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PRESENTATION ON SOLAR PV

Submitted to : Dr. R K Bhogra

MEMBERS:Aditya Sinhal
Dhruv Sharma
Deepak Pathak
Ayushman G Narang
Chirag Bansal

Solar Photovoltaic Energy

TECHNOLOGY IN SOLAR PV
S

Utility-scale solar photovoltaic technologies convert energy


from sunlight directly into electricity, using large arrays of
solar panels.
1.SOLAR CELLS:-Solar cells are devices that convert sunlight
directly into electricity. Solar cells are made of layers of
semiconductor materials similar to those used in computer chips.
When sunlight is absorbed by these materials, the solar energy
knocks electrons loose from their atoms, allowing the electrons to
flow through the material to produce electricity.

2.Solar Arrays
Solar cells are generally very small, and each one may
only be capable of generating a few watts of electricity.
They are typically combined into modules of about 40
cells; the modules are in turn assembled into PV arrays
up to several meters on a side. These flat-plate PV arrays
can be mounted at a fixed angle facing south, or they can
be mounted on a tracking device that follows the sun,
allowing them to capture more sunlight. For utility-scale
electricity generating applications, hundreds of arrays
are interconnected to form a single, large system.

3.Concentrated PV (CPV) Systems


Concentrated PV (CPV) systems concentrate sunlight
on solar cells, greatly increasing the efficiency of the
cells. The PV cells in a CPV system are built into
concentrating collectors that use a lens or mirrors to
focus the sunlight onto the cells. CPV systems must
track the sun to keep the light focused on the PV cells.
The primary advantages of CPV systems are high
efficiency, low system cost, and low capital investment
to facilitate rapid scale-up; the systems use less
expensive semiconducting PV material to achieve a
specified electrical output.

World PV Production Growth


45

40

35

30

25

GW
20

15

10

0
1996

1998

2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

2010

World PV Market and Production: 2011

World Top 10 PV Manufacturers: 2011


LDK

Sharp

2.8

Suntech

2.4

First Solar

2.3

JA Solar

2.2

GW

Canadian

Trina

1.9

Yangli

1.7

Hanwah

1.5

Jinko

1.5

0.5

1.5

2.5

3.5

World Top 10 PV Plants: 2011


Location

Capacity MWp

Technology

Perovo. Ukraine

100

c-si

Sarnia, Canada

92

CdTe

Montalto di Castro, Italy

84

c-Si

Finsterwalde, Germany

83

c-Si

Ohotnikovo, Ukraine

80

c-Si

Senftenberg, Germany

78

c-Si

Lieberose, Germany

71

CdTe

Rovigo, Italy

70

c-Si

Olmedilla de Alarcn, Spain

60

c-Si

Boulder City, USA

55

CdTe

Major PV Markets : 2010 & 2011

Solar for India


Most parts of India receive

good solar radiation 4- 7


kWh/sq. m/day

Possible to meet growing

energy demands and cover


deficit areas

Can substantially reduce

consumption of kerosene
and diesel for lighting and
power generation

Provide access and

empowerment at grass root


level

Growth in Indian PV Production

Production in MW

700
Solar
Cell

600

600

PV
Module

500
400
300

300

320

240 240

200

175

100
20 20

22 23

25 36

32 45

37

65

45

80

110

135

0
2001-02
2003-04
2005-06
2007-08
2009-10
2002-03
2004-05
2006-07
2008-09
2010-11

Year

Indian PV Industry
More than 80 companies, with installed capacity of over 1.8

GW make PV modules (As of March, 2012)


- 15 companies manufacture solar cells (> 700 MW installed
capacity)
Manufacturing of various raw materials, components,

devices and systems is coming up/expanding (Poly silicon,


wafers, glass, EVA, back sheet, grid inverters, off-grid
BoS, structures etc.)
Production capacity of 3-5 GWp likely by 2020

13

Status of PV in India
L ig h ts
90

Pu mp s
14
O ff grid Plan ts
62

In t Pro jects
1000
G rid Plants
1044

O th ers
270
T eleco m
65

Railw ays
55

2600 MW : 53,00,000 SYSTEMS

Grid Solar PV Power Plants in India


1044 MW capacity new Grid Solar Power projects

commissioned by September, 2012 in 16 States


Karnataka
14

T. N.
15

Jharkhand
16

Maharashtra
20

Others
80

A. P.
22

Rajasthan
199

Gujarat
680

15

Proposed Cost Goal for PV : 2017

PV Module

: < Rs. 30 per Wp

BoS

: < Rs. 25 per Wp

Cost of Electricity

: ~ Rs. 4 - 6 per kWh

16

Solar PV outdoor test bed at SEC

Conclusions
Indian policies have created investment

friendly environment in the country for


entire range of activities announced under
the Mission
India centric R&D and local manufacturing
necessary to reduce the cost to achieve grid
parity preferably by 2015-17
Partnerships necessary with global
stakeholders
India to be a major global player in PV
technology

Thank You