightl y
• GUI and a command line interface It provides double 1) GUIs 2) KDE 3) Gnome.
Windows • Non-multi user system. Databases running under Windows operating System is designed to deal with a single human being at a time. Linux • Multi user system. It is designed to handle multiple concurrent users.
Hard Disk Partitions
It must be installed to and boot from a primary partition.
It can be installed to and boot from either a primary partition or a logical partition. Logical partitions reside inside a special type of primary partition called an extended partition.
Hardware the OS runs on
Windows It does not runs on many different hardware platforms. Windows NT used to run on, MIPS CPUs Alpha CPUs Linux • It runs on many different hardware platforms. It runs on a very wide range of computers, from the lowest of the low to the highest of the high.
By default, Windows only offers customization of size and color of the graphical elements, and it is typically not possible to change how the interface reacts to user input.
Linux offers dozens of different user interfaces to choose from through numerous desktop environments and window managers. Different environment offers various levels of customizability, ranging from the basic colors and size to extreme customizability of user input, actions, and display.
Windows Reboots are usually required after system and driver updates. Microsoft has its hotpatching technology, designed to reduce downtimes. Linux Linux itself needs to restart only for kernel updates. a special utility can be used to load the new kernel and execute it without a hardware reset and hence can stay up for years without rebooting.
Some multimedia and home use software (IE, Media player, Notepad, WordPad, Paint) plus OEM bundled software. Windows Vista Includes IE7, Windows mail, Windows media centre, etc. depending on which edition is purchased.
All main distributions contain numerous programs: multimedia, graphics, internet, office suites, games, system utilities and alternative desktop environments. Some distributions specialise in education, games, or security.
Windows The vast majority of malicious software runs on Windows (approx 98%). Windows users are burdened with the need for antivirus and anti-spyware software. Linux Linux users are free from malicious software. Only the desktop users can run the software on the system.
Windows is expensive. Microsoft allows a single copy of Windows to be used on only one computer. Starting with Windows XP, they use software to enforce this rule.
For desktop or home use and server use Linux is very cheap or free when compared to Windows. Once you have purchased Linux, you can run it on any number of computers for no additional charge.