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Phenomenology of Place

Norberg-Schulz

. meanings. It is a philosophical approach which helps identifying the importance of places to people.  1. The modern architecture and urbanism is critically analyzed here and the urge to return to place based design is voiced out. including clarifying human situations. and experiences as they spontaneously occur in the course of daily life.Phenomenology can be identified as the interpretive study of human experience.  2. It also can clarify how architecture and environmental design can be a vehicle for place making. events.

The aspect of place based design is given importance which is quite relevant in Indian context also. Modern design is viewed here as product of elite and not responding to the place . .This work is a direct reference to perceived crisis in the design profession.

texture. . The concepts of place . identity contributed greatly in influencing designers to go for place based design approach.genius loci.POSITIVE IMPACTS OF THE WORK The work shed light on the importance of taking into account the aspect of context based design. and sensory experience which are relevant to place. Stressed the importance of using materials.

” . local situation Cultural landscape: “an environment where man has found his meaningful place within the totality.THE KEY ASPECTS      Dwelling: gaining an existential foothold Genius loci: the spirit of the place Place: the concrete manifestation of human‟s dwelling Concretize: to make the general “visible” as a concrete.

3 steps towards a phenomenology of place 1. 3. 2. Distinguish between natural (landscape) and human-made phenomena (settlement) Categories of earth/sky. outside/inside Character: “the basic mode in which the world is „given‟” .

3. Visualize: building demonstrates human understanding of nature by replicating what is seen in nature Complement: building adds what is perceived to be lacking in nature Symbolize: building demonstrates human understanding of nature and self by translating that understanding onto built form .Possible relationships between natural and human-made places: gathering 1. 2.

every independent being has its genius . It is regarded as the guardian spirit.Genius Loci A Roman concept. .

it implies that they serve as foci where the environment is condensed and „explained. They are determined by the structure of our being-in-the-world.Genius Loci  Socio-economic factors are not the most important in shaping genius loci: “The existential meanings have deeper roots.‟”  Protecting and conserving the genius loci means interpreting it in ever new ways .”  “if the settlements are organically related to their environment.

characteristic totalities or places are formed which constitute the basic elements of landscapes.” 3 archetypes: Romantic  Cosmic  Classical  .Cultural Landscapes “Through the interaction of surface relief. vegetation and water.

.g.Romantic Landscapes  Original forces strongly felt  Rugged with lots of places  Dwelling an interaction between humans and earth  e. Norwegian farm .

g..Cosmic Landscape Earth doesn‟t provide foothold  No individual places structured  Sky is structured by the sun rather than the earth  Genius loci a manifestation of absolute e. Ulurul (Australia)  .

.Classical Landscape  Intelligible composition of distinct elements  Meaningful order  Human scale  Dwelling by placing as equal partners— humans and nature e.Tuscany .g.

g.Complex Landscapes  Mixture of “pure” archetypes  E.. Lebanon . Beirut.

INDIAN CONTEXT: .