You are on page 1of 23

Determination of

Induction-Motor Parameters
DC Test
Determines R1
Connect any two stator leads to a variablevoltage DC power supply
Adjust the power supply to provide rated
stator current
Determine the resistance from the voltmeter
and ammeter readings
ECE 441

RDC

VDC

I DC

ECE 441

For a Y-Connected Stator

RDC 2 R1,wye
R1, wye

RDC

2
ECE 441

For a Delta-Connected Stator

RDC

R1 2 R1 2

R1
R1 2 R1 3

R1 1.5RDC
ECE 441

Determination of
Induction-Motor Parameters
Blocked-Rotor Test
Determine X1 and X2
Determines R2 when combined with data from
the DC Test
Block the rotor so that it will not turn
Connect to a variable-voltage AC supply and
adjust until the blocked-rotor current is equal
to the rated current
ECE 441

ECE 441

Simplified Equivalent Circuit

Neglect the exciting current under blocked-rotor


conditions remove the parallel branch
ECE 441

IEEE test code recommends that the blocked-rotor


test be made using 25% rated frequency with the test
voltage adjusted to obtain approximately rated current.
A 60-Hz motor would use a 15-Hz test voltage.
The calculated reactance is corrected to 60-Hz by
multiplying by 60/15.
Calculated resistance is correct.
ECE 441

R1 R2 RBR ,15
Z BR ,15

VBR ,15

RBR ,15

PBR ,15

I BR ,15
2
I BR
,15

R2 RBR ,15 R1
ECE 441

2
2
Z BR ,15 RBR

X
,15
BR ,15
2
2
X BR ,15 Z BR

R
,15
BR ,15

60
X BR ,60 X BR ,15
15
X BR ,60 X 1 X 2
ECE 441

10

How Is the Blocked-Rotor


Impedance Divided?
X BR ,60 X 1 X 2
If the NEMA-design letter of the motor is known, use
Table 5.10 to divide the impedances. Otherwise,
divide the impedances equally.

ECE 441

11

Determination of
Induction-Motor Parameters
No-Load Test
Determine the magnetizing reactance, XM and
combined core, friction, and windage losses.
Connect as for blocked-rotor test (next slide).
The rotor is unblocked and allowed to run
unloaded at rated voltage and rated
frequency.

ECE 441

12

Electrical connection for the No-Load Test is the same


as for the Blocked-Rotor Test

ECE 441

13

Determination of
Induction-Motor Parameters
At no-load, the speed is very close to
synchronous speed the slip is =0,
causing the current in R2/s to be very
small, and will be ignored i the
calculations.
IM>>Ife, so I0 = IM.

ECE 441

14

The equivalent circuit for the no-load test is shown.

Ignore

ECE 441

15

S NL VNL I NL
2
2
S NL PNL
QNL
2
2
QNL S NL
PNL
2
QNL I NL
X NL

X NL

QNL
2
I NL

X NL X 1 X M
Substitute X1 from the blocked-rotor test to determine
the value of XM.
ECE 441

16

Example 5.16
The following data were obtained from noload, blocked-rotor, and DC tests of a
three-phase, wye-connected, 40-hp,
60-Hz, 460-V, design B induction motor
whose rated current is 57.8A. The
blocked-rotor test was made at 15 Hz.

ECE 441

17

Blocked-Rotor

No-Load

DC

Vline = 36.2V

Vline = 460.0V

VDC = 12.0V

Iline = 58.0A

Iline = 32.7A

IDC = 59.0A

P3phase = 2573.4W

P3phase = 4664.4W

a) Determine R1, X1, R2, X2, XM, and the combined


core, friction, and windage loss.
b) Express the no-load current as a percent of rated
current.

ECE 441

18

Convert the AC test data to corresponding phase values


for a wye-connected motor.

2573.4W
PBR ,15
857.80W
3
36.2V
VBR ,15
20.90V
3
I BR ,15 58.0 A
4664.4W
PNL
1554.80W
3
460V
VNL
265.581V
3
I NL 32.7 A
ECE 441

19

Determine R1

RDC

VDC 12.0V

0.2034
I DC 59.0 A

R1, wye

RDC

0.102 / phase
2

Determine R2
Z BR ,15

VBR ,15

RBR ,15

PBR ,15

I BR ,15
2
I BR
,15

20.90V

0.3603 / phase
58.0 A
857.8W

0.2550 / phase
2
(58 A)

R2 RBR ,15 R1, wye 0.2550 0.102 0.153 / phase


ECE 441

20

Determination of X1 and X2
2
2
2
2
X BR ,15 Z BR

(0.3603)

(0.255)
0.2545
,15
BR ,15

X BR ,60

60
60

X BR ,15 (0.2545) 1.0182


15
15

From Table 5.10, for a design B machine,


X1 = 0.4XBR,60 = 0.4(1.0182) = 0.4073/phase

X2 = 0.6XBR,60 = 0.6(1.0182) = 0.6109/phase

ECE 441

21

Determination of XM

S NL VNL I NL (265.581V )(32.7 A) 8684.50VA


2
2
QNL S NL
PNL
(8684.50) 2 (1554.8) 2 8544.19VARS

X NL

QNL 8544.19
2
7.99
2
I NL
(32.7)

X NL X 1 X M
X M X NL X 1 7.99 0.4073 7.58 / phase

ECE 441

22

Determination of combined friction, windage, and core


loss:
2
PNL I NL
R1, wye Pcore Pf , w

1554.8 (32.7) 2 (0.102) Pcore Pf , w


Pcore Pf ,w 1446W / phase
b) Express the no-load current as a percent of rated
current.

% I NL

I NL
32.7

100%
100% 56.6%
I rated
57.8
ECE 441

23